Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Natsuko: 直美です。
Peter: Peter here. Please Don’t Do This. Hi, my name is Peter and I am joined here by
Natsuko: 直美です。
Peter: Naomi Sensei, we are back again. In this story, it’s about Yukio. Now who is Yukio again?
Natsuko: 山川先生の息子。
Peter: So Dr. Yamakawa’s son.
Natsuko: はい。
Peter: He is at Narita hospital and you will find out the reason why in just a minute. Now the focus of this lesson is
Natsuko: ないでください construction.
Peter: Conversation takes place at
Natsuko: 成田病院
Peter: The conversation is between
Natsuko: 雪男さん、看護師さん。
Peter: Yukio and the nurse.
Natsuko: 看護師 is a nurse.
Peter: They are speaking
Natsuko: Formal Japanese.
DIALOGUE
(成田病院)
看護師: 山川さん!ここは、病院ですよ。タバコをすわないでください。
山川 雪男: うるさいなぁ。あ、クローゼットを開けないでくださいよ。
(カチャ)
看護師: ...山川さん...。これは何ですか。お酒ですね?お酒を飲まないでください。
山川 雪男: 大きい声を出さないでくださいよ。耳が痛いです。お~、イタイイタイ。
看護師: ふざけないでください。
看護師: 山川先生の息子さん、本当に困ります。
看護師2: ああ...言わないでくださいね。山川先生の息子さんは血を見て、倒れて、頭を打って、天道きりさんと一緒に救急車でここに来ました。
看護師: かっこわるい。
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。
看護師: 山川さん!ここは、病院ですよ。タバコをすわないでください。
山川 雪男: うるさいなぁ。あ、クローゼットを開けないでくださいよ。
看護師: ...山川さん...。これは何ですか。お酒ですね?お酒を飲まないでください。
山川 雪男: 大きい声を出さないでくださいよ。耳が痛いです。お~、イタイイタイ。
看護師: ふざけないでください。
看護師: 山川先生の息子さん、本当に困ります。
看護師2: ああ...言わないでくださいね。山川先生の息子さんは血を見て、倒れて、頭を打って、天道きりさんと一緒に救急車でここに来ました。
看護師: かっこわるい。
次は、英語が入ります。
(成田病院)
(Narita Hospital)
看護師: 山川さん!ここは、病院ですよ。タバコをすわないでください。
NURSE: Mr. Yamakawa! This is a hospital. Please don’t smoke.
山川 雪男: うるさいなぁ。あ、クローゼットを開けないでくださいよ。
YAMAKAWA YUKIO:What a nag. Oh, don’t open the closet!
(カチャ)
(closet opens)
看護師: ...山川さん...。これは何ですか。お酒ですね?お酒を飲まないでください。
NURSE: Mr. Yamakawa. What’s this? Is this alcohol? Don’t drink alcohol!
山川 雪男: 大きい声を出さないでくださいよ。耳が痛いです。お~、イタイイタイ。
YAMAKAWA YUKIO:Keep it down, will you? My ears hurt. Ouch! Ow, ow, ow!
看護師: ふざけないでください。
NURSE: Cut it out!
看護師: 山川先生の息子さん、本当に困ります。
NURSE 1: Dr. Yamakawa’s son is a real problem.
看護師2: ああ...言わないでくださいね。山川先生の息子さんは血を見て、倒れて、頭を打って、天道きりさんと一緒に救急車でここに来ました。
NURSE 2: Don’t tell anybody, but Dr. Yamakawa’s son passed out and knocked his head when he saw blood, so he was brought in the same ambulance as Mrs. Tendo Kiri.
看護師: かっこわるい。
NURSE 1: That’s so not cool.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Naomi Sensei,
Natsuko: はい。
Peter: I don’t know why 雪男のことが好き。 I kind of like him.
Natsuko: You can relate to Yukio.
Peter: Not relate, but you know, he does things his way.
Natsuko: へぇ。 In my opinion, 雪男は嫌な人です。
Peter: So you think he is not a nice guy.
Natsuko: No.
Peter: Like he kind of reminds me of the blonde hair kid in Harry Potter Malfoy.
Natsuko: Selfish guy ですね。
Peter: Yeah, yeah just cares about himself.
Natsuko: Yeah, yeah and grew up in a rich family.
Peter: Yeah. That’s what he kind of reminds me of.
Natsuko: はは、なるほどね。
Peter: But I want to jump back to this 看護師。
Natsuko: あ~はいはいはい。
Peter: So this is a male nurse.
Natsuko: No, no 看護師 could be either male nurse or female nurse.
Peter: Then what about 看護婦?
Natsuko: That’s the old way to refer to the nurse.
Peter: あぁ。 Politically incorrect way?
Natsuko: はい。
Peter: To refer to a nurse.
Natsuko: Because 婦 has 女 woman inside the kanji, not an older nurse or female. So to be politically correct, they changed 婦 to 師
Peter: 看護師
Natsuko: And it sounds more
Peter: Professional.
Natsuko: はい。そうです。
Peter: 看護師さん。
Natsuko: 看護師さん。
Peter: 勉強になりました。Okay let’s take a look at the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: First word
Natsuko: お酒
Peter: Alcohol, Sake
Natsuko: (slow)おさけ (natural speed) お酒
Peter: Next
Natsuko: 耳
Peter: Ear
Natsuko: (slow)みみ (natural speed) 耳
Peter: Next
Natsuko: ふざける
Peter: Fool around.
Natsuko: (slow)ふざける (natural speed) ふざける
Peter: Next
Natsuko: 血
Peter: Blood.
Natsuko: (slow)ち
Peter: Next.
Natsuko: かっこ悪い
Peter: Unattractive, uncool.
Natsuko: (slow)かっこわるい (natural speed) かっこ悪い
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Naomi Sensei, first word.
Natsuko: お酒
Peter: Now 酒 is usually used to mean alcohol in general and it’s often preceded by the honorific prefix
Natsuko: お
Peter: In the west we have the image of 酒 as Japanese rice wine but in Japan again jumping back a second, お酒 is kind of refers to alcohol in general, not the Japanese rice wine. That is actually called
Natsuko: 日本酒
Peter: Japanese alcohol.
Natsuko: 日本酒、好きですか?
Peter: Umm
Natsuko: Umm
Peter: まあまあですね。
Natsuko: ピーターはお酒の中で何が一番好きですか?
Peter: そうですね。私はお酒の中でキリンビールが一番好きです。
Natsuko: なんでキリンなの?
Peter: なんでキリンはだめですか? So I just said my…
Natsuko: Then why do you put brand name there?
Peter: Because there is a difference.
Natsuko: え~同じだよ。
Peter: Ah 井の中の蛙 My pet frog.
Natsuko: I don’t quite understand but..
Peter: Okay let me backup a second. If you want to know the 諺 you stop by and leave us a comment. It was 井の中の蛙. It's a pretty rude thing to say.
Natsuko: I wouldn’t call it rude but 何? you are saying that I don’t know anything?
Peter: That’s pretty rude you know.
Natsuko: まあね。
Peter: お優しいですね。 You are very nice Naomi Sensei.
Natsuko: I mean it’s not rude for you to say that because you are much ruder than that. You can be ruder than that.
Peter: Jumping back a second, so I was basically saying out of all the alcohol, my favorite is Kirin beer and Naomi said, is there really a difference and I said, yes there is and then we digressed into the Kotowaza which is Japanese proverb. This one actually comes from China. So if you want to know that, stop by. It’s a very, very good one. Very useful for situations like this but Naomi Sensei would probably disagree and probably think that right now I am 超…
Natsuko: かっこ悪い。 This is the next word. I am not trying to insult you or anything. I just wanted to introduce a word.
Peter: You did such a good job which means uncool or unattractive. Actually bad appearance, shape any way…
Natsuko: Or manner.
Peter: And in this case, it was probably the latter.
Natsuko: はい。
Peter: Or maybe the combination, bad manners かっこ悪い. The opposite of this is
Natsuko: かっこいい。
Peter: Which is cool.
Natsuko: かっこ is the shortened form of 格好。格好 means shape or appearance.
Peter: So these two かっこ悪い and かっこいい are used all the time in Japanese.
Natsuko: 本当によく使います。 We use them a lot. かっこいい。かっこ悪い。
Peter: Okay on to today’s grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: In this lesson, we are introduced to a new conjugation of verbs called ない form or the nonpast informal negative form. Now I think the ない form sounds a little better.
Natsuko: そうですね。 Right.
Peter: Now by adding でください after the ない form of a verb, one can request someone to refrain from doing something.
Natsuko: Please don’t ということでしょうかね。
Peter: Yeah and it’s really good to know this one because for the longest time, I always knew how to ask for people to do something but I didn’t know how to say please don’t do that. Now in this lesson, we will just explain the conjugation of class 1 verbs. For the conjugation of class 2 verbs and irregular verbs, download the PDF notes and there is a detailed write up inside. Naomi Sensei, let’s take a look at the formation of class 1 verbs. お願いします。
Natsuko: はい。う becomes あ and add ない.
Peter: So with Japanese verbs, the final syllable comes from the う column. We want to find the row that the う column appears in, work back and take the corresponding syllable from the あ column. So I think the best way to exemplify this is to look at an example. Let’s take the verb to write.
Natsuko: 書く
Peter: Now if we find the う column on the Hiragana chart and we go down, we find in the K row, we have
Natsuko: く
Peter: 書く。 To write. So we are going to work back and get the あ column which is
Natsuko: か
Peter: So now we have
Natsuko: かか
Peter: To this we attach.
Natsuko: ない
Peter: And get
Natsuko: 書かない
Peter: And this is the ない form. Now there is one exception to this that we should probably mention. That is the first column
Natsuko: う
Peter: If we work our way back, we get
Natsuko: あ
Peter: But this isn’t the one we are going to use. We are actually going to jump all the way to the bottom and use
Natsuko: わ
Peter: And when I say jump to the bottom, I am referring to the Hiragana chart. So the verb to meet
Natsuko: 会う
Peter: Becomes
Natsuko: 会わない
Peter: Not ああない。あわない。
Natsuko: 話す
Peter: To speak.
Natsuko: 話さない
Peter: す becomes さ and we attach ない. Let’s take a look at another verb. How about the verb to wait?
Natsuko: 待つ
Peter: Ends in a つ. This is the T row. So つ becomes
Natsuko: た
Peter: So we have
Natsuko: 待たない。待たない。
Peter: Okay. To the ない form, we then attach
Natsuko: でください
Peter: So let’s just take a quick look at our examples. First we had 書く to write which became 書かない. Now let’s attach でください
Natsuko: 書かないでください。
Peter: Please don’t write. Next we have “to speak.”
Natsuko: 話す
Peter: ない form.
Natsuko: 話さない
Peter: Please don’t speak.
Natsuko: 話さないでください。
Peter: This could come in quite handy.
Natsuko: そ、え?そうですかね?
Peter: And finally we have to wait.
Natsuko: 待つ
Peter: ない form.
Natsuko: 待たない
Peter: Please don’t wait.
Natsuko: 待たないでください. 私を待たないでください。Don’t wait for me.
Peter: はい。待ちません。 I won’t wait.

Outro

Peter: So why don’t we stop here.
Natsuko: はい。
Peter: And direct everyone to the PDF which has a very clear explanation of the three classes of verbs. How to get the ない form and how to attach でください. Okay, that’s going to do for today.
Natsuko: じゃ、また。

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86 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 9th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, what do you think about Yukio and Haruya? Which do you think suits Miu? Or, should she find someone else??

Rachel
November 18th, 2020 at 04:46 AM
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春夜です。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 5th, 2020 at 02:49 PM
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Chrisさん、こんにちは!


コメントありがとうございます。

お返事遅くなってすみません。


I've never heard of マダオ, so I googled it!

It's an abbreviation of まるで ダメな おっさん, which means "really hopeless old guy."


幸雄さんは、本当に"really hopeless guy"ですね。

But I couldn't find a word for it.

Will you tell me if you find it?


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapaensePod101.com

Chris
February 2nd, 2020 at 09:40 PM
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JapanesePod101.com, みんなさん、


幸男より晴也の方がいいですよ。

私はアニメに『マダオ』が聞きました。

『マダオ』はだめな古い男の人ですか?

ダメな若い男の人にような言葉ありますか?

幸男さんにあの完璧言葉でしょう。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 2nd, 2019 at 02:10 AM
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Hi عبدالله الخزي


Thank you for posting!


Let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

عبدالله الخزي
July 29th, 2019 at 03:10 AM
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They are nice together❤️

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 12th, 2019 at 06:54 AM
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Hi アンドレ,


Thanks for your answer.

Perfect! Great job:)


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com


JapanesePod101.com
June 28th, 2019 at 05:00 AM
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Hi Francesco,


Thank you very much for the question.

"What is the role/meaning of "shiro" in this sentence?"

>> ~ shiro = imperative form of ~する (suru). A noun goes into ~. Here are some example:

掃除 (そうじ, sōji, = cleaning) しろ

電話 (でんわ, denwa, = telephone call) しろ


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com


ニコラス
June 16th, 2019 at 09:31 AM
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テレビを見ないでください。勉強をして。

日本語が習いたいですから、英語を話さないでください。

日本語は私の三番目の言語。なので笑わないでください。


(Please don't watch TV. Study.

Since I want to learn Japanese, please don't speak in English.

Japanese is my third language. Therefore, please don't laugh at me.)

Francesco
June 14th, 2019 at 06:37 AM
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What is the role/meaning of "shiro" in this sentence?

⼦供に勉強しろと⾔うのは、逆効果だ

アンドレ
April 15th, 2019 at 10:01 AM
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歌を聞かないでください

話さないでください

テレビを見ないでください

割らないでください