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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Hi everyone and welcome to Lesson 6 of the New JLPT N3 Prep Course Lesson 6. Jessi here.
Naomi: こんにちは。直美です。このレッスンでは、文法と読解の問題3を紹介します。
Jessi: In this lesson, we'll cover もんだい 3 of the Grammar and Reading Comprehension section.
Naomi:もんだい3は 短い文章を読んで、穴埋めをします。穴埋めは"filling in the blanks".
Jessi: So in もんだい3, you need to choose the appropriate conjunction or phrase that fits the passage.
Jessi: There will be 5 of this type of question on the test.
Jessi: To pass JLPT N3 and above, it is essential to know how to use auxiliary verbs, also known as helping verbs, and suffixes.
Naomi: Yes, Knowing how they work not only helps you to prepare for the test, but also helps you sound natural in Japanese.
Jessi: Great point! At this point we are not only studying for the JLPT - these are all very useful things to know.
Naomi: このレッスンでは、似ているものを比べながら、勉強しましょう。
Jessi:Good idea. In this lesson, we'll compare expressions that are similar.
Naomi:まず最初のペアーは 「ぬく」と「きる」
Jessi: First, let's clarify what we mean by auxiliary verbs. These two verbs attach to the masu stem of another verb to create a different nuance.
Naomi: ~ぬく は、「難しいことを最後までする」という意味です。
Jessi: ぬく attaches to the masu stem of another verb, and adds the nuance of "to manage to do something to the end enduring hardship".
Naomi: For example, 生きる means "to live", right? If you add ぬく to the masu stem, you get 生き抜く, which means "to live through", or "survive".
Jessi: 例文お願いします。
Naomi: 寒い冬を生きぬくために、動物は秋にたくさん食べ物をとる。
Jessi: "Animals eat a lot during autumn in order to survive the cold winter." So again, the nuance is that there is hardship involved - it is not an easy thing to do, right?
Naomi: そうです!
Jessi:As a similar expression, there is きる, which also attaches to the masu stem.
Naomi:きる は 「~しおわる」という意味です。難しいことじゃなくてもつかいます。
Jessi: ---kiru means "to finish doing something completely". No real nuance of hardship in this one, though. What are some common examples?
Naomi: 食べきる (to finish eating), 使い切る (to use up), etc.
Can we hear a sample sentence?
Naomi: 一日に、マンガを10冊読みきった。
Jessi: I completed (finished reading) 10 volumes of manga in one day.
Naomi: Next, let's take a look at some suffixes.First let's compare ぎみ and がち.
Jessi: This next set comes after the masu stem of a verb and nouns. What's the first one?
Naomi: ぎみ
Jessi: "すこし---だ", "feels or seems like ----"
Naomi: Probably the most common phrase that uses this word is 風邪気味
Jessi: Ah, right. Like, you feel like you're getting a cold.. but you aren't actually full-on sick yet. Like "I have a bit of a cold".
Naomi: そうです。 風邪ぎみmeans 少しかぜです。
For example... かぜぎみなので、会社を休んだ。
Jessi: "I felt a cold coming on, so I stayed home from work."
Naomi: The other word is がち
Jessi: "よく----する", "be apt to---" "tend to---". 例文お願いします。
Naomi: 最近、会社を休みがちだけれど、どうしたの。
Jessi: "You've been missing work a lot lately... what's going on?" So, we had the masu stem 休み plus がち。 休みがち。
Naomi: やすみがち means よくやすむ。
These がち and ぎみ are easy to confuse so be careful.
Jessi: They are! But sometimes you can use one and not the other.. but you don't need to know those details for the test. (「がち」・・・と「ぎみ」は意味違いますよね?同じになるときありますかね?もしあれば、これでも大丈夫ですが・・・:)
Naomi: Yes, as long as you know the general meaning of each, you will be fine.
Jessi: Well, what's next?
Naomi: Next, we have a pair of expressions that follow adjectives and nouns. The first is っぽい。
Jessi: "~のようだ", "-ish", "---like"。例文お願いします。
Naomi: あの子はまだ12才だが、大人っぽい。
Jessi:"That child is only 12, but is very mature." So 大人っぽい = literally, like an adult, or mature. Speaking of 大人っぽい, you also hear 子どもっぽい a lot too, don't you.
Naomi: Right! It means "like a child", or "childish".
Jessi: What are some other examples?
Naomi: Well, you can use it with verbs too, like 怒りっぽい (get angry easily)and 飽きっぽい (fickle).
Jessi: What's the other one?
Naomi: げ。 Just one syllable!
Jessi: And it means "~そう", "seeming".
Naomi: Right, in fact it is very similar to そう。
However, げ is used exclusively to describe a person's state.
Jessi: It attaches to i-adjectives without the final -i.
Naomi: 悲しげな顔をして、どうしたの?
Jessi: You look so sad... what happened?
Naomi: The original adjective was 悲しい. We dropped the final -i and added げ。悲しげ
Jessi: "seems sad", or "looks sad"。
Naomi:「悲しげ」 は「悲しそう」という意味です。
げ、I形容詞 以外に[~たい]にもつきますね。
Jessi:This "ge"can follow Verb plus tai "want to"
Naomi:In that case, you need to replace the final i with げ though.
Jessi: "He looked like he wanted to say something." 言いたげ= looks like one wants to say
Naomi:言いたげ means 言いたそう.  
Naomi: Okay everyone, how were those expressions? Not too difficult, we hope?
Jessi: But please don't hesitate to ask us anything in the comments!
Naomi: As always, you'll find more expressions useful for the test in the Lesson Notes, so make sure to read them.
Jessi: Thanks for listening, everyone! Make sure to join us next time!
Naomi: じゃまた~


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 15th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
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We're about halfway through this series!! How are your N3 studies going? :smile:
Please share with us!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 24th, 2013 at 05:35 PM
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glad to know that!! :grin:

I understand completely what you mean....."huge volume" if you list up:oops:

I'm sure you're doing just great! So, if there's anything we can help you with,

please feel free to ask us:grin:

Take as much time as you need, because that's the key after all:mrgreen:


Team JapanesePod101.com

February 24th, 2013 at 09:37 AM
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Thanks a lot natsuko, it's just that the japanese language's specificities overwhelm my head from time to time.... but whenever i get to understand any of those numerous items I get more motivated to go on. And Thanks to this website I've been able to learn a lot.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 23rd, 2013 at 06:53 PM
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oohhhh:sad: Please don't feel too discouraged.

We're happy to help you!! :grin:

If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us!

Too much push is not good; feel comfortable first! :wink:


Team JapanesePod101.com

February 23rd, 2013 at 02:01 PM
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I thought I was ready to aim at the level 1 jpt but after learning about some of the items contained in the level 3 i feel discouraged :shock::shock::shock::shock:

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 11th, 2012 at 02:03 PM
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Hi David,

Hmm, I'm not sure why that might be happening :(

Could you try printing out the Lesson Notes Lite version of the PDF, and see if that works? In that PDF, the fonts are embedded, so printing should work. Let us know!


Team JapanesePod101.com

December 1st, 2012 at 06:02 PM
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Great series.

I have only one comment. It seems that the way the pdf's are formatted doesn't sync entirely with Adobe Acrobat. The highlighted grammar shows up on my screen, but won't print. I'm not sure if this is my technical problem or the site's, but it makes cramming a real pain. If it's me, I guess I need a new printer.

December 4th, 2010 at 08:27 AM
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Could anyone point me to some more info on the grammar constructions contained in the "Expressions that come after the masu stem of a verb" section. Kinda urgent since JLPT is on Sunday...

I have the "A Dictionary Of Beginner/Intermediate/Advanced Japanese Grammar" series of books which I am a big fan of in general but I can't find an entry corresponding to this in them. So if anyone could point me to the correct page or link me to some sort of explanation it would be greatly appreciated.

October 4th, 2010 at 02:59 PM
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If I only used this lesson series (along with keeping up with the regular season i'm following), will this be enough to prepare me for the test or do you recommend that I use a separate text to prepare, and use this as a supplement? Was this series designed to be a sole learning tool, or as a supplement to the preparation a student is already doing?

September 21st, 2010 at 09:34 AM
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Thanks for the comments, everyone!

We hope to eventually cover all levels of the JLPT, so please bear with us as it may take awhile! :grin:


Thanks for the suggestion, we will try and add this information where we can in the PDFs for future lessons!

September 20th, 2010 at 08:53 PM
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This has been a very useful series for me. Some of the grammar points I have seen used before but didn't know what they meant, and now I do! One request - if a grammar point or phrase has been covered in a previous jpod101 lesson, can you make a note which lesson it was so I can go back and refer to it?