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Lesson Transcript


Becky: Hello, and welcome to JapanesePod101.com. This is Introduction to Business Culture, Lesson 9, Company Drinking Parties. In this lesson, we’ll teach you about drinking parties and how to toast. I’m Becky.
Risa: ...and I’m Risa.
Becky: When working for a company, there are many opportunities to have drinking parties throughout the year. Two of the more well-known ones are the New Year's party and the end-of-the-year party.
Risa: In the world of business, drinking together is a time to be together and share your real intentions.
Becky: There is even a coined word for this, right?
Risa: Yes, it’s 飲みニケーション.(nominikēshon)
Becky: We’ll study that later. In this lesson, we’ll also see how a drinking party starts, how to toast, and how to behave in general.

Lesson focus

Becky: A Japanese drinking party usually starts with a toast.
Risa: At the beginning, we usually say とりあえずビール (Toriaezu bīru)...
Becky: ...which means "First of all beer!" It is almost routine to have beer at the beginning of a drinking party. Then, everyone holds their glass of beer up and toasts, saying...
Risa: 乾杯! (kanpai!)
Becky: “Cheers!” Sharing this first toast together is important, so when you first get your drink, no matter how thirsty you are, do not drink before the toast.
Risa: Also, it’s common for the most important person to greet everyone with a speech at the beginning.
Becky: After that greeting, everyone can toast when the boss tells you to.
Risa: You can touch glasses with the people sitting near you.
Becky: To toast, you clink your glasses together.
Risa: And say 乾杯!(kanpai!)
Becky: Remember that when clinking glasses with a person in a higher position than you, it’s good manners to hold your glass with both hands and hold it at a lower height.
Risa: Don't raise your glass higher than your superiors.
Becky: Keeping your glass lower expresses humility.
Risa: Now let’s see the meaning of 飲みニケーション(nominikēshon).
Becky: This word is made from the words...
Risa: ...飲む (nomu)...
Becky: ...“drinking” and...
Risa: ...コミュニケーション(komyunikēshon)...
Becky: ...“communication." In other words, Japanese people are often said to express what they really think and to have deeper communication after drinking a little.
Risa: That’s right.
Becky: Alcohol relieves tension and lowers inhibitions, so it’s easy to understand why this happens.
Risa: Another interesting word is 差しつ差されつ (sashitsu sasaretsu).
Becky: This means that if your glass is empty, you don't refill it by pouring your own alcohol. Someone else should pour for you.
Risa: And you pour drinks for other people.
Becky: This method of pouring each other’s drinks, shows that everyone cares about each other, and it also encourages communication with each other.
Risa: After someone pours sake for you, look at their glass.
Becky: If their glass is empty, or near empty, then you should pour sake into the person's glass in return.


Becky: Those are the key facts about drinking parties and how to toast. If you want to find the related Japanese keywords, make sure to check out the lesson notes. Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time.
Risa: Bye!