Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Hi everyone, welcome to Lesson 13 of the New JLPT N3 Prep Course. I'm Jessi and I'm here in the studio joined by...
Naomi:こんにちは、みなさん。直美です。Hi everyone, Naomi here.
Jessi:In the last lesson, we covered up to Question 4 of the Listening comprehension section.
Jessi:And in this Lesson, we'll cover the last question, Question 5 of the Listening Comprehension section.
Jessi: Naomi-sensei, please read us the instructions for Question 5.
Naomi: 問題5では問題用紙に何も印刷されていません。
Jessi: In Question 5, nothing is printed on the question booklet.
Naomi: まず、文を聞いてください。それから、その返事を聞いて、1から3の中から、ただしい答えを一つ選んでください。
Jessi: First, listen to the question or a statement and then choose the best response from 1 to 3.
Naomi: So this time, we don't have any visual clues.
Jessi: That's right! There are no pictures, no text, nothing. You have to rely solely on your listening skills to get the correct answer.
Naomi: Also, the statement and choices are only read once.
Jessi: Yes, so you have to listen very closely. Some of the sentences you have to respond to are questions, and some are statements.
One important tip is to try and pick out a question word.
Naomi: Right, like どこ, where, いつ, when, どうして, why どんな What kind of... etc.
Jessi: Here's a technique for answering these kinds of questions. Remember that you only hear the answer choices once. So, when you hear each answer, you should judge whether it is correct or not right away.
Naomi: That's a good idea. Otherwise, you may forgot what the answer choices are.
Jessi: Yes, so use your judgment and determine whether the choices are correct or incorrect right away. That will help a lot.
Naomi: そのとおりだと思います。
***Grammar 1 っけ****
Jessi: In the Lesson Notes PDF, we went over some colloquial expressions and shortcuts that you may encounter on the test. Let's introduce some of them here.
Naomi: The first one is っけ.
Jessi: It's hard to tell just by listening to it, but note that this is actually a small tsu followed by "ke".
Naomi: That's right. っけ is used to confirm information.
Jessi: Yes, and it's also used when the speaker is trying to remember something or recall some kind of information. You hear it used in this way a LOT!
Naomi: そうですね。たとえば、「ジェシーさん、出身はどこだったっけ?」"Jessi, where did you say you were from again?"
Jessi: Mm, that's exactly the nuance it has. Where did you say you were from again? Like, I knew it before at some point, but I forgot.
Naomi: Exactly.
***Grammar 2 short forms****
Jessi: The next thing we're going to cover is...
Naomi: 短縮形, or "contracted forms", in grammar terms.
Jessi: Right, contractions. Certain sound pairs change, or get shortened, in conversation. This is so common that it is really important to study - of course not only for the test, but because people speak like this in real life alll the time.
Naomi: そのとおりだと思います。That's very true!
Jessi: So let's take a look at some sound changes.
Naomi: Some common ones are ては becoming ちゃ, and では become じゃ.
Jessi: Let's hear them used in some sample sentences.
Naomi: For example, the phrase "I have to go", 行かなくてはいけません, becomes 行かなくちゃいけません.
Jessi: 行かなくちゃいけません.
Naomi: Right. Another example - the phrase "You shouldn't drink", 飲んではいけません, becomes 飲んじゃいけません。
Jessi: 飲んじゃいけません。
Naomi: Yes! So remember these rules - ては becomes
Jessi: ちゃ
Naomi: and では becomes
Jessi: じゃ
Naomi: Great.
Here are some more. ~ている becomes てる, and ~でいる becomes でいる
Jessi: So the い in the middle is just dropped.
Naomi: Yes. So, 宿題をしている (I'm doing homework) would become 宿題をしてる.
Jessi: している became してる。
Naomi:Right. And 泳いでいる (I'm swimming) would become 泳いでる。
Jessi: There's not much difference between them so this should be easy to catch on to. Now, how about おく.
Naomi: These are good ones to know too. ~ておく becomes ~とく, and ~でおく becomes ~どく.
Jessi: Remember that おく attaches to the te form, and means to do something in advanced, or in preparation for something else.
Naomi: Here are some examples. まどを開けておく (I'll leave the window open) becomes 窓を開けとく
Jessi: 開けておく becomes 開けとく
Naomi: PDFを読んでおいてください (Please read the PDF for future convenience) becomes PDFを読んどいてください。
Jessi: 読んでおいて becomes 読んどいて。 Okay, those are all the ones that we are going to cover for now, but there are still more, like てしまう becoming ちゃう
Naomi: and でしまう becomes じゃう
Jessi: Yes, and those are explained in detail in the PDF, so please read up on those as well.
Naomi: お願いします!Okay, let's get into some practice questions!
Jessi: In the first two, you must choose the correct answer to the questions.
Jessi: Here is the first question.
5. 今日のじゅぎょうはどこからでしたっけ。
1. 30ページからですよ。
2. としょかんでしたよ。
3. 9時から10時半までですよ。
Jessi: Can we hear the question again?
Naomi: 今日のじゅぎょうはどこからでしたっけ。
Jessi: Where did today's lesson start from again? So we're talking about the material covered in the lesson.
Naomi: Right. The key phrase is どこから
Jessi: "from where?" And the choices again, please?
Naomi: 1. 30ページからですよ。 (From page 30) 2. としょかんでしたよ。 (It was at the library) 3. 9時から10時半までですよ。 (It's from 9 to 1030)
Jessi: So どこから... from where. You may think that it's talking about place, with the word どこ, but it's actually referring to the lesson material. Kind of tricky. But, you also have the word から, "from", in there, so you can expect the answer to also use the word から.
Naomi: Yes, so the correct answer is 30ページからですよ。 (From page 30).
Jessi: Okay, on to the next question.
6. きのう、メール送っといたんだけど、読んだ?
1. え?何のこと?とどいていないよ。
2. うん。きのう送っといたよ。
3. あ、まだ送っていない。ごめん。
Jessi: Let's hear the question again.
Naomi: きのう、メール送っといたんだけど、読んだ?
Jessi: I sent you an email yesterday - did you read it? If you tripped up on this word 送っといた, just know that it's the contracted version of 送っておいた.
Naomi: そうですね。送っておいた becomes 送っといた.
Jessi: Let's review the answer choices.
Naomi: 1. え?何のこと?とどいていないよ。(Hm? What are you talking about? I didn't receive it) 2. うん。きのう送っといたよ。 (Yeah, I sent it yesterday.)
3. あ、まだ送っていない。ごめん。 (Ah, I haven't sent it yet. Sorry.)
Jessi: And the answer is...?
Naomi: Choice 1. え?何のこと?とどいていないよ。(Hm? What are you talking about? I didn't receive it)
Jessi: 届いていない is the negative form of 届く, to receive or to get. This is used a lot when talking about getting emails. メール届いた?Did you get my email? That kind of thing. 送る, in the other hand, is used for sending emails.
Naomi: That's why choice 2, 昨日送っといたよ and choice 3, まだ送っていない are not appropriate answers.
Jessi: How did you do on those practice questions? Did you get the right answers??
Jessi:The bonus track also has more practice questions, so please listen to it to prepare for the test! レッスンノートも読んどいてください Please also read the lesson notes! And everyone - good luck on the JLPT!
Naomi:いい報告待ってます。We'll be looking forward to hearing good news from you.
Jessi: Thanks for listening, everyone!


Japanese Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

All Practice Questions