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Lesson Transcript

Do you know how to count pairs of chopsticks? You'll find out at the end of this lesson!
Hi everybody! I'm Alisha. (pause)
(pause) こんにちは、 Yamamori です。
When counting inanimate objects that are long and thin, you can use this counter...
Okay, let's count from 1 to 10 with this counter. Yamamori-sensei will give you the numbers one by one. Repeat after Yamamori-sensei.
Okay. Now let's take a look at some sample sentences that use this counter. Yamamori-sensei will give you three sample sentences. Listen carefully to what sorts of objects can be counted with this counter.
Now it's time for a Quiz. I'm going to ask you a question in English. Answer the question in Japanese. Are you ready? Make sure to use the right counter!
Do you know how to count a pair of chopsticks? The answer is...
Okay, everyone. That's it for this lesson. I'll see you next time!
Welcome to Japanese Counters for Beginners, where you'll learn how to count all sorts of different objects in Japanese! Yamamori-sensei, what counter will we learn in this lesson?
Hon (本)
一本
二本
三本
四本
五本
六本
七本
八本
九本
十本
ワインを3本買います。
How many umbrellas are there?
一膳
(pause) Hon (本)
What are the examples of "long and thin" objects? Objects can be made of soft material, like cords and strings, or hard material, like pens and pencils. You can also count bigger objects such as trees and telephone poles.
Did you notice that there were some numbers that sounded different to how they usually sound? When you read the numbers 1, 3, 6 and 10, you should be careful. Yamamori-sensei will give you the right pronunciation once again.
I'll buy 3 bottles of wine.
傘が2本あります。
You need to use this counter to specify how many pairs of chopsticks. If you say...
First, let's take a look at what sorts of objects can be counted with the counter.
For number 1, it's i-ppon, not 'ichi-hon.'
For number 6, it's 'ro-ppon' not 'roku-hon.'
For number 10, it's 'ju-ppon' not 'juu-hon.'
For number 3, it's 'san-bon' not 'san-hon'. Only this number 3 takes 'bon'."
ペンを5本ください。
How many bottles of water did you buy?
箸を二膳、ください。
Can I have 5 pens, please?
水を10本買いました。
It means, "can I have two pairs of chopsticks, please?" With this proper counter, you can get 2 pairs of chopsticks, instead of 2 individual sticks!
木が8本あります。
There are 8 trees.

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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What other objects can you count with this counter?

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JapanesePod101.com
June 18th, 2018 at 3:19 pm
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Hi Celso,

Thank you for your comment!


Yes, you can use "hitotsu, futatsu.." for objects. If you count animals, you can use "-hiki". To be exact, there are some other counters for animals (ex. "wa" for birds) , but I believe "-hiki" works enough.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Celso
May 29th, 2018 at 5:52 pm
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もう一つの質問してもいいですか?


本カウンターなどいつわからないと、一つや2つや3つや使ってもいい?

If I don't know when to use a especific counter, can I use hitotsu, futatsu normally? (I'm not sure if I write correctly in Japanese)

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JapanesePod101.com
May 29th, 2018 at 3:21 am
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Hi Celso,


Thank you for asking the question. Yes, you can use '-hon' counter as milk in Japan is sold skinny box cartons.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Celso
May 27th, 2018 at 4:39 am
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Hi!


Should I use this counter for boxes of milk?


Thanks!

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JapanesePod101.com
April 3rd, 2018 at 4:05 pm
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>Hi Shaun Flanagan,

Thank you for your comment!

Do you mean "There are two cars in front of my house."? It should be "私の家の前に車が二台あります。"

Please note that "台(-dai)" is a counter for vehicles (on the ground), machines, and so on.


>こんにちは、chaumannk9449さん

コメントありがとうございます!

「二本の傘があります」と「傘が二本あります」はどちらも同じ意味ですよ。くわしく言うと、「二本の傘があります」の主語(主部)は「二本の傘」で、「傘が二本あります」の主語は「傘」です。


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Schaumannk9449
April 1st, 2018 at 11:07 am
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「二本の傘がありいます」と「傘が二本あります」の違い何ですか。

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Shaun Flanagan
March 13th, 2018 at 2:44 am
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???*Don't know why I put cookie in that previous comment!!


前に私の家は車が二本あります。

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Shaun Flanagan
March 13th, 2018 at 2:38 am
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前に晩ご飯私は二本クッキ―を盗みました。

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JapanesePod101.com
October 12th, 2016 at 7:51 am
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Sethさん、

こんにちは。

わかりました。

はい、どうぞ。:stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

Yuki 由紀

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Seth
October 5th, 2016 at 2:33 am
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それは面白いですがはしをに本ください:laughing: