Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone! Welcome back to JapanesePod101.com. This is Japanese for Everyday Life Lower Intermediate Series, Lesson 19 - Politely Declining a Friend’s Offer.
Kaori: こんにちは!古橋香織 です!Hi everyone, Kaori Furuhashi here!
Becky: I'm Becky. In this lesson, you'll learn a useful skill for maintaining good relationships with your friends - How to say no to an invitation from your friend.
Kaori:Becky さん、友達に誘われたけど、あまり行きたくなくて、断ったことって、ありますか。
Becky: Yes, when my friend asked me to go to the beach together in mid summer, I didn’t want to, and said no.
Kaori: その時、何て言って断ったんですか。
Becky: How did I say no at that time? I said, I was not good with the heat, so I think I’ll pass this time. What would you say in Japanese?
Kaori: 暑いの苦手だから。今回は遠慮しておくよ。
Becky: "I’m not good with heat. So, I think I’ll pass this time."
Kaori: 気が進まない(E- "not feel like doing")理由を言ってから、断る方がいいですよね。
Becky: Right. It's better to explain why you don’t feel like it, and say no, so that you can keep a good relationship with your friend.
Kaori:  それから、このレッスンのダイアローグは、友達同士の会話です。カジュアルな話し方を勉強しましょう。
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn casual conversation between friends.
MODEL DIALOG
Becky: Listen to the dialogue and participate when prompted by speaking aloud in Japanese. Use the patterns of Japanese you studied in the Beginner-level lessons. After you speak, you'll hear a model line of dialogue. Your answer doesn't need to be exactly the same, but do compare your response to the model line.
In this lesson, you'll play the role of a person who is asked by a friend to go snowboarding. Your goal is to say no to the friend nicely.
Friend: 今度の週末、スノボに行かない?
Becky: Your friend asked you to go snowboarding this weekend. Say, “I haven’t tried snowboarding."
You : 私、スノボ、やったことないんだよね。
Friend: 大丈夫、僕が教えてあげるから。
Becky: Your friend said, “No problem. I’ll show you.” Say, “It looks hard. It’s impossible for me.”
You : でも、むずかしそう。私には無理だよ。
Friend: そんなこと言わないで、考えてみてよ。
Becky: Your friend said, “Don’t say that. Think about it.” Say, “Ah, I’m not good in the cold. I think I'll pass this time. Sorry."
You : う~ん。寒いの苦手だし。今回は、遠慮するよ。ごめん。
Friend: そっかぁ。残念。
Becky: Your friend said, “OK. But too bad.” Say, “I’m really sorry. Please invite me for another occasion.”
You : ほんと、ごめんね。また、別の機会に、誘ってね。
VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Becky: Here are some useful words and phrases for this task. The first word is,
Kaori: 苦手、
Becky: “bad at”, or “dislike”
Kaori: 苦手 (slow), 苦手
Kaori: モデルダイアローグでは、「寒いの苦手だし。」と言っていました。これは、嫌いだという意味ですね。
Becky: It means “I don’t like cold weather.”
Becky: The opposite word to (J- 苦手)is,
Kaori: 得意
Becky: good at
Kaori: 得意(slow), 得意
Becky: It’s used to mean “good at something” but isn’t used to mean “like”.
Kaori: そうですね。でも、「得意じゃない」は、「苦手」と同じように、don’t like の意味で使うことがあります。たとえば、「私は、魚は得意じゃない。」(E- "I don’t like fish.")
Becky: Its negative form (J- 得意じゃない) means “not good at,” or “don’t like”
Kaori: 得意じゃない, 得意じゃない
Becky: Next is,
Kaori: 無理
Becky: impossible
Kaori: 無理, 無理
Becky: How is it used in the model dialog?
Kaori: 「私にはできない。」という意味で、「私には無理だ」と言っていましたね。
Becky: She said (J- 私には無理だ) to mean “it’s impossible for me to do.”
Becky: Here are some useful words to say “no” nicely. The first is,
Kaori: 遠慮する。
Becky: pass on
Kaori: 遠慮する、遠慮する
Becky: Its primary meaning is “hold back”, but it can be used as a polite rejection to an invitation or suggestion.
Becky: Here is another phrase meaning “pass on.”
Kaori: やめておく
Kaori: やめる
Becky: means “stop doing something”
Kaori: おく
Becky: It’s an auxiliary verb that follows the te-form of another verb, and can add the meaning “do something in advance.”
Kaori: やめておく
Becky: literally means “stop doing something in advance.” So, naturally, “pass on doing something.”
Kaori: 「やめておく」というときは、よくない結果になりそうなので、前もって、やらないという意味です。
Becky: When you say (J- やめておく), you mean that as you expect something that’s not good to happen, you want to decline to do that in advance.

Lesson focus

Becky: Now, this task requires a few sentences to express you're not interested in the invitation. First is, "It looks hard, and it’s impossible for me.”
Kaori: むずかしそう。私には無理だよ。
Kaori: 誘われて、あまり行きたくないなと思ったとき、すぐに断るのは、ちょっと失礼な感じがしますよね。その前に、興味がないということを伝える方がいいですね。
Becky: Right. If you reject the invitation right away - even when you don’t feel like it, it would sound a little rude. You might want to imply that you're not interested in the invitation before that.
Kaori: ダイアローグでは、断る前に、ほかに、どんなことを言っていましたか。
Kaori: 「寒いの苦手だし。」と言っていましたね。
Becky: I don’t like cold weather.
Kaori: これも、断りたいと思っている理由ですね。
Becky: This is another reason why she didn’t want to go.
Kaori: ここでは、文の最後に「し」がついていますね。カジュアルな会話では、その文が、何かの理由になっているとき、文の最後に「し」を付けて言います。
Becky: In casual conversation, you add (J- し) at the end of a sentence to indicate that the sentence is a reason for something.
Kaori: たとえば、「お茶しようか。時間あるし。(E- "Why don’t we have tea? Because we have time.”) といいます。「時間がある」は、理由なので、最後に「し」がついています。
Becky: You were invited to go fishing by your friend. But, you don’t feel like going. Tell him that you're not good with fish.
(Pause)
Kaori: さかな、苦手だし。
Becky: You were invited to go to karaoke by your friend. But, you don’t feel like it. Tell him that you are not good at singing as a reason.
(Pause)
Kaori: 歌うの、苦手だし。 or 歌うの、得意じゃないし。
Becky: I’m not good at singing, so…
Becky: The next key expression for this task is, “I’ll pass on it this time.”
Kaori: 今回は、遠慮するよ。
Becky: Another expression is,
Kaori: 今回は、やめておくよ。
Becky: If you don’t want to say a word meaning “pass on”, you can just say,
Kaori: 今回は、ごめん。
Becky: Literally, it’s translated as “Sorry for this time.” But, it means “Sorry that I’ll pass this time.”
TIP
Becky: In this dialog, after rejecting the invitation she said “Please invite me for another occasion.”
Kaori: また別の機会に誘ってね。
Becky: It’s important to say so to maintain a good friendship.
Kaori: 誘いを断ったら、最後に、「また別の機会に誘ってね」とか、「また今度誘ってね。(E "Invite me next time again.") と言うといいですね。
PRACTICE OF DIALOG
Becky: Now try to participate in the dialogue using some alternative words you learned in this lesson. This time you'll play the role of a person who's invited to play tennis by a friend. Use as many of the expressions you learned in this lesson as possible. Let's get started!
Friend: 今週の土曜日、テニスしない?
Becky: Your friend asked you to play tennis this Saturday. Say, “I haven’t played tennis before."
You : 私、テニス、やったことないんだよね。
Friend: 大丈夫、僕が教えてあげるから。
Becky: Your friend said, “No problem. I’ll show you. Say, “It looks hard. It’s impossible for me.”
You : でも、むずかしそう。私には無理だよ。
Friend: そんなこと言わないで、考えてみてよ。
Becky: Your friend said, “Don’t say that. Think about it.” Say, “Hmm, I’m not good at sports. I think I'll pass this time. Sorry."
You : う~ん。スポーツ得意じゃないし。今回は、遠慮するよ。ごめん。
Friend: そっかぁ。残念。
Becky: Your friend said, “OK. But too bad.” Say, “I’m really sorry. Please invite me again next time.”
You : ほんと、ごめんね。また、今度、誘ってね。

Outro

Becky: Okay, That’s all for this lesson.
Kaori: 友達の誘いを断ったことはありますか。うまくできましたか?コメント欄で教えてくださいね。
Becky: In the next lesson, you’ll learn how to cancel your appointment at the last minute.
Kaori: それではまた!
Becky: See you all next time!

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