Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: 直美です。 (Naomidesu.)
Peter: Peter here. The Most Meaningful Japanese Lesson Yet. In this lesson, you will learn more about formal and informal speech by reviewing the past form of adjectives.
Naomi: Such as 美味しかった。 (Oishikatta.)
Peter: It was delicious.
Naomi: きれいだった。 (Kireidatta.)
Peter: It was beautiful or perhaps he or perhaps she was beautiful. This conversation takes place at
Naomi: 家です。 (Iedesu.) At home マルシアさんのアパートです。 (Marushia-san no apātodesu.)
Peter: Maric’s apartment. The conversation is between three people right?
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) That’s right マルシアとおじいさんとおばあさん。 (Marushia to ojīsan to obāsan.)
Peter: Marcia and her grandparents. Her grandfather and grandmother and they are talking about their trip to
Naomi: 鎌倉 (Kamakura)
Peter: Marcia and her grandfather speak informal Japanese but her grandmother speaks
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
Peter: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
(ピンポーン) ((pinpōn))
マルシア (Marushia): おじいちゃん、おばあちゃん、お帰り。 (O-jī-chan, o-bā-chan, o-kaeri.)
おばあさん (Obāsan): ただいま、マルシアちゃん。 (Tadaima, Marushia-chan.)
マルシア (Marushia): 鎌倉旅行は どうだった? (Kamakura ryokō wa dō datta?)
おばあさん (Obāsan): なかなか 楽しかったですよ。ねぇ、おじいさん。 (Nakanaka tanoshikatta desu yo. Nē, o-jī-san.)
おじいさん (Ojīsan): ああ。人力車は 楽しかったね。また 乗りたいね。 (Ā. jinrikisha wa tanoshikatta ne. Mata noritai ne.)
マルシア (Marushia): 大丈夫だった?寒くなかった? (Daijōbu datta? Samukunakatta?)
おじいさん (Ojīsan): 寒かったけど、なかなか 気持ちよかった。 (Samukatta kedo, nakanaka kimochi yokatta.)
おばあさん (Obāsan): でも、ツアーのお客さんは 年寄りが 多かったですね。 (Demo, tsuā no o-kyaku-san wa toshiyori ga ōkatta desu ne.)
おじいさん (Ojīsan): そうそう。もっと若い人と 話したかった。 (Sō sō. Motto wakai hito to hanashitakatta.)
おばあさん (Obāsan): あ、そうだ。マルシアちゃん、明日、六本木のクラブに 連れて行ってよ。 (A, sō da. Marushia-chan, ashita, Roppongi no kurabu ni tsurete itte yo.)
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。 (Mōichido, onegaishimasu. Kondo wa, yukkuri onegaishimasu.)
マルシア (Marushia): おじいちゃん、おばあちゃん、お帰り。 (O-jī-chan, o-bā-chan, o-kaeri.)
おばあさん (Obāsan): ただいま、マルシアちゃん。 (Tadaima, Marushia-chan.)
マルシア (Marushia): 鎌倉旅行は どうだった? (Kamakura ryokō wa dō datta?)
おばあさん (Obāsan): なかなか 楽しかったですよ。ねぇ、おじいさん。 (Nakanaka tanoshikatta desu yo. Nē, o-jī-san.)
おじいさん (Ojīsan): ああ。人力車は 楽しかったね。また 乗りたいね。 (Ā. jinrikisha wa tanoshikatta ne. Mata noritai ne.)
マルシア (Marushia): 大丈夫だった?寒くなかった? (Daijōbu datta? Samukunakatta?)
おじいさん (Ojīsan): 寒かったけど、なかなか 気持ちよかった。 (Samukatta kedo, nakanaka kimochi yokatta.)
おばあさん (Obāsan): でも、ツアーのお客さんは 年寄りが 多かったですね。 (Demo, tsuā no o-kyaku-san wa toshiyori ga ōkatta desu ne.)
おじいさん (Ojīsan): そうそう。もっと若い人と 話したかった。 (Sō sō. Motto wakai hito to hanashitakatta.)
おばあさん (Obāsan): あ、そうだ。マルシアちゃん、明日、六本木のクラブに 連れて行ってよ。 (A, sō da. Marushia-chan, ashita, Roppongi no kurabu ni tsurete itte yo.)
今度は、英語が入ります。 (Kondo wa, eigo ga hairimasu.)
(ピンポーン) ((pinpōn))
(Ding-dong)
マルシア (Marushia): おじいちゃん、おばあちゃん、お帰り。 (O-jī-chan, o-bā-chan, o-kaeri.)
MARCIA: Grandpa, Grandma, welcome back!
おばあさん (Obāsan): ただいま、マルシアちゃん。 (Tadaima, Marushia-chan.)
GRANDMOTHER: We're back, Marcia.
マルシア (Marushia): 鎌倉旅行は どうだった? (Kamakura ryokō wa dō datta?)
MARCIA: How was your trip to Kamakura?
おばあさん (Obāsan): なかなか 楽しかったですよ。ねぇ、おじいさん。 (Nakanaka tanoshikatta desu yo. Nē, o-jī-san.)
GRANDMOTHER: We had quite a good time, right dear?
おじいさん (Ojīsan): ああ。人力車は 楽しかったね。また 乗りたいね。 (Ā. jinrikisha wa tanoshikatta ne. Mata noritai ne.)
GRANDFATHER: Yes, the rickshaw was fun. I want to ride again.
マルシア (Marushia): 大丈夫だった?寒くなかった? (Daijōbu datta? Samukunakatta?)
MARCIA: Was everything all right? It wasn't too cold?
おじいさん (Ojīsan): 寒かったけど、なかなか 気持ちよかった。 (Samukatta kedo, nakanaka kimochi yokatta.)
GRANDFATHER: It was cold, but it was quite comfortable.
おばあさん (Obāsan): でも、ツアーのお客さんは 年寄りが 多かったですね。 (Demo, tsuā no o-kyaku-san wa toshiyori ga ōkatta desu ne.)
GRANDMOTHER: But, most of the tourists were senior citizens.
おじいさん (Ojīsan): そうそう。もっと若い人と 話したかった。 (Sō sō. Motto wakai hito to hanashitakatta.)
GRANDFATHER: Right, right, I wanted to talk to younger people.
おばあさん (Obāsan): あ、そうだ。マルシアちゃん、明日、六本木のクラブに 連れて行ってよ。 (A, sō da. Marushia-chan, ashita, Roppongi no kurabu ni tsurete itte yo.)
GRANDMOTHER: Oh, right. Marcia, tomorrow, take us to a club in Roppongi, will you?
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Naomi Sensei, so the old man and old woman are staying at Marcia’s apartment?
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) In lesson 30, おじいさん (Ojīsan) said 孫が日本に住んでいるので初めて来ました。この孫がマルシアさんですね。 (Mago ga Nihon ni sunde irunode hajimete kimashita. Kono mago ga Marushia-sandesu ne.)
Peter: So in lesson 30, the old man said, our granddaughter lives in Japan. So we are going to visit her.
Naomi: 面白いですよね。 (Omoshiroidesu yo ne.) I found this sentence very interesting because in English, you usually say my granddaughter or my grandson but in Japanese, we usually use the word 孫 (Mago) grandchild.
Peter: And you can’t tell gender from the word 孫 (Mago)
Naomi: そうなんですよ。 (Sōna ndesu yo.)
Peter: You know, we should probably share this story that the person translating this actually made a gender mistake because the translator had no way of knowing the gender of the 孫 (Mago) grandchild.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) So the translator first translated as our grandson lives in Japan.
Peter: So very, very interesting, gender neutral words.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) もし、これ (Moshi, kore) Our grandchild lives in Japan. Does it sound strange in English?
Peter: No that’s probably what the translator should have done.
Naomi: ああ、そうなんだ。なるほどね。 (Ā,-sōna nda. Naruhodo ne.)
Peter: あ、内緒。 (A, naisho.) We won’t share that with her. One more quick point. I find the way that grandmother talks very interesting, the fact that she is using formal Japanese.
Naomi: Right. She speaks formally to everybody.
Peter: And this isn’t that uncommon for women who are a bit older around the おばあさん (Obāsan) age.
Naomi: So おばあさん’s (Obāsan’ s) age pretty common.
Peter: Because like in Japanese because you get to someone in the less formal language but in this case, she has kind of maintained that formality.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) It sounds very sophisticated though.
Peter: Yeah very nice. Naomi Sensei, your family, let me guess. All informal.
Naomi: そう、そうね。そうです。 (Sō, sōne. Sōdesu.) We are very casual people. So…
Peter: Okay on to the vocabulary section.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: First word
Naomi: 旅行 (Ryokō)
Peter: Trip, travel.
Naomi: (slow)りょこう (Ryokō) (natural speed) 旅行 (Ryokō)
Peter: Next word.
Naomi: なかなか (nakanaka)
Peter: Quite, very, considerably.
Naomi: (slow)なかなか (nakanaka) (natural speed) なかなか (nakanaka)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 年寄り (toshiyori)
Peter: The elderly, old people.
Naomi: (slow)としより (Toshiyori) (natural speed) 年寄り (toshiyori)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 多い (ōi)
Peter: Many, a lot.
Naomi: (slow)おおい (ōi) (natural speed) 多い (ōi)
Peter: Next
Naomi: 連れて行く (tsurete iku)
Peter: To take someone along.
Naomi: (slow)つれていく (Tsurete iku) (natural speed) 連れて行く (tsurete iku)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Naomi Sensei, what’s the first word we will look at?
Naomi: なかなか (Nakanaka)
Peter: なかなか。 (Nakanaka) This is an adverb meaning quite considerably or more than expected. I think we can get a really good feel for how to use this word by looking at some sample sentences. Naomi sensei
Naomi: この本はなかなか面白いよ。 (Kono Moto wa nakanaka omoshiroi yo.)
Peter: This book is quite interesting.
Naomi: よく使いますね。 (Yoku tsukaimasu ne.)
Peter: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.)
Naomi: We use なかなか (Nakanaka) very often なかなかをなかなか使います。 (Nakanaka o nakanaka tsukaimasu.) なかなか面白いでしょ? (Nakanaka omoshiroidesho?)
Peter: Yeah it’s pretty interesting. Naomi Sensei, can we have that sample sentence one more time.
Naomi: なかなかをなかなか使います。 (Nakanaka o nakanaka tsukaimasu.)
Peter: We often use often.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) We often use なかなか (Nakanaka) more than you expected.
Peter: 言う言葉はないですね。 (Iu kotoba wanaidesu ne.) I have nothing to say to that but it’s a very nice play on the word Naomi Sensei. So just looking at the previous two sentences that Naomi sensei gave, I just want to point out that as it’s an adverb, it usually precedes an adjective or verb. So we had なかなか面白い (Nakanaka omoshiroi) very interesting and なかなか使います (Nakanaka tsukaimasu) often used. So the placing of adverbs usually precedes the adjective or verb. Next word.
Naomi: 連れて行く (Tsureteiku)
Peter: To take someone or an animal along. Now this word is made up of two words 連れる (Tsureru) to lead, to take and 行く (Iku) to go. So to lead and to go, to take along.
Naomi: そうですね。例えば、 (Sōdesu ne. Tatoeba,) For example ピーターは犬を学校に連れて行きました。 (Pītā wa inu o gakkō ni tsurete ikimashita.)
Peter: Peter took his dog to school.
Naomi: 先生はピーターを校長室に連れて行きました。 (Sensei wa pītā o kōchō-shitsu ni tsurete ikimashita.)
Peter: The teacher took Peter to the principal’s office. Now please notice that the direction marker is marked by に (Ni) or へ (E) and the object that subject takes is marked by を (O). Let’s just take a little closer look at this. Can we have the sample sentence one more time?
Naomi: ピーターは犬を学校に連れて行く。 (Pītā wa inu o gakkō ni tsureteiku.)
Peter: So Peter is the subject. So it’s marked by
Naomi: は (Wa)
Peter: The object, the thing being taken along is
Naomi: 犬 (Inu)
Peter: So it’s marked by
Naomi: を (O)
Peter: We are going to school. So the direction is marked by
Naomi: に (Ni) So 学校に (Gakkō ni) and 連れて行く (Tsureteiku)
Peter: On to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: Now in this lesson, we are going to learn more about formal and informal speech by reviewing the past form of adjectives. There is a detailed write up in the lesson. So please check out the PDF. Now here let’s review the conjugation of na adjectives. How do you say all right?
Naomi: 大丈夫 (Daijōbu) So 大丈夫です (Daijōbudesu) is formal. 大丈夫だ (Daijōbuda) is informal.
Peter: Let’s quickly review the conjugation of na adjectives for informal speech. It’s all right.
Naomi: 大丈夫だ (Daijōbuda)
Peter: Not all right.
Naomi: 大丈夫じゃない (Daijōbu janai)
Peter: Was all right.
Naomi: 大丈夫だった (Daijōbudatta)
Peter: Wasn’t all right.
Naomi: 大丈夫じゃなかった (Daijōbu janakatta)
Peter: Let’s practice once again with a different adjective. How do you say well, fine as in I am fine?
Naomi: 元気だ (Genkida)
Peter: Not fine.
Naomi: 元気じゃない (Genki janai)
Peter: Was fine.
Naomi: 元気だった (Genkidatta)
Peter: Wasn’t fine.
Naomi: 元気じゃなかった (Genki janakatta)
Peter: For formal Japanese, you use です (Desu).
Naomi: Right 大丈夫です。大丈夫じゃないです。大丈夫でした。大丈夫じゃなかったです。 (Daijōbudesu. Daijōbu janaidesu. Daijōbudeshita. Daijōbu janakattadesu.)

Outro

Peter: Naomi Sensei, 元気ですか。 (Genkidesu ka.) Naomi, how are you? Are you well?
Naomi: 元気です。でも、朝、元気じゃなかったです。 (Genkidesu. Demo, asa, genki janakattadesu.)
Peter: Naomi Sensei said I am fine but I wasn’t fine this morning. Why is that え、どうしてですか, (E, dōshitedesu ka,) why?
Naomi: お腹ぺこぺこでした。 (Onaka pekopekodeshita.)
Peter: You were starving.
Naomi: そうですね。ぺこぺこ (Sōdesu ne. Pekopeko) is Onomatopoeia for starving. It conjugate as na adjective. では、皆さん、このレッスンは簡単でしたか?難しかったですか? (Dewa, minasan, kono ressun wa kantandeshita ka? Muzukashikattadesu ka?)
Peter: So everyone was this lesson easy or difficult. Please leave us feedback.
Naomi: お願いします。それからPDFも読んでください。それじゃあ、また。 (Onegaishimasu. Sorekara PDF mo yonde kudasai. Sore jā, mata.)

Kanji

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69 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 17th, 2009 at 06:30 PM
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Konnichi wa Mina-san, Have you ever taken your grandparents to a night club? How about your parents? Tell us about it!

Gaynor
July 26th, 2021 at 07:18 PM
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このレッスンはかんたんでした。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 25th, 2021 at 04:58 PM
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Hi Ken,


Thank you for your comment!

Yes, 連れて行く plus ください becomes 連れて行ってください,

just like 行く changes to 行ってください.


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us😊


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ken
June 20th, 2021 at 04:24 AM
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連れて行く [つれていく]

to take someone; V1

1 EXAMPLE ▴

私を病院に連れて行ってください。

Please take me to the hospital.


my question is pertaining to the style in that sentence combing the 'ku' from tsurete iku in with "kudasai"? Is that right grammatically?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 26th, 2021 at 08:23 PM
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Dwayneさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

For adjectives' negative forms, you can watch this video😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/learn-japanese-grammar-video-absolute-beginner-11-negative-forms-of-adjectives-in-japanese/?lp=169


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Dwayne
May 23rd, 2021 at 11:17 AM
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How do you know when to use "ja nai" or "ku nai" when creating the past negative of adjectives?


Thanks!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 3rd, 2020 at 05:35 PM
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Tinaさん & dougさん


Thank you so much for your comments😄

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

doug
August 2nd, 2020 at 07:47 AM
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Easy lesson!

Tina
June 17th, 2019 at 05:54 AM
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東京は面白かったです。

8月は暑かったです。

寒くなかったです。 寒くありませんでした。

日本語は簡単でした。

私は元気じゃなかった。

英語は簡単ではありませんでした。


はいとても忙しかったです。

いいえ寒くなかったです。

はい、簡単でした。よくできました。

JapanesePod101.com
March 17th, 2019 at 05:29 PM
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Hi Gamble,


Thank you very much for the question.


To say "The idea of taking my grandparents to the club makes me nervous," it would be「祖父母をクラブに連れていく考えは、私が不安になります。」([someone]を + 連れていく)

However, it's a literal translation and not natural Japanese. So you'd better to say「祖父母をクラブに連れていくのは、不安です。」


Hope this helps.


Cheers,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Gamble
February 14th, 2019 at 09:59 PM
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I was trying to make a comment when I came across a problem. I want to say "The idea of taking my grandparents to the club makes me nervous" but when I tried checking my sentence in google translate I was confused on what particle I should use.


according to google translate: 「祖父母がクラブに連れていく考えは私が不安になります」= "The idea of my grandparents taking me to the club makes me nervous"


なにが問題だか説召してください