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Lesson Transcript

Jessi: Gengo appendix lesson 10. Question Words. Hi everyone and welcome to appendix lesson #10. In this lesson, we are focusing on question words.
Naomi: It’s really important to be able to ask questions in Japanese.
Jessi: Yes that’s right. So make sure that you get these words down. Now, here is a tip about using these question words. When you say them by themselves with rising intonation, you are asking a question but this is a really casual way to ask the question. To make the question formal, you add ですか (desuka) to the word. We will let you hear both ways of asking a question, casual way first followed by the formal way.
Naomi: Okay so let’s go through the list.
Jessi: What’s the first question word?
Naomi: なん (nan) or 何 (nani). These both mean what.
Jessi: Which one is used really depends on the context and the rule is rather complicated. So for this lesson, just know that they both mean what.
Naomi: なん (nan) or 何 (nani).
Jessi: The next word is
Naomi: いつ (itsu)
Jessi: This means when. In a casual conversation, you can ask
Naomi: いつ? (itsu?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: いつですか? (itsu desu ka?)
Jessi: The next word is
Naomi: どこ (doko)
Jessi: This means where. In a casual situation, you can ask
Naomi: どこ? (doko?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: どこですか? (doko desu ka?)
Jessi: The next word is
Naomi: どう (dō)
Jessi: This means how. In a casual situation, you can ask
Naomi: どう? (dō?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: どうですか? (dō desu ka?)
Jessi: Next word is
Naomi: 誰 (dare)
Jessi: This means who. In a casual situation, we can ask
Naomi: 誰?(dare?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: 誰ですか? (dare desu ka?)
Jessi: The next word is
Naomi: 誰の (dare no)
Jessi: This means whose as in whose is this. Here we just added the possessive particle の (no) to the word for who. In a casual situation, you can ask
Naomi: 誰の? (dare no?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: 誰のですか? (dare no desu ka?)
Jessi: The next word is
Naomi: どれ (dore)
Jessi: This word means which one. In a casual situation, you can ask
Naomi: どれ? (dore?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: どれですか? (dore desu ka?)
Jessi: The next words are
Naomi: なぜ (naze)
Jessi: And
Naomi: どうして (dōshite)
Jessi: These words both mean why. In a casual situation, you can ask
Naomi: なぜ ?(naze?)
Jessi: Or
Naomi: どうして?(dōshite?)
Jessi: In a more formal situation, you can ask
Naomi: なぜですか? (naze desu ka?)
Jessi: Or
Naomi: どうしてですか? (dōshite desu ka?)
Jessi: So, Naomi sensei, なぜ (naze) and どうして (dōshite) are the same, right?
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) Right, but I think どうして (dōshite) is more common in a conversation.
Jessi: Good to know. Okay, so now, let’s recap what we’ve learned so far. How do you say what?
Naomi: なん (nan) or 何 (nani)
Jessi: How do you say when
Naomi: いつ (itsu)
Jessi: How do you say where
Naomi: どこ (doko)
Jessi: How do you say who
Naomi: 誰 (dare)
Jessi: How do you say whose
Naomi: 誰の (dare no)
Jessi: How do you say why
Naomi: なぜ (naze) or どうして (dōshite)
Jessi: Okay. Next, we will introduce you to some question words that are useful when you are traveling in Japan such as how much or how many. When you want to ask the price of something, you use
Naomi: いくら (ikura)
Jessi: This means how much as in how much does it cost. In a casual situation, we can ask
Naomi: いくら? (ikura?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: いくらですか? (ikura desu ka?)
Jessi: When you want to ask how many things there are, you use
Naomi: いくつ (ikutsu)
Jessi: This means how many. In a casual situation, you can ask
Naomi: いくつ? (ikutsu?)
Jessi: Or more formally
Naomi: いくつですか? (ikutsu desu ka?)
Jessi: And in some cases いくつ? (ikutsu?) or いくつですか? (ikutsu desu ka?) means how old are you.
Naomi: あ、そうですね。(A, sō desu ne.) Right.
Jessi: All right. Well, we went over a lot of question words there.
Naomi: Did you get the hang of them?
Jessi: So just remember, to ask a question in a casual manner, you can say the word by itself with rising intonation. To ask it in a more polite manner, just add ですか (desu ka) to the end of it.
Naomi: Well, that’s all for this lesson.
Jessi: See you next time.
Naomi: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.)

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 7th, 2018 at 06:30 PM
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JapanesePod101.com
April 1st, 2019 at 05:07 PM
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Hi Graham Greenall,


Thank you for posting!


Wow, it's really awesome worksheet! You made it?

That's great!!


For asking day of the week or month of the year, you can say "何曜日" (nan-yōbi) or "何月" (nan-gatsu),

just adding 何 (nan) before 曜日 (days of the week) or 月 (months of the year).


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Graham Greenall
March 2nd, 2019 at 07:07 PM
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I can make my own worksheets like this it realy helps me remember do you have any more for question words days of the week and months of the year Fill in the blanks with the particle, wa, no, or mo.


私 (   ) 日本人です。

Watashi ( ) nihon-jin desu.

"I'm Japanese."

これは100円です。それ (    ) 100円です。

Kore wa hyaku-en desu. Sore ( ) hyaku-en desu.

"This is one hundred yen. That's also one hundred yen."

それは、わたし (    ) です。

Sore wa watashi ( ) desu.

"That's mine."

その車はケン (    ) です。

Sono kuruma wa Ken ( ) desu.

"That car is Ken's."

私の名前 (     ) ピーターです。.

Watashi no namae ( ) Pītā desu.

"My name is Peter."

彼の名前 (     ) ピーターです。.

Kare no namae ( ) Pītā desu.

"His name is also Peter."

Answer: