Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

1, 2, 3...
Hi, everyone! Welcome to Kanji Time!
Today, we are going to review N1 kanji.
Let’s go!
If you want to do the quiz first, please go to these times.
This kanji means “achievement, merits, success, honor, credit.”
The On-reading for this kanji is コウ, ク (kō, ku) as in 成功 (seikō) which means “success.”
And, like in 功徳をつむ (kudoku o tsumu) which means “accumulate charitable deeds.”
お腹が空いたんですか。 (Onaka ga suita n desu ka.)
どうぞ、パンを。 (Dōzo, pan o.)
どうぞ。 (Dōzo.)
どうぞ。 (Dōzo.)
どうぞ。 (Dōzo.)
This kanji means “inferiority, be inferior to, be worse.”
The On-reading for this kanji is レツ (retsu) as in 劣等感 (rettōkan) which means “an inferiority complex.”
And the Kun-reading is おと (oto) like in 劣る (otoru) which means “be inferior.”
僕なんてさー、運動も出来ないしさー... (Boku nante sā, undō mo dekinai shi sā... )
勉強も出来ないし... (Benkyō mo dekinai shi...)
日本語もなかなか出来ないし... (Nihon-go mo nakanaka dekinai shi...)
This kanji means “encourage, be diligent, inspire.”
The On-reading for this kanji is レイ (rei) as in 激励する (gekirei suru) which means “to cheer.”
フレー、フレー、なんたらかんたら! (Furē, furē, nantara kantara!)
なんたらかんたら、なんたらかんたら! (Nantara kantara, nantara kantara!)
頑張れ! (Ganbare!)
Cheer, cheer!
頑張れ! (Ganbare!)
Cheer up.
And the Kun-reading is はげ (hage) as in 人々を励ます (hitobito o hagemasu) which means “encourage people.”
頑張ろう。 (Ganbarō.)
行くか!ドン! (Iku ka! Don!)
This kanji means “censure, criminal investigation.”
The On-reading for this kanji is ガイ (gai) like in 弾劾 (dangai) which means “accusation, impeachment” and 弾劾裁判 (dangai saiban) which means “a court of impeachment.”
This kanji means “imperial order.”
The On-reading for this kanji is チョク (choku) like in 勅命 (ちょくめい) which means “an imperial order” and 勅使 (chokushi) which means “an imperial envoy.”
Quiz time!
Say the reading of the following kanji:
功徳をつむ (kudoku o tsumu)
弾劾裁判 (dangai saiban)
劣等感 (rettōkan)
勅使 (chokushi)
人々を励ます (hitobito o hagemasu)
Now, say the meaning of the following words:
激励する (gekirei suru) “cheer”
勅命 (chokumei) “an imperial order”
弾劾 (dangai) “accusation, impeachment”
劣る (otoru) “be inferior”
成功 (seikō) “success”
That’s it for today. Thank you so much for watching.
皆、励まし合って日本語の勉強、頑張りましょう! (Minna, hagemashiatte Nihon-go no benkyō, ganbarimashō!)
頑張るぞ!おお! (Ganbaru zo! Ō!)
Bye for now. See you next time. Bye-bye!
うん、そうそう。 (Un, sō sō.)

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