Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sachiko : Bad cold.
Natsuko : 夏子です。 (Natsuko desu.)
Sachiko : Sachiko here and it’s that time of year again where people are getting bad colds.
Natsuko : Umm. Recently there was a very cold day in Tokyo.
Sachiko : Yeah.
Natsuko : And I almost got a bad cold.
Sachiko : Yeah it’s been crazy. There was one Sunday that was really, really bright and sunny and I was walking out in a T-Shirt but the day before and after that, it was freezing cold.
Natsuko : Yes, right.
Sachiko : It even snowed.
Natsuko : Yeah it snowed the other day and this is like early April.
Sachiko : Yeah the cherry blossoms are blooming but it’s snowing.
Natsuko : It’s crazy. I don’t know what is happening here. Really, really scary to be honest with you.
Sachiko : But – anyways but we can always learn from this. Let’s listen to the conversation in which one of the characters has a bad cold.
Natsuko : Oh too bad.
Sachiko : Yeah 可哀想に (kawaisōni).
DIALOGUE
坂本: (坂本さんと山下さんが道で偶然出会う 。)(弱々しく)あら、山下さんこんにちは。 ([Sakamoto-san to Yamashita-san ga michi de gūzen deau.] [Yowayowashiku)] Ara, Yamashita-san konnichiwa.)
山下: あー!坂本さんこんにちは。元気ですか。 (Ā! Sakamoto-san konnichiwa. Genki desu ka.)
坂本: それが....クシュンクシュン(くしゃみ)、コンコンコン(咳)昨日から風邪をひいていて....コン!コン!.....元気じゃありません。 (Sore ga.... Kushunkushun(kusyami), Konkonkon (seki) kinō kara
kaze o hiite ite.... Kon! Kon!..... Genki ja arimasen.)
山下: まあ、それは大変ですね。大丈夫ですか。 (Mā, sore wa taihen desu ne. Daijōbu desu ka.)
坂本: あんまり大丈夫じゃないです。これから薬屋さんへよって、家に帰ります。お粥を食べて、そして寝ます。おやすみなさい。 (Anmari daijōbu ja nai desu. Korekara kusuriya-san e yotte, ie ni kaerimasu. O-kayu o tabete, soshite nemasu. Oyasuminasai.)
山下: おやすみなさい?まだ午後なんだけど。本当に大丈夫かな? (Oyasuminasai? Mada gogo nanda kedo. Hontō ni daijōbu ka na?)
もう一度、お願いします。ゆっくり、お願いします。 (Mōichido, onegaishimasu. Yukkuri, onegaishimasu)
坂本: (坂本さんと山下さんが道で偶然出会う 。)(弱々しく)あら、山下さんこんにちは。 ([Sakamoto-san to Yamashita-san ga michi de gūzen deau.] [Yowayowashiku)] Ara, Yamashita-san konnichiwa.)
山下: あー!坂本さんこんにちは。元気ですか。 (Ā! Sakamoto-san konnichiwa. Genki desu ka.)
坂本: それが....クシュンクシュン(くしゃみ)、コンコンコン(咳)昨日から風邪をひいていて....コン!コン!.....元気じゃありません。 (Sore ga.... Kushunkushun(kusyami), Konkonkon (seki) kinō kara
kaze o hiite ite.... Kon! Kon!..... Genki ja arimasen.)
山下: まあ、それは大変ですね。大丈夫ですか。 (Mā, sore wa taihen desu ne. Daijōbu desu ka.)
坂本: あんまり大丈夫じゃないです。これから薬屋さんへよって、家に帰ります。お粥を食べて、そして寝ます。おやすみなさい。 (Anmari daijōbu ja nai desu. Korekara kusuriya-san e yotte, ie ni kaerimasu. O-kayu o tabete, soshite nemasu. Oyasuminasai.)
山下: おやすみなさい?まだ午後なんだけど。本当に大丈夫かな? (Oyasuminasai? Mada gogo nanda kedo. Hontō ni daijōbu ka na?)
次は英語が入ります。 (Tsugi wa eigo ga hairimasu.)
坂本: (坂本さんと山下さんが道で偶然出会う 。)(弱々しく)あら、山下さんこんにちは。 ([Sakamoto-san to Yamashita-san ga michi de gūzen deau.] [Yowayowashiku] ara, Yamashita-san kon'nichiwa.)
(Sakamoto-san and Yamashita-san meet up with each other on the street.)(lamely) Hey, Yamashita-san.
山下: あー!坂本さんこんにちは。元気ですか。 (A ̄ ! Sakamoto-san kon'nichiwa. Genki desu ka.)
Hey! Sakamoto-san, how are you doing?
坂本: それが....クシュンクシュン(くしゃみ)、コンコンコン(咳)昨日から風邪をひいていて....コン!コン!.....元気じゃありません。 ()
Well... Achoo! Cough! I got a cold yesterday. Cough! Cough! I'm actually not fine.
山下: まあ、それは大変ですね。 (Mā, sore wa taihen desu ne.)
That's too bad.
大丈夫ですか。 (Daijōbu desuka.)
Are you OK?
坂本: あんまり大丈夫じゃないです。これから薬屋さんへよって、家に帰ります。 (Anmari daijōbu janai desu. Korekara kusuriyasan e yotte,-ka ni kaerimasu.)
Actually I'm not really fine. I'm gonna go to the pharmacy and then head home.
お粥を食べて、そして寝ます。 (O kayu o tabete, soshite nemasu.)
I'll eat some rice porridge and then just go to bed.
おやすみなさい。 (Oyasuminasai.)
Good night.
山下: おやすみなさい? (Oyasuminasai?)
Good night?
まだ午後なんだけど。 (Mada gogona ndakedo.)
It's still the afternoon.
本当に大丈夫かな? (Hontōni daijōbukana?)
I wonder if she is really OK.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Natsuko: 夏子さん、この会話について、どう思いましたか。 (Natsukosan, kono kaiwa ni tsuite, dō omoimashita ka.)
Natsuko : 可哀想な坂本さん。 (Kawaisōna Sakamoto-san.)
Sachiko :Yeah poor Sakamoto-san, she is sick. She sounded really sick.
VOCAB LIST
Sachiko :Well let’s look at the vocabulary for today. What’s our first word?
Natsuko : 元気 (genki)
Sachiko : Healthy, robust.
Natsuko : (slow)げんき (genki) (natural speed)元気 (genki)
Sachiko : And this is the word we use to ask how are you as well.
Natsuko : Right.
Sachiko : And how would you say that?
Natsuko: 元気 (genki) or 元気ですか (genki desu ka). So the first one 元気 (genki) is the casual form.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: And 元気ですか (genki desu ka) is more polite form.
Sachiko: Yes and if you want to be much politer, お元気ですか (ogenki desu ka).
Natsuko: Right.
Sachiko: Putting an お (o) in front of a noun always makes it really bit more polite.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: Great. Next word please.
Natsuko: 昨日 (kinō)
Sachiko: Yesterday.
Natsuko: (slow)きのう (kinō) (natural speed) 昨日 (kinō)
Sachiko: How would you say yesterday I was in bed with the cold?
Natsuko: 昨日は風邪で寝ていました。 (Kinō wa kaze de nete imashita.)
Sachiko: So literally it’s yesterday cold with I was in bed. 昨日は風邪で寝ていました。 (Kinō wa kaze de nete imashita.) Next word please.
Natsuko: 風邪 (kaze)
Sachiko: Cold, illness.
Natsuko: (slow)かぜ (kaze) (natural speed) 風邪 (kaze)
Sachiko: Now Natsuko-san, this sounds like the word for wind as well.
Natsuko: Yes it’s the same pronunciation and the first kanji used for this cold is the same with the wind. So it’s the same character.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: But…
Sachiko: Same character is used but the second one is something else and combined, you read it 風邪 (kaze)
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: So don’t get confused but you can usually tell from the context right.
Natsuko: Exactly.
Sachiko: Because you would never say you are in bed with a wind. That would be a little bit weird. Okay next word please.
Natsuko: 大変 (taihen)
Sachiko: Serious, terrible.
Natsuko: (slow)たいへん (taihen) (natural speed) 大変 (taihen)
Sachiko: So if I were caught in an emergency, could I just scream 大変 (taihen)!
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: Would that make any sense?
Natsuko: Yes, survival phrase.
Sachiko: Uhh so if something happens to you, if you are mugged, if you are, I don’t know, if someone takes your wallet, you just say 大変 (taihen)!
Natsuko: Yes. So someone else knows that something terrible happened to you.
Sachiko: Right, so it’s a serious situation that commands attention. Next word please.
Natsuko: 大丈夫 (daijōbu)
Sachiko: All right, okay.
Natsuko: (slow)だいじょうぶ (daijōbu) (natural speed) 大丈夫 (daijōbu)
Sachiko: So can you use this word to say are you okay to a friend who is sick? Yes you can use this word as is to ask the condition.
Natsuko: 大丈夫? (Daijōbu?)
Sachiko: Wow so it’s just the word but the intonation goes up a little bit because you are asking the question.
Natsuko: Right again if you want to be polite, you add ですか (desu ka) the copula です (desu) and か (ka) which turns a sentence into an interrogative.
Sachiko: Right making it 大丈夫ですか (daijōbu desu ka) are you okay in the polite form.
Natsuko: Yes. Today’s words are so useful.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: I love this lesson.
Sachiko: Okay next word please.
Natsuko: 薬屋 (kusuriya)
Sachiko: Pharmacy.
Natsuko: (slow)くすりや (kusuriya) (natural speed) 薬屋 (kusuriya)
Sachiko: Now this is made up of two words I guess.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: So the first word 薬 (kusuri) means
Natsuko: Medicine. 屋 (ya) is
Sachiko: It’s originally a word for building or a house.
Natsuko: Okay.
Sachiko: So the medicine house where you buy your medicine. Pharmacy, drugstore.
Natsuko: Yes. Can this be applied for other businesses as well?
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: What about a store that sells rice?
Sachiko: 米屋 (yoneya) Rice house or a rice store.
Natsuko: Yes. Pretty simple. How about 魚屋 (sakanaya)
Sachiko: A store that sells fish. So it can be combined with almost any kind of noun.
Natsuko: I think so. Yes in the conversation, 坂本さん (sakamoto-san) mentioned 薬屋さん (kusuriyasan). So she is calling the drugstore by San which is usually used for a person’s name.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: Why is she doing that?
Sachiko: This is a custom often used by female speakers.
Natsuko: And are they trying to be polite or...?
Sachiko: Yes, it is polite.
Natsuko: Great.
Sachiko: And also I think it has a kind of intimate nuance.
Natsuko: Right.
Sachiko: Calling the store like someone you know.
Natsuko: So it’s like oh dear little pharmacy. Oh dear little fish store.
Sachiko: Well it may be not quite like that but it sounds you know, it suggests that the person is familiar with that store.
Natsuko: So it’s really like saying the local drugstore
Sachiko: Yeah.
Natsuko: Or the drugstore that I go to usually.
Sachiko: Yes exactly. It does sound kind of nice.
Natsuko: It does.
Sachiko: Now would it be terribly awkward if a man used that?
Natsuko: Not really.
Sachiko: Okay.
Natsuko: But it’s frequently used by females.
Sachiko: Great, keep that in mind. Okay next word please.
Natsuko: 帰る (kaeru)
Sachiko: To go back.
Natsuko: (slow)かえる (kaeru) (natural speed) 帰る (kaeru)
Sachiko: Now this sounds awfully like the word for frog.
Natsuko: Umm I don’t like frogs.
Sachiko: Oh sorry. Oh yeah I can see you shaking but can you tell us the difference in intonation between those two words?
Natsuko: Okay 帰る (kaeru)
Sachiko: To return, to go back.
Natsuko: 蛙 (kaeru)
Sachiko: Frog. So when you say frog, the intonation goes up in the second letter 蛙 (kaeru)
Natsuko: Yes 蛙 (kaeru)
Sachiko: So 帰る途中に蛙に会った (kaeru tochū ni kaeru ni atta)。 I met a frog on my way home. That’s like Natsuko’s biggest nightmare. Yes. Let’s hope that never happens. Next word please.
Natsuko: 寝る (neru)
Sachiko: To go to bed.
Natsuko: (slow)ねる (neru) (natural speed) 寝る (neru)
Sachiko: Next word please.
Natsuko: お粥 (o kayu)
Sachiko: Rice porridge.
Natsuko: (slow)おかゆ (okayu) (natural speed) お粥 (o kayu)
Sachiko: So the お (o) at the beginning of the word, is that the honorific form お (o).
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: So the real word is 粥 (kayu)
Natsuko: Uhoo..
Sachiko: Does anybody say that 粥 (kayu)?
Natsuko: Hardly. Some words they just sound more natural with a お (o) stuck on it. It’s just – it happened to be like that.
Sachiko: Right.
Natsuko: It just kind of evolved into a word in and of itself.
Sachiko: Yes I see. So when you are in bed with a cold
Natsuko: 風邪で寝てる時はお粥を食べます。 (Kaze de ne teru toki wa o kayu o tabemasu.)
Sachiko: Yes, so if you wanted to say, I am in bed with a cold and I am eating rice porridge, what would you say?
Natsuko: 風邪で寝ていてお粥を食べます。 (Kaze de nete ite o kayu o tabemasu.)
Sachiko: Now is rice porridge something that Japanese people eat when they are sick?
Natsuko: Yes I think so.
Sachiko: Why not pizza? Why not cheese burgers? That’s what I feel like eating.
Natsuko: Oh really? I prefer お粥 (o kayu).
Sachiko: Now what exactly is this? It’s rice with some water – in hot water.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: Do we add any condiments to it like…
Natsuko: Usually salt or maybe 梅干 (umeboshi).
Sachiko: Ah those sort of tickled plums.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: Nice. Is that supposed to be good for your digestion?
Natsuko: I think so. That’s why you eat it when you are sick.
Sachiko: Ah okay well your お粥 (o kayu) is my pizza. So Fuu!

Lesson focus

Sachiko: Let’s check out today’s grammar point. Natsuko-san, take it away.
Natsuko: I think it’s called onomatopoeia or something like that?
Sachiko: I have never heard of that before. What is that?
Natsuko: Well it’s a word that describes the sound.
Sachiko: Okay.
Natsuko: It describes the condition using the sound that it makes.
Sachiko: Right.
Natsuko: There are so many of these in Japanese.
Sachiko: Right.
Natsuko: And there are many, many ways of describing one thing. For example, the way you cry
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: Depending on how you cry, it can sound totally different.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: For example, えーんえーん (e ̄ n e ̄ n) Is that sort of like a child crying? It’s the image I get.
Sachiko: Yeah okay. Or シクシク (shikushiku).
Sachiko: That sounds like a woman crying quietly. Sort of maybe she is trying to keep it to herself but she can’t help the tears pouring out.
Natsuko: Yes, right.
Sachiko: So it sounds soft. シクシク。 (Shikushiku.)
Natsuko: Okay what else?
Sachiko: Or ワーワー (wāwā).
Natsuko: That sounds like someone bawling, just screaming in out of control sort of ワーワー (wāwā).
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: Okay I hope I never do that in public.
Sachiko: Better not.
Natsuko: What about laughter? What kind of ways can we laugh?
Sachiko: Oh how about クスクス (kusukusu).
Natsuko: That sounds like you are trying to hold it in like it’s kind of leaking out. クスクスクス (kusukusukusu). And your shoulders are a bit shaky…
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: And you are smiling and you are breaking out.
Sachiko: Okay what else?
Natsuko: ケラケラ。 (Kerakera.) That sounds a little bit more loud and active.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: And it’s yes, it’s kind of joyous. It’s a happy occasion.
Sachiko: Yes umm maybe.
Natsuko: Or this one ワッハッハ (wahhahha). I am picturing someone opening their mouths really wide and holding their stomach because they are in such pain from laughing too much and is that correct? Is that?
Sachiko: Yes it’s kind of like that. Very party kind of laugh.
Natsuko: Ah that’s right.
Sachiko: Yeah ワッハッハ。 (Wahhahha.)
Natsuko: The person is making no effort to hold it in. They are just letting it all out.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: Sounds like the Japanese podcast?
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: We always laugh ワッハッハ (wahhahha).
Sachiko: Yes we do. We have no manners whatsoever.
Natsuko: Excuse me. Great so Japanese has a lot of these and in Japanese we call them 擬音語 (gion-go)
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: And the word 音 (oto) means sound.
Sachiko: Right.
Natsuko: So it’s a word describing a condition using the sound it makes.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: The kanji 擬 (gi) means to imitate.
Sachiko: Ah I see, I see.
Natsuko: You are kind of imitating the sound and it’s the word that imitates sound.
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: You will definitely have to go into the PDF to check out the character for this. It’s really, really useful. Even though it looks a little bit complicated, it’s a useful kanji, the first kanji.
Sachiko: Uhoo…
Natsuko: So now that we got the happy sounds out of the way, let’s look at the sounds you make when you are sick.
Sachiko: Oh yes, used in this conversation.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sachiko: What were they?
Natsuko: くしゅんくしゅん。 (Kushunkushun.)
Sachiko: That sounds like a sneeze. Am I right?
Natsuko: Yes you are right.
Sachiko: So usually in English we say, achoo which is kind of ahh, gross but in Japanese we say クシュンクシュン (kushunkushun).
Natsuko: Kind of cute.
Sachiko: But sounds similar, doesn’t it?
Natsuko: I guess it does. What else came up in the conversation?
Sachiko: コンコン (konkon)
Natsuko: Is that a cough?
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: Is that what it is?
Sachiko: Yes.
Natsuko: コンコン。 (Konkon.) In Japanese, you describe coughs コンコン (konkon) because that’s what it sounds like I guess.
Sachiko: Uhoo.
Natsuko: It does but maybe you know someone outside Japan, it may not sound that way. Did you know, this is sort of going off topic! Did you know animals make different sounds in different cultures?
Sachiko: Exactly.
Natsuko: It’s completely different.
Sachiko: That’s one of the very good example for 擬音語 (gion-go) right?
Natsuko: Right definitely. Amazing it’s the same bodily functions and yet in a different culture, it sounds different but we all agree they are gross yeah.

Outro

Sachiko: Yes, the universe. We are all brothers in the end.
Natsuko: それじゃあ、またね。 (Sore jā, mata ne.)
Sachiko: See you soon.

Kanji

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18 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 11th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Mina-san, what do you do when you catch a cold?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 18th, 2018 at 04:34 PM
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皆さん、コメントありがとうございます!お返事が遅くなりすいません。


>こんにちは、krisさん

修正しましたので、確認してみてくださいね👍


私の友達の結婚式が京都であるから、新幹線に乗りました。

時々原宿に行きますが、全然買い物はしません。


>こんにちは、Pinさん

Exactly! And 寄る means "drop by" in this case.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

kris
August 14th, 2018 at 07:07 AM
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先生!この文章はどう?


私の友達の結婚式が京都にあるから、新幹線を乗りって来ました。

Because my friend's wedding is in Kyoto, I took the bullet train.


時々原宿に行くって、全然買い物じゃないです。

Sometimes I go to Harajuku, but I never buy anything.

Pin
August 12th, 2018 at 01:22 PM
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Hi sensei,


“これから薬屋さんへよって、うちに帰ります”

I’m not sure what よって means here, does it come from 寄る?


JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 28th, 2018 at 09:00 AM
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Hi Sam,


Thank you very much for the comment! Sorry for our late reply. Please see below for correction and comment.


私は本屋に行かないで、帰りました。

(I went home without going to the bookstore)

>> This is correct. Great job!

#4 私はタクシーに乗って帰った。

>> The negative form of this will be

私はタクシーに乗らずに(歩いて)帰った。


長時間走らなくて、明日も走る。

( because I didn’t run a long time, I will also run tomorrow).

>> This one needs a bit of work.

昨日は長時間走らなかったので、明日は走らなければならない。

Because I didn't run a long time yesterday, I will have to run tomorrow.


彼は優しくなくてハンサムじゃないてす。

( he is not nice or good looking).

>> Good job. You can also say as follows:

彼は優しくないし、ハンサムでもないです。


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Sam
January 24th, 2018 at 07:46 PM
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5 ways to use the て form were listed. If we put any of those sentences in the negative tense, would we use. ないで or なくで?


1 and 4, I believe ないで should be used since it's sequential.

私は本屋に行かないで、帰りました。

(I went home without going to the bookstore)


3 and 5, I think なくて should be used since there is a causal relationship between them.

長時間走らなくて、明日も走る。

( because I didn't run a long time, I will also run tomorrow).


And for 2, なくて would also be used:

彼は優しくなくてハンサムじゃないてす。

( he is not nice or good looking).


Please let me know if I have this correct!

Thanks!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 23rd, 2015 at 09:26 PM
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Günther さん、

こんにちは。

Both sentences are correct!

Great!:thumbsup:

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Günther
May 18th, 2015 at 07:53 PM
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Sensei, the following sentence is grammatically correct? - 私は眼鏡を踏んで、眼鏡が壊れた。(as another pattern to 眼鏡を踏んで壊した)

Thanks,

Günther

lulu_chan
April 16th, 2007 at 08:55 AM
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mikuji-- thanks for the links!


hmm...knock on wood, i have not had a cold in a long time. ^___^

it seems, though, that the weather is strange everywhere lately. I am really starting to think people are believing more in the effects of global warming. neh?

Mikey
April 13th, 2007 at 04:13 PM
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That was very helpful! I hope I dun get a cold this time of year. It would suck to be inside sick while it is so nice out.

markystar
April 12th, 2007 at 11:54 PM
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Jordiさん、

残念ながら、擬音語についてサイト知らないですけど、もしjordiさんがそんなサイトを見つけたら、皆に教えてください。ホントに興味があるんですな。 :smile:


JZさん

I want to be sickってちょっとヘンなイメージじゃない?

でも、いっぱい笑いましたよ!:lol: