Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

:*****Opening********
Jessi:Hi everyone! Welcome to the New JLPT N4 Prep Course at JapanesePod101.com. I'm Jessi and I'm here joined by Naomi-sensei.
Naomi:こんにちは、みなさん。直美です。前回は文字語彙の問題1と問題2を勉強しました。
Jessi:In Lesson1, we covered how to prepare for 問題1 and 問題2 in the Kanji and Vocab section.
Naomi:このレッスンは、問題3と4を勉強します。
Jessi:In this lesson, Lesson 2, we'll cover 問題 3 and 問題4 of the Kanji and Vocabulary section.
:*****Instructions********
Jessi:First of all, Naomi-sensei, can you read the instruction for 問題3?
Naomi:( カッコ ) に なにを いれますか。 1・2・3・4から いちばん いい ものを ひとつ えらんでください。
Jessi:Fill in the blank to complete the sentence. Choose the best answer from 1 to 4.
Naomi:カッコ is 'brackets' or 'blank'. So in もんだい3 you need to choose the appropriate vocab word according to the context.
Jessi:This section is designed to test how much vocabulary you know. OK. How about the instructions for もんだい4?
Naomi:下線 の ぶんと だいたい おなじ いみの ぶんが あります。 1・2・3・4から いちばん いい ものを ひとつ えらんでください。
Jessi:Which of the following sentences has the closest meaning to the underlined sentence? Choose the best answer from 1 to 4.
Naomi:You need to find the sentence that is saying the same thing in a different way.
Jessi:This section is designed to test your knowledge about synonyms (similar words) and antonyms (opposite words).
:****もんだい3******
Jessi:Allow us to start with how to prepare for もんだい3.
Naomi:As we said, もんだい3 is supposed to test how much vocab you know. First of all let's review する verbs.
Jessi:When certain nouns are followed by するor をする, they become a verb. Naomi-sensei, can you introduce some nouns like this that often show up on the test?
Naomi:Sure. あいさつ.
Jessi: "Greeting".
Naomi:So..あいさつする or あいさつをする means
Jessi:"To greet someone".
Naomi:やくそくis "promise".
Jessi: So やくそくする would be "to promise"
Naomi:予習 is preparation for a lesson. So 予習する is?
Jessi:"To prepare for a lesson".
Naomi:予約 is "reservation" .
Jessi:And 予約する is "to make a reservation". Actually, 予約 and 予習 starts with same sound and kanji, so they might be easy to confuse.
Naomi:That's why they show up on the test. (笑)Actually for those two words, knowing the kanji helps you a lot. The first kanji means "beforehand". 約 is the same kanji used in やくそく, "promise".
Jessi:Oh, I see. So よ・やく means "beforehand promise". So it becomes "reservation" because a reservation is something like a promise made beforehand between you and the shop.
Naomi:Exactly. And for 予習, the second kanji means "learn" .
Jessi:So よしゅう literally means "pre-learning", or "preparation for a lesson".
Naomi:Right. Other than する verbs, you should also review the katakana words frequently used in daily life. カタカナの問題は毎年かならず1つあります。
Jessi:Oh really? So there's always at least one question asking you to choose the appropriate katakana word.
Naomi:I'm not sure about this year though, because of the system change, but for the last 5 years, there's always one katakana question.
Jessi:OK, so let's practice some of those. Now I'm going to say some English words, so please say them in the Japanese way. Remember, these are katakana loanwords.
The first one is: "gasoline".(pause)The answer is?
Naomi:ガソリン
Jessi:The second one is "cash register". (pause) Naomi-sensei, the answer is?
Naomi:レジ.
Jessi:OK, one more question. PC, for "personal computer".
Naomi:パソコン. These katakana words frequently show up on the test so please memorize them.
Jessi:In the previous lesson, we recommended that you review the kanji for body parts. Did you memorize them? If not, you can find the list of kanji for body parts in the lesson notes for this lesson, so be sure to memorize them. On the test, you have to choose the word for the appropriate body part from the given choices.
Naomi:Let's do some practice. I'm going to read the first part of the sentence. So please finish the sentence using (such and such)-がいたい。
たくさんたべたので...
Jessi:たくさん食べた is "ate a lot", and ので is "so" or "therefore". So, listeners, which body part do you think hurts?....The answer is? お腹. Your stomach probably hurts, right? So the answer would be おなかが痛い. Can we hear the whole sentence?
Naomi:たくさん食べたので、お腹が痛い。
Jessi:Since I ate a lot, I have a stomachache.
Naomi:How about this one? おおきい こえで はなしたので、dot dot dot.
Jessi:大きい声 is "big voice" or "loud voice". 話す is "to speak", so 大きい声で話したので is "I spoke in a loud voice, so ..." If you speak too loudly, your throat might hurt so that would be...
Naomi:のどが痛い. 大きい声で話したのでのどが痛い。
Jessi:Since I spoke in a loud voice, I have a sore throat.
Naomi: It often happens to me. (笑)
Jessi: I understand!
:****もんだい4******
Jessi:Now, on to もんだい4.This section is designed to test your knowledge about synonyms (similar words) and antonyms (opposite words). When learning new words, be sure to also look up similar and opposite expressions as well.
Naomi:そうですね。少し練習をしましょう。Let's do some vocab building practice. What's the opposite phrase of [役に立つ]"useful"?
Jessi:Well...that would be...役に立たない。
Naomi:そうですね。And can you think of a similar word?
Jessi:A similar word for 'useful'? Hmm, perhaps... 便利?
Naomi:Exactly. [遅れる] is "to be late". Can you think of any similar words or phrases?
Jessi:Well...遅刻する is also "to be late" or... you could also say 間に合わない, which is the negative form of 間に合う "to be on time"
Naomi: その通りです。Right.
****quiz******
Jessi:Let's do some practice for the もんだい4 section. Naomi-sensei is going to read a sentence in Japanese. So your job is to choose the sentence that has the same meaning. Are you ready?
Naomi:バスに まにあいました。
Jessi: Which sentence has the same meaning? The choices are:
Naomi:
1. バスに のること が できませんでした。
2. バスに のること が できました。
3. バスの じかんに おくれました。
4. バスを おりました。
Jessi:Can we hear the question again?
Naomi:バスに間に合いました。
Jessi:So the translation is, "I was on time for the the bus", or "I caught the bus." So which of the given sentences has a similar meaning?
Naomi:2. バスに のること が できました。"I was able to catch the bus", or "I was able to get on the bus".
Jessi:Let's review the different choices. How about choice 1?
Naomi:バスに のること が できませんでした。
Jessi:"I wasn't able to catch the bus." How about choice 3?
Naomi:バスの じかんに おくれました。
Jessi:"I was late for the bus." And choice 4 is?
Naomi:バスを おりました "I got off the bus."
Jessi:So how did you do? We hope you got a good idea of what もんだい3 and 4are like. See you next time.
Naomi:じゃ、また。

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 27th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
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We went over a lot of vocab in this lesson - make sure that you go over it all for the test! Please ask us your JLPT questions below ↓↓↓

Alien
January 12th, 2012 at 09:10 PM
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Yeah nice........ ecept 40 da** $$$$~!!!!! Who on earth is so rich?? O right, every one but me.

Thanx pod atleast for this!

Dk
September 26th, 2011 at 05:41 AM
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This preparation course is really amazing :smile:

Robert Lee
September 24th, 2011 at 10:59 PM
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Naomiさん

はい、わかった。

おそれいります。:grin:

Naomi
September 20th, 2011 at 11:37 AM
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Robert Lee-san

>>Firstly, the meaning of と at the sentence of 有名なこのケーキは、確かにおいしいと感じた

→ This "to (と)" is a quotation-marker used at the end of a quote. It often marks the content of action such as omou "to think", kanjiru "to feel", kiku "to hear" and so on.

ex)

---to omou = I think that---

---to kanjiru = I feel that---


Though I think you have already got the answer for your second question, "chittomo" is one word meaning "(not) at all" and used in a negative sentence.


I hope this makes sense.:wink:

Robert Lee
September 17th, 2011 at 05:27 PM
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I am sorry about second question. Please ignore it.

Robert Lee
September 17th, 2011 at 05:18 PM
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すみません

I have quesiton about particle which used in the follow sentences at this course.


Firstly, the meaning of と at the sentence of 有名なこのケーキは、確かにおいしいと感じた

Secondly,もin the sentence of このケーはちっともおいしくない。


Thanks

Robert

Naomi
May 5th, 2011 at 10:53 AM
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Ivonne C. Goodman-san

I'm afraid to say that your Japanese sentence you gave us was a bit incomprehensible for me...

If you need the translation for "Fred, Why didn’t you tell me that you have a job that gives you about 3 days off?", that would be "Fred-san, doushite mikkakan shigoto ga nai koto o oshiete kurenakatta n desu ka?". OF course there are other possible translations though.:wink:


I hope this helps.:razz:

Ivonne C. Goodman
May 4th, 2011 at 12:51 PM
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I have a sentence that needs correcting how about this.... Furedi son wa doshite ga anata no shogoto ageri kurai san renkyuu sorewa watashi o hanshite anata shirikani desu ka? (Fred, Why didn't you tell me that you have a job that gives you about 3 days off?) I am not sure if I used the particles properly! I would appreciate it if you look over this. Arigato G!

Jessi
April 8th, 2010 at 10:51 AM
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watermenさん,

This means "My back hurts because I held/carried something heavy."

watermen
April 8th, 2010 at 01:14 AM
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おもいものを もったので、( こし ) が いたい。


May I know what is the meaning of this sentence please? I really don't get it. Thanks.:lol: