Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Hi everyone, welcome to the New JLPT N4 Prep Course Lesson 11. I'm Jessi and I'm here in the studio joined by...
Naomi: こんにちは、みなさん。直美です。Hi everyone, Naomi here.
前回は 聴解のもんだい2を勉強しましたね。
Jessi: In the last lesson, we covered Question 2 of the Listening comprehension section.
Naomi: このレッスンでは、問題3を紹介します。
Jessi: And in this Lesson, we'll cover Question 3 of the Listening comprehension section.
Naomi: もんだい3は2010年から新しくできました。
Jessi: Question 3 is a actually a new question format for the JLPT.
Naomi: そうですね。問題3は絵を見て質問に答えます。
Jessi: In Question 3, you are given a picture to look at as you answer the question. You're supposed to look at the picture printed in the question booklet and choose the sentence which the person indicated by the arrow would say.
Jessi: Okay, so let's look at the instructions. Naomi-sensei, お願いします。
Naomi: Sure. 問題3では えを みながら しつもんを きいてください。それから、正しい答えを1から3の中から一つえらんでください。
Jessi: Look at the picture and listen to the question. Choose the best answer from 1 to 3. So, this question format is different in that they give you a picture to look at.
Naomi: Right, so you can visualize the situation.
Jessi: This is nice because it means that even if you missed what the question was asking, you can still see the situation in the picture and get the answer.
Naomi: Right, the picture can be a pretty big hint.
Jessi: So in these questions, are a lot of different situations. Something might be going on at home, at an office, at an event, etc.
Naomi: Right, and there are many set expressions for these situations.
Jessi: Japanese is full of them! We thought we'd go over the more common ones. It's going to be like one giant quiz! Please get ready to take some notes.
Naomi: Yes. If you want to test yourself, don't open the Lesson Notes yet.
Jessi: Right, all of the phrases are written in there so if you want to see how much you know, we don't recommend looking at them yet. Okay, let's start with the ones often heard at the office.
*At Office編*
Jessi: First, let's say that you are going into someone else's office. What should you say as you are entering the office?
Naomi: 失礼します。
Jessi: That's right! 失礼します。 There are actually a lot of office situations where this can be used.
Naomi: That's right! For example, when ending a business phone call, it is common to use 失礼します。
Jessi: Right before you hang up. And also, when leaving the office at the end of the day, and there are others still left behind, you use a variation of this phrase.
Naomi: Right, to excuse yourself for going early. You can say お先に、失礼します。
Jessi: お先に means "ahead of" or "before", so you are literally saying Excuse me for leaving before you.
Naomi: That's right!
Jessi: There is also a special phrase to use towards those who have finished their work and are heading home for the day. Do you know this one?
Naomi: お疲れ様でした!
Jessi: This is what you say to someone who has already finished work.
Naomi: Speaking of visiting and leaving a place, お邪魔します and お邪魔しました are used for visiting and leaving someone else's home.
Jessi: Oh, good point! お邪魔 literally means "intrusion", so you are basically apologizing for intruding on someone. So, when you enter someone else's house, you say…?
Naomi: お邪魔します。
Jessi: And when you leave someone else's house, you say…?
Naomi: お邪魔しました。
Jessi: Note how the first one is in the present tense, and the second one is in the past tense.
Jessi: Okay, now it's time to do some actual practice questions!! Please take a look at the Lesson Notes where it says Exercise 1 - Set phrases. Please look at the picture, listen to the question, and choose the correct answer. Remember that on the test, neither the question nor the choices are printed in the booklet, so please don't look at the transcript at end of the lesson notes yet. Please look only at picture number 1.
Exercise 1 - Picture 1
かいしゃを 出て、うちに かえります。なんと いいますか。
Jessi: Okay Naomi-sensei, what's the correct answer?
Naomi: Choice 2. お疲れさまです。
Jessi: Remember that this is what a person leaving work says to those who are still working.
Naomi: That's right.
Jessi: Can we hear the situation again? This is the part you have to catch.
Naomi: Sure - かいしゃを 出て、うちに かえります。
Jessi: You are leaving the office, and going home.
Jessi: Next, let’ s look at picture number 5.
Exercise 1 - Picture 5
5) 先生のうちに はいります。何といいますか。
1. いらっしゃいませ。
2. おじゃまします。
3. おせわになっています。
Jessi: And the answer is?
Naomi: Choice 2 - お邪魔します。
Jessi: Can we hear the situation again?
Naomi: 先生のうちにはいります。
Jessi: You’re entering/visiting your teacher’s house. In that kind of situation, you would say お邪魔します。
Jessi: In Question 3, they are testing not only your knowledge about set phrases, but also how well you can use basic sentence structures in the right situation.
Naomi: Now, please look at picture 1in Exercise 2 - Situations.
Exercise 2 - Picture 1
1)テレビを つけてもいい?
2)テレビを つけている。
3)テレビを つけたことがある。
Jessi: Okay Naomi-sensei, what's the correct answer?
Naomi: Choice 1. テレビを つけてもいい?
Jessi: Can I turn on the TV? And, what was the situation again?
Naomi: テレビをみたいです。何と言いますか。
Jessi: You want to watch TV. What do you say? And the answer, one more time?
Naomi: テレビを つけてもいい? Can I turn on the TV?
Naomi: So everyone, how did you do?
Jessi: Please review the basic sentence structure you have learned up until now once again.
Naomi: そうですね。あと、カジュアルな言い方と丁寧な言い方、チェックしておいてくださいね。
Jessi: Please also review the variations of saying the same thing.
Naomi: Right, for example - いかなければなりません has the variations いかなきゃいけない, いかなくちゃ and so on... those are what we want to you review.
Jessi: Good advice! Also, in the lesson notes, there is a checklist of different set expressions you should now for the test. Make sure to go through the list and check off the ones you know, and review the ones that you don't. Okay, that’s all the time we have for this lesson!
Naomi: Thanks for listening everyone!
Jessi: Until next time!
Naomi: じゃまた!



Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 2nd, 2010 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.


In this lesson, we cover もんだい ③ of the Listening section, which uses pictures. We made some practice questions with pictures in the PDF just for you!! ;) Don't miss it!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 7th, 2014 at 08:44 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Amandaさん こんにちは。

Good question. You can say これ、かりてもいい? "Can I borrow this?" but cannot かしてもいい?in this situation.

There are two similar verbs, 貸す(かす), meaning "to lend" and 借りる(かりる), "to borrow."

If you say 貸してもいい? in the situation EX2-3, it means "May I lend your dictionary (to someone else)?"

If you like to use the verb かす, you need to say かしてください, or just かして? to your friend.

So number 3 is the answer here.

Hope this helps,


Team JapanesePod101.com

October 5th, 2014 at 07:14 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.



どうして 「これ、かしてもいい?」 使えない?

I think I cannot use "Can you lend me this?".

Can I use これ、かりってもいい? "Can I borrow this?"

June 29th, 2012 at 04:51 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.



When you leave the office, you would say おつかれさまです。 to co-workers who are still working and おさきにしつれいします。 to inform them of your leaving.

When other staff leaves before you, you reply to おつかれさまです or おさきにしつれいします by saying おつかれさまでした。 because s/he finish working.


A:(leaving office)おさきにしつれいします。/おつかれさまです。


Recently we use おつかれさまです。 as a greeting phrase on business e-mail.


おせわになります is before someone do service to you and when you show your appreciation.


host mother:いらっしゃい。


おせわになっています is mainly used for those who you have relationship constantly.

For example, your relatives, important client, etc.

e.g. A came to the B's company to show new products.

B:Aさん、 いらっしゃい。 きょうは どうしましたか。

A:)おせわになっています。あたらしい しょうひんを もってきました。ごらんください。

You say おせわになりました after you get some service from other people and show your appreciation.

host mother:また あそびに きてね

wael-san:はい。 おせわになりました。

June 29th, 2012 at 03:01 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

 what's different between

1- おつかれさまです and おつかれさまでした and おさきに しつれいします

especially when i'm leaving the work .it's  おさきに しつれいします or おつかれさまです

like in Exercise 1 - Set Phrases.

2-おせわになりますand おせわになっています and おせわになりました.

November 4th, 2011 at 11:54 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I really hope the test questions are as easy this. I got everything right without looking at the notes! Either I'm well prepared or these sample questions were too easy:lol:

Tseng-Nan Tsai
June 4th, 2010 at 09:31 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Jessi さん、

Thanks for the link. By clicking on the link, I was able to listen to the audio and save the mp3 file.

For previous lessons, for example, JLPT S2 #10, I was able to click on the "Popup" under "Basic Member" to listen; but now it does not seem to work. You don't need to give me the link for lesson JLPT S2 #10 since I have already saved on my computer.

Thanks again for your help. I learn a lot from your podcast.

June 4th, 2010 at 09:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.


Your example sentence is correct :smile: 「聞く」 means both "to listen" and "to ask" depending on the context, so 電話番号を聞く would be "to ask one's phone number".

Tseng-Nan Tsaiさん,

I checked the link and it appears to be working - can you please try it again?


When you click on this link, does anything happen?

Tseng-Nan Tsai
June 3rd, 2010 at 09:45 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.





June 3rd, 2010 at 06:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.


EXERCISE 2の2で、どうやって「聞く」を使うのが正しいの?


 電話番号を 聞きたいんですが。。。

ところで、JPOD101の絵は、子供っぽいけど わかりやすいと思っている。


June 3rd, 2010 at 09:53 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.


Glad to hear you found the lesson helpful. Thanks for commenting :mrgreen: