Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: Naomiです。
Peter: Peter here. Opening New Doors in Japan. In this lesson, you will learn the usage of a verb meaning "to break" and "to begin" in Japanese.
Naomi: Right. Which are こわれる and はじまる
Peter: Where does this conversation take place?
Naomi: 101テレビ局の前。
Peter: In front of 101 TV Station.
Naomi: 男の人が歩に話しかけます。
Peter: A man speaks to Ayumu.
Naomi: 二人は丁寧に話しています。
Peter: They're using formal Japanese. OK. Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
(バス)
アナウンス: 次は、101テレビ局前。101テレビ局前。
: ドアが あきます。
: ドアが 閉まります。
(外)
男: あの、すみません。落としましたよ。
遠井 歩: え?
男: かばんから 財布が 落ちましたよ。はい、これ。
遠井 歩: あ、ありがとうございます。え?新?
男: はい?違いますけど。じゃ。
近森 渡: おはよ。歩。歩?あゆむ!
遠井 歩: え?ああ、渡・・・おはよう。
近森 渡: 何しているの。
: 会議が 始まるよ。急いで。
遠井 歩: あ・・・うん。
: (もしかして・・・あの人は 私が この前病院で見た人?)
Naomi: もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくり、お願いします。
アナウンス: 次は、101テレビ局前。101テレビ局前。
: ドアが あきます。
: ドアが 閉まります。
男: あの、すみません。落としましたよ。
遠井 歩: え?
男: かばんから 財布が 落ちましたよ。はい、これ。
遠井 歩: あ、ありがとうございます。え?新?
男: はい?違いますけど。じゃ。
近森 渡: おはよ。歩。歩?あゆむ!
遠井 歩: え?ああ、渡・・・おはよう。
近森 渡: 何しているの。
: 会議が 始まるよ。急いで。
遠井 歩: あ・・・うん。
: (もしかして・・・あの人は 私が この前病院で見た人?)
Naomi: 今度は、英語が入ります。
アナウンス: 次は、101テレビ局前。101テレビ局前。
Lady: The next stop is 101 TV Station. 101 TV Station.
: ドアが あきます。
Lady: The doors will now open.
: ドアが 閉まります。
Lady: The doors will now close.
男: あの、すみません。落としましたよ。
Lady: Um, excuse me. You dropped this.
遠井 歩: え?
Lady: Huh?
男: かばんから 財布が 落ちましたよ。
Lady: You dropped this wallet out of your bag.
男: はい、これ。
Lady: Here you are.
遠井 歩: あ、ありがとうございます。
Lady: Thank you very much!
遠井 歩: え?新?
Lady: Huh? Shin??
男: はい?違いますけど。じゃ。
Lady: I'm sorry? I think you're mistaken. If you'll excuse me.
近森 渡: おはよ。歩?
Lady: 'Morning, Ayumu.
: 歩。
Lady: Ayumu?
: あゆむ!
Lady: Ayumu!
遠井 歩: え?ああ、渡・・・おはよう。
Lady: Huh? Ohh, Wataru...good morning.
近森 渡: 何しているの。
Lady: What are you doing?!
: 会議が 始まるよ。急いで。
Lady: The meeting is going to start! Hurry up!
遠井 歩: あ・・・うん。
Lady: Oh...right.
: (もしかして・・・あの人は 私が この前病院で見た人?)
Lady: (Could it be...that that person is the person I saw at the hospital the other day?)
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: 直美先生、「ドアがあきます」?Is that correct? It's not 「ドアがひらきます?」 
Naomi: ああ、両方正しいです。Both are correct. Both あきます and ひらきます mean "to open", and when they are used to talk about doors, they basically mean the same thing.
Peter: I see. What I usually hear in the announcement though is ドアが開きます。
Naomi: あーそうですか。 Is that right? I’ve never noticed it. Speaking of announcements, 日本の電車やバスのアナウンスって聞きやすいですよね。
Peter: So you asked the announcements on train and buses are pretty easy to understand?
Naomi: うん。
Peter: Yeah, I guess so. Most of them are pre-recorded and they come with a translation in English.
Naomi: あぁそうそう。そうなんですよね、だから、ビギナーにはうれしいですよね。訳があって勉強出来ますからね。
Peter: So it's Japanese-beginner friendly?
Naomi: Hm. Don’t you think?
Peter: Yeah, I can see that - the translations can be useful for studying.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word is:
Naomi: テレビ局 [natural native speed]
Peter: T.V. station
Naomi: テレビ局 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: テレビ局 [natural native speed]
Next:
Naomi: かばん [natural native speed]
Peter: bag
Naomi: かばん [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: かばん [natural native speed]
Next:
Naomi: 会議 [natural native speed]
Peter: meeting, conference
Naomi: 会議 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 会議 [natural native speed]
Next:
Naomi: 急ぐ [natural native speed]
Peter: to hurry, to rush
Naomi: 急ぐ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 急ぐ [natural native speed]
Next:
Naomi: もしかして [natural native speed]
Peter: perhaps, possibly
Naomi: もしかして [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: もしかして [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Naomi-sensei.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: The first word we’re looking at is?
Naomi: かばん
Peter: "bag" Now, Naomi-sensei, you can also say バッグ for bag.
Naomi: うん、そうですね。
Peter: So would you say they're interchangeable?
Naomi: Ah… According to the dictionary, "yes". はい、そうです。 interchangeable です。
でも...でも、 my image of バッグ is rather small and fashionable. なんか、People usually use かばん for a bag that is relatively big and heavy....you know, maybe one made of leather and has a kind of classic design. I don't know. Anyway, that's my image.
Peter: Yeah. I have no idea what it comes to bags.
Naomi: Ah-ha. そうね。 You have no interest in bags or かばん。
Peter: あんまり。But we’ll take your word play.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: OK. Next,
Naomi: 会議
Peter: "meeting" "conference"
Naomi: The katakana word ミーティング is also used to mean "meeting". To me 会議 sounds more formal and serious than ミーティング.
Peter: I agree. Generally speaking, the word 会議 refers to a relatively big meeting, right?
Naomi: うん。
Peter: Where people have a discussion to decide something.
But the word ミーティング tends to be used for a relatively small meeting. I guess in some cases, sharing information with workers.
Naomi: あ、そうね。上手な説明ですね。Good explanation.(笑)その通りだと思います。I think you're exactly right.
Peter: まぁね。I agree. (笑) OK. What's the last one?
Naomi: もしかして
Peter: "perhaps", "could it be...", "by any chance", "maybe". This is often used to as a prelude before presenting one's guess.
Naomi: うん、そうですね。 Here's a sample sentence. もしかして、ピーターさんですか?
Peter: I maybe wrong but, are you Peter? On to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: The focus of this lesson is the usage of the 2 verbs はじまる, meaning "to begin" or "to start", and こわれる, meaning "to break".
Naomi: You must memorize these two verbs, right now!(笑)
Peter: I like that. Right now!(Laugh) Now, can we hear them one more time? "To begin" is?
Naomi: はじまる
Peter: "To break"is
Naomi: こわれる
Peter: Now, here's a sample sentence for 始まる.
Naomi: 会議が始まる
Peter: The meeting begins./The meeting is going to begin.
Naomi: In this case, who starts the meeting is not important. We are just focusing on the fact that the meeting begins.
Peter: Notice that the thing that begins, the thing that starts - in this case 会議 (meeting), was marked by particle が.
Naomi: Right. 会議が 始まる。
Peter: "The meeting begins./The meeting is going to begin." Now, how do you say "The summer vacation begins?” or ”The summer vacation starts?" as in "The summer vacation starts now."
Naomi: OK."summer vacation" is なつやすみ.
Peter: The thing that begins has to be marked by が. So...
Naomi: なつやすみが始まる。
Peter: "Summer vacation starts." How do you say "School started"?
Naomi: "school" is 学校, and "started" is 始まった, so...学校が始まった
Peter: OK, listeners listen and repeat in Japanese. "School started"
Naomi: 学校が始まった。
Peter: [pause] Again, say "School started" in Japanese.
Naomi: [pause] 学校が始まった。
Peter: On to the next vocab word.
Naomi: こわれる
Peter: "To break" Kowareru simply means something breaks.
Naomi: Right. Who broke it is not important, so it's not mentioned.
Peter: How do you say "The car breaks or the car iわ going to break"?
Naomi: 車がこわれる。
Peter: Notice that the thing that breaks is marked by particle が. Who or what breaks the car is not mentioned. OK. How do you say "The computer broke"?
Naomi: Computer is コンピューター
Peter: The thing that breaks is marked by が. So...
Naomi: コンピューターが
Peter: The past form of (こわれる), "to break", is (こわれた), so...
Naomi: コンピューターが こわれた
Peter: OK. Listen and repeat "The computer broke."
Naomi: コンピューターがこわれた
Peter: OK. Say "The computer broke" in Japanese.
Naomi: [pause] コンピューターがこわれた
Peter: OK. For these lessons, some of you may have some really important questions. Now, I don't want to scare you with grammatical terms, but these verbs はじまる and こわれる are intransitive verbs.
Naomi: そうですね。There's a detailed write up about what an intransitive verb is and how to use it, so 読んでくださいね。
Peter: Definitely take some time to read this because transitive and intransitive verbs are very important in Japanese.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: Japanese in particular.
Naomi: Hm.
Peter: So reading this will help you get a good understanding. And this will really help you in your studies.
Naomi: はい、そう思います。
Peter: That’s going to do it.
Naomi: じゃ、また。

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Kanji

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59 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 13th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Transitive and Intransitive verbs! The grammar terms sound scary, but they're really not that bad :smile:
Write your sentences for practice below!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 17th, 2020 at 12:44 AM
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Hi Li,

Thank you for the question!


Both needs to be この店”は” and both are correct.


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Li
April 7th, 2020 at 03:39 PM
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Hi,


If I’d like to know when the store opens, which one of the following sentences is correct? And why?

この店が何時からあきますか

この店が何時からあいていますか


Thanks!

JapanesePod101.com
June 7th, 2019 at 06:11 AM
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Hi ziena,


Thanks for the comment!

携帯電話をこわしてしまったのですね。😞

Your sentence could be better as follows:

携帯電話を持っていました。でも、こわしてしまいました。


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

ziena
June 4th, 2019 at 04:02 AM
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携帯電話を持ていた、でも、私がこわしたよ。😈😈

😅😅

JapanesePod101.com
February 11th, 2019 at 02:39 PM
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ユリさん、こんにちは!


コメントありがとうございます。

どの文も、すばらしいです!


Keep up the good work with us!!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

ユリ
January 24th, 2019 at 07:01 PM
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こんにちは、


パスワードを入れてください。 (Please enter your password)

なんで、私のファイルが消えていますか。 (Why did my file disappear)

息子はファイルを消しました。 (My son deleted the file)


ありがとう。

ユリ

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 30th, 2018 at 06:48 AM
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Hi Cristiano,


Thanks for asking the question!

Kowashita is "(someone) broke something."

Kowareta is "something broke."


わたしは コンピューターを こわした。

[ Watashi wa konpyūtā o kowashita. ]

I broke the computer.

>> You are the cause of the breakage.


コンピューターが こわれた。

[ Konpyūtā ga kowareta. ]

The computer broke.

>> The breakage happened by itself.


For more details, please click above the following writing under the "Grammar" section.

自動詞・他動詞 jidōshi tadōshi

Intransitive/Transitive Verb

The link will talk about the different kinds of verbs.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com



Cristiano
November 29th, 2018 at 07:10 AM
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hi.G morning! could you explain about...kowashita and kowareta..thanks

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 18th, 2018 at 09:51 PM
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Hi Hubbedubbel,


Thank you for posting.


Glad to hear that you could learn well with the lesson!


For more grammar focus, please check out our special video series Visual Japanese Grammar Bank:

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-japanese-grammar-visual-grammar-bank/


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Hubbedubbel
August 17th, 2018 at 10:58 PM
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This lesson kind of opened my eyes. I try to learn Japanese for quite a while now, always avoiding this specific grammar point or only working through it half-heartedly.

But this lesson explained it really good and I am far more motivated to continue studying. Thanks a lot!