Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to the Japanese Kanji video series.
In this lesson, you'll learn the woman radical.
Kanji Series
Lesson 03: The Woman Radical
Take a look at these kanji characters. Can you guess what they mean?
(pause for 4 seconds)
By the end of this lesson, you'll be able to grasp the meaning behind these kanji characters.
First off, can you spot the radical in all of these kanji characters?
(pause for 4 seconds)
It's this part here.
This particular radical is called...
おんなへん
It's otherwise known as the "woman radical" and it's used in some of the most common of all kanji. Let's take a look at it in more detail.
Meaning
In the previous lesson, you learned that some radicals can be a kanji character all on their own.
This radical is one such example.
The meaning behind this particular kanji, means "woman" or "feminine."
In the previous lesson, you learned that we can deduce the meaning of kanji characters by identifying the radicals in them. These characters all have the "woman" radical, so we know that the meaning of each kanji character here, must relate to "woman" or "feminine" in some way.
From left to right, the second kanji means "like," the third means "older sister," and the fourth means "younger sister."
The second kanji has the "woman" radical paired with this second character meaning "child."
Traditionally, it's *desirable* that a woman bears a child, as it's an extra pair of hands to help the community.
This desirability is expressed in this kanji, and so the meaning of this character is "like."
The third example has the "woman" radical paired with the character for "small city."
A woman going to the city, where most markets are, is traditionally the job of the older sister, and so the meaning of this kanji means "older sister."
The last kanji has the woman radical paired with another radical which means "not yet."
Someone who is "not yet a woman" alludes to a young woman, hence the meaning of "younger sister."
Can you see how the meaning all of these kanji characters, which use the "woman" radical, relate to "woman" or "feminine" in some way? By identifying the radicals in kanji, we can figure out the meaning of the character itself.
Common positions
The woman radical most commonly appears in the left position, as can be seen in the original examples. Of all the kanji that use the woman radical, this is where you'll most likely encounter them. So keep your eyes peeled!
Sometimes, you may find it at the bottom position, known as the "foot" position, as seen in *these* examples, though this is far less common.
Just remember the left and foot positions, and you'll be able to identify the "woman" radical.
Okay. Now let's learn how to write this radical.
Stroke Order
Writing the "woman" radical is very simple, there are only three strokes.
The first stroke, starts from the upper center and then curves down to the left where it bends and goes all the way to the right.
The second stroke, starts under the horizontal line and curves from right to left.
The third and final stroke, is a horizontal line going from the top left to the top right.
The same thing happens when it's in the "foot" position -- except that it's squished vertically.
And that's it! You're done!
Common Readings
In the previous lesson, you learned that there are multiple readings for a kanji character, and which reading you use is mainly based on context.
The different types of readings can be broken down into two categories: on and kun readings. The on reading mimics the Chinese pronunciation, while the kun reading is the revised Japanese version.
The on reading is usually used in compound kanji words.
Whereas the kun reading is more commonly used in stand-alone kanji, or kanji that has dangling hiragana characters.
When the woman radical is on its own, it can be read as...
ジョ for the on reading
and おんな for the kun reading
In the case of the original examples, common readings are...
コウ、この、す
For the kanji meaning "like"
シ、あね、ねえ
For the kanji meaning "older sister." And...
マイ、いもうと
for the kanji meaning "younger sister."
Lesson Review
In this lesson, you learned about the "woman" radical.
The idea behind this radical is "woman" or "feminine."
You also learned the kanji characters for "woman," "like," "older sister," and "younger sister," in which this radical appears.
It’s most commonly found in the left position, making it appear like *this*.
And it's written with three strokes — one bent stroke, one horizontal stroke, and one final curved stroke.
In the next lesson, you'll learn about another common radical used in some of the most common and basic kanji characters, the "legs" radical.
See you in the next lesson. Bye!
Bye~!

Kanji

Review & Remember All Kanji from this Lesson

Get complete breakdowns, review with quizzes and download printable practice sheets! Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

36 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 27th, 2016 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Do you know any other kanji with the Woman Radical 女?
Click here to download the FREE Kanji e-book
Click here to buy the Full Version Kanji e-book

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 2nd, 2021 at 08:11 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Lanaさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Please keep up the great work and you'll get used to it😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lana
May 30th, 2021 at 02:35 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

The explanations for why these things are combined to make their meanings is understandable when hearing it, but so abstract....I’ll have trouble remembering them all.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 18th, 2021 at 09:04 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Rinoさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

The kun readings of 好 are この(む)and す(き)👍


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rino
May 16th, 2021 at 09:39 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I have a question how do we spell this kanji 好 in kun-reading I don’t quite understand it 😅❤️

ありがとうございます😊

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 7th, 2021 at 02:36 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Vishnuさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

You can choose if you want the kanji, readings or meanings on the front of the card. For example, if you choose the kanji for the front and readings and meanings for the back, you have to answer their readings and meanings looking at the kanji.

Hope this helps you understand using it😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Vishnu
May 6th, 2021 at 07:02 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Dear JapanesePod101.com Team,


I did not understand how to take the quiz in the "Kanji" part after "Lesson Notes". Please guide me.


Sincerely,

Vishnunarayana Kurup

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 11th, 2020 at 04:59 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Husnaさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

A lot of kanji is read by its kun-yomi when it’s by itself and when with another kanji, it’s read by on-yomi, but there are a lot of exceptions, so it’s almost like there’s no rule😅 For example, the kanji 日 is read as ひ (kun-yomi). The word 日よう日 meaning Sunday is read as にちようび. にち is on-yomi and び is kun-yomi, so sometimes combination likes this happens, too.

Thus, when you study kanji, I recommend you to study the different readings (both on-yomi and kun-yomi) with different vocabularies (one word for each reading).がんばりましょう😇

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Husna
September 8th, 2020 at 11:51 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

hello, Thank you for this lesson, sensei!! I do really enjoy this lesson as it brightens me more on how to read japanese writings.

However, I could not fully understand how its being the "kun and on yomi" usage in texts. May I have examples of simple sentences for each radicals usage?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 4th, 2020 at 03:01 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Taylorさん

質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

Yes, that's about it for them👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Taylor
August 1st, 2020 at 07:55 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello!


You've provided us with the on and kun readings for 3 kanji, are there any more we should know? or is that all of the different ways you can say it? I am starting to keep a notebook of all the kanji I learn and I just want to make sure I have all the information.


Thank you in advance!