Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: 直美です。
Peter: Peter here. The Right Way to Sightsee In Japan. Now this is part 2 of season 4. Part 1 consisted of lessons 1 to 25. Part 2 of season 4 will consist of lessons from 26 to 50. Now in the previous 25 lessons, we covered a lot of important grammar. So we decide to spare more time for reviewing what we have learned.
Naomi: そうですね。 That’s right. In this lesson, we are going to review two verb forms which are the dictionary form and the masu form.
Peter: This conversation is between
Naomi: 観光ガイドとお客さん。 A tour guide and a customer.
Peter: The conversation takes place at
Naomi: バスの中ですかね。
Peter: I think they are in the bus. And they are going to
Naomi: 鎌倉 the famous tourist place.
Peter: The tour guide speaks in?
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
Peter: But the customer speaks in
Naomi: Informal Japanese because they are customers.
Peter: So a very nice chance to see the comparison. Okay let’s listen to this conversation.
DIALOGUE
ガイド: 皆様、おはよう ございます。私は 観光ガイドの 下山新(しもやま・しん)と申します。どうぞ よろしく おねがい いたします。では、今日の予定を 言いますね。まず、このバスで 北鎌倉に 行きます。北鎌倉で 円覚寺(えんがくじ)と 明月院(めいげついん)を 観光します。それから、電車で 鎌倉駅に 行きます。
客: ねぇ、ガイドさん、何時に 北鎌倉に 着く?
ガイド: そうですねぇ。たぶん...10時半ごろに 着きます。
客: 今、何時ですか。
ガイド: 九時半です。
客: ふーん。で、お昼は どこで 食べる?
ガイド: 北鎌倉の駅の近くで 食べます。
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。
ガイド: 皆様、おはよう ございます。私は 観光ガイドの 下山新(しもやま・しん)と申します。どうぞ よろしく おねがい いたします。では、今日の予定を 言いますね。まず、このバスで 北鎌倉に 行きます。北鎌倉で 円覚寺(えんがくじ)と 明月院(めいげついん)を 観光します。それから、電車で 鎌倉駅に 行きます。
客: ねぇ、ガイドさん、何時に 北鎌倉に 着く?
ガイド: そうですねぇ。たぶん...10時半ごろに 着きます。
客: 今、何時ですか。
ガイド: 九時半です。
客: ふーん。で、お昼は どこで 食べる?
ガイド: 北鎌倉の駅の近くで 食べます。
今度は、英語が入ります。
ガイド: 皆様、おはよう ございます。私は 観光ガイドの 下山新(しもやま・しん)と申します。
GUIDE: Good morning, everyone. My name is Shin Shimoyama, and I'll be your tour guide.
どうぞ よろしく おねがい いたします。では、今日の予定を 言いますね。
I look forward to our trip together. Now I will tell you today's itinerary.
まず、このバスで 北鎌倉に 行きます。
First, this bus will take us to North Kamakura.
北鎌倉で 円覚寺(えんがくじ)と 明月院(めいげついん)を 観光します。
We will tour Engakuji and Meigetsuin at North Kamakura.
それから、電車で 鎌倉駅に 行きます。
Then, we will go to Kamakura station by train.
客: ねぇ、ガイドさん、何時に 北鎌倉に 着く?
PASSENGER: Hey, Mr. Guide, what time will we arrive at Kita Kamakura?
ガイド: そうですねぇ。たぶん...10時半ごろに 着きます。
GUIDE: Hmm, probably around ten thirty.
客: 今、何時ですか。
PASSENGER: What time is it now?
ガイド: 九時半です。
GUIDE: Nine thirty.
客: ふーん。で、お昼は どこで 食べる?
PASSENGER: Is that right? Harrumph. Where will we eat lunch?
ガイド: 北鎌倉の駅の近くで 食べます。
GUIDE: We'll eat close to Kita Kamakura station.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Naomi Sensei, have you ever been to Kamakura?
Naomi: Of course I have. I went to Kamakura last month. That’s why I wrote this story. I am running out of the idea.
Peter: Okay. Some of our listeners may know where Kamakura is and what Kamakura is famous for but maybe it will be a good idea if we could tell a little bit about Kamakura.
Naomi: そうですね。 I agree.
Peter: So first Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: 鎌倉はどこですか。 Where is Kamakura?
Naomi: 東京の南です。 To the south of Tokyo. 鎌倉は小さい町です。でもたくさんお寺があります。
Peter: It’s a small town but there are lots of temples.
Naomi: はい、そうです。
Peter: Kamakura used to be the capital of Japan. Is that correct?
Naomi: そうですね。 During the Kamakura Shogunate era.
Peter: 東京からどのくらいですか。 How long does it take to get there from Tokyo?
Naomi: From Tokyo 一時間くらい、かな。 Maybe an hour train ride from Tokyo. I think Kamakura is a perfect place for a daytrip from Tokyo なので、是非行ってください。ピーターさんは、鎌倉は行ったことあります?
Peter: ないですね。
Naomi: 是非、行ってください。
Peter: はい、わかりました。 So Naomi Sensei asked if I had ever been to Kamakura and my answer was, I haven’t.
Naomi: 行ったことないんですね。
Peter: So I am definitely going to go.
Naomi: ねぇ。 I can’t believe you haven’t been there.
Peter: I know.
Naomi: ねぇ。
Peter: Okay on to the vocabulary phrases.
VOCAB LIST
Naomi: 観光
Peter: Sightseeing.
Naomi: (slow)かんこう (natural speed) 観光
Peter: Next word.
Naomi: ガイド
Peter: Tour guide.
Naomi: (slow)ガイド (natural speed) ガイド
Peter: Next word.
Naomi: まず
Peter: First of all, to start with.
Naomi: (slow)まず (natural speed) まず
Peter: Next word.
Naomi: 頃
Peter: About, around.
Naomi: (slow)ごろ (natural speed) 頃
Peter: Next word.
Naomi: 近く
Peter: Near.
Naomi: (slow)ちかく (natural speed) 近く
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Naomi sensei, what’s the first word we are going to look at?
Naomi: 観光
Peter: Sightseeing.
Naomi: 観光
Peter: Is a noun but when
Naomi: をする
Peter: Or
Naomi: する
Peter: Is attached, it becomes a verb. So for example
Naomi: 観光する
Peter: So this literally means to do sightseeing but of course in proper English, to go sightseeing or to site see. Next we have
Naomi: 客 is a guest or visitor. So if we say 観光客 that will be
Peter: A person sightseeing or a tourist, a visitor.
Naomi: そうですね。観光バス will be the
Peter: Tour bus.
Naomi: Tour bus ああ、なるほどね。 and if you put the kanji for place
Peter: After
Naomi: 観光 That will be 観光地
Peter: Sightseeing area or tourist site.
Naomi: そうですね。鎌倉は観光地です。
Peter: Kamakura is a sightseeing area or tourist spot.
Naomi: ニューヨークも観光地ですか?ピーターさん。
Peter: Hmm, is New York a tourist site? I think they have tourist locations and maybe it is, that’s a good question.
Naomi: There are so many 観光客 in New York right 観光客がたくさんいますね。
Peter: There are a lot of visitors, a lot of tourists in New York but I am not sure if we can call New York itself a tourist location or a tourist site. It has a lot of them.
Naomi: そうね。
Peter: But maybe it is.
Naomi: なるほど。
Peter: Good question. Okay next word is
Naomi: 頃
Peter: About, around. When a time expression precedes 頃。頃 means around or about. For example
Naomi: 六時頃
Peter: About six.
Naomi: 毎日六時頃、起きます。
Peter: I get up around 6.
Naomi: ピーターさんは何時頃起きますか?
Peter: そうですね。うーん。8時頃ですね。 So I get up around 8.
Naomi: 何時頃寝ますか。
Peter: So around what time they go to sleep 四時頃ですね。 Around 4 AM.
Naomi: Crazy!
Peter: え、直美先生は?
Naomi: 12時頃に寝ます。
Peter: So around midnight.
Naomi: 朝は8時頃、起きます。
Peter: So you get up around 8.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Okay on to today’s grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: Naomi Sensei, this lesson was made to review two things. First.
Naomi: How to tell time.
Peter: And the second, the verb conjugation between dictionary form and the masu form. There is a detailed write up about time and verb conjugation in our lesson notes. So be sure to pick that up at the site. Now here we would like to look at informal speech and formal speech reviewing the verb conjugation between the dictionary form and the masu form. So let’s take a look at the sentence from the dialogue.
Naomi: 電車で鎌倉駅に行きます。
Peter: To go to Kamakura station by train. Now can you put the subject at the beginning and say the same sentence again?
Naomi: 私達は電車で鎌倉駅に行きます。
Peter: We will go to Kamakura station by train. Now let’s break down this sentence.
Naomi: 私達は
Peter: We and the topic-marking particle は.
Naomi: 電車で
Peter: By train. We have the word for train.
Naomi: 電車
Peter: And the particle で. Here it means by, by train. Next we have
Naomi: 鎌倉駅に
Peter: To Kamakura station. Here the に particle indicates direction.
Naomi: 行きます
Peter: To go or will go. Literally we by train to Kamakura station will go. Of course, we will go to Kamakura station by train. Now Naomi Sensei, what’s the formality level of this sentence?
Naomi: Formal.
Peter: Now when would we use this type of speech formally?
Naomi: When people are talking to their bosses, teachers, clients or strangers.
Peter: Basically people of higher social status.
Naomi: はい。 And we use dictionary form when we are talking to friends.
Peter: And in the past, we of course referred to the dictionary form as the informal. It’s a much more casual way of speaking. Now what’s the corresponding dictionary form of 行きます?
Naomi: 行く
Peter: Can you say the same sentence, the one we’ve just introduced using the dictionary form?
Naomi: 私達は電車で鎌倉駅に行く。
Peter: We will go to Kamakura station by train. Now the only difference is the verb form. Informal speech you use.
Naomi: 行きます
Peter: In informal speech, you say
Naomi: 行く
Peter: This verb conjugation was introduced in Nihongo Dojo, Style You and Beyond, Lesson 19 through 22. So you may want to check out those lessons. Now let’s take a look at the question sentences.
Naomi: It’s easy. Just add か at the end of the sentence for formal speech.
Peter: So basically what Naomi Sensei is saying, to form a question in Japanese, the sentence is exactly the same.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: The only difference, at the end of the sentence, we use the question marking particle か. Now this isn’t always the case but this is what we are introducing today.
Naomi: 私達は、電車で鎌倉駅に行きます。
Peter: We will go to Kamakura station by train. So this is a statement. It ends with a period. Now pay attention to the change in what’s coming up.
Naomi: 私達は、電車で鎌倉駅に行きますか?
Peter: Will we go to Kamakura station by train? That か at the end makes the sentence into a question. That’s it. No changing of the word order like in English. Just か at the end.
Naomi: As for informal speech, you don’t have to put anything. Just raise the intonation.
Peter: So we have
Naomi: 電車で鎌倉駅に行く。
Peter: We will go to Kamakura station by train. Now pay attention to the intonation on what’s coming up.
Naomi: 電車で鎌倉駅に行く?
Peter: Will we go to Kamakura station by train? Also notice how 私達は was dropped. One more time.
Naomi: 電車で鎌倉駅に行く?ピーターさん、私お腹ぺこぺこです。 I am starving. 私、今からランチ食べますが、ピーターさんもランチ行きますか?
Peter: じゃあ、カレー食べましょ。
Naomi: またカレー?
Peter: 美味しいですよ。So Naomi Sensei and I were deciding on where to go and we decided of course on
Naomi: カレー
Peter: Curry rice.
Naomi: カレーかぁ。
Peter: Now what’s interesting here is the formality level. This was pretty formal.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: A nice business kind of relationship.
Naomi: はい。

Outro

Peter: Something you’d hear in the office between two co-workers who are still keeping things formal. That’s going to do it.
Naomi: じゃあ、また。

Grammar

Japanese Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Kanji

Review & Remember All Kanji from this Lesson

Get complete breakdowns, review with quizzes and download printable practice sheets! Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

70 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 6th, 2009 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Mina-san! Have you ever been a part of a sightseeing tour in Japan? Or, have you encountered Japanese tourists in a sightseeing group? Would you like to try a sightseeing tour in Japan? Please leave us a comment.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 18th, 2020 at 10:23 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Tinaさん

文は全部完璧ですよ😄👍


Liさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

*私は何回も東京を観光しました。

When you use の too, you have to raise the intonation of the の at the end of the sentence👍

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Li
March 13th, 2020 at 08:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi,


私は何回東京で(or に?)観光しました。なのに、鎌倉に行ったことがありませんでした。残念です。


Back to the lesseon, I’ve got one question regarding the casual form of Japanese:

Naomi sensei mentioned that we only have to raise the intonation at the end of the sentence to make a question. However, I seem to remember that in one of the previous lessons, we were taught to add “の” in the end to form a question.

Could you please elaborate?


Thanks!

Tina
June 16th, 2019 at 07:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

平日

午前7時半に起きます。それから、歯を磨きます。

午前8時に洗濯をして、お皿を洗います。

午前8時半に朝ごはんを食べます。

午前 9時に働きます。

午後5時に仕事を終わってから、料理をつくります。

午後6時に晩御飯食べてから、お風呂に入ります。

午後7時に日本語を勉強します。

午後10時から寝る前に、少しテレビを見ます。


文法はどうですか?教えてください。ありがとうございます。




JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 25th, 2018 at 04:38 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Shiomi,

コメントをありがとうございます!

Great Japanese sentence! But here's a tiny correction to the sentence.

一番の好きな観光地は永平寺です。素晴らし景色ですね。

一番好きな観光地は永平寺です。素晴らしい景色ですね。


Hi Ben,

Thank you for the comment! Many of our voice talents do many recordings. Noticing the voices from other lessons tells me that you are paying good attention to each lesson! Good job. 👍


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com



Ben
October 10th, 2018 at 07:15 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I just realized the お客さん is 天道 きり, and the 「今度は、英語が入ります。」-narrator is 天道 美雨. 😅

Shiomi
September 25th, 2018 at 12:36 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

一番の好きな観光地は永平寺です。素晴らし景色ですね。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 16th, 2018 at 07:04 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちは、Mitaさん

よくできました!


少し直したので、参考にしてくださいね。


1. 12:30 : jū-ni-ji han

2. 4:56 : yo-ji go-jū roppun

3. 9:00 p.m. : gogo ku-ji

4. 7:18 a.m. gozen shichi-ji jū-hachi-fun

5. 4:27 p.m. gogo yo-ji ni-jū nana-fun


私は9時に起きます。9時半に朝ごはんを食べます。10時に学校に行きます。

私は6時ごろうちに帰ります。7時から8時まで勉強をします。8時からテレビをみます。


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com


Mita
July 29th, 2018 at 05:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

→私は9時に起きます。くじ範囲あさぎはの食べます。10時に学校に行きます_________________________________________________________________



→_私は6時ごろうちに帰る。7時から8時まで勉強おする。8時からテレビおみる____________________________________________________________________


Mita
July 29th, 2018 at 04:58 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

1. 12:30 : juu ni ji han

2. 4:56 : yon ji go juroku

3. 9:00 p.m. : gogo ku ji

4. 7:18 a.m. gozen shichi ji juuhachi

5. 4:27 p.m. gogo yon ji nijushichi

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 16th, 2018 at 01:02 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

@Celestine Moon


Thank you for your message and Very good!

わたしも、11時半から0時の間に寝ます。でもときどき、遅くなります😜( Me too, I go to bed between 11:30 and 0:00 but sometimes more later)


Keep up the good study with us!


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com