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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar, absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Let’s get started.
はじめまして。 (Hajimemashite.)
Naomi: はじめまして。 (Hajimemashite.)
Jessi: はじめまして。 (Hajimemashite.). Can we hear a little bit slower?
Naomi: は、じ、め、ま、し、て。 (Ha, ji, me, ma, shi, te.)
Jessi: Great! And one more time at natural speed?
Naomi: はじめまして。 (Hajimemashite.)
Jessi: And this means nice to meet you.
Naomi: Right. You can use this with anyone you meet for the first time.
Jessi: Right, and that would be the first thing you say.
はじめまして。 (Hajimemashite.)
わたしはかおりです。 (Watashi wa Kaori desu.)
Jessi: In this lesson, you will learn a very important sentence pattern. Your first sentence pattern in Japanese.
Naomi: Yes. Okay, so the pattern is,
Jessi: A is B. That is the meaning in English. For example, I am Jessi, you are Naomi, she is Jennifer.
We have A which is the item being talked about and then we have B which is what we identify it as.
So in Japanese, how would we say A is B?
Naomi : A は B です。 (A wa B desu.)
Jessi : One more time
Naomi : A は B です。 (A, wa, B, desu.)
Jessi : Let’s break it down. So we have
A, followed by
Naomi: は (wa)
Jessi : And then
B, followed by
Naomi: です (desu) .
Jessi: Okay, so the pattern one more time?
Naomi: A は B です。 (A wa B desu.)
Jessi:So where we have A and B, we can start inserting different words to make sentences.
Naomi: Yes, 私はかおりです。 (Watashi wa Kaori desu.)
Jessi :わたし (watashi) means I, and かおり (Kaori) is her name, かおり (Kaori) . So we just put of those into the A is B structure. A は B です。 (A wa B desu.) And we get?
Naomi: 私はかおりです。 (Watashi wa Kaori desu.)
Jessi: I am かおり (Kaori). Or, my name is かおり (Kaori) .
Naomi: You can leave off わたしは (watashi wa) and simply say your name plus です (desu) .
Jessi: So for example, if your name is Ken, you can say either,
Naomi: 私はケンです。 (Watashi wa Ken desu.)
Jessi: Or simply
Naomi: ケンです。 (Ken desu.)
Jessi: To say I am Ken.
Okay, so up until now, we can use names to complete this A は B です (A wa B desu) pattern. But we can insert other nouns, right?
Naomi: Yes. For example, in place of B, you can also say your job. 私はパイロットです。 (Watashi wa pairotto desu.)
Jessi : Which means I'm a pilot. Can we hear the same phrase a little more slowly?
Naomi : 私、は、パイロット、です。 (Watashi wa pairotto desu.)
Jessi : And once again at natural speed?
Naomi : 私はパイロットです。 (Watashi wa pairotto desu.) .
Jessi : Okay, great!
わたしはかおりです。 (Watashi wa Kaori desu.)
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