Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sakura: おはよう、山形。さくらです。(Ohayō, Yamagata. Sakura desu.)
Natsuko: おはよう、山形。ナツコです。(Ohayō, Yamagata. Natsuko desu.)
Peter: Peter here and we are back with another lesson. Okay, we have another great show for you today. We also would like to say please stop by www.japanesepod101.com, our ever growing community is built by our listeners. The more you participate, the more we grow and the more you can help other listeners post, comment, let us know about things. Again we learned so much from you. Not only that, in addition to that, we offer PDF files with the hiragana, with the kanji. So you want to stop by, you want to say hi, you want to come down, right?
Sakura: Yes.
Natsuko: We are waiting for you.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Yes. Okay, without further adieu, let’s jump into today’s conversation. Here we go.
DIALOGUE
夏子 (Natsuko) : もしもし、川本夏子です。鈴木さくらさんお願いします。(Moshimoshi, Kawamoto Natsuko desu. Suzuki Sakura-san onegai shimasu.)
さくらのお父さん (Sakura no o-tō-san) : 今、さくらはいません。(Ima, Sakura wa imasen.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : あっ、そうですか。どうもありがとうございます。(A, sō desu ka. Dōmo arigatō gozaimasu.)
:じゃあ、携帯の方ですね。(Jā, keitai no hō desu ne.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : もしもし、さくらですか。(Moshimoshi, Sakura desu ka.)
さくら (Sakura) : はい、さくらです。(Hai, Sakura desu.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 今どこにいますか。(Ima doko ni imasu ka.)
さくら (Sakura) : 今新宿にいます!(Ima Shinjuku ni imasu!)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 今忙しいですか。(Ima isogashii desu ka.)
さくら (Sakura) : はい、ちょっと忙しいです。(Hai, chotto isogashii desu.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : じゃ、またあとで!(Ja, mata ato de!)
さくら (Sakura) : お願いします。(Onegai shimasu.)
Peter: Great job! Okay, you know the routine. What we are going to do now is give it to you one more time. もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do onegai shimasu. Yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : もしもし、川本夏子です。鈴木さくらさんお願いします。(Moshimoshi, Kawamoto Natsuko desu. Suzuki Sakura-san onegai shimasu.)
さくらのお父さん (Sakura no o-tō-san) : 今、さくらはいません。(Ima, Sakura wa imasen.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : あっ、そうですか。どうもありがとうございます。(A, sō desu ka. Dōmo arigatō gozaimasu.)
:じゃあ、携帯の方ですね。(Jā, keitai no hō desu ne.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : もしもし、さくらですか。(Moshimoshi, Sakura desu ka.)
さくら (Sakura) : はい、さくらです。(Hai, Sakura desu.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 今どこにいますか。(Ima doko ni imasu ka.)
さくら (Sakura) : 今新宿にいます!(Ima Shinjuku ni imasu!)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 今忙しいですか。(Ima isogashii desu ka.)
さくら (Sakura) : はい、ちょっと忙しいです。(Hai, chotto isogashii desu.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : じゃ、またあとで!(Ja, mata ato de!)
さくら (Sakura) : お願いします。(Onegai shimasu.)
Peter: Okay, now what we are going to do, again you guys know the drill. So, I will do the translation. We are going to do the conversation one more time. お願いします。(Onegai shimasu.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : もしもし、川本夏子です。(Moshimoshi, Kawamoto Natsuko desu.)
NATSUKO: Hello, I am Natsuko Kawamoto.
夏子 (Natsuko) : 鈴木さくらさんお願いします。(Suzuki Sakura-san onegai shimasu.)
NATSUKO: Ms. Sakura Suzuki, please?
さくらのお父さん (Sakura no o-tō-san) : 今、さくらはいません。(Ima, Sakura wa imasen.)
NATSUKO'S DAD: Now Sakura is not here.
夏子 (Natsuko) : あっ、そうですか。(A, sō desu ka.)
NATSUKO: Ah, I see.
夏子 (Natsuko) : どうもありがとうございます。 (Dōmo arigatō gozaimasu.)
NATSUKO: Thank you very much.
夏子 (Natsuko) : じゃあ、携帯の方ですね。(Jā, keitai no hō desu ne.)
NATSUKO: Hum, I’ll try the cellphone.
夏子 (Natsuko) : もしもし、さくらですか。(Moshimoshi, Sakura desu ka.)
NATSUKO: Hello, is this Sakura?
さくら (Sakura) : はい、さくらです。(Hai, Sakura desu.)
SAKURA: Yes, this is Sakura.
夏子 (Natsuko) : 今どこにいますか。(Ima doko ni imasu ka.)
NATSUKO: Where are you now?
さくら (Sakura) : 今新宿にいます!(Ima Shinjuku ni imasu!)
SAKURA: Now I’m in Shinjuku!
夏子 (Natsuko) : 今忙しいですか。(Ima isogashii desu ka.)
NATSUKO: Are you busy now?
さくら (Sakura) : はい、ちょっと忙しいです。(Hai, chotto isogashii desu.)
SAKURA: Yes. I’m a little busy.
夏子 (Natsuko) : じゃ、またあとで!(Ja, mata ato de!)
NATSUKO: Hum, OK. I’ll try you again later.
さくら (Sakura) : お願いします。(Onegai shimasu.)
SAKURA: Please (do so).
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Okay great conversation. I just – I love these phone calls. By the way, how was my impression of Sakura’s father?
Sakura: Umm grave….
Peter: You know Sakura. I went to a lot of acting schools.
Sakura: I realized that.
Natsuko: You did a great role.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Yes, apologies for that umm yes…
Natsuko: Truly exaggerated version.

Lesson focus

Peter: Okay, back to the story. So this lesson has some very important features and right now, we are going to introduce them to you. Okay, we are going to start off with the first part. Now can you give us the first part one more time, Natsuko?
Sakura: もしもし、川本夏子です。(Moshimoshi, Kawamoto Natsuko desu.)
Peter: Okay, and say the name one more time.
Sakura: 川本夏子 (Kawamoto Natsuko)
Peter: What’s unique about the way you said this name?
Natsuko: It’s an eastern style because I say my last name first and my first name last.
Peter: Yes, got it. Now, up until now, we were just using first names.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: And in the first call, you used the full name again last name first but then when you called Sakura’s cell phone, you didn’t even say your name. You just said, “Is this Sakura?” Why did you use your full name starting last name first when you made the first call?
Natsuko: Oh that’s because I called her house and I wanted to introduce myself politely to her family.
Peter: I see. So when you called her house, when you called someone’s house, you really should without a doubt use
Natsuko: Polite form.
Peter: Yeah, because you don’t know who is going to pick up the phone, right?
Natsuko: Right.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: It might be Sakura. So it might be okay, but if it’s not Sakura.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: You are going to come across this very rude….
Natsuko: Yes, yes.
Peter: And all you guys out there with girlfriends, you can kiss them goodbye. Yes, so again, notice the difference. This is one point we really want to stress in this conversation. The difference between calling someone’s house and calling someone’s cell phone.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Because again when you call the cell phone, you know or you have an idea of who has the phone but when you call the house, the average Japanese family is four people. So you have a 25% chance…
Sakura: Rough estimate.
Peter: Yes, actually a 75% chance of making a bad impression if you don’t use the polite one.
Natsuko: そうだね。(Sō da ne.)
Peter: So just stick with the polite one.
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: Okay, so let’s just – we will give you the two side by side just to give you the comparison. Okay, can you give us one more time, Natsuko? Call to the house is
Natsuko: もしもし、川本夏子です。(Moshimoshi, Kawamoto Natsuko desu.)
Peter: Okay, then when you asked for Sakura, you said.
Natsuko: 鈴木さくらさんお願いします。(Suzuki Sakura-san onegai shimasu.)
Peter: Yes, now the second part, too. Again you say Sakura’s last name first, her first name, you add on the suffix
Natsuko: さん (san)
Peter: To make it polite and then you say
Natsuko: お願いします (onegai shimasu)
Peter: Yes. So Ms. Sakura Suzuki, please.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Yes, now this is the style and we really cannot stress this enough, the difference between the styles and this style is good for business, too.
Sakura: Yes.
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: Again last name first, first name last, attach さん (san) and then お願いします (onegai shimasu).
Natsuko: When you are sure that you are calling her house, you can omit Suzuki as well because all the family is Suzuki’s, right?
Peter: Oh really?
Natsuko: Yes.
Sakura: Yeah.
Natsuko: So like it’s not rude to say さくらさんお願いします (Sakura-san onegai shimasu) when it’s Suzuki home you are calling.
Peter: はい。
Natsuko: But still, like both are okay.
Peter: No wonder why I got so many laughs and giggles when I would call someone out….
Natsuko: Well…
Peter: Start off with the last name.
Natsuko: You are right. All of them are Suzuki’s.
Sakura: Right, right.
Natsuko: In their house usually.
Sakura: Usually…
Peter: Thank you, Sakura. So basically we can just say the first name plus
Natsuko: さん (san)
Sakura: さん (san). Yeah we can’t leave out san, though.
Peter: Yes.
Sakura: Very important.
Peter: Ms. Sakura.
Sakura: Remember.
Peter: Okay, and now how about when we called your cell phone, what did we say?
Natsuko: もしもし、さくらですか。(Moshimoshi, Sakura desu ka.)
Peter: Yeah, we left off the さん (san).
Sakura: Right.
Peter: Just your name. And this is okay, right?
Natsuko: If you know, you are calling your friend.
Peter: Yeah.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: And this is a key point in this conversation. They are friends and same age.
Sakura: Yes, yes, yes, yes, yes.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Okay, again we are going to get more into this but right now, just for this point, same age friends. So we can use just the first name.
Sakura: It’s usually the name you use when you are – you are with that person.
Peter: Yeah.
Sakura: So, like it can be a nickname or…
Natsuko: Or maybe, you know, only last name.
Peter: Okay, so let me rephrase this. When you ask for that person and you use the name that you usually use when you are with them.
Natsuko: Yes.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: So it can include a suffix or it could not include suffix. It could be a nickname as Sakura said.
Sakura: Yeah.
Peter: Many possibilities, but when you call the house
Natsuko: Always use the さん (san).
Peter: You use the polite form, yes.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Okay, next we have
Sakura: 今 (ima)
Peter: And what is this, Sakura?
Sakura: It’s now.
Peter: Now okay. Break it down.
Sakura: (slow)いま (ima)
Peter: And one time fast.
Sakura: 今 (ima)
Peter: Yes now. Again we use this all the time and we are going to be using it a lot, a lot coming up. So please put this one in the memory bank.
Sakura: Uho…
Peter: Okay, next we had.
Sakura: いません (imasen)
Peter: Okay, what is this?
Sakura: Not here.
Peter: Okay.
Sakura: Doesn’t exist here.
Peter: Yes, it doesn't exist here and this is doesn’t exist. What about does exist?
Sakura: います (imasu)
Peter: Okay. So can you give us does exist one more time?
Sakura: います (imasu)
Peter: Break it down.
Sakura: (slow)います (imasu)
Peter: And one time fast.
Sakura: います (imasu)
Peter: Okay, now yesterday we had
Sakura: あります (arimasu)
Peter: Okay, now that was also exists.
Sakura: Yes.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: What’s the difference here?
Sakura: います (imasu) is used for people.
Peter: Yes, just people? I would have to say living things.
Sakura: Ah…
Peter: Sakura, you don’t like animals. You left out all the animals.
Natsuko: Umm…
Sakura: おおー、ごめんなさい。(Ō, gomen nasai.)
Peter: It’s okay. Yes, so living things all get
Sakura: います (imasu)
Natsuko: But we don’t usually use them for plants.
Sakura: Ah no, no, no...
Peter: Moving living things.
Natsuko: We don’t use that word for plants. So we have to say moving living things.
Sakura: Exactly.
Peter: Moving living things.
Sakura: Yes. That’s right.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: I am sure some of you out there can find examples like real exemptions to the rule of some kind of moving plant that gets, but we are giving you general rules here…
Sakura: Yes.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: And the general rule is, we use
Sakura: います (imasu)
Peter: For living, moving things and
Sakura: あります (arimasu)
Peter: For inanimate things.
Sakura: Right.
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: So just think of it this way. Inanimate is
Sakura: あります (arimasu)
Peter: Not moving inanimate. Animate is
Sakura: います (imasu)
Peter: Yes, so people, animals are included in this category.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: Okay, now the negative form of this was
Sakura: いません (imasen)
Peter: Okay, and this is
Sakura: Not here.
Peter: Yes, so in the short dialogue, Natsuko called the house and I said 今、さくらはいません。 (Ima, Sakura wa imasen.) So Sakura is not here now.
Sakura: Right.
Natsuko: Right.
Peter: Okay, so.
Sakura: います (imasu)
Peter: We can get a clear example of this when Natsuko calls Sakura’s cell phone. She asks where are you now.
Sakura: Yes.
Natsuko: 今どこにいますか。(Ima doko ni imasu ka.)
Peter: And the reply was
Sakura: 今、新宿にいます。(Ima, Shinjuku ni imasu.)
Peter: Yes, I am in Shinjuku. Okay, now in the past two days, we covered these essential verbs. These are verbs that we are going to be using all the time from here on out. So you want to remember these. We are going to have more up on a webpage www.japanesepod101.com. Come down to the webpage, check it out. These verbs build a great base for you. So you really want to get a good grasp of these and we are going to have a lot more information on the web page to get you that grasp you need. Okay, next we had
Sakura: 携帯 (keitai)
Peter: Yes and everybody remember, we had this one
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Okay, and just give it to us one more time.
Sakura: 携帯 (keitai)
Peter: Yes, cell phone. Okay, next we had
Sakura: のほう (no hō)
Peter: Yes, and what does this mean?
Sakura: Literally it means in that direction or – when you have choices, two choices, that one like the other one.
Peter: Yes, no it’s a very good explanation. So in this case, we said
Sakura: 携帯のほう (keitai no hō)
Peter: Yes, meaning I will go with the cell phone.
Sakura: Yes, yes, so you have two choices, right?
Peter: Yeah.
Sakura: So you tried on the home phone – and it wasn’t good. So you are going to choose the other one, which is a cell phone. So 携帯のほう (keitai no hō).
Peter: Yes.
Sakura: Yes, that one.
Peter: Yes, go with this.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Okay, can you break it down for us?
Sakura: (slow)のほう (no hō)
Peter: One time fast.
Sakura: のほう (no hō)
Peter: Yes and the way we formulate this sentence is we use a noun
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Plus
Sakura: のほう (no hō)
Peter: Yes. To get this, go with this.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Okay, we will get into how to use this with verbs another time but for now, with nouns, you use noun plus
Sakura: のほう (no hō)
Peter: Yes, go with this. Okay, next we had
Sakura: ちょっと (chotto)
Peter: Okay, what’s this?
Sakura: Little.
Peter: A little.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Okay, can you break it down?
Sakura: (slow)ちょっと (chotto)
Peter: And one time fast.
Sakura: ちょっと (chotto)
Peter: Okay, great job. Again a little
Sakura: ちょっと (chotto)
Peter: Yes and in this case, we use it together with
Sakura: 忙しいです (isogashii desu)
Peter: So it becomes
Sakura: ちょっと忙しいです (chotto isogashii desu)
Peter: A little busy.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Okay, next we had
Sakura: またあとで (mata ato de)
Peter: And what does this mean?
Sakura: また (mata) is again.
Peter: Again.
Sakura: And あとで (ato de) is later.
Peter: So
Sakura: Again, later.
Peter: Yes, and again this is based on the context of the sentence and we are on the cell phone. So it means I will try you again later. If you are with somebody, we can also say
Sakura: またあとで。(Mata ato de.)
Peter: Yeah, see you later.
Sakura: Yeah.
Peter: So again it depends on the context of the situation. On the phone, I will try you again or we will talk later and then when you are with someone, see you later.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Great phrase. Use it all the time. One more time.
Sakura: またあとで。(Mata ato de.)

Outro

Peter: Perfect. Okay, so we ran late again today but for your benefit. Okay, so we are going to stop here. We are going to say
Sakura: また明日ね。(Mata ashita ne.)
Natsuko: また明日。(Mata ashita.)
Peter: See you tomorrow.

Grammar

Japanese Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Kanji

Review & Remember All Kanji from this Lesson

Get complete breakdowns, review with quizzes and download printable practice sheets! Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

85 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com
April 30th, 2019 at 11:32 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Ian,


Thanks for leaving a comment.

Yes, います is used for ghosts.

Example: この場所にはおばけがいる。(There are ghosts in this place.)


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ian
April 21st, 2019 at 08:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

So presumably the Redeads in ゼルダ would use the 「います]form as they are human-like moving things like ghosts. 😜

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 1st, 2018 at 03:37 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Ed,

Thank you for leaving a comment!


Hi Mei,

Thanks for the question!

「こと」 you've mentioned is used to say whether something has happened.

As I was checking the meaning of こと on jisho.org, I've come across this particular page below. This page might help you understand the usage of こと.


http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/genericnouns


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com


Mei
September 10th, 2018 at 11:35 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello, I have a question about this phrase: 今日携帯を忘れたことに気付いた

What does ことに means here? Can you please break it down to me? I've noticed many phrases use this expression, but I can't figure out the meaning or why it is necessary.


Thank you very much.

Ed
March 19th, 2018 at 08:04 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

またあとで。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 26th, 2016 at 09:50 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Roschdi san,

Konnichiwa.:smile:T

hank you for your positive feedback.

We are happy to hear from you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Roschdi
April 25th, 2016 at 04:09 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

HI japanesepod101 team,My name is Roschdi,from Vancouver.BC ! I just wanted to say a big thanks to you guys.I've been trying to learn japanese through youtube and some free websites a while ago without any success.

As soon as I saw your website and the way you guys present things and teach grammar,vocabulary and kanji especially,i was really motivated and got the online course.


I just subscribed a few weeks ago and my japanese girlfriend can already see the difference.my japanese is improving really fast and that's why i wanted to say thank you.


Thanks to Sakura,Peter ,Alpha male Kazunori and Natsuko for the voice lessons i really love it it's awesome.


Big up to new york for Peter and Konnichiwa Tokyo :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 25th, 2016 at 03:40 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

ウィレソン エッリクさん、

konnichiwa.:smile:

I think people live alone have only mobile phones in Japan these days.

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

ウィレソン エッリク
March 19th, 2016 at 03:18 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

In the United States a lot of families don't have house phones anymore. Is that the same for families in Japan as well?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 23rd, 2015 at 02:18 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

asuka san,

konnichiwa. :smile:

Thank you for your positive comment.

We are happy to hear from you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com