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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Time, Months and Dates. Hi everyone. Welcome to appendix lesson 3.
Naomi: In this lesson, you will learn how to say dates and months in Japanese.
Jessi: We recommend that you review appendix lesson 1 and learn the numbers to get the most out of this lesson. We will start with the dates first as in the first, the second, the third and so on.
Naomi: The words for days 1 through 10 don’t follow a pattern. They have to be memorized.
Jessi: Right. So let’s go through those. I will give the English first and Naomi-sensei will give us the Japanese. Here we go. The first
Jessi: The first.
Naomi: 一日 (tsuitachi)
Jessi: Second
Naomi: 二日 (futsuka)
Jessi: Third
Naomi: 三日 (mikka)
Jessi: Fourth
Naomi: 四日 (yokka)
Jessi: Fifth
Naomi: 五日 (itsuka)
Jessi: Sixth
Naomi: 六日 (muika)
Jessi: Seventh
Naomi: 七日 (nanoka)
Jessi: Eighth
Naomi: 八日 (yōka)
Jessi: Ninth
Naomi: 九日 (kokonoka)
Jessi: Tenth
Naomi: 十日 (tōka)
Jessi: Now, the days after the 10th follow a certain pattern. The word for day
Naomi: 日 (nichi)
Jessi: Comes after the number. So for example, the 11th is
Naomi: 十一日 (jū ichi-nichi). 十一 (Jū ichi) is 11 and 日 (nichi) is the counter. So 十一日 (jū ichi-nichi) means the 11th day.
Jessi: And the 12th is
Naomi: (Jū ni-nichi) is 12 and 日 (nichi) is the counter. So 十二日 (jū ni-nichi) is the 12th day and so on.
Jessi: However, there are a few exceptions here too.
Naomi: That’s right. The voice for 14th, 20th and 24th are irregular.
Jessi: Right. So let’s cover those really quickly. The 14th is
Naomi: 十四日 (jū yokka)
Jessi: The 20th is
F2:二十日 (hatsuka)
Jessi: And the 24th is
Naomi: 二十四日 (ni-jū yokka)
Jessi: So remember those three exceptions. Now, how do we ask what’s the date or what day of the month is it?
Naomi: 何日ですか? (nan-nichi desu ka?) 何日 (Nan-nichi). What day of the month? 何 (Nan) means what, 日 (nichi) is the counter and ですか (desu ka) makes it a question.
Jessi: Now, let’s move on to the months. The months are really straightforward.
Naomi: Yes they are.
Jessi: To say the month, all you have to do is add the word 月 (gatsu) to the number of the month. Let’s go through them starting with January.
Naomi: 一月 (ichi-gatsu)
Jessi: February
Naomi: 二月 (ni-gatsu)
Jessi: March
Naomi: 三月 (san-gatsu)
Jessi: April
Naomi: 四月 (shi-gatsu)
Jessi: May
Naomi: 五月 (go-gatsu)
Jessi: June
Naomi: 六月 (roku-gatsu)
Jessi: July
Naomi: 七月 (shichi-gatsu)
Jessi: August
Naomi: 八月 (hachi-gatsu)
Jessi: September
Naomi: 九月 (ku-gatsu)
Jessi: October
F2:十月 (jū-gatsu)
Jessi: November
F2:十一月 (jū ichi-gatsu)
Jessi: December
Naomi: 十二月 (jū ni-gatsu)
Jessi: Not too bad right?
Jessi: Umm…
Jessi: For the months, you should note that April uses (shi) instead of (yon) and September uses (ku) instead of (kyū). Now Naomi-sensei, how do we ask what month it is?
Naomi: 何月ですか? (Nan-gatsu desu ka?) (Nan-gatsu) means what month and (desu ka) makes it a question. So (Nan-gatsu desu ka)
Jessi: What month is it? If we wanted to ask both the month and the date together, we can ask
Naomi: 何月何日ですか? (Nan-gatsu nan-nichi desu ka?)
Jessi: (Nan-gatsu) means what month and (nan-nichi) means what date.
Naomi: Right. (Nan-gatsu nan-nichi desu ka) means what is the date.
Jessi: Now that we know how to say the months and the dates, let’s combine them and say a few dates. So please listen closely. January 1st would be
Naomi: 一月一日 (Ichi-gatsu tsuitachi)
Naomi: (Ichi-gatsu) is January (tsuitachi) is the 1st.
Jessi: August 15th would be?
Naomi: 八月十五日 (hachi-gatsu jū go-nichi). (Hachi-gatsu) is August, (jū go-nichi) is the 15th.
Jessi: December 30th would be?
Naomi: 十二月三十日 (Jū ni-gatsu san-jū-nichi). 十二月 (Jū ni-gatsu) is December and 三十日 (san-jū-nichi) is the 30th.
Jessi: Right. So note that like in English, the month always precedes the date in Japanese. Well, that’s all for this lesson. See you next time.
Naomi: じゃ、また。 (Ja mata)