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Lesson Transcript

Peter: Peter here.
Naomi: Second Chance to Make a First Impression.
Peter: Well in today’s conversation Miu and Haruya are going back to the house.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: Well things didn’t go that well right.
Naomi: No.
Peter: Disaster.
Naomi: Yeah.
Peter: 最悪でした。 It was terrible. How do you say, in English we have a train wreck? It was just an utter disaster. Do you have a word for that in Japanese?
Naomi: I can’t think of any word other than 最悪 right now.
Peter: Yeah well it was, it was bad. So now he is coming back and today is what day?
Naomi: 今日は28日、土曜日です。 It’s the 28th.
Peter: Okay and that date is significant for...well, a reason you will find out I think in a couple of lessons right?
Naomi: Uh-hum!
Peter: So in today’s conversation, Miu and Haruya came back home. They are now in the living room with Miu’s mother.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: In this conversation, Haruya and Miu’s mother are talking.
Naomi: そうです。
Peter: What’s the grammar point?
Naomi: ませんか。Verb plus ませんか for example, 歩きませんか
Peter: Shall we take a walk. So again another way of inviting. We are also going to go over want to. The auxiliary adjective たい talking about want to do something.
Naomi: そうですね。水が飲みたい。
Peter: Want to drink water. Now the conversation is between Haruya and Kiri, Miu’s mother. So we are using what kind of Japanese?
Naomi: Polite Japanese.
Peter: Okay here we go.
天道 きり:飲み物は何にしますか?
大空 晴夜:あ、、、な、何でもいいです。
天道 きり:じゃ、紅茶を飲みませんか。
大空 晴夜:あ、、、、どちらでもいいです。
天道 きり:(プッ)晴夜(はるや)さん...。飲みたいの?飲みたくないの?
大空 晴夜:あ、す、す、すみません。じゃ、水を下さい。水が飲みたいです。
(ゴクゴクゴク プファッ)
大空 晴夜:あ、手伝いましょうか。・・・あ、お刺身ですか。
天道 きり:そう、ピラニアのえさ。
Naomi: もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。
天道 きり:飲み物は何にしますか?
大空 晴夜:あ、、、な、何でもいいです。
天道 きり:じゃ、紅茶を飲みませんか。
大空 晴夜:あ、、、、どちらでもいいです。
天道 きり:(プッ)晴夜(はるや)さん...。飲みたいの?飲みたくないの?
大空 晴夜:あ、す、す、すみません。じゃ、水を下さい。水が飲みたいです。
(ゴクゴクゴク プファッ)
大空 晴夜:あ、手伝いましょうか。・・・あ、お刺身ですか。
天道 きり:そう、ピラニアのえさ。
Naomi: 今度は英語を入ります。
天道 きり:飲み物は何にしますか?
Kiri Tendo:What do you want to drink?
大空 晴夜:あ、、、な、何でもいいです。
Haruya Oozora: Oh, anything’s fine.
天道 きり:じゃ、紅茶を飲みませんか。お砂糖とミルクは?
Kiri Tendo: Ok, so how does tea sound? Do you need sugar and milk?
大空 晴夜:あ、、、、どちらでもいいです。
Haruya Oozora: Um, either way is fine.
天道 きり:(プッ)晴夜(はるや)さん...。飲みたいの?飲みたくないの?
Kiri Tendo:(giggle) Um, Haruya…Do you want to drink or not? (laughs)
大空 晴夜:あ、す、す、すみません。じゃ、水を下さい。水が飲みたいです。
Haruya Oozora:Oh, I’m sorry. Ok, water please. I want to drink water.
大空 晴夜:あ、手伝いましょうか。・・・あ、お刺身ですか。
Haruya Oozora:Oh, need some help? Oh, is that sashimi?
天道 きり:そう、ピラニアのえさ。
Kiri Tendo:Yeah, some chum for the piranhas.
Peter: Naomi Sensei
Naomi: はい。
Peter: 晴夜さんのこと、どう思いますか。 What do you think of Haruya?
Naomi: He is pretty nervous again. ドキドキですね~。
Peter: Yeah.
Naomi: He doesn’t listen to the mother very well like when the mother asked if you want sugar or cream in his tea, he said どちらでもいいです. “I don’t care.”
Peter: Right? もし、私がお母さんだったら、 if I am the mother, 怒っています I would be angry.
Naomi: But Kiri was nice enough to laugh about it.
Peter: Right. He was so あいまい like vague.
Naomi: そう、ですね。 Yeah first he said 何でもいいです。
Peter: Anything is okay. It was like, would you like something to drink? Umm any way, anything is okay.
Naomi: Would you like sugar or cream?
Peter: Ah…either one is okay.
Naomi: はははは。ちょっとね。ドキドキですからね。
Peter: Yeah but there are different ways of dealing with it. The second chance doesn’t look like it’s going very well. じゃあ、がんばって、晴夜。 Good luck Haruya. Okay let’s take a look at some of the vocab.
Peter: First word.
Naomi: 飲み物
Peter: Drink, beverage.
Naomi: のみもの、飲み物
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 紅茶
Peter: English tea.
Naomi: こうちゃ、紅茶
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 何でも
Peter: Everything, anything.
Naomi: なんでも、何でも
Peter: Next
Naomi: 砂糖
Peter: Sugar.
Naomi: さとう、砂糖
Peter: Next
Naomi: ミルク
Peter: Milk, cream.
Naomi: ミルク、ミルク
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 水
Peter: Water.
Naomi: みず、水
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 手伝う
Peter: To help, assist.
Naomi: 手伝う、手伝う
Peter: Next
Naomi: 刺身
Peter: Sliced raw fish.
Naomi: さしみ、刺身
Peter: Next
Naomi: ピラニア
Peter: Piranha.
Naomi: ピラニア、ピラニア
Peter: Next.
Naomi: えさ
Peter: Feed, bait.
Naomi: えさ、えさ
Peter: All right Naomi Sensei, let’s take a closer look at some of the phrases and vocabulary in this lesson. There is some really good stuff in here. Three – a couple of points I think she wanted to talk about because I use them regularly.
Naomi: 何ですか。
Peter: This is good. You will have to wait and see. What do we have first?
Naomi: First I’d like to see the phrase 飲み物は、何にしますか。
Peter: What would you like to drink? Now this is a bit tricky because if you translate it literally it’s what beverage do you want to do?
Naomi: Do you want to do what?
Peter: Actually it’s kind of like an expression we’d use. Let’s or let’s do Italian.
Naomi: あ~、本当? Oh really. So you have the same kind of expression in English.
Peter: Kind of but it’s not used to the degree it is in Japanese. In Japanese, everything is ~にする。
Naomi: ん~、そうですね。 Let’s take a look at the word 飲み物 first.
Peter: Now this is a compound right?
Naomi: はい。
Peter: We have a verb in its masu stem plus
Naomi: もの
Peter: So 飲み物 comes from the verb to drink which is
Naomi: 飲む
Peter: And its masu stem.
Naomi: 飲み
Peter: Plus
Naomi: 物
Peter: 飲み物。 There are a couple of other compounds that use this structure too. They are
Naomi: 食べ物
Peter: Food.
Naomi: 着物
Peter: Clothes but usually this is associated with the nice kimono.
Naomi: Like a Japanese style clothes right?
Peter: Yeah next.
Naomi: 乗り物
Peter: A vehicle, train, bus, ship, plane. Next we have
Naomi: にします
Peter: To do but in the case when it’s preceded by a noun, noun plus にする it means to get that. For example
Naomi: 私はラーメンにする。ピーターは?
Peter: ぎょうざにする。
Naomi: ぎょうざだけ?
Peter: だけです。 So let’s just go back to that conversation. First we had
Naomi: 私は、ラーメンにする。
Peter: I will get Ramen.
Naomi: ピーターは?
Peter: Peter and you, literally and Peter. I said, I will have ぎょうざ which is fried. Usually it’s kind of associated with Fried Dumplings. In Japan, it’s – they are fried.
Naomi: Yeah. Stir fried.
Peter: Yeah stir fried dumplings. Then Naomi said
Naomi: ぎょうざだけ?
Peter: Just fried dumplings and I said, yes just that. So again, especially when you go to eat, 何にする casual 何にしますか what you are going to get.
Naomi: Yeah or どこにする where shall we go.
Peter: Yeah so usually before you go to the restaurant, どこにしますか、どこにする or as in the case of today’s grammar point.
Naomi: イタリアンにしませんか。
Peter: Shall we have Italian.
Naomi: Grammar point.
Peter: So it could be like this. You know Naomi and I are talking. Naomi sensei どこにしますか。 where shall we go?
Naomi: ん~。イタリアンにしませんか。
Peter: Shall we have Italian? ああ、いいですね。私は、パスタにする。 I am going to get pasta. え、なおみ先生は?
Naomi: ピザにする。
Peter: She is going to get pizza. So you could see the kind of development. Now, before we go to today’s grammar point which we just touched on, I wanna go over two points here. In the conversation, he says 「じゃあ、水をください。」.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Should he have used お水 to make it a little more polite?
Naomi: そうですね。Since he’s talking to his girlfriend’s mother, yeah, I think he should have put お in front of it.
Peter: It struck me a little rude.
Naomi: It’s not that bad, but, yeah, I’d say, it’d be better.
Peter: お水。And, recently, especially in restaurants, there’s another word for water, or 水. That is?
Naomi: おひや。
Peter: おひや which is お followed by the character for “cold”.
Naomi: ん~、でもね、I personally never use it. It’s more like (ancient time female) language thing. I think.
Peter: But usually just at restaurants; like I never say that to my friends. So, if you hear that word, they’re talking about water. And finally my favourite word is えさ which is a “feed” as in like “pet feed” or “feed for...some kind of pet”.
Naomi: そうですね。Food for pet. Food for animals.
Peter: Okay. Let’s take a look at today’s grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: Today’s grammar point is, Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: ませんか。
Peter: Verb plus ませんか and this phrase is used to extend an invitation. Now, what’s interesting in the previous lesson, we also went over, we reviewed a pattern that did the same as I think. ましょうか is also extending an invitation. However, with ましょうか, inside of that expression is a little more that you would prefer to do that, where ませんか leaves a little more room for negotiation. So let’s have an example.
Naomi: 紅茶を飲みませんか。
Peter: Would you like to have tea or English tea. Again here the subject is omitted because the mother was talking to Haruya. So there was no need to say you or in English, it
would be, would you like to have some tea but in Japanese, really the literal translation is, want to drink tea. There is no subject in there, but of course it’s implied. So, let’s just go through the sentence. First, we have the object which is
Naomi: 紅茶
Peter: Marked by the object marking particle.
Naomi: を
Peter: Followed by
Naomi: 飲みません
Peter: The negative present polite form of
Naomi: 飲む
Peter: To drink. So 飲む becomes
Naomi: 飲みません
Peter: This is followed by
Naomi: か
Peter: Sentence ending particle indicating a question. So 紅茶を飲みませんか。
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Would you like to have tea?
Naomi: Yeah and that could be a good pick up line, too.
Peter: Naomi Sensei, now my Japanese teacher also told me this. I have never..
Naomi: Yes.
Peter: You know on a street a guy running after a girl ねえねえねえ、紅茶を飲みませんか。
Naomi: 私、おじいさんにこれ言われたことあります。
Peter: So wait! So an old guy actually said this to you?
Naomi: Yeah.
Peter: Did it work for him?
Naomi: No.
Peter: Yeah so it’s not going to work for you too. What did he say to you?
Naomi: すみません、お茶を飲みませんか。
Peter: Yeah that’s just not going to work. Excuse me, would you like to have some tea?
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Yes, but this is a very, very polite way and of course, it doesn’t have to just be a pick up line. Here it’s just a very polite way for the mother to ask Haruya, if you would like something to drink. Interesting here there are several aspects which are pretty interesting. Is it a little formal now?
Naomi: あ~、そうですね。
Peter: So the mother is being polite which is good but it’s also here it’s kind of like the distance is still there between them. So yeah he is not doing well.
Naomi: そうかな。 I think he is trying very hard because he offers to help her right? 手伝いましょうか。
Peter: Shall I give you a hand which is a really great expression. This is a really good one.
Naomi: I think this phrase is really handy.
Peter: Also you use お手伝いすることありますか。
Naomi: Is there anything I can help? That’s a bit complicated grammar, right? I recommend 手伝いましょうか。
Peter: If you want to know the expression I said kind of in detail, you can stop by and leave a comment. I actually prefer this one. It makes me look much better in the eyes of a parent. そう思わないですか。 Don’t you think so?
Naomi: かもね。


Peter: That is going to do for today.
Naomi: じゃ、また。


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Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 26th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, what did you think of Haruya's responses?

October 28th, 2020 at 10:43 PM
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2)明⽇は、テストです。今夜 ⼀緒に 勉強しませんか?


JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 26th, 2020 at 04:25 PM
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Hi Rachel,

Thank you for posting!

Your answers and sentence are all correct☺️

Keep up the good work with us:)



Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 20th, 2020 at 08:15 PM
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こんにちは Xuna,

Thank you so much for your kind message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.

Kind regards,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

September 20th, 2020 at 12:38 PM
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Peter sensei is very funny. His story is very interesting and it made me listening to Japanesepod101 every day. Good job Peter sensei! and Naomi sensei also did great job. thanks to both of you that I love studying Japanese with Japanesepod101. Please send my sincere thanks to them ^^!

September 12th, 2020 at 08:47 AM
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1. 食べませんか。

2. しませんか。

3. 飲みませんか。

4. 此れ等は可愛いです。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2020 at 11:52 PM
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Hi Mariana,

Thank you for your comment!

Wow, that was an interesting experience😁


Yes, it means the same.

We might say it to our friends occasionally, but we usually say 何にする or 何がいい.

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

August 10th, 2020 at 05:03 PM
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Is "飲み物は何が欲しいですか。" has same mean as "飲み物は何にしますか。" ?

If so, is it weird to say like that?


Mariana Rosario
July 25th, 2020 at 05:22 AM
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When I was in Kyoto actually and older man came to me and told meお茶を飲みませんか. Of course I was dressed as a Geisha so I guess that had something to do with it...haha😜

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 20th, 2020 at 03:17 AM
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Yes, the informal form of -masen ka is Verb. plain negative (+ ka).


Italian ni shimasen ka? > Italian ni shinai?


the informal form of -mashou ka is "volitional form of a verb" + ka.

e.g. tetsudaimashō ka > tetsudaō ka


Maverick さん

紅茶を飲みませんか is simply asking if you'd like to drink tea or not.

You can say はい when you accept the offer.

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

June 28th, 2020 at 08:50 PM
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when you said 紅茶を飲みませんか。is it a negative question or a positive question? Like in English when someone ask you don't you wan't a drink? should you response yes or no? (when accepting an offer)