Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
Naomi:
よかったです。 (Yokatta desu.)
Peter:
In this lesson, you learn how to create the past tense of adjectives, It was. There are two different types of adjectives, they are
Naomi:
I-adjectives and na-adjectives.
Peter:
How we conjugate these adjectives depends on the type. Let’s illustrate with an example. Can we have an i-adjective?
Naomi:
楽しい (tanoshii)
Peter:
Fun.
Now we are going to conjugate it. First, drop the final "i".
Naomi:
楽し (tanoshi)
Peter:
Now add かった (katta) to it and we get
Naomi:
楽しかった (tanoshi katta)
Peter:
And this means, it was fun. Let’s try another example. Remember, it’s super easy. To form the past tense of an adjective, we take the final syllable, drop it and add かった (katta). Naomi-sensei, what’s the word for delicious?
Naomi:
おいしい (oishii)
Peter:
Drop the final "i"
Naomi:
おいし (oishi)
Peter:
Now add かった (katta)
Naomi:
おいしかった (oishikatta)
Peter:
It was delicious. But if you are out with your boss or teacher, how do we say it was fun politely?
Naomi:
おいしかったです。 (Oishikatta desu.)
Peter:
It was delicious politely.
Naomi:
おいしかったです (Oishikatta desu.) You need to add です (desu) to the end.
Peter:
There is one i-adjective we should point out here, and that adjective is
Naomi:
いい (Ii)
Peter:
Long "i" which means good or well. The past form of this is not
Naomi:
いかった (ikatta)
Peter:
But rather
Naomi:
よかった (yokatta) 良い (ii) becomes 良かった (yokatta) for informal past. The formal past will be 良かったです (yokatta desu)
Peter:
Please remember that です (desu) only serves to make the phrase polite and it is not needed when speaking Japanese informally.
Naomi:
よかったです。 (Yokatta desu.)
Naomi:
きれいでした。 (Kirei deshita.)
Peter:
Onto na-adjectives, the conjugation is quite simple. For informal speech, just add
Naomi:
だった (datta)
Peter:
To the dictionary form of a verb to get the informal past. For formal speech, add
Naomi:
でした (deshita)
Peter:
To get the polite past. I think we can illustrate this best with an example. Naomi-sensei, can we have a na-adjective?
Naomi:
ひま (hima)
Peter:
Free as in free time. Now if you want to say, I was free in informal speech, just add だった (datta) to the word. ひま (hima) becomes
Naomi:
ひまだった (hima datta)
Peter:
How about I was free using formal speech.
Naomi:
ひまでした (hima deshita)
Peter:
I was free. Here we just add でした (deshita) to the word. Can we have another example of a na-adjective?
Naomi:
きれい (kirei)
Peter:
Beautiful.
Now this adjective ends in "i" but it’s actually a na-adjective. It’s an exception to the rule you are just going to have to remember. So it was beautiful using informal speech,
Naomi:
きれいだった (kirei datta)
Peter:
It was beautiful, or he or she was beautiful.
Using formal speech,
Naomi:
きれいでした (kirei deshita)
Peter:
It was beautiful, he or she was beautiful.
Naomi:
きれいでした。 (Kirei deshita.)
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46 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions!😄

 

October 17th, 2017 at 8:51 pm
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Hi Axel,
Thank you for your comment!

That’s right!
“kono ressun wa tanoshikatta desu” means “This lesson was fun.”

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

Axel
October 10th, 2017 at 10:05 pm
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If today were tomorrow, I would say that “kono ressun wa tanoshikatta desu”.

September 14th, 2017 at 6:10 pm
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こんにちは、Echoさん
コメントありがとうございます!

文章がうまく書けていますよ👍
私も映画が大好きです。

Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

Echo
September 5th, 2017 at 12:44 am
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昨日、私と友達はタクシーで映画館に行きました。映画はとても楽しかった!安かった!大好きです!

July 28th, 2017 at 9:39 am
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Luke さん、
こんにちは。
そうですか。
Please make sentences using the grammar point.

Danielle さん、ブリューさん、
Konnichiwa.
i-adjective negative past
Please drop ‘i’ and add ‘kunakatta’
For example, ‘chiisai’ becomes ‘chiisakunakatta’, ‘ookii’ becomes ‘ookikunakatta.’
Na-adjective negative past
Please drop na and ‘janakatta’ or ‘dewa nakatta.’
For example, shizuka becomes shizuka janakatta or shizuka dewanakatta.
😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

July 23rd, 2017 at 4:10 pm
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Hi Bob,

Thank you for your comment! Your sentence makes sense overall, however there is a minor grammatical error that I would like to address. To say ‘It was cheap’ in Japanese is ‘安かった’ not ‘安いかった’. Otherwise, your Japanese is perfect, keep up the good work!

We wish you the best of luck with your further studies.

Piers
Team JapanesePod101.com

ブリュー
July 9th, 2017 at 8:19 am
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I would also love to have an answer to Danielleさん’s question ! What about past AND negative ? 😁
this website is so huge there just might be a video out there answering this !

ありがとうございます。 👍

Luke
July 7th, 2017 at 2:19 pm
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この文法ヴィデオはとても必要ですよう.

Bob
July 1st, 2017 at 12:07 pm
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花火を買いました。安いかった。

Danielle
June 30th, 2017 at 5:31 pm
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I noticed there isn’t a video for the past negative form of adjectives, so I started looking else where and saw that
For i adjectives first I have to write the adjective in negative form and remove de i in kunai and add katta.
For example oishikunakatta
And for na adjectives just put the adjective in negative form and add deshita or datta
For example shizukajanai deshita
Since I saw this in a blog I’m not sure if it’s right or wrong so please correct me if I’m wrong.