Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Okay, let’s take a look at the vocabulary. The vocabulary for this lesson is a list of family member words. Important to note for this lesson is that the vocabulary here consists of words that we use when we’re speaking directly to our family members. So, when we’re at home, for example.
Okay, let’s go one by one.
First is ちち (chichi).
ちち (chichi) “father”
ちち (chichi) “father”
Then we have はは (haha) “mother.”
はは (haha) “mother”
Next is あね (ane).
あね (Ane), which means “older sister,” older sister.
あね (ane)
Next is いもうと(imōto).
いもうと(Imōto), which means “younger sister.”
This is important to note, this difference- there is a different word for older sister and younger sister.
あね (ane) and いもうと(imōto)
Okay. Next is あに (ani).
あに (Ani), this means “older brother.”
あに (ani)
And おとうと (otōto).
おとうと (Otōto), which means “younger brother.”
So, this is important to note. In Japanese, there are separate words for older brother, younger brother, and older sister and younger sister.
Okay. Next is むすめ (musume).
むすめ (Musume), this means “daughter.”
むすめ (musume) “daugther”
Next is むすこ (musuko).
むすこ (Musuko) which means “son.”
むすこ (musuko)
Okay. Next is おっと (otto).
おっと (Otto) which means “husband.”
おっと (otto)
So, you see the small っ (tsu) here. That means we need to stop in the middle of the word. So not おっと (otto), but おっと (otto), おっと (otto) which means “husband.”
Finally, we have つま (tsuma).
つま (Tsuma), this means “wife.”
つま (tsuma)
So, these are the key vocabulary words for this lesson.
Okay, let’s take a look at the dialogue for this lesson.
First, we see this question:
これは だれですか。 (Kore wa dare desu ka.)
これは だれですか。 (Kore wa dare desu ka.)
これは だれですか (Kore wa dare desu ka) which means “Who is this?”
The answer:
これは おっとです。 (Kore wa otto desu.)
これは おっとです。 (Kore wa otto desu.)
これは おっとです。 (Kore wa otto desu.) “This is my husband.”
これは おっとです。 (Kore wa otto desu.)
So, in this dialogue, we see in red the family member name.
Let’s talk next about some other examples and basic pattern that you can use to make sentences like this.
Okay, let’s take a look at a couple of other examples that we can use to talk about our family members.
First is this sentence:
これは あにです。 (Kore wa ani desu.)
これは あにです。 (Kore wa ani desu.)
これは あにです (Kore wa ani desu) which means “This is my older brother.
In this sentence, in red we see あに (ani), which means “older brother.”
これは あにです。 (Kore wa ani desu.)
Let’s look at the second example sentence here:
これは むすめです。 (Kore wa musume desu.)
これは むすめです (Kore wa musume desu) which means “This is my daughter.”
これは むすめです。 (Kore wa musume desu.) “This is my daughter.”
Okay, last, let’s take a look at the basic pattern that you can use to create your own sentences.
Okay, last, let’s take a look at the basic pattern that you can use to create your own sentences like this.
Here, we see:
これは (Kore wa) + [family member] です (desu).
これは (Kore wa) [family member] です (desu).
This pattern creates this type of sentence:
“This is my [family member].”
So, in the particle sentence in red here, it says [family member], choose one of these words that we talked about earlier.
これは (Kore wa) [family member] です (desu).
We see this pattern in all of these example sentences:
これは あにです。 (Kore wa ani desu.)
これは むすめです。 (Kore wa musume desu.)
And so on.
So you can use this to talk about your family members.

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