Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: 直美です。
Peter: Peter here. Your Japanese Abilities. In this lesson, you will learn how to express your ability such as I can run.
Naomi: 走れます。
Peter: I can swim
Naomi: 泳げます。
Peter: This conversation takes place at
Naomi: 会社
Peter: An office. The conversation is between?
Naomi: 絵理花さんと満さん。
Peter: Erica and Mitsuru. Erica is using informal Japanese, Mitsuru is using
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
DIALOGUE
三門 満: あ、絵理花さーん。木曜の夜、会えますよね。一緒に食事することができますよね。
左 絵理花: 木曜の夜?ああ、忘れていた。うん。多分大丈夫。会える・・・と思う。
三門 満: 六本木のマジックバーを予約することができました。
左 絵理花: へー。あそこ、取れたの?すごい。
三門 満: 今週の木曜日は、僕の誕生日ですからね。
左 絵理花: へぇー。知らなかった。おめでとう。
三門 満: 飲み放題なので、お酒がたくさん飲めますよ。マジックも楽しめると思います。僕、車で迎えに来ますね。
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。
三門 満: あ、絵理花さーん。木曜の夜、会えますよね。一緒に食事することができますよね。
左 絵理花: 木曜の夜?ああ、忘れていた。うん。多分大丈夫。会える・・・と思う。
三門 満: 六本木のマジックバーを予約することができました。
左 絵理花: へー。あそこ、取れたの?すごい。
三門 満: 今週の木曜日は、僕の誕生日ですからね。
左 絵理花: へぇー。知らなかった。おめでとう。
三門 満: 飲み放題なので、お酒がたくさん飲めますよ。マジックも楽しめると思います。僕、車で迎えに来ますね。
今度は、英語が入ります。
三門 満: あ、絵理花さーん。木曜の夜、会えますよね。
MITSURU MIKADO :Oh Erika, can you still meet me on Thursday night?
一緒に食事することができますよね。
We can eat together, right?
左 絵理花: 木曜の夜?ああ、忘れていた。
ERIKA HIDARI : Thursday night? Oh, I had forgotten.
うん。多分大丈夫。会える・・・と思う。
Yeah, it should be fine. I can meet you... I think.
三門 満: 六本木のマジックバーを予約することができました。
MITSURU MIKADO : I got a reservation at that magic bar in Roppongi.
左 絵理花: へー。あそこ、取れたの?すごい。
ERIKA HIDARI : Wow, you got it? Amazing.
三門 満: 今週の木曜日は、僕の誕生日ですからね。
MITSURU MIKADO: Well, this Thursday is my birthday after all.
左 絵理花: へぇー。知らなかった。おめでとう。
ERIKA HIDARI : Oh really, I didn't know. Happy birthday.
三門 満: 飲み放題なので、お酒がたくさん飲めますよ。
MITSURU MIKADO : And it's all you can drink, so you can have all the alcohol you want.
マジックも楽しめると思います。
We should be able to see some magic too.
僕、車で迎えに来ますね。
I'll pick you up in my car.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Naomi: ピーターさん、飲み放題は好きですか? Peter do you like all you can drink?
Peter: そうですね。あんまり好きではありません。 I don’t really like them. The quality of what they give you is very, very low.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Recently I like very high quality things so,
Naomi: なんだかえらそうですね。 Sounds really posh.
Peter: I know 質のほうがいいですね。
Naomi: ああ、量より質のほうが大事ということですね。
Peter: That’s right. So probably the English translation would be quality over quantity.
Naomi: ああ、なるほどね。
Peter: そうですね。量より質のほうが大事ですね。
Naomi: まあそれは何でもそうかもしれないですね。
Peter: Perhaps.
Naomi: そうですね。若いときは質より量のほうが大事ですよね、きっと。
Peter: そうですね。 So when you are young, volume or quantity is more important than quality. まあ、常識ですね。 So yeah I am getting up there. Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: First word.
Naomi: 飲み放題
Peter: All you can drink.
Naomi: (slow)のみほうだい (natural speed) 飲み放題
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 楽しむ
Peter: To enjoy oneself.
Naomi: (slow)たのしむ (natural speed) 楽しむ
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 食事
Peter: Meal.
Naomi: (slow)しょくじ (natural speed) 食事
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 迎えに来る
Peter: To come pick up.
Naomi: (slow)むかえにくる (natural speed) 迎えに来る
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 取る
Peter: To take, to pick up.
Naomi: (slow)とる (natural speed) 取る
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Naomi sensei, what’s the first phrase we will look at.
Naomi: へぇ~。
Peter: Now this is a very, very informal way to say I see or
Naomi: Oh really.
Peter: Now according to the dictionary, this へぇ~ is used when the speaker is looking down on something.
Naomi: Hmm…
Peter: Or doesn’t think that something is that interesting.
Naomi: I think it really depends on how you say it.
Peter: Definitely.
Naomi: Yeah if you say it へぇ maybe you are looking down on something but if you say へぇ~!….it sounds like you are really impressed.
Peter: Or interested.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Because the second one, the latter one I would say is used more often. And I think probably the reason the dictionary mentioned that is because this へぇ~….like kind of with the rising intonation is a bit slangy.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: So the dictionary didn’t really address it properly but I would say it’s used very commonly.
Naomi: It’s an everyday phrase へぇ~。
Peter: And it’s used in a good way. So if you hear this, don’t think that someone is looking down on you. It’s just they are interested in what you are saying.
Naomi: It’s like aaha とか、そんな感じかな。
Peter: What’s next?
Naomi: 飲み放題
Peter: All you can drink and we also have 食べ放題
Naomi: ああ、そうそうそう。
Peter: So don’t forget to hold the ほう sound 食べ放題。
Naomi: そうですね。ほうだい。
Peter: A long vowel.
Naomi: 飲み is a masu stem of a verb 飲む to drink, 放題 means as much as you like かな。
Peter: So you can create all sorts of combinations with this word.
Naomi: そうですね。ええと、ピーターさんが言いましたが Just like Peter mentioned, 食べ放題
Peter: All you can eat.
Naomi: 使い放題
Peter: All you can use 使い放題
Naomi: そうそうそう。千円でインターネット使い放題です。
Peter: なるほど。 For ¥1000, you can access the internet as much as you like.
Naomi: JapanesePod101.comで日本語を勉強し放題です。
Peter: So it’s all you can study at japanesepod101.com. On to the grammar point. Inside the PDF, there is a detailed write up about this conjugation inside the PDF. So please be sure to check it out.

Lesson focus

Peter: In this lesson, you learn how to say you can do something. This lesson’s topic is the conjugation of class 1 verbs to their potential form. Now in the last lesson, we learned how to talk about ability, possibility or permission using
Naomi: ことができます
Peter: We focused of course on permission. Now this time, we will learn how to talk about ability in a much shorter, simpler way by conjugating the verb itself. Now can we have a sample sentence from the dialogue?
Naomi: お酒がたくさん飲めます。
Peter: I, you, we depend on the speaker. Can drink a lot of alcohol. Can you put the subject and also change this to informal speech?
Naomi: 私達はお酒がたくさん飲める。
Peter: We can drink a lot of alcohol. Now 飲める is the potential form of the verb.
Naomi: 飲む
Peter: To drink. Now let’s take a look at how to form this. To form the potential of class 1 verbs, the final Hiragana syllable, the one found in the う column is dropped and replaced with a Hiragana syllable from the corresponding rows.
Naomi: え
Peter: Column and then we tack on the Hiragana syllable る. The best way to illustrate this is with an example. Naomi Sensei, how do you say the verb to meet in Japanese?
Naomi: 会う
Peter: Of course to meet. This is in potential. Now we are going to change this to be able to meet, can meet. So we are going to change the final う in 会う to
Naomi: え
Peter: So we have
Naomi: 会え
Peter: Then we are going to tack on
Naomi: る
Peter: So finally we have
Naomi: 会える
Peter: To be able to meet, can meet. What’s the verb to drink?
Naomi: 飲む
Peter: The final syllable is む. What’s the corresponding え column sound?
Naomi: め
Peter: So
Naomi: 飲め
Peter: Then we tack on る
Naomi: 飲める
Peter: To be able to drink. Can drink.
Naomi: お酒が飲める。
Peter: Now, inside the PDF, there is a detailed write-up about this conjugation inside the PDF, so please be sure to check it out.
Naomi: Please also notice the object is followed by が not を。私がコーラを飲む。
Peter: I drink cola.
Naomi: 私はコーラが飲める。
Peter: I can drink cola. So the object marker changes. Here the が isn’t a subject marker but rather the object marker. Today, we talked about class I verbs. Now, class Ⅱ verbs and class Ⅲ verbs are treated differently, so be sure to check out lesson notes, and we’re going to cover that in the next lesson. Finally here this conjugation we looked at 飲める to be able to drink. 飲むことができる is the same thing but 飲める is a much easier way to say. So it’s more common I would say in speech especially in informal speech.
Naomi: そうですね。 It’s faster.
Peter: 飲める is much faster than 飲むことができる。

Outro

Peter: Now that just about does it for today.
Naomi: じゃあ、また。

Grammar

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Kanji

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106 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 5th, 2009 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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みなさん、こんにちは! Can you tell us some things that you are able to do?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 1st, 2020 at 08:46 AM
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Rachelさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

はい、合っていますよ。(Yes, your sentence is correct).

*こんにちは

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachel
December 31st, 2019 at 05:27 AM
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こんいちは。ピアノを弾ける。

Did I say that correctly?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 20th, 2019 at 11:05 AM
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Francescoさん


質問ありがとうございます!!

見れる is just the form that's lacking the ら of 見られる. We tend to use 見れる more than 見られる in a casual occasion because 見られる is more formal.


Please let us know if you have a further question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Amod Singh
September 30th, 2019 at 07:28 AM
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Is the earlier ongoing story for Haruya and Miu's family will longer appear in the next lessons ?

Francesco
September 13th, 2019 at 10:21 PM
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Hello!

While studying the potential form I've come across the verb: 見える。

So I was wondering, is this some kind of particular abbreviation? Which change 見る to 見える。 And so 見られる is actually the same as 見える?

Or are they actually different in some way?

見られる

見える

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 26th, 2019 at 10:38 AM
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Hi BlueRaja,

Thanks for your comment!


私はコーラが飲める。 I can drink cola.

  ↓

私は飲める。I can drink.

"私(I)" is the subject of the sentence.

(Cola doesn't drink so cola is not the subject in this sentence.)


Hope this helps.

Thank you for studying with us!

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

BlueRaja
July 8th, 2019 at 01:54 AM
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"Here the が isn't the subject market, but rather the object marker"

- I'm pretty sure it's still the subject marker? It's just that potential forms are intransitive

JapanesePod101.com
May 23rd, 2019 at 12:41 PM
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Hanaさん こんにちは。


コメントありがとうございます。

1.たくさんチョコレートを食べられますか。おいしいですよね!

2.おりがみをおれますか。すごいですね!

We usually say [figure]をおります in Japanese. For example, you can say おりがみでつるをおれます。 meaning "I can create/fold a crane with origami."

3.少し日本語を話せますか。いいですね!


Let us know if you have any questions.

Motoko

Team JapanesePod101.com

Hana
May 20th, 2019 at 11:55 PM
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私はできる。。


1.たくさんチョコレートを食べれる。

2.おりがみを作れる。

3.少し日本語を話せる。

JapanesePod101.com
March 21st, 2019 at 08:43 PM
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Hi Dilshan,


Thank you for your kind words! We're glad to hear that :)


Please stay tuned! We'll create more fun and effective Japanese lessons for you.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com