Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi: 私はうちへ帰ります。 (Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)
Peter: So today, we are going to have a closer look at the direction particle "e" which is used with
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu) 来ます (kimasu) and 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: So verbs where you are going somewhere. Now "e" marks the place or a goal towards which the action moves. When "e" is used as a particle, it’s pronounced "e" although it’s written へ (he), the Hiragana syllable へ (e) and it’s placed before the verbs. Now this particle precedes the verbs to go, to come and to return.
Naomi: 私はうちへ帰ります。 (Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)
Peter: I am going home.
What do we have first?
Naomi: 私 (watashi)
Peter: I
followed by,
Naomi: は (wa)
Peter: Topic marking particle
followed by
Naomi: うち (uchi)
Peter: Home.
Naomi: へ (e)
Peter: To
Naomi: 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: Return.
So I home to return. I will return home and of course, the sentence is in the non-past polite. 帰ります (kaerimasu) is the non-past polite version of 帰る (kaeru) to return. So Naomi-sensei, how do we say to home?
Naomi: うちへ (uchi e)
Peter: How about to the station?
Naomi: 駅へ (eki e)
Peter: So topic followed by
Naomi: は (wa)
Peter: Topic marking particle followed by
Naomi: Place
Peter: Followed by
Naomi: へ (e)
Peter: Direction marking particle and then
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu)
Peter: Or
Naomi: 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: Or
Naomi: 来ます (kimasu)
Peter: And this is the basic pattern.
Naomi: 私はうちへ帰ります。 (Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)
Naomi: 電車で行きます。 (Densha de ikimasu.)
Peter: Let’s take a look at the particle で (de) . Particle で (de) is used to mark a tool used to accomplish something.
Naomi: タクシーで帰ります。 (Takushī de kaerimasu.)
Peter: I will return by taxi.
So here the speaker is speaking. So the subject is actually inferred. So we just leave out that part 私は (watashi wa) . Then we have
Naomi: タクシー (takushī)
Peter: Taxi.
Naomi: で (de)
Peter: Here the means, the taxi is used to accomplish something. So taxi is a means, so we mark it with で (de) followed by
Naomi: 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: I will return by taxi.
Naomi: 電車で行きます。 (Densha de ikimasu.)
Peter: I will go by train.
Naomi: 地下鉄で行きます。 (Chikatetsu de ikimasu.)
Peter: I will go by subway.
電車で行きます。 (Densha de ikimasu.)
Peter: Want more Japanese lessons like this one? Visit us at JapanesePod101.com to get your free lifetime account today. Join now at JapanesePod101.com

53 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 6th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 10th, 2020 at 12:50 AM
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Konnichiwa K,


Perfect! Thank you for sending us your practice.

Keep up the good work!


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

K
February 15th, 2020 at 06:26 PM
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わたしは ちかてつで かいしゃへ いきます。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 4th, 2019 at 07:31 AM
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Hi Jonathan,

Thanks for your comment!


Difference between に and へ.

As you can see in this lesson, https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/particles-22-your-japanesespeaking-goals-will-be-met-in-no-time-with-particles-e-ni-and-de/?lp=43 に has many usages.

And "e" can be followed by the particle "no", whereas "ni" cannot.

彼への手紙が完成しました

Kare e no tegami ga kansei shimashita.

I've finished writing my letter to him.


When you say ~に行く or ~へ行く, they are interchangeable and difference is quite ambiguous.

But strictly speaking, there is a subtle difference.

に emphasize on the destination and へ emphasize on the direction.


Please let us know if you have any other question.


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jonathan
June 24th, 2019 at 12:14 AM
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What is the difference between に and へ?. For example 東京に行きますor東京へ行きます

JapanesePod101.com
March 12th, 2019 at 08:10 PM
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Hi G,


Thank you for your positive feedback!


Let us know if you have any questions.👍


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

G
March 10th, 2019 at 11:42 AM
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Wow.

This was such a good video lesson.

Like night & day compared to the old audio-only lessons.

I guess I'm just more of a visual learner.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 24th, 2018 at 11:09 AM
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Thank you for your comments, everyone! Sorry we didn't reply earlier.


>こんにちはBobさん、

よくできました😄


>こんにちは、Juliaさん

「タクシーで帰ります。」と言いますよ👍


>Hi Daniel,

Glad to hear that our lesson helped you😄

For you information, 電車 doesn't include "steam train" that is written as "蒸気機関車".


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Daniel Madsen
October 17th, 2018 at 06:08 AM
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I thought "電車" was electric car before translation explained that it was a train ( でんしゃ) 😅

Julia
June 10th, 2018 at 05:22 AM
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私は車で帰ります、でもアダムはタクシー帰ります。

猫は家へ行きます、でも犬はレストランへ行きます。

Bob
May 25th, 2018 at 10:45 AM
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僕は東京へ行きます!