Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to the Japanese Kanji video series.
In this lesson, you'll learn the "movement" radical.
Take a look at these kanji characters. Can you guess what they mean?
(pause for 4 seconds)
By the end of this lesson, you'll be able to grasp the meaning behind these kanji characters.
近、遠、週、運
First off, can you spot the radical that's common in all of these kanji characters?
(pause for 4 seconds)
It's this part here.
This particular radical is called...
しんにょう
The "movement" radical is used in some of the most common kanji characters. Let's take a look at it in more detail.
Meaning
The meaning behind this radical is "movement" or "path." This radical doesn"t exist on its own, so you'll only find it in other kanji characters.
From left to right, the first kanji means "near," the second means "to return," the third character means "week," and the fourth character means "to carry."
近、返、週、運
The first kanji has the "movement" radical in the bottom surrounding position, and the portion above it is the character for "axe." The function of an axe is essentially to chop things and to make them smaller.
So together, a "small movement," can mean that something is "nearby." So the meaning of this character is "close" or "nearby."
The second kanji has the "movement" radical in the bottom surrounding position again, and the portion above it is the character for "reverse" or "oppose."
Reverse movement means "to return." So this kanji means "to return."
The third kanji has the radical in the same position, but this time with the character for "circumference." Movement around a circumference alludes to a cycle.
This particular kanji is used to signify the cycle of the week.
The final kanji has the "movement" radical paired with the character for "army." A moving army transports weapons, foods, and goods.
Therefore, the meaning of this kanji is "to transport" or "to carry."
OK. Let's move on!
Common positions
The "movement" radical will *always* be in the bottom surrounding position, and because of this, it's easily recognisable.
pause 2 seconds
As can be seen in the original examples for "near," "to return," "week," and "to carry."
Okay. Now let's learn how to write this radical.
Stroke Order
The "movement" radical is written in three strokes.
The first stroke is a short diagonal stroke that starts on the left, it goes from left to the bottom right.
The second stroke looks like a zig-zag. It starts below the first stroke and goes left to right, bends, going downwards slightly, and then repeats.
Ensure that you write the second stroke in one smooth motion!
The third and final stroke is a slightly curved horizontal stroke which connects to the previous stroke. It starts from the left and goes all the way to the right.
And that's it! You're done!
Common Readings
The "movement" radical isn"t a kanji character on its own, so it'll only appear as a part of another kanji.
When it does, it can be read as follows...
キン、ちか
近
for the kanji meaning "close" or "nearby"
ヘン、かえ
for the kanji meaning "return"
シュウ
for the kanji meaning "week." And...
ウン、はこ
for the kanji meaning "to transport or carry"
Lesson Review
In this lesson, you learned about the "movement" radical.
The concept behind the character is "movement" or "path."
You also learned the kanji characters for "close," "return," "week," and "transport or carry," in which this radical appears.
It'll always appear in the bottom surrounding position.
And it's written with three strokes: a diagonal stroke, a zig-zag looking stroke, and a long curved horizontal stroke.
In the next lesson, you'll learn about another common radical used in some of the most common and basic kanji characters, the "gate" radical.
See you in the next lesson. Bye!
Bye~!

Kanji

Review & Remember All Kanji from this Lesson

Get complete breakdowns, review with quizzes and download printable practice sheets! Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

17 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 15th, 2016 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Do you know any other kanji with the Movement Radical ⻌?
Click here to download the FREE Kanji e-book
Click here to buy the Full Version Kanji e-book

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 4th, 2021 at 03:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Laura,


Thank you for your comment!

Yes, as you say, sometimes same kanji looks different depending on style of type or even handwriting.

You don’t have to correct your notes, but please just make sure that

there are some variations of letter style in kanji (also in hiragana and katakana).


Please let us know if you have any further question😊


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Laura
August 14th, 2021 at 09:59 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

How come the zigzag line is straight when typed? If you write it straight by hand, is that incorrect? I just took all my notes during the video, and then towards the end this came up, so I am wondering if all my notes need to be corrected now. I had the same issue with the top stroke of the word radical. But with the word radical, the video stated is was written with the top stroke coming down at an angle, but then continued to teach the stroke order with a flat horizontal line at the top.


I just want to learn to do it right from the start, so I don't get stuck with bad writing habits. Can someone clarify these things? Is there any other radicals I will encounter like this?


ありがとうございます!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 8th, 2020 at 09:58 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Jake Masonさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

A lot of kanji is read by its kun-yomi when it’s by itself and when with another kanji, it’s read by on-yomi, but there are a lot of exceptions, so it’s almost like there’s no rule😅 You will have to learn one by one.

So when you study kanji, I recommend you to study a word for each reading👍 がんばりましょう!

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jake Mason
September 4th, 2020 at 03:11 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I was wondering how exactly do you know when to use the " On " reading vs the " Kun " reading?

JapanesePod101.com
June 6th, 2019 at 05:57 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Celal Kacar,


Thanks for the question.

Yes, 週 has only one reading, シユウ.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Celal Kacar
May 26th, 2019 at 10:40 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello! Does the word "week" has only on reading ? I mean we only use "シュウ" to read "週"?

ありがとうございます 😄

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 15th, 2017 at 12:56 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

@Tululu

Thank you for your posting!

Well Japanese is a mixture of on and kun readings so we can't miss one of them but need both.


Cheers


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Tululu
August 21st, 2017 at 12:57 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

When we speak in japanese can we just use the kun reading?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 28th, 2017 at 04:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

> Bo Suh san,

konnichiwa! :smile:

That is a very good question. Those two are basically the same thing and

I think depending on the font you use, the same kanji can even appear differently.


> シダさん、

こんにちは。:innocent:

Very good question!

That period means that the reading before period is the reading of that kanji and

the reading after period is called 'furigana', which you need to add after kanji.

For instance, if you want to use 反 in a sentence and the correct reading is 'soru',

it is 反る (you see る after the kanji) :wink:


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

シダ
January 2nd, 2017 at 05:08 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは。


I have a question. In the lesson materials section, why is there a period between some of the words in kunyomi? For example, for the kanji 反, the kunyomi are そ.る, そ.らす, かえ.す, かえ.る, -かえ.る.


Great lesson as usual by the way. :heart:


ありがとうございます!