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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody! Hiroko here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I’ll answer some of your most common Japanese questions.
The question for this lesson is…In the sentence, このプランで申し込みます(Kono puran de mōshikomimasu), why do you use the particle で(de) instead of を(o)?
Since を(o) marks the direct object in the sentence, many Japanese learners ask why で(de) is used in this sentence, instead.
Just like other particles in Japanese, で(de) has a few different meanings. One is when you choose something out of a list of choices. In the sentence, このプランで申し込みます(Kono puran de mōshikomimasu), the implication is that you chose this plan over other plans. For example, if you go to McDonald’s and decide on something from their list of options, you could say, エル(サイズ)で(eru (saizu) de), or more politely, エル(サイズ)でお願いします。(eru (saizu) de o-negai shimasu.)
Let’s go through some examples so you can learn how to use で(de) correctly.
A: 喫煙室と禁煙室がございます。(Kitsuen-shitsu to kin’en-shitsu ga gozaimasu.)
B: 禁煙で。(Kin’en de.)
A: “We have smoking rooms and non-smoking rooms.”
B:” Non-smoking (please).”
In this short conversation, you chose “non-smoking” out of the two options that were presented to you, so you need to use で(de) .
Let’s do another example--
このコートをください。サイズはエム、色は白で。(Kono kōto o kudasai. Saizu wa emu, iro wa shiro de.)
Literally, “I’d like this coat. Medium (size), white (color).”
In this sentence, you’ve selected your size and the color you want from many different choices, so you also need to use で(de) in this case.
As particles have so many different meanings, you don’t have to master all of them at the same time. Learning how each one works little by little helps you understand all of their meanings more clearly.
How was this lesson? Did you get everything?
Do you have any more questions? Leave them in the comments below and I’ll try to answer them!
またね![mata ne!] See you!

7 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 6th, 2016 at 06:30 PM
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What Japanese learning question do you have?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 29th, 2020 at 01:21 PM
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アマンダさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

Both に and で can mean "at / in / on." The difference is that に is for existence; where you live, where you are or where you stay and で is for actions. For example, "I live in Tokyo." will be とうきょう に すんでいます。because you're talking about existence. On the contrary, "I work in Tokyo." will be とうきょう で はたらいています。because "to work" is an action.

Hope this explanation will help you 😉


Daniel

コメントありがとうございます😄


Jobiさん

It's just that you use で when you choose something out of a list of choices. For example, you're buying a shirt and the color options are あか (red), あお (blue) and くろ (black). If you want a black one, you will say くろ で おねがいします because you're choosing it out of a list of choices😁


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jobi
May 26th, 2020 at 02:14 PM
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I still don’t understand, it didn’t tell why it was used in the particular sentence. Or maybe it’s just way advance for me.

Daniel
May 22nd, 2020 at 04:42 PM
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ありがとうございます!

アマンダ
May 22nd, 2020 at 06:24 AM
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I always get confused when to use で or に in sentences like 日本では vs 日本には / アメリカでは vs アメリカには


Any tips?

Japanesepod101.com Verified
January 24th, 2017 at 05:54 PM
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Igor san,

こんにちは。

どういたしまして。:smile:

Thank you for your feedback.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Igor
January 2nd, 2017 at 09:42 AM
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勉強になりました。

動画を作ってくれてありがとうございます!次も楽しみにしています!:grin::thumbsup: