Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: なおみです。
Kat: Kat here. Learn This Japanese Verb Ahead of Time. In this lesson you'll learn how to say "I did something beforehand".
Naomi: Right. The usage of -te oku.
Kat: The conversation takes place at?
Naomi: うち
Kat: At home. And who is this conversation between?
Naomi: 大地君と、大地君のお父さんとお母さん 
Kat: Daichi and his mother and father.
Naomi: 多分、誰かの誕生日ですね。
Kat: Yes, that’s right. It's maybe someone's birthday today. The speakers are family members, so of course the speakers will be speaking informal Japanese.
Naomi: では聞きましょう。
Kat: Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
お母さん:お父さん、かぎ、しめた?
お父さん: ああ、さっきしめておいたよ。
お母さん:料理は?
お父さん:作って、テーブルの上に並べておいたよ。
お母さん:じゃ、飲み物は?
お父さん:さっき、買った。冷蔵庫に入れておいたよ。
: ビールとジュースでいいんだろう?
お母さん:そう。あ、大地、ろうそくは?
大地:買っておいた。火はどうする?つけておく?
お母さん:まだ。
お父さん:シー!来た!
お母さん:電気を消して!
ジョシュ:ただいま・・・。
: あ、誰もいないんだ・・・。
みんな:ジョシュ、誕生日おめでとう!
もう一度会話を聞いてください。今度はゆっくり話します。
お母さん:お父さん、かぎ、しめた?
お父さん: ああ、さっきしめておいたよ。
お母さん:料理は?
お父さん:作って、テーブルの上に並べておいたよ。
お母さん:じゃ、飲み物は?
お父さん:さっき、買った。冷蔵庫に入れておいたよ。
: ビールとジュースでいいんだろう?
お母さん:そう。あ、大地、ろうそくは?
大地:買っておいた。火はどうする?つけておく?
お母さん:まだ。
お父さん:シー!来た!
お母さん:電気を消して!
ジョシュ:ただいま・・・。
: あ、誰もいないんだ・・・。
みんな:ジョシュ、誕生日おめでとう!
今度は英語の訳と一緒に聞いてみましょう。
お母さん:お父さん、かぎ、しめた?
Kat: Dad, did you lock the door?
お父さん: ああ、さっきしめておいたよ。
Kat: Yeah, I locked it just now.
お母さん:料理は?
Kat: And the food?
お父さん:作って、テーブルの上に並べておいたよ。
Kat: I prepared it, then left it laid out on the table.
お母さん:じゃ、飲み物は?
Kat: What about the drinks?
お父さん:さっき、買った。冷蔵庫に入れておいたよ。
Kat: I bought them just now. I've already put them in the fridge.
: ビールとジュースでいいんだろう?
Kat: Beer and fruit juice will do, right?
お母さん:そう。あ、大地、ろうそくは?
Kat: Yes. Oh, Daichi, what about candles?
大地:買っておいた。
Kat: I bought them.
: 火はどうする?つけておく?
Kat: Should I go ahead and light them?
お母さん:まだ。
Kat: Not yet.
お父さん:シー!来た!
Kat: Shh! He's here!
お母さん:電気を消して!
Kat: Turn off the lights!
ジョシュ:ただいま・・・。: あ、誰もいないんだ・・・。
Kat: I'm home...Oh, no one's home...
みんな:ジョシュ、誕生日おめでとう!
Kat: Happy Birthday, Josh!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Kat: So it was Josh's birthday. ジョシュの誕生日でしたね。
Naomi: そうです。ホストファミリーはよさそうな人たちですよね。It seems like he has a great host family, doesn't it?
Kat: そうですよね!やさしそうですね。 It seems like the mother is the director of operations, doesn't it? She's the organizer! She was telling her husband and her son what to do.
Naomi: そうですね。Yes. ジョシュは群馬に住んでいるといっていましたね。群馬の女の人は強いそうです。これは有名です。
Kat: Yeah, I remember Josh was saying that he lives in Gunma. And Gunma is known for strong women? Is that what you are telling me? (Laugh)
Naomi: Yes. My friend from Gumna told me that. (笑)
Kat: Really? I've actually heard that before! You know.
Naomi: 本当?
Kat: Ah, Gunma has a textile weaving industry, and apparently in the old days weavers were women. They could make money by themselves from their weaving work, without needing a husband to provide for them, so they were called "strong". Economically strong.
Naomi: なるほどね。 面白いですよね。
Kat: 面白い。Interesting.
VOCAB LIST
Kat: OK. So now, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
And the first word we are going to see is:
Naomi: かぎ [natural native speed]
Kat: key
Naomi: かぎ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: かぎ [natural native speed]
Kat: Next:
Naomi: 冷蔵庫 [natural native speed]
Kat: refrigerator
Naomi: 冷蔵庫 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 冷蔵庫 [natural native speed]
Kat: Next:
Naomi: 火 [natural native speed]
Kat: fire, flame
Naomi: 火 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 火 [natural native speed]
Kat: Next:
Naomi: つける [natural native speed]
Kat: to turn on, to switch on, to light up
Naomi: つける [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: つける [natural native speed]
Kat: And next:
Naomi: 消す [natural native speed]
Kat: to erase, turn off, to put out
Naomi: 消す [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 消す [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Kat: OK. So now, let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Kat: And the first one we are going to look at is?
Naomi: 冷蔵庫
Kat: Fridge, or in American English, I believe, "refrigerator". It's -not- れいぞこ! This word contains a long “ō” sound so be careful.
Naomi: そうですね。れいぞーこ。Actually the first れい part becomes れー
れーぞーこ
Kat: れーぞーこ
Naomi: Right.
Kat: Next,
Naomi: 火をつける
Kat: to set a fire, to light a fire, or to light something.
Naomi: 火 is fire を is an object marker つける is "to turn on" "to switch on" or "to light".
Kat: Right. And tsukeru has various meanings. When it’s used with hi, which means "fire", it becomes “to light" (something). The (something) is marked by に.
Naomi: Here's a sample sentence.
その男はタバコに火をつけた。
Kat: That man lit a cigarette.
Naomi: The opposite word of つける is けす.
Kat: けす can mean put out, turn off, or erase, depending on the context.
Naomi: Right. So 電気を消す means...
Kat: "to turn off the light".
Naomi: 火を消す means ...
Kat: "To put out the fire".
Naomi: はい、そうです。

Lesson focus

Kat: The focus of this lesson is how to say “do something in advance.”
Naomi: Yes. You'll learn the usage of te-oku
Kat: Meaning "to do something in advance for future purpose”
Naomi: Let's check the formation.
Kat: The formation is [te form of a verb] plus おく. How do you say...to buy?
Naomi: 買う
Kat: And te form is?
Naomi: 買って
Kat: Attach おく
Naomi: 買っておく。
Kat: "to buy something in advance" Here is a sample sentence.
Naomi: チケットを買っておく。
Kat: I'll buy a ticket in advance. Listeners, repeat.
Naomi: チケットを買っておく。
Kat: (pause) Listeners, please say "I'll buy a ticket in advance" in Japanese.
Naomi: (pause)チケットを買っておく。
Naomi: Here's a longer sample sentence. 明日、映画に行くので,今日、チケットを買っておく
Kat: Since I’m going to see a film tomorrow, I’ll buy tickets in advance today.
Kat: Let's do one more example. How do you say "to clean", as in "to clean the room".
Naomi: 掃除する
Kat: And te form is?
Naomi: 掃除して。
Kat: Attach おく
Naomi: 掃除をしておく
Kat: To clean in advance.
Naomi: Here is a sample sentence. 部屋を掃除しておく
Kat: "I'll clean the room in preparation." Listeners, repeat.
Naomi: 部屋を掃除しておく
Kat: (pause)Listeners, say "I'll clean the room in preparation."
Naomi: (pause)部屋を掃除しておく
Here's a longer sentence.友達が来るので、部屋を掃除しておく。
Kat: Since my friends are coming over, I'll clean my room in preparation.
Kat: And now, let's recap this lesson with a quiz. Naomi-sensei is going to say a phrase. Your job is to complete the sentence using -te oku.
Naomi: 明日は、テストがあるので・・・
Kat: (Pause) I have a test tomorrow so... Naomi-sensei. Could you give us one possible answer?
Naomi: 明日はテストがあるので、勉強しておく。
Kat: Since I have a test tomorrow, I'll study in preparation.
OK. How did you do? Of course there are many other possible answers. If you want us to check if your sentence is correct, leave us a comment and we'll check it for you! It’s very easy. Go to the lesson page on JapanesePod101.com, enter your comment and name.
Naomi: And that’s it!
Kat: Go to JapanesePod101.com and leave us a comment.
Naomi: じゃ、また。
Kat: Bye, everyone!

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