Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: なおみです。
Peter: Peter here. Tell Me More About Yourself.
Naomi: おお~。
Peter: Now in the previous lesson, Haruya Oozura came to his girlfriend’s house and met his mother.
Naomi: はい、お母さんと会いました。
Peter: He also gave her a present and said.
Naomi: つまらないものですが、どうぞ。
Peter: Here is a little something I picked up. Here you go.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: And of course, this is a very humble expression.
Naomi: Yes.
Peter: Now in today’s conversation, we are going to find out more as the mother is asking some questions. Today’s conversation takes place at
Naomi: 天道さんの家 The family Tendo’s home.
Peter: And the living room actually as this is a continuation of the previous conversation with the mother and Haruya. So she is asking some more questions again as the mother and Haruya are speaking. It’s polite Japanese. Then right at the end, we have some informal Japanese.
Naomi: おお~、そうですね。 That’s right.
Peter: Spoken by Miu. So pay attention to that change and here we go.
DIALOGUE
天道きり:晴夜さんは、おいくつですか。
大空晴夜:あ、今年、三十一です。
天道きり:あら、三十一才?...ご兄弟がいますか。
大空晴夜:いえ、母一人。子一人です。
天道きり:そうですか。...ご出身は?
大空晴夜:足立区です。
天道美雨:あ、パパだ。晴夜、パパ、来るよ。
大空晴夜:(ゴクリ)
Naomi: もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。
天道きり:晴夜さんは、おいくつですか。
大空晴夜:あ、今年、三十一です。
天道きり:あら、三十一才?...ご兄弟がいますか。
大空晴夜:いえ、母一人。子一人です。
天道きり:そうですか。...ご出身は?
大空晴夜:足立区です。
天道美雨:あ、パパだ。晴夜、パパ、来るよ。
大空晴夜:(ゴクリ)
Naomi: 今度は英語を入ります。
天道きり:晴夜さんは、おいくつですか。
Tendou Kiri: Haruya-san, how old are you?
大空晴夜:あ、今年、三十一です。
Oozora Haruya: Ah, this year, I’m 31.
天道きり:あら、三十一才?...ご兄弟がいますか。
Tendou Kiri: Wow, 31 years old. Do you have brothers and sisters?
大空晴夜:いえ、母一人。子一人です。
Oozora Haruya: No. There is just my mother. I’m the only child.
天道きり:そうですか。...ご出身は?
Tendou Kiri: I see, and where is your hometown?
大空晴夜:足立区です。
Oozora Haruya: It’s Adachi-ward.
天道美雨:あ、パパだ。晴夜、パパ、来るよ。
Tendou Miu: Ah, it’s dad. Haruya, dad is coming.
大空晴夜:(ゴクリ)
Oozora Haruya: (Gulp)
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: First thing's first. パパが来る。
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Daddy’s home.
Naomi: ね。
Peter: ん~、ちょっと怖いですね。 It’s a little bit scary.
Naomi: そう・・・ですか? Is that right?
Peter: そうですよ。 That’s right.
Naomi: For girls, mothers are more scary.
Peter: Yeah. So I can relate very much to Haruya. If you are listening to this, you can only hear the gulp, but actually umm there is the Japanese word for it, the onomatopoeia which is
Naomi: ごくり。 Nobody says that though. It’s only written.
Peter: Yeah. So it’s gulp.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: One more time.
Naomi: Should I read it?
Peter: Read it.
Naomi: Okay ごくり。 I have never said this word though.
Peter: But it is something you see in the comic book or something like that.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: Again, you could find this inside the PDF and if you stop by and get the PDF, there is one more thing that I kind of want to put in there and that’s the kanji for the fourth line which is あら、31才. 31才 which is 31. The kanji for 才 or years old. Here it’s pretty interesting because in textbooks, you also see a much more complicated character.
Naomi: Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah. I think both Chinese characters are right, but in the elementary school, we first learn this simple like O shape kanji.
Peter: Yeah it does look a lot like the katakana O.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: And it’s just so much easier to write because the other one is quite a complicated character. Naomi Sensei, should I have you write it, try and write right now?
Naomi: できるよ~。
Peter: So you can do it okay.
Naomi: Yeah I can do it. It’s not that bad.
Peter: Good point and actually, you know we should probably look at the little interjection right before that. あら
Naomi: This is so feminine. You should not use it.
Peter: Yeah and I have this – this kind of nuance is said by little bit of – well kind of more mature women.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Maturing is old.
Naomi: I don’t know about that but very like high-class Japanese.
Peter: Really? See, I didn’t even know that. That’s really interesting.
Naomi: 何か、うん、そんな感じがする。 That’s my impression.
Peter: Yeah but this is not an expression for guys out there.
Naomi: No.
Peter: Definitely not. Okay
VOCAB LIST
Peter: First word,
Naomi: 今年
Peter: This year.
Naomi: ことし、今年
Peter: Next
Naomi: いくつ
Peter: how many, how old
Naomi: いくつ、いくつ
Peter: Next
Naomi: 才
Peter: suffix for “years-old."
Naomi: さい、才
Peter: Next
Naomi: 兄弟
Peter: siblings
Naomi: きょうだい、兄弟
Peter: Next
Naomi: 一人
Peter: one person
Naomi: ひとり、一人
Peter: Next
Naomi: 出身
Peter: Person’s origin, hometown
Naomi: しゅっしん、出身
Peter: Next
Naomi: 足立区
Peter: Adachi ward
Naomi: あだちく、足立区
Peter: Next
Naomi: 来る
Peter: to come
Naomi: くる、来る
Peter: Finally
Naomi: パパ
Peter: Papa, dad
Naomi: パパ、パパ
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Okay Naomi sense. Let’s take a look at some of the words and expressions used in the dialogue. What do we have first?
Naomi: 兄弟,
Peter: “siblings.”
Naomi: In a polite situation, we put honorific prefix and say ご兄弟。
Peter: ご兄弟
Naomi: Your honorable siblings.
Peter:Next we have..
Naomi: 才
Peter: Years old. A suffix that’s attached to number to indicate “years-old.”
Naomi: That counting system is a bit tricky.
Peter: Inside the PDF we have, what we have.. one to what number, Naomi-sense.
Naomi: Ten.. haha.
Peter: Now onto the today’s grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: Okay Naomi Sensei, first we have something called a magical は. Now a lot of times when you are speaking Japanese or listening to Japanese, you have to infer as the speaker implies a lot of things. So a lot of the times what comes after は is inferred by the listener, implied by the speaker. In this case, where, where is your hometown or your hometown is where. Naomi Sensei, can we just break this down quickly. What do we have first?
Naomi: ご
Peter: Honorific prefix.
Naomi: 出身
Peter: Hometown.
Naomi: は
Peter: A topic marking particle. So it’s just – it’s literally hometown but of course you’re and is that makes it kind of conducive to English. Hometown is and the where is what speaker implies and the listener infers. So if we look at the textbook example, here is how we would have it.
Naomi: ご出身はどこですか。
Peter: Again we have the first part that’s the same. Honorific prefix plus hometown plus the topic marking particle followed by
Naomi: どこ
Peter: Where.
Naomi: です
Peter: Close to the English is. Finally
Naomi: か
Peter: Question marking particle. Hometown where is, where is your hometown but in today’s conversation that.
Naomi: どこですか
Peter: Was inferred by the listener and implied when spoken and we will come into contact with this more and more – this nuance of a magical は that you could just stop your sentence at は and whatever you really want to say comes after and it’s really nice because it really helps you shorten your sentences.
Naomi: たとえば、お名前は何ですか。
Peter: What’s your name?
Naomi: Can be said お名前は?
Peter: Your name?
Naomi: お電話番号は何ですか。
Peter: What’s your phone number?
Naomi: お電話番号は?
Peter: Your phone number is? And this construction, it’s interesting. At first when I started learning Japanese, I used this structure because I didn’t know everything that came after all the time.
Naomi: Ah. You mean the interrogative words.
Peter: Yeah it was the shortcut. Then when I got better, I wanted to put the interrogatives in there but then when I got to the point where I could understand Japanese professionally, I went back to this because actually Japanese people use this structure much more I guess faster and quicker.
Naomi: そうですね。 Actually if you are going to ask how many people are there in your family, you can just say ご家族は?
M:Your family is?
Naomi: そうですね。 The 何人 is the counter for people but even if you don’t know the counter for people, you can still ask the question.
Peter: Two quick points here. One grammatical and one cultural. So when you use a structure, it’s pretty common to find the honorific prefix attached to the noun because without it, it could come across as rude. 名前は?
Naomi: あ~、そうですね。
Peter: So “your name?” You see, you really want to make sure where appropriate you get that honorific prefix and two, you know thinking about it now like as we are going through this, and the reason I guess you don’t put the interrogative in there, isn’t it – it’s a bit more vague, isn’t it?
Naomi: The more vague the sentence is, the politer it is.
Peter: Yeah so you know, it’s probably I just kind of picked up on that now as we were kind of walking ourselves through it.

Outro

Peter: Now inside the PDF, we have a very detailed grammar point explanation about this. We also have something covering how old you are. The question how old you are. So check out the PDF. That’s going to do for today.

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Kanji

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118 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 22nd, 2008 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Mina-san, when you meet someone for the first time, what do you usually talk about?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 4th, 2020 at 08:59 PM
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こんにちは Bonjour ロラ,


コメントをありがとうございます!

Paris=パリ

It's 「日本語の勉強が大好きですよ!」


こちらこそ、よろしくおねがいします!😉❤️️


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

ロラ
October 21st, 2020 at 09:10 AM
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皆さん、こんにちは!

私は20歳です。

三兄弟あります。

私の出身はパリスです。

日本語を勉強が大好きですよ!

よろしくお願いします。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 25th, 2020 at 06:44 PM
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Konnichiwa アキラさん


Thank you for your comment.

Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

アキラ
September 12th, 2020 at 03:49 AM
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ビクトリー!😇

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 7th, 2020 at 08:21 AM
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Rachel さん

コメントありがとうございます😄

Maybe you wanted to say 分かりません?

知りません means you have no knowledge of something

分かりません means you don't understand something. It also means "you can't find the answer" or "you can't give an answer" and it doesn't necessarily mean you don't have knowledge.

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/intermediate-questions-answered-by-hiroko-12-difference-between-wakarimasen-and-shirimasen/?lp=196


Please let us know if you have any questions!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachel
August 27th, 2020 at 08:08 AM
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知りません。

Rachel
August 27th, 2020 at 08:07 AM
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仕事。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 28th, 2020 at 05:31 PM
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Hi bayani,

Thank you for your comment!


As you say, the particle "wa" is used to indicate contrasts.

The sentence doesn't have contrasts, so

"boku wa firipin-jin desu ga anime ga daisuki" is more natural to say.


We are really sorry for the inconvenience.

We try to reply you as soon as possible:)


Thank you for studying with us☺️


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

bayani
July 28th, 2020 at 09:47 AM
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anime desu, boku wa phiripinjin desu ga anime wa daisuki


can we use wa if the second clause is surprising or if only the two clause are contrast

wait is it clause or sentence

wait does the team only teach nihongo then gomen HAHA

there is no notification when someone replies to our comments so it's kinda hard to find the comments i did in some lessons

arigatou gozaimasu

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 18th, 2020 at 03:26 PM
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前世は日本人でしたさん、こんにちは!

コメントどうもありがとうございます。


そうですね。"Only one child" は一人っ子と言います。

Dialogue では、晴夜は「母一人。子一人です。」と言いましたね。

This is an expression emphasizing "just a mother and a child (a family of only two.)"

But you would say 私は一人っ子です for "I'm an only child."


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com