Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: 直美です。
Peter: Peter here. Don’t Quote me in Japanese on This. In this lesson, you learn how to report what someone else was saying using
Naomi: と、言っていました or て、言っていました。
Peter: Was saying. This conversation takes place at
Naomi: 韓国料理屋
Peter: A Korean restaurant. The conversation is between?
Naomi: 下山新さんと上司。
Peter: Mr. Shin Shimoyama and his boss.
Naomi: お昼ごはんを食べていますね。
Peter: And they are having lunch. The boss uses informal Japanese and Mr. Shimoyama uses
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
DIALOGUE
上司: 双子のお兄さん?
下山: ええ。もう、顔を覚えていませんが・・・。
上司: 顔は・・・同じじゃない?
下山: いや、それが、母は僕たちは似ていなかったと言っていました。
上司: へぇー。あ、そういえば、三門、「下山は、夜六本木でアルバイトをしています。クビにしてください。」って言っていたぞ。
下山: 三門ねぇ・・・そういえば、三門と左さんは付き合ってますよね。
上司: でも、左君は三門は友達で彼氏じゃないと言っていたよ。
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。
上司: 双子のお兄さん?
下山: ええ。もう、顔を覚えていませんが・・・。
上司: 顔は・・・同じじゃない?
下山: いや、それが、母は僕たちは似ていなかったと言っていました。
上司: へぇー。あ、そういえば、三門、「下山は、夜六本木でアルバイトをしています。クビにしてください。」って言っていたぞ。
下山: 三門ねぇ・・・そういえば、三門と左さんは付き合ってますよね。
上司: でも、左君は三門は友達で彼氏じゃないと言っていたよ。
今度は、英語が入ります。
上司: 双子のお兄さん?
SUPERIOR : A twin brother?
下山: ええ。もう、顔を覚えていませんが・・・。
SHIMOYAMA : Yes. I can’t remember his face anymore though...
上司: 顔は・・・同じじゃない?
SUPERIOR : His face... But you were twins right?
下山: いや、それが、母は僕たちは似ていなかったと言っていました。
SHIMOYAMA : Oh yes, but my mother said that we looked nothing alike.
上司: へぇー。あ、そういえば、三門、「下山は、夜六本木でアルバイトをしています。クビにしてください。」って言っていたぞ。
SUPERIOR : Huh... Oh hey, that reminds me - Mikado told me, “Shimoyama is doing a part time job in Roppongi at nights. You should fire him.”
下山: 三門ねぇ・・・そういえば、三門と左さんは付き合ってますよね。
SHIMOYAMA : Ah yes, Mikado... By the way, Mikado and Ms. Hidari are dating, aren’t they?
上司: でも、左君は三門は友達で彼氏じゃないと言っていたよ。
SUPERIOR : Well, Ms. Hidari said that Mr. Mikado is just a friend. He’s not my boyfriend.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Naomi: 全然似てない双子のお兄さん。
Peter: So Shin had a twin brother but they don’t look like each other どうしてでしょうね. I think Mitsuru Mikado is up to something right?
Naomi: ああ、三門満さんですね。上司にレポートしてますからね。 He was saying クビにしてください。
Peter: Please fire him.
Naomi: すごいね。汚いですよね。
Peter: Business is a nasty world.
Naomi: Nasty…That’s why you are doing the business. ね。だからビジネスをしてます。
Peter: And that’s why 付き合ってくれていますね。 and that’s why you are doing it together with me Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: Umm…
Peter: So this kind of stems from what we are just talking about. So I want to point out one word here and the difference in the way of thinking. So in English, we would say business is a nasty…
Naomi: ああ、はいはい。
Peter: Kind of cutthroat place. In Japanese, we use the word
Naomi: 汚い
Peter: Which is dirty and in English, sometimes we will also do it too. It’s a very dirty business.
Naomi: Dirty business.
Peter: Politics is a dirty business. So you can maybe make that kind of – use that as a pneumatic to remember that in Japanese when you want to say, you are not playing fair or you know, that’s kind of blow the belt 汚い。
Naomi: 汚い人だなぁ。
Peter: So he plays rough or he is dirty
Naomi: Like physically.
Peter: But dirty as in he doesn’t play fair or it’s a tough business.
Naomi: そうですね。 When people are watching the sports game, they use this word あ、今のプレイ汚いよ!
Peter: Also before we take a look at the vocab, there is also one more very useful phrase そういえば
Naomi: Ah by the way.
Peter: Yeah now according to Rikaichan which everybody should have and if you don’t, visit our website and find out more about Rikaichan. We have a nice video tutorial on how to install it. So according to Rikaichan, this expression means, which reminds me or on the subject or speaking of that but as Naomi translated by saying そういえば, you can completely change the topic.
Naomi: そうですね。便利だと思います。
Peter: Yeah I think a pretty good literal translation is like, if you say that or speaking of that, something, something, something. Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: What do we have first?
Naomi: 双子
Peter: Twins.
Naomi: (slow)ふたご (natural speed) 双子
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 似ている
Peter: Look like.
Naomi: (slow)にている (natural speed) 似ている
Peter: Next.
Naomi: アルバイト
Peter: Part time job.
Naomi: (slow)アルバイト (natural speed) アルバイト
Peter: Next
Naomi: クビにする
Peter: To fire.
Naomi: (slow)クビにする (natural speed) クビにする
Peter: And last we have.
Naomi: そういえば
Peter: Which reminds me, on that subject.
Naomi: (slow)そういえば (natural speed) そういえば
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Naomi sensei, what’s the first phrase we will look at?
Naomi: クビにする
Peter: To fire someone. Now 首 means neck but it also means deposition or dismissal. Now the grammar behind クビにする is very complicated. So we recommend that you remember it as a set phrase. Naomi sensei, can we have a sample sentence?
Naomi: ピーターは直美をクビにした。
Peter: Peter fired Naomi.
Naomi: 怖いですね。
Peter: What’s interesting here though is the person is marked by the object marker.
Naomi: そうです。
Peter: So you could tell it’s an idiomatic phrase. You are not literally taking her neck or back from the samurai’s days, actually the head. So クビにする is actually to take the head.
Naomi: そうなのかな。
Peter: So this sentence literally is Peter takes Naomi’s head but of course it means Peter fired Naomi.
Naomi: 怖い怖い。 Probably I have to look for a lawyer and アルバイト
Peter: That is our next word.
Naomi: そうですね。アルバイト。
Peter: Part time job and actually the shorter version is more commonly used. That is
Naomi: バイト。 When する or をする follows バイト, it becomes a verb. バイトする、バイトをする or アルバイトをする、アルバイトする。
Peter: To have a part time job or to work a part time job. Now many of these loan words, the loan words taken from another language and then used in Japanese come from English, however this one comes from German.
Naomi: そう。ドイツ語なんですよね。
Peter: The last phrase is
Naomi: 似ている
Peter: Look like, similar. Now actually this phrase is the present progressive form of the verb
Naomi: 似る
Peter: To resemble or to be similar. Now again we recommend you remember this as a set phrase. Naomi sense, how do you use the word?
Naomi: There are several patterns but the easiest way is something と something は似ている. For example, 晴夜さんと新さんは似ている。
Peter: Haruya and Shin look alike. Now here we used it for looks but again this is very contextual. It could be personalities, it could be appearance, it could be the way you talk. So from context, you have to judge what they are actually talking about.
Naomi: そうですね。例えば For example ピーターとゆういちは似ている。
Peter: And you can tell it here from the context Yuichi is a teacher on her intermediate series, a native Japanese speaker. So we don’t physically resemble each other but I think the way we joke and our humor is kind of similar.
Naomi: そうかな。
Peter: But you could tell from the context that we are not talking about physical features or attributes.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: On to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: The focus of this lesson is reported speech. Now, this is extremely useful. You will talk about how to report what someone else has said.
Naomi: と言っていました
Peter: Was saying. Now this phrase is composed of te form of the verb
Naomi: 言う
Peter: “To say,” plus
Naomi: いました
Peter: So 言って plus
Naomi: いました
Peter: 言っていました Now this is the polite past progressive.
Naomi: 言っていました means what saying.
Peter: Now a lot of times we get into these very technical grammatical explanations but think about this expression. It’s literally translated as was saying. John was saying. Susan was saying, my mother was saying. This is something we use all the time. So it’s going to be very, very useful. Couple of major differences from English but let’s take a look at them right now. Can we have a sample sentence from the dialogue?
Naomi: 母は僕達は似ていなかったと言っていました。
Peter: My mother was saying that we were not alike at all.
Naomi: 母は
Peter: Mother plus topic marking particle.
Naomi: 僕達は似ていなかった
Peter: We are not alike at all.
Naomi: と
Peter: Quotation particle.
Naomi: 言っていました
Peter: Was saying. So literally, mother, we were not alike at all was saying. Of course, it means that my mother was saying that we are not alike at all. So when you have a sentence with the quotation marking particle, many times for this particular level and this is a rule of thumb not applicable every single time but you can usually find that who is saying something or who is thinking something by looking at the beginning of the sentence. So you kind of zone your eyes out and you see mother at the beginning. Then at the end of the sentence, you can see と言っていました. So you can realize that mother was saying and then you look at the inside part to kind of figure out who is actually talking about what. Now to convey what someone else has said, we take the subject optional, their indirect quote, attach the quote marker と and the phrase
Naomi: 言っていました
Peter: So let’s practice this sentence pattern with some examples. How do you say, it will rain tomorrow or it’s going to rain tomorrow.
Naomi: 明日、雨が降る
Peter: So we have tomorrow it will rain. How about, mother was saying it would rain tomorrow.
Naomi: 母は明日雨が降ると言っていました。
Peter: So you take the original sentence 明日雨が降る. Before that, you put
Naomi: 母は
Peter: Mother followed by
Naomi: 明日雨が降る
Peter: And we follow that with
Naomi: と言っていました。
Peter: Mother was saying it will rain tomorrow. Now Naomi Sensei
Naomi: はい。
Peter: For those of you who don’t know, Naomi Sensei also appears in englishpod101.com. Now englishpod101.com is a site for Japanese learners of English. So Japanese people studying English.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: So Yuichi was saying
Naomi: うん。なに?
Peter: That he really likes your voice. ゆういち先生は直美の声が好きと言っていました。So Yuichi was saying he really likes your voice.
Naomi: 嘘でしょ。
Peter: Yes it’s not really true but this was just an example to illustrate what we were talking about today. So I was taking something that was said and then talking about that. So when you want to talk about something you heard, reporting speech, this と言ってました is very useful.
Naomi: そうですね。

Outro

Peter: That’s going to do it.
Naomi: じゃあ、また。

Grammar

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Kanji

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93 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 26th, 2009 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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みなさん、こんにちは~! Uh oh, is Shimoyama-san in trouble this time? What do you think will happen?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2020 at 03:31 PM
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parkさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

You can say 昨日彼女に早く寝るように言いました。

It's a bit different since you're not quoting.

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

park
August 7th, 2020 at 01:09 PM
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how do you say

i told her to sleep early yesterday

is it different with this lesson

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 6th, 2020 at 02:21 PM
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dadaさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Please have a look at this Visual Japanese Grammar Bank series and it has several videos on verb conjugations👍

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-japanese-grammar-visual-grammar-bank/

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

dada
August 5th, 2020 at 10:58 PM
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when do we use te form ita and every conjugations.

arigatou team san

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 29th, 2020 at 12:40 PM
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Nazriusさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

itta is the ta-form of iu (to say). Ta-form is informal, past tense.

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/beginner-lesson-96-you-may-not/

itte imashita is the past progressive form.

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/beginner-lesson-89-babysitter-2/


Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Nazrius
April 25th, 2020 at 04:44 PM
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What about "To itta"? Is it different with "To itte imashita"?

JapanesePod101.com
February 4th, 2019 at 04:38 PM
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Licosさん、こんにちは!


コメントありがとうございます。

「ところで」は "by the way" ですね。

「そういえば」は "by the way" や "that reminds me" になります。

This phrase is used when you remember something from the topic you are talking about.


Hope this helps.


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Licos
January 18th, 2019 at 08:34 AM
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こんいちは!

あのう、質問があります。

「そういえば」と「ところで」の違いは何ですか?

私の勉強した本は「ところで」は英語の「by the way」とかと言いましたけど「そういえば」が本にありませんでした。


ありがとうございます~

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 12th, 2018 at 06:58 PM
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Thank you for your comments, everyone!


>Hi Farhad,

Both have the same meaning, but そっくり has a stronger sense of resemblance.


>Hi felipe,

Arbeit is "アルバイト" in Japanese.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

felipe
September 18th, 2018 at 06:13 AM
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Arbeit