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Lesson Transcript

Hello, and welcome to the Culture Class- Holidays in Japan Series at JapanesePod101.com. In this series, we’re exploring the traditions behind Japanese holidays and observances. I’m Becky, and you're listening to Season 1, Lesson 2- "Coming of Age Day."
Coming of Age Day is celebrated on the 2nd Monday in January. In Japan, a person legally becomes an adult at the age of twenty, and this holiday congratulates and encourages those young people who have just turned twenty. This current celebration of adulthood is said to have derived from a coming of age festival that started just after the Second World War. It was held first in Saitama Prefecture with the goal of giving hope and courage to young people in the post-war society.
Now, before we go further, do you know the answer to this question- while Coming of Age Day is currently celebrated on the 2nd Monday in January, on what day was it held prior to 2000?
If you don’t already know, you’ll find out a bit later. Keep listening.
On this holiday, a coming of age ceremony is held in each municipality. Cities in regions with heavy snowfall may hold these ceremonies later in the year during Golden Week or お盆 (o-bon). For the ceremony, young people who are turning twenty gather at public places, such as city hall, and receive congratulations from town officials before being awarded a souvenir. A representative of the new adults also makes a short speech expressing resolutions for a healthy, productive adult life. Sometimes class reunions are held after the coming of age ceremony. Many people leave their hometown after graduating from high school, and the coming of age ceremony is a good opportunity for them to catch up with old friends.
Since the coming of age ceremony is a once-in-a-lifetime experience, special clothes are worn. Men generally wear a suit, and women wear a 振袖 (furisode). A 振袖 (furisode) is a long-sleeved kimono for unmarried women, and it’s quite expensive. In addition to the furisode, women should also wear kimono accessories, such as belts and sandals. While some people rent these outfits for the ceremony, many parents buy the furisode and accessories for their daughters because it is a time of celebration.
Coming of Age Day is also celebrated in some homes by cooking "red rice." The color red is often used to represent auspicious occasions in Japanese culture. Red rice is glutinous rice that has been mixed with 小豆 (azuki) beans. The 小豆 (azuki) beans dye the rice a pink color and, as a "red" food, it’s an essential part of many Japanese celebrations. Some young people also receive gifts or money from relatives and acquaintances to congratulate them on their coming of age.
Now it's time to answer our quiz question- when was this day held prior to 2000?
The correct answer is January 15th. In 2000, in order to create a three-day weekend, the holiday was moved to the 2nd Monday of January. When it was a single-day public holiday held on January 15th, it was often difficult for people to return to their hometowns. By moving it to create a three-day weekend, it became easier for people to return home.
Well listeners, how was this lesson?
Did you learn something new?
Do you have a day in your country when you congratulate young people who have just become adults?
Please leave us a comment telling us at JapanesePod101.com.
And we’ll see you next time!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

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July 22nd, 2014 at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners, is there a similar holiday in your country?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 22nd, 2019 at 08:18 PM
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Hi Jacqueline,

Thank you for leaving the comment!

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Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

August 15th, 2019 at 09:50 AM
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I wish there was something in Canada like this! The only day we really have to celebrate coming-of-age is one's birthday. 😭

May 4th, 2019 at 01:12 PM
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Hello Japanese pod101

I just learned about the celebration of coming of age. I thought it was very interesting with the japanese man dressing in suits and the woman dressing in furisode. My native country of Dominican Republic.Celebrates a similar occasion in which the female would celebrate he 15yrs old and it's known as a young lady ready for life. So learning about the coming of age was very good information.

Thank you

April 15th, 2019 at 08:55 PM
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Hi Mine'Ya,

Thank you for taking your time to leave us a comment.

In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

April 13th, 2019 at 11:09 AM
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This was a whole new thing , actually I've never seen this tradition mentioned before in Animes but it seems both heart worming yet a bit sad .

In my country sadly we don't celebrate such things . I wanna try wearing a blue *aoi* furisode - spelling it as a fluent japanese- as well 😭

April 1st, 2019 at 10:29 AM
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Hello Lobsang Daniel Barriga Tapia,

Thank you for your question.

It's 20 in Japan.

Let us know if you have any further questions.



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Lobsang Daniel Barriga Tapia
March 27th, 2019 at 11:03 PM
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Here in Chile we don't really celebrate adulthood, although I've always found it curious that

our drinking age is 18, while in most other countries is 21. I think it's even higher in Japan,

was it 22?

Japanesepod101.com Verified
January 3rd, 2018 at 06:57 PM
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Hi Merly,

Thank you for sharing with us about these festivities in your country !

Looking forward to seeing you often here.


Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

January 2nd, 2018 at 09:47 PM
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In thr Phlippines, yes we have for girls it's 18 y/o and for boys it's 21y/o. Their family prepare a birthday party for the debutant.

We don't have a national or dedicated day for incoming young adults.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 8th, 2017 at 12:05 PM
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Hi Zrinka,

Thank you for your comment!

That's interesting! Do they dance a traditional Croatian dance or something?

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com



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