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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to the Japanese Kanji video series.
In this lesson, you'll learn the "land" radical.
Take a look at these kanji characters. Can you guess what they mean?
By the end of this lesson, you'll be able to grasp the meaning behind these kanji characters.
土, 地, 坂, 場
First off, can you spot the radical in all of these kanji characters?
It's this part here.
This particular radical is called...
When it's used on the left side as in the other three examples, it's specifically called つちへん, because へん means "left-position" radical.
It's otherwise known as the "land" radical and it's used in some of the most common of all kanji characters. Let's take a look at it in more detail.
On its own, the "land" radical looks like this.
We mentioned before that some radicals can be kanji on their own.
This radical is one such example.
The meaning behind this particular kanji is "soil, earth, ground." Here's an easy way to remember this: this kanji looks like a man standing on the "land" with his arms spreading. Can you picture it in your head?
When this radical appears as a part of another kanji, like in these examples, the appearance changes slightly. When it's a component like this, it adds the meaning of "soil, earth, ground" to the entire kanji character.
土, 地, 坂, 場
From left to right, the first kanji means "soil, earth, ground," the second means "ground, earth" the third character means "slope, incline, hill" and fourth character means "location, place."
2. 地
The second kanji has the "land" means "ground, earth."
3. 坂
The third kanji has the "land" radical paired with the kanji 反, which means "wrapped" or "curved." You could think of this character as imagining a wrapped or curved land.
This kanji means "slope, incline, hill."
4. 場
The last kanji has the "land" radical means "location, place."
For more ways to remember these characters and many more kanji examples that include the "land" radical, go to JapanesePod101.com and check the Lesson Notes PDF. OK. Let's move on!
Common positions
The "land" radical has more than one common positions. If it sits in the left-position it connects with another radical to the right of it as seen in the main examples.
It can also be in the bottom-position, known as the "foot-position," like in this example meaning "exist, outskirts, located in."
When the "land" radical is part of another kanji character, it's squished vertically or shrinks in size.
寺, 地, 在
Okay. Now let's learn how to write this radical.
Stroke Order
Now let's take a look at the stroke order of the "land" radical. The "land" radical is very simple. There are only three strokes.
When the radical is on its own, it looks like this:
Start with a horizontal stroke in the middle.
Our second stroke is a vertical stroke going through the middle of the first.
And the final stroke is a longer horizontal stroke at the bottom of the vertical stroke.
When this radical is a part of another kanji, it's squished vertically or shrinks in size.
Like in this example, meaning "ground, earth."
And that's it! You're done!
Common Readings
When the "land" radical is on its own, the kanji can be read as...
And when the "land" radical is a part of another kanji...
for the kanji meaning "ground, earth"
for the "slope, incline, hill" kanji. And...
for the "location, place" kanji.
Lesson Review
In this lesson, you learned about the "land" radical.
You also learned the kanji characters for "soil, earth, ground," "ground, earth" "slope, incline, hill" "location, place." in which this radical appears.
It's most commonly found in the left- or bottom-positions, making it appear like 地 and 在.
And it's written with three strokes, starting with a horizontal line, a vertical line going through the center, and finally a horizontal line at the bottom.
In the next lesson, you'll learn about another common radical used in some of the most common and basic kanji characters, the "house" radical.
See you in the next lesson. Bye!


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