Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: ナオミです。 (Naomi desu.)
Peter: Peter here. Vacation in the Library. Naomi-sensei, what are we talking about today?
Naomi: 今日は (Kyō wa) Giving advice.
Peter: And a very soft way of recommending somebody to do something
Naomi: ~た方がいい (~ta kata ga ii)
Peter: Something, something you should.
Naomi: 旅行に行った方がいいですよ。 (Ryokō ni itta kata ga ii desu yo.)
Peter: You should go on a trip. So we will get into this more in the grammar section. Now today’s conversation takes place where?
Naomi: 学校だと思います。 (Gakkō da to omoimasu.)
Peter: At a school and the conversation is between
Naomi: 先生と生徒。 (Sensei to seito.)
Peter: Student and a teacher which means what kind of Japanese we will be listening to?
Naomi: 先生 (sensei) is using casual Japanese and 生徒 (seito) is using polite Japanese.
Peter: All right, with that background set, here we go.
DIALOGUE
生徒:毎日エネルギーがあり余っているんですが、どうしたらいいですか。
Seito: Mainichi enerugī ga ariamatte iru n desu ga, dō shitara ii desu ka.
先生:それなら、たくさん旅行に行った方がいいよ。
Sensei: Sore nara, takusan ryokō ni itta hō ga ii yo.
生徒:旅行かあ……でも授業があります。
Seito: Ryokō kā... demo jugyō ga arimasu.
先生:では、たくさん恋愛をした方がいいよ。
Sensei: Dewa, takusan renai o shita hō ga ii yo.
生徒:恋愛かあ……ここ男子校ですよ。
Seito: Renai kā... koko danshikō desu yo.
先生:じゃあ、たくさん本を読んだ方がいいよ。
Sensei: Jā, takusan hon o yonda hō ga ii yo.
生徒:本かあ……じゃあ早速、夏休みに図書館の本を片っ端から読んでみます。
Seito: Hon kā... jā sassoku, natsuyasumi ni toshokan no hon o katappashi kara yonde mimasu.
もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。
(Mōichido onegaishimasu. Yukkuri onegaishimasu.)
生徒:毎日エネルギーがあり余っているんですが、どうしたらいいですか。
Seito: Mainichi enerugī ga ariamatte iru n desu ga, dō shitara ii desu ka.
先生:それなら、たくさん旅行に行った方がいいよ。
Sensei: Sore nara, takusan ryokō ni itta hō ga ii yo.
生徒:旅行かあ……でも授業があります。
Seito: Ryokō kā... demo jugyō ga arimasu.
先生:では、たくさん恋愛をした方がいいよ。
Sensei: Dewa, takusan renai o shita hō ga ii yo.
生徒:恋愛かあ……ここ男子校ですよ。
Seito: Renai kā... koko danshikō desu yo.
先生:じゃあ、たくさん本を読んだ方がいいよ。
Sensei: Jā, takusan hon o yonda hō ga ii yo.
生徒:本かあ……じゃあ早速、夏休みに図書館の本を片っ端から読んでみます。
Seito: Hon kā... jā sassoku, natsuyasumi ni toshokan no hon o katappashi kara yonde mimasu.
次は英語が入ります。
(Tsugi wa eigo ga hairimasu.)
生徒:毎日エネルギーがあり余っているんですが、どうしたらいいですか。
Seito: Mainichi enerugī ga ariamatte iru n desu ga, dō shitara ii desu ka.
Student: I have so much energy left over every day. What should I do?
先生:それなら、たくさん旅行に行った方がいいよ。
Sensei: Sore nara, takusan ryokō ni itta hō ga ii yo.
Teacher: Then you should take lots of trips.
生徒:旅行かあ……でも授業があります。
Seito: Ryokō kā... demo jugyō ga arimasu.
Student: Trips?...But I have class.
先生:では、たくさん恋愛をした方がいいよ。
Sensei: Dewa, takusan renai o shita hō ga ii yo.
Teacher: Then you should enjoy a lot of romantic relationships.
生徒:恋愛かあ……ここ男子校ですよ。
Seito: Renai kā... koko danshikō desu yo.
Student: Relationships?....But this is an all boys school.
先生:じゃあ、たくさん本を読んだ方がいいよ。
Sensei: Jā, takusan hon o yonda hō ga ii yo.
Teacher: Then you should read a lot of books.
生徒:本かあ……じゃあ早速、夏休みに図書館の本を片っ端から読んでみます。
Seito: Hon kā... jā sassoku, natsuyasumi ni toshokan no hon o katappashi kara yonde mimasu.
Student: Books... Okay. I'll start reading library books left and right over summer break.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Naomi-sensei 今日の会話どう思いましたか (kyō no kaiwa dō omoimashita ka)?
Naomi: It’s so unusual for us to have this kind of dialogue, isn’t it?
Peter: You think so?
Naomi: Yeah I think so. For japanesepod101, yeah. It’s very, very….
Peter: Okay, okay, okay, okay….So in today’s dialogue, the student is asking the teacher to give some advice because
Naomi: エネルギー (enerugī). He has too much energy.
Peter: That’s the first time I heard this あり余ってます (ari amattemasu).
Naomi: まあ、そうですね。(Mā, sōdesune.) I’ve never heard someone is saying 私はエネルギーがあまり余ってます (watashi wa enerugī ga amari amattemasu) but あまり余っています (amari amatte imasu) is a good phrase to know.
Peter: Really good. The opposite will be 不足 (fusoku)
Naomi: 不足(ふそく)しています。 (Fusoku [fuso ku] shite imasu.)
Peter: あ、ふそく (A, fuso ku)
Naomi: うん、あの……。 (Un, ano……)
Peter: Ah I said ぶそく (buso ku) usually because this is combined with something. So it changes.
Naomi: 例えば、水不足 (Tatoeba, mizu-busoku) In that case, ぶそく (busoku) but something が不足しています (ga fusoku shite imasu) in that case ふそく (fuso ku).
Peter: ありがとうございます。 (Arigatō gozaimasu.) Okay let’s take a look at some vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Naomi: 恋愛 (ren'ai)
Peter: Love, passion, emotion.
Naomi: れ・ん・あ・い「恋愛」 (re n a i `ren'ai')
Peter: Next
Naomi: 授業 (jugyō)
Peter: Lesson, class.
Naomi: じゅ・ぎょ・う「授業」 (ji ~yu gyou `jugyō')
Peter: Next
Naomi: 旅行 (ryokō)
Peter: Travel, trip.
Naomi: りょ・こ・う「旅行」 (ryo kou `ryokō')
Peter: Next
Naomi: あり余る (ari amaru)
Peter: To be in excess.
Naomi: あ・り・あ・ま・る「あり余る」 (ari a maru `ari amaru')
Peter: Next
Naomi: 男子校 (danshikō)
Peter: Boys school.
Naomi: だ・ん・し・こ・う「男子校」 (da n shi kou `danshikō')
Peter: Next
Naomi: 図書館 (toshokan)
Peter: Library.
Naomi: と・しょ・か・ん「図書館」 (to sho ka n `toshokan')
Peter: Next
Naomi: 片っ端から (katappashikara)
Peter: Absolutely every little bit, everything from A to Z.
Naomi: か・たっ・ぱ・し・か・ら「片っ端から」 (Ka ta pa shi ka ra `katappashikara')
Peter: I like this word. Let’s take a closer look at this word. One more time, it’s
Naomi: 片っ端から (katappashikara)
Peter: かたっぱしから (Katappashi kara). So start off low, go high and stay high かたっぱしから。いやあ、難しいです (katappashi kara. Iyā, muzukashii desu). Where was this used in today’s dialogue?
Naomi: 片っ端から読みます。 (Katappashikara yomimasu.)
Peter: So I am going to read it from cover to cover.
Naomi: 「端から端」みたいな感じですね。 (`Hashi kara hashi' mitaina kanji desu ne.)
Peter: Ah from one to the other and it’s used in front of a verb. Can we use it with a verb, to eat 食べる (taberu)
Naomi: 片っ端から食べよう。 (Katappashi kara tabeyō.)
Peter: Let’s lick our plates clean.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) At a buffet, probably people say that phrase.
Peter: So I’ve never heard this word.
Naomi: ちょっと (chotto) sounds a bit rough.
Peter: Like informal casual or not used that much?
Naomi: Casual I would say.
Peter: Casual. So if you are at a business meeting, would you use this word?
Naomi: I don’t think so.
Peter: But if you are out with your friends, you can use it.
Naomi: はい。 (Hai.)
Peter: One more time.
Naomi: 片っ端から (katappashikara)
Peter: 片っ端から (katappashikara) oh great word 片っ端から食べよう (katappashi kara tabeyō)
Naomi: そうそう。 (Sō sō.)
Peter: So something for you to try when you are out with your Japanese friends.
Naomi: そうですね。女の子を見ると、片っ端から電話番号を聞く。 (Sō desu ne. Onna no ko o miru to, katappashikara tenwabangō o kiku.)
Peter: So when I look at a girl, I want to get her number from the first one to the last one. It sounds like someone is not very good at this.
Naomi: そうね。 (Sō ne.)
Peter: Okay next we have
Naomi: あり余る (ari amaru)
Peter: To be in excess. Now this is actually a compound word made up of two verbs. The first verb is.
Naomi: ある (aru)
Peter: To exist.
Naomi: 余る (amaru)
Peter: “To be in excess.” To exist in excess, to have too much.
Naomi: お金があります (okane ga arimasu) is “I've got some money.” お金があり余っています (okane ga ari amatte imasu).
Peter: I’ve got too much money.
Naomi: ピーターさん、そうでしょう? (Pītā-san,-sōdeshou?)
Peter: 全然そうではないです。あり余りたいですね。 (Zenzen sōde wanaidesu. Ari amaritaidesu ne.)
Naomi: そうですね、たぶんピーターさんは、お金があります。でも、お金はあり余っていませんね。 (Sōdesune, tabun pītā-san wa, okane ga arimasu. Demo, okane wa ari amatte imasen ne.)
Peter: “I have money but I don’t have a lot of money.” Can you say ああ、久しぶりですね。 (Ā, hisashiburidesu ne.) It’s been a while 肉があり余ってますね (niku ga ari amattemasune).
Naomi: You are saying someone is fat.
Peter: Yeah they’ve gained a little weight. 通じますね。 (Tsūjimasu ne.) Like it could be understood or
Naomi: うーん、そうですね。 (Ūn, sō desu ne.) In a grammar wise, yeah. In a communication wise…

Lesson focus

Peter: But that’s the whole thing. You can say it and let your friend try and fill it in 久しぶり! おお、あり余ってますね。 (Hisashiburi! Ō, ari amattemasu ne.)
Naomi: 何が? (Nani ga?)
Peter: お金ですね。 (Okane desu ne.) Like he has the new clothes.
Naomi: ああ、お金があり余ってますね。 (Ā, okane ga ari amattemasu ne.)
Peter: Right. Or if he has a new car or something, let him but he may be like, are you calling me fat and that’s just the self complex.
Naomi: うーん、どうでしょうか。 (Ūn, dōd eshou ka.) If it doesn’t work, leave us a post.
Peter: No but it’s all again, these exercises, a lot of times they are hopefully entertaining and at the same time reinforcing that あり余っています or あり余る (Ari amatte imasu or ari amaru) which is just an incredible word.
Naomi: If someone asks you 「時間がありますか?」「ああ、あり余ってます」 (`Jikan ga arimasu ka?'`Ā , ari amattemasu')
Peter: I’ve got tons of time.
Naomi: For you っていう感じね (tte iu kanji ne).
Peter: Ah I like that and it kind of you know shows that you are really into what that person is talking about or what they are all about あり余ってます (ari amattemasu).
Naomi: あとは、「本当に本当に暇」という意味にもなりますけど。 (Ato wa,`hontōni hontōni hima' to iu imi ni mo narimasu kedo.)
Peter: Help me. Okay on to today’s grammar point. Today we covered
Naomi: ~た方がいい (~Ta kata ga ii)
Peter: Which is a Japanese expression used to make a suggestion roughly equivalent to the English expression, “you had better.” In today’s dialogue, we had three examples.
Naomi: 旅行に行った方がいい。 (Ryokō ni itta kata ga ii.)
Peter: You should go on a trip.
Naomi: 恋愛をした方がいい。 (Ren'ai o shitahō ga ii.)
Peter: You should be in love.
Naomi: 本を読んだ方がいい。 (Hon o yonda kata ga ii.)
Peter: “You should read books.” Now if you notice something about all of these, if you notice something about the structure, we have the plain past tense of a verb followed by
Naomi: 方がいい (Hō ga ii)
Peter: This is often used to make a suggestion. Now there are other ways, something, something べきだ (bekida). You should do this.
Naomi: But it sounds very, very formal.
Peter: Yeah. You know again, Japanese are not very direct. So this is again a very indirect way of recommending that someone should do it because literally it comes out to be “it’s good if you go this way” kind of nuance to it. It would be good to do this rather than you should.
Naomi: べきです (beki desu) sounds bit too direct. So 方がいいです (hō ga ii desu) is bit soft. That will be nice っていう感じのニュアンスがあります (tte iu kanji no nyuansu ga arimasu).

Outro

Peter: Yeah I always think of, you know, a master manipulator who makes it you know, makes the other person think that the idea came from them ああ、何々した方がいいですね (Ā, naninani shitahōgaii desu ne)。 Yeah it would be good if you did this. Yeah it would be good if I did that. And then the person decides themselves rather than you should do this but again more about this detailed write-up inside the PDF. In addition, there is the negative way like recommending someone shouldn’t do something which we also cover inside the PDF. All right, so that is going to do it for today.

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31 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 18th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, When you have excess energy, what do you do to burn it off?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 19th, 2014 at 03:27 PM
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NGHIASSG2@GMAI.COM san

Thank you for the comment.


Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

NGHIASSG2@GMAI.COM
July 18th, 2014 at 06:18 AM
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thank you so much all my teachers .

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 1st, 2013 at 08:07 PM
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wael-san,

basic means of "te mo ii" and "tara ii" are introduced as question "te mo ii desu ka"

and "tara ii desu ka". The idea is same when it's used as suggestion.

As to "ta hou ga ii", it's explained in Lesson Notes.


For further question, please provide example sentences using those three,

like I always ask you to.


Natsuko(奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

wael
October 30th, 2013 at 02:59 PM
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what’s different between “~ta houga ii” & “~te/de mo ii” & “~tara ii”?”"

both could be used for suggestion.

wael
October 30th, 2013 at 02:53 PM
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what's different between "~ta houga ii" & "~te/de mo ii" & "~tara ii"?""

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 25th, 2013 at 08:14 PM
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Lisaさん、

いいですね!:grin:

「日本語を勉強するために、毎日JapanesePod101を聞いた方がいい」と言うともっと

Natural かもしれません。:wink:


Natsuko(奈津子), Team JapanesePod101.com

Lisa
March 25th, 2013 at 12:14 PM
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ぶんぽうのれんしゅう:

日本語をならうために、毎日JapanesePod101を聞いた方がいい。:smile:

なおしておねがいします。

チィ
August 26th, 2010 at 11:10 PM
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日本語試験を合格するように、本を読んだほうかいいですね。

aria
August 26th, 2010 at 10:52 PM
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ありがとう:razz:

mark
November 28th, 2008 at 10:39 AM
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hi to japanesepod101 , thank you for building this widelyrange japanese lesson.. very convinient.. the first part of this transcript was so funny,,,

hahahhahahaha..... very nice... i like natsukos voice too.jaa ne