Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Let’s get started.
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai)
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to make the negative form of i-adjectives. That means you will be able to say phrases like not good, not bad, not big, not small et cetera. First, let’s look at the different i-adjectives we saw in the lesson.
Naomi: 大きい (ookii)
Kat: Big.
Naomi: 新しい (atarashii)
Kat: New.
Naomi: 古い (furui)
Kat: Old.
Notice how they all end in "i". That’s why they are called i-adjectives. Now, how do we make all of these negative as in not big, not new, not old. Let’s go through the steps using the word 古い (furui) old. First step, take off the final "i".
Naomi: 古 (furu)
Kat: Then add くない (kunai) to the end of it.
Naomi: 古くない (furukunai)
Kat: That’s it. This means not old.
Naomi: 古くない (furukunai) Not old.
Kat: Let’s try it now with the word 新しい (atarashii) meaning new. First take off the final "i". Notice that there are two "i"s in this word, so be careful.
Naomi: 新し (atarashi)
Kat: Then add くない (kunai)
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai)
Kat: This means not new.
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai) Not new.
Kat: Okay have you got that? Not so bad, right?
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai)
Naomi: 元気じゃない (genki ja nai)
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to create the negative form of na-adjectives and nouns.
Naomi: ハンサム  (hansamu)
Kat: Handsome
Naomi: And
ふつう (futsuu)
Kat: Ordinary, normal.
Naomi: Let’s look at ハンサム (hansamu) first. To make this negative, all you have to do is add the phrase じゃない (ja nai) to the end of it.
ハンサムじゃない (hansamu ja nai)
Kat: Not handsome
And how that ふつう (futsū)
Naomi: ふつう (futsū) plus じゃない (ja nai) so that would be ふつうじゃない (futsū ja nai)
Kat: Not normal, not ordinary, maybe.
Naomi: はい (hai)
Kat: Let’s introduce some other na-adjectives.
Naomi: 元気 (genki) is fine as in I am fine. So, 元気じゃない (genki ja nai), would be
Kat: Not fine, not feeling very good.
Naomi: 簡単 (kantan) means simple. So 簡単じゃない (kantan ja nai), would be
Kat: Not simple, not easy.
Naomi: Have you got the hang of that?
Kat: Now let’s move on to nouns.
Naomi: This is going to be really easy because you do the same thing for nouns.
Kat: Yes that’s right to make them negative, you just add じゃない (ja nai) after them.
Naomi: 体育館 (tai'ikukan) Gymnasium.
Kat: Let’s pretend I see a big building on the school campus. I could ask
あれ、体育館? (Are, taiikukan?) Is that a gym?
Naomi: ううん、体育館じゃない。 (Uun, taiikukan ja nai.) No it’s not a gym.
Kat: Not too bad right?
Naomi: 元気じゃない (genki ja nai)
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