Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Risa: Imagine you're on a packed train in Tokyo. You want to get off but can barely move! What do you say? こんにちは。りさです. Risa here. Anyone can learn how to ride a train in Tokyo. In this lesson, you'll learn how. Ben is on his way to his friend Taichi's house. Let's watch!
Dialogues
Ben: どうぞ。
Woman: ありがとうございます。
Man: 次は新宿、新宿。
Ben: すみません。降ります。
Risa: Now with English translation.
Ben: Go ahead.
Woman: Thank you.
Man: The next stations is Shinjuku, Shinjuku.
Ben: Excuse me. I'm getting off.
Vocab
Risa: Here are the key words from the scene.
Ben: どうぞ
Risa: どうぞ
Alisha: go ahead, here you are
Risa: どうぞ, どうぞ, どうぞ
Ben: ありがとうございます
Risa: ありがとうございます
Alisha: Thank you very much.
Risa: ありがとうございます, ありがとうございます, ありがとうございます
Ben: すみません
Risa: すみません
Alisha: Excuse me, sorry
Risa: すみません, すみません, すみません
Ben: 降りる
Risa: 降りる
Alisha: to get off
Risa: 降りる, 降りる, 降りる
Ben: 次
Risa: 次
Alisha: next
Risa: 次, 次, 次
Key Phrases
Risa: Here are the key phrases from the scene.
Alisha: In the scene, what did Ben say to offer his seat to the woman?
Ben: どうぞ
Risa: どうぞ。どうぞ。どうぞ。
Alisha: This phrase literally means "please." It's used any time you are letting someone go ahead of you to mean "after you." Or it can be used to offer something to someone, as in "here you are," like we saw in the scene. Now you try! Say Ben's line.
Ben: どうぞ。
Alisha: How did Ben get the people in front of him on the train to step aside so he could get off?
Ben: すみません。おります。
Risa: すみません。すみません。すみません。
Alisha: “Excuse me.”
Risa: おります。おります。おります。
Alisha: “I'm getting off.”
Risa: すみません。おります。
Alisha: “Excuse me, I'm getting off!”
Alisha: You will often hear people just say...
Risa: おります。
Alisha: which is enough. Let's break this word down. It's the MASU-form of…
Risa: おりる
Alisha: …which means “to go down,” “or to disembark.” You can use this word any time you're getting out of a vehicle.
Alisha: Now you try! Say Ben's line to get out of the train.
Ben: すみません。おります。

Lesson focus

Risa: Now, the lesson focus. Here’s how to ride a train in Japan
Alisha: Pregnant women often wear a maternity badge like this when they commute by train in Japan. This badge is given to pregnant women at stations or local city offices for free. They can easily show that they are pregnant, and get preferential treatment.
Alisha: So, when you see a woman wearing the maternity badge, you might want to offer her a seat, like Ben did in this video.
Ben: どうぞ。
Alisha: If you are ready to get off the train, but there are lot of people between you and the door, you would say...
Ben: すみません、おります。
Alisha: Then other passengers will try to make space for you to get out. People standing near the door often get off for a moment and wait outside the train.
Alisha: On the other hand, if you are the one standing near the door of a crowded train, be sure to step onto the platform when the doors are open so the people behind you can get out.
Alisha: There are a few more manners you might want to know about when you get on a crowded train.
Alisha: The first one is to hold your backpack in front of you, so you can control it more easily.
Alisha: The next one is to be careful of your headphone volume. You don't want to bother other people around you with the noise from your headphones.
Alisha: The last one is for men only- be aware of women-only cars. Some trains have women-only cars during rush hours. The women-only cars should have the stickers like this and are usually at one end of the train. Accidentally getting on a women-only car is one of the most common and embarrassing mistakes foreign men make!
Practice
Risa: Now it's time to practice your new ability.
Alisha: You're sitting on a train in Tokyo to go to Akihabara. Ready? Here we go.
Alisha: You see an elderly man and want to give him your seat. What should you say as you stand up?
Risa: どうぞ。
Ben: どうぞ。
Alisha: You've arrived at Akihabara, but you're stuck in the back of the train. How do you indicate that you'd like to get off?
Risa: すみません。おります。
Alisha: Great job!
Risa: どうぞ。
Risa: すみません。おります。

Outro

Risa: よくできました! Now, watch the scene one more time. After that, you're ready to ride a train in Japan! Happy travels! じゃまたね!

112 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
March 27th, 2015 at 6:30 pm
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Which station in Japan have you visited the most?

JapanesePod101.com
June 29th, 2019 at 1:16 am
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Hi Manuel,


Thank you very much for leaving a comment.

Even though there's a clear sign for "Priority Seat" (for elders, sick or injured people, pregnant women, people in wheelchair), you will see many able-bodied people occupying those seats quite often in Japan, sadly. Notice the little sticker on the window, right above the girl with a headphone and the color of seat is red? Those are the priority seats.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Manuel
June 24th, 2019 at 10:37 pm
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The poor pregnant woman had to stand there for the whole ride? Only shortly before arriving Ben offers her his sit. What a gentleman he is :D

JapanesePod101.comVerified
November 6th, 2017 at 9:49 pm
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Hi gerardo,

Thank you for your comment!


We are glad to hear that you like our lesson.

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com!


Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

gerardo
October 27th, 2017 at 10:55 am
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I really liked. it is great and I learn something new about Japan I never though that in japan there a wagon can be only for women and man. one think I know is hiragana when I take the quiz I though that I have to write it in roumaji until I click on show the answer and I was doing wrong

JapanesePod101.comVerified
October 23rd, 2017 at 10:31 am
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こんにちは、ミハエルさん

お返事ありがとうございます!


日本を楽しんでもらえてよかったです。

JapanesePod101で日本語をもっと勉強して、また日本に来てくださいね!


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

ミハエル
October 21st, 2017 at 12:00 am
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こんにちは、美希先生

遅く書いてごめんなさい。


ありがとうございます。やった(笑)

はい、気持ちでした。

そして、電車で旅行するのは日本にのほうがドイツより楽しかっただと思います。

(To me, traveling by train in Japan was much more enjoyable than in Germany.)

もう一度電車で千葉へ行きたいです。


ミハエル

Japanesepod101.comVerified
October 17th, 2017 at 8:23 pm
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Hi Elsa,


Great to have you here and thank you for your positive feedback!


We wish you all the best in your further Japanese studies and in case of any doubts, we're here to help!


Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

エルサ(Elsa)
October 17th, 2017 at 4:15 pm
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こんにちは。I think Japanese pod 101 is the best method of learning Japanese out of everything I’ve tried.I learn Japanese because I love the culture and food.Plus,it was the first foreign country I ever went to.I want to go back knowing real Japanese.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
September 30th, 2017 at 3:04 pm
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Thank you for your comments, everyone!


>Hi セバスチャン,

I guess he is going back home by train.. right?


>Hi Handono,

You can say "私は日本の駅に行かなかった”. You didn't use train at all when you visited Japan?


>Hi トッミ,

You can just say "すみません"(すいません) or "降ります" instead.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.comVerified
September 30th, 2017 at 1:22 pm
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こんにちは、ミハエルさん

コメントありがとうございます!


よくできました!

水田を見ながら歩くのは気持ちよさそうですね?


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com