Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Risa: Imagine you're at a convenience store. You’ve made choices and it’s time to pay. How do you do it? こんにちは。りさです. Risa here. Buying something in Japanese is easy. In this lesson, you’ll learn how. Mark has stopped at a store to buy some foods and drink. Let’s watch!
Dialogue
Clerk: いらっしゃいませ。
Mark: こんにちは。
Mark: あ、これは、何ですか。
Clerk: それは、にくまんです。
Mark: いくらですか。
Clerk: 100 円です。
Mark: じゃ、これを2こください。
Clerk: はい、おかいけいは1200円です。
Clerk: 800円のおつりです。
Clerk: ありがとうございました。
Mark: ありがとう。
Risa: Now with English.
Clerk: Welcome.
Mark: Hello.
Mark: What's this?
Clerk: It's a steamed meat bun.
Mark: How much is it?
Clerk: 100 yen.
Mark: Okay, I'll have two of these.
Clerk: Okay, that'll be 1,200 yen.
Clerk: 800 yen is your change.
Clerk: Thank you.
Mark: Thank you.
Vocab
Risa: Here are the keywords from the scene.
Mark: にくまん
Kyoko: にくまん
Alisha: steamed meat bun
Kyoko: にくまん, にくまん
Mark: 円
Kyoko: 円
Alisha: yen
Kyoko: 円, 円
Mark: こ
Kyoko: こ
Alisha: piece
Kyoko: こ, こ
Mark: じゃ
Kyoko: じゃ
Alisha: then
Kyoko: じゃ, じゃ
Mark: かいけい
Kyoko: かいけい
Alisha: total amount
Kyoko: かいけい, かいけい
Mark: つり
Kyoko: つり
Alisha: change
Kyoko: つり, つり
Key Phrases
Risa: Here are the key phrases from the scene.
Alisha: In the scene, how did the shop clerk tell Mark the total amount of his purchase?
Clerk: おかいけいは1200円です。
Alisha: First is a word for "account, bill or total amount."
Kaori: おかいけい、おかいけい、おかいけい
Alisha: Let's break it down.
Kaori: お
Alisha: …is an honorific prefix.
Kaori: かいけい
Alisha: …means "account, bill or total amount."
Kaori: おかいけい。
Alisha: This is a word you often hear or use at shops or restaurants when you pay. Shop staff always speak to you formally, so they'll say…
Kaori: おかいけい
Alisha: …adding the honorific prefix…
Kaori: お
Alisha: …to the front of…
Kaori: かいけい。
Kaori: おかいけい。
Alisha: Next is the topic marking particle.
Kaori: は
Alisha: After this is the phrase for “1,200 yen."
Kaori: 1200円
Alisha: Last is the linking verb, "to be." In this case, “is.”
Kaori: です。
Alisha: “The total amount is 1200 yen.”
Kaori: おかいけいは1200円です。
Alisha: Now you try! Say the shop clerk's line after she puts the items into the plastic bag.
Clerk: おかいけいは1200円です。
Alisha: In the scene, how did the shop clerk tell Mark how much he would get back in change?
Clerk: 800円のおつりです。
Alisha: First is the phrase for "800 yen."
Kaori: 800円
Alisha: Next is the possession marking particle.
Kaori: の
Alisha: After this is the word for "change," as in "here is your change."
Kaori: おつり
Alisha: This…
Kaori: お
Alisha: …is also a honorific prefix.
Kaori: つり
Alisha: …means "change.”
Alisha: But Japanese people almost always say it together with the honorific prefix
Kaori: おつり
Alisha: …without any particular intention to say it politely.
Alisha: "Change of 800 yen" or "800 yen in change" is…
Kaori: 800円のおつり。
Alisha: "Here is 800 yen in change."
Kaori: 800円のおつりです。
Alisha: Now, let's take a closer look at the phrase…
Kaori: 800円のおつり。
Kaori: 800円の
Alisha: …modifies…
Kaori: おつり。
Alisha: The possession-marking particle…
Kaori: の
Alisha: …is used in a structure of [Noun A]
Kaori: の
Alisha: [Noun B.]
Alisha: The first noun, [Noun A] followed by…
Kaori: の
Alisha: …modifies the second noun, [Noun B]
Alisha: So, when you want to say the amount of change, you say the amount of money first, then add…
Kaori: の
Alisha: …and…
Kaori: おつり。
Alisha: So, "change of 800 yen" or "800 yen in change" is…
Kaori: 800円のおつり。
Alisha: Now you try! Say the shop clerk's line after she takes some money out from the register.
Clerk: 800円のおつりです。

Lesson focus

Risa: Now, the lesson focus. Here’s how to buy something at a convenience store. Ready?
Alisha: Do you remember how Mark asked what something was, when he saw it in a case next to the register?
Mark: これは、何ですか。
Alisha: This is similar to how you would say, "This is chocolate." Do you remember this from a previous lesson?
Kaori: これはチョコレートです。
Alisha: “This is a chocolate.” Now, to form a yes or no question, you simply
add…
Kaori: か
Alisha: …at the end of the sentence. So, "Is this chocolate?" would be…
Kaori: これはチョコレートですか。
Alisha: If you have no idea what something is, though, or simply want to ask "what is this," just replace…
Kaori: チョコレート
Alisha: …with the word for "what.”
Kaori: 何(なん)。
Alisha: Combined, this is…
Kaori: これは何ですか。
Alisha: “What is this?”
Alisha: The primary reading of this kanji is…
Kaori: なに
Alisha: …but, when it's used in this sentence…
Kaori: これはなんですか。
Alisha: …it's read as…
Kaori: なん
Alisha: “What is this?”
Kaori: これは何(なん)ですか。
Alisha: The sentence structure is [something you want to ask about]…
Kaori: は なん です か
Alisha: Now you try! Someone is holding something in their hand. Ask what that is.
Kaori: それは何(なん)ですか。
Alisha: Now, you see something in the distance, far from both you and the listener. Ask what that is over there.
Kaori: あれはなんですか。
Alisha: Do you remember how Mark asked for the price of the steamed meat bun in the video?
Mark: いくらですか。
Alisha: This common question follows a similar sentence pattern to “What is this?”
Kaori: これはなんですか。
Alisha: In this case, you just replace…
Kaori: なん
Alisha: …with the word for "how much.”
Kaori: いくら
Alisha: You'll get…
Kaori: これはいくらですか。
Alisha: “How much is this?”
Alisha: If it's very clear what you're asking about, as it is in this video, you can omit the word for "this…”
Kaori: これ
Alisha: …and the topic marking particle,
Kaori: は
Alisha: …and just say "how much is it?"
Kaori: いくらですか。
Alisha: The sentence structure is, [Something you want to ask for]
Kaori: は いくら ですか。
Alisha: Now you try! You want to buy a T-shirt, which is,
Kaori: Tシャツ、Tシャツ、Tシャツ
Alisha: Ask how much a T-shirt is.
Kaori: Tシャツはいくらですか。
Alisha: You are choosing a cake at a bakery. "Cake" is…
Kaori: ケーキ、ケーキ、ケーキ
Alisha: Ask how much the cake you are pointing at is.
Kaori: このケーキはいくらですか。
Alisha: Do you remember how Mark asked the shop clerk to give him 2 steamed meat buns?
Mark: これを2こください。
Alisha: Recall a phrase you use to ask for something. For example, the sentence for "Water, please," is…
Kaori: 水ください。
Alisha: You can also insert the object marking particle…
Kaori: を
Alisha: …and say…
Kaori: 水をください。
Alisha: So the sentence for "this, please" is…
Kaori: これをください。
Alisha: But what if you want to specify that you want two of the thing you are pointing at?Just add "2 pieces…”
Kaori: 2こ
Alisha: …before the word for "please."
Kaori: ください
Alisha: “Two pieces of this, please.”
Kaori: これを2こください。
Alisha: The sentence structure is, [the object you want] plus the object marking
particle…
Kaori: を
Alisha: …plus [the number of things you want], and finally…
Kaori: ください。
Alisha: Now you try. Say, "3 pieces of this, please."
Kaori: これを3こください。
Alisha: Say "5 bottles of water, please."
Kaori: みずを5本ください。
Practice
Risa: Now, it’s time to practice your new ability.
Alisha: You're at a convenience store, and you've found something you're interested in. Ready? Here we go. How do you ask, “What is this?”
Kaori: これはなんですか。
Clerk: それは、にくまんです。
Alisha: How do you ask how much it costs?
Kaori: いくらですか。
Clerk: 100円です。
Alisha: How do you tell the clerk that you want to buy two of them.
Kaori: これを2こください。
Clerk: はい、おかいけいは1200円です。
Alisha: Great job! You’ll follow the same pattern many times, so be sure to practice it.

Outro

Risa: よくできました! Now, watch the scene one more time. After that, if you are ever wondering what food is, just ask! じゃまたね!
Dialogue
Clerk: いらっしゃいませ。
Mark: こんにちは。
Mark: あ、これは、何ですか。
Clerk: それは、にくまんです。
Mark: いくらですか。
Clerk: 100 円です。
Mark: じゃ、これを2こください。
Clerk: はい、おかいけいは1200円です。
Clerk: 800円のおつりです。
Clerk: ありがとうございました。
Mark: ありがとう。

59 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 20th, 2015 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 20th, 2020 at 09:52 PM
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Konnichiwa ペギ


Thank you for your comment.

Your sentences are very good!

It's 「200えん/600えん(円 in Kanji)です」


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

ペギ
October 5th, 2020 at 05:26 AM
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すみません、それはなんですか?

これは大福です。

いくらですか?

200イェンです。

これは3個ください。

はい、お会計は600yenです。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 19th, 2020 at 05:32 PM
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Flixさん、こんにちは!


コメントありがとうございます。


In very casual situations, the particle を is often dropped out when speaking.

So 水をください sounds polite and 水ください sounds less polite.


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 19th, 2020 at 02:19 AM
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こんにちは Mattさん


Thank you for your feedback and sorry for the inconvenience.

We will consider your opinion for the future development of our materials. 😉

Let us know if you have any questions.


Wishing you good luck with your Japanese,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Flix
May 4th, 2020 at 03:09 AM
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Hi,

could anyone please explain me why it's optional to use the object marking particle を in the sentence "水をください。" ?

I've already done some research on the general usage of を, but I couldn't figure out why it's not mandatory to use it in that case.

ありがとうございます。

Matt
May 1st, 2020 at 04:33 PM
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A (brief) introduction to counters here would have been a worthwhile diversion, just to introduce the concept. Suddenly switching from こ to 本 was a little misleading.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 27th, 2020 at 10:38 AM
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Hi クリス,


Thank you for your question!

In the lesson video, we can see the customer already has something else in the shopping basket. He finds buns at the register and buys 2 of them. So it’s 1200 yen in the total, with some items other than two buns.


Feel free to ask any questions you have throughout your studies.


Best,

Ali

Team JapanesePod101.com

クリス
January 20th, 2020 at 08:04 PM
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Hi!


I've got a doubt: if each unit is 100 yen, then two units would be 200 yen, not 1,200 yen as shown in the lesson, right?


Thank you!

クリス

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 1st, 2019 at 07:59 AM
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Hi Perla,


Thanks for studying with us and asking the question.


Yes, 'ko' is for small objects in general. 😄


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Perla
November 30th, 2019 at 06:48 AM
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So... I know that there are some counters for each group of things. Is "ko" a general counter for small objects or is just for "pieces of bread"?