Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sakura: おはよう大阪。さくらです。(Ohayō Ōsaka. Sakura desu.)
Natsuko: おはよう大阪。ナツコです。(Ohayō Ōsaka. Natsuko desu.)
Peter: Peter here and we are back with another lesson. As you might have caught on, today we have a very, very, very special show as in the studio with us is
Natsuko: ナツコです。(Natsuko desu.)
Peter: And
Sakura: さくらです。(Sakura desu.)
Peter: Yes, for the first time ever together.
Sakura: Together…yay!
Peter: Today is going to be a great lesson. This is phenomenal.
Natsuko: Yes. I was waiting for this.
Peter: Yeah.
Sakura: Me too.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Okay, so without further adieu, let’s start off with some greetings. ナツコ、元気ですか。(Natsuko, genki desu ka.)
Natsuko: すごく元気です。さくら、元気ですか。(Sugoku genki desu. Sakura, genki desu ka.)
Sakura: 絶好調です。ピーターは?(Zekkōchō desu. Pītā wa?)
Peter: めちゃめちゃ元気です。(Mechamecha genki desu.) Okay, because Kazunori is not here today, I did that one for him. Okay, as I said, we have a great lesson. Now today, we had an introduction to the new place from both Natsuko and Sakura. So if you didn’t catch it, please check the homepage www.japanesepod101.com. Okay now let’s move on to the dialogue. This dialogue is the dialogue of all dialogues. The best to date, the longest to date. This covers pretty much everything we’ve covered to this point. So without further adieu, let’s jump right in. Here we go.
DIALOGUE
さくら (Sakura) : これは何ですか。(Kore wa nan desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : これ?これは私の家族の写真です。(Kore? Kore wa watashi no kazoku no shashin desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : ご家族は何人ですか。(Go-kazoku wa nan-nin desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 5人です。父と母と兄と妹と私です。(Go-nin desu. Chichi to haha to ani to imōto to watashi desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 多いですね。彼は誰ですか。(Ōi desu ne. Kare wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼は私の兄です。彼はサッカーが好きです。(Kare wa watashi no ani desu. Kare wa sakkā ga suki desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 彼女は誰ですか。(Kanojo wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼女は私の妹です。彼女は忙しいです。(Kanojo wa watashi no imōto desu. Kanojo wa isogashii desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 彼は誰ですか。(Kare wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼は私の父です。彼はお酒が好きです。(Kare wa watashi no chichi desu. Kare wa o-sake ga suki desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 彼女は誰ですか。(Kanojo wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼女は私の母です。彼女は楽しいです。(Kanojo wa watashi no haha desu. Kanojo wa tanoshii desu.)
Peter: Okay, very nice. What did everybody think of that? Did it all come together for you? We really hope it did. Okay, now what we are going to do is we are going to give it to you one more time, this time much slower. Okay, don’t worry about getting every word. Just get the gist of it. Also if you want to stop now, go back, review some lessons, go for it. Right now, we are going to give you the dialogue one more time. Okay, much slower. もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do onegai shimasu. Yukkuri yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
さくら (Sakura) : これは何ですか。(Kore wa nan desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : これ?これは私の家族の写真です。(Kore? Kore wa watashi no kazoku no shashin desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : ご家族は何人ですか。(Go-kazoku wa nan-nin desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 5人です。父と母と兄と妹と私です。(Go-nin desu. Chichi to haha to ani to imōto to watashi desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 多いですね。彼は誰ですか。(Ōi desu ne. Kare wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼は私の兄です。彼はサッカーが好きです。(Kare wa watashi no ani desu. Kare wa sakkā ga suki desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 彼女は誰ですか。(Kanojo wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼女は私の妹です。彼女は忙しいです。(Kanojo wa watashi no imōto desu. Kanojo wa isogashii desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 彼は誰ですか。(Kare wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼は私の父です。彼はお酒が好きです。(Kare wa watashi no chichi desu. Kare wa o-sake ga suki desu.)
さくら (Sakura) : 彼女は誰ですか。(Kanojo wa dare desu ka.)
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼女は私の母です。彼女は楽しいです。(Kanojo wa watashi no haha desu. Kanojo wa tanoshii desu.)
Peter: すごい。なんてすごい。ものすごい! (Sugoi. Nante sugoi. Monosugoi!) This was phenomenal. What a – ah, I want to hear it one more time. Okay, we hope everybody out there is – I hope everybody out there is loving this as much as I am because this is really phenomenal stuff here. Okay, now what we are going to do is we are going to have the conversation repeated one more time and I will do the translating. Okay, here we go.
さくら (Sakura) : これは何ですか。(Kore wa nan desu ka.)
SAKURA: What's this?
夏子 (Natsuko) : これ?これは私の家族の写真です。(Kore? Kore wa watashi no kazoku no shashin desu.)
NATSUKO: This? This is a picture of my family.
さくら (Sakura) : ご家族は何人ですか。(Go-kazoku wa nan-nin desu ka.)
SAKURA: How many people are there in your family?
夏子 (Natsuko) : 5人です。(Go-nin desu.)
NATSUKO: Five people.
夏子 (Natsuko) : 父と母と兄と妹と私です。(Chichi to haha to ani to imōto to watashi desu.)
NATSUKO: My father, my mother, my older brother, my younger sister, and myself.
さくら (Sakura) : 多いですね。(Ōi desu ne.)
SAKURA: That’s a lot.
さくら (Sakura) : 彼は誰ですか。(Kare wa dare desu ka.)
SAKURA: Who is he?
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼は私の兄です。(Kare wa watashi no ani desu.)
NATSUKO: He is my older brother.
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼はサッカーが好きです。(Kare wa sakkā ga suki desu.)
NATSUKO: He likes soccer.
さくら (Sakura) : 彼女は誰ですか。(Kanojo wa dare desu ka.)
SAKURA: Who is she?
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼女は私の妹です。(Kanojo wa watashi no imōto desu. )
NATSUKO: She is my younger sister.
夏子 (Natsuko) :彼女は忙しいです。(Kanojo wa isogashii desu.)
NATSUKO: She is busy.
さくら (Sakura) : 彼は誰ですか。(Kare wa dare desu ka.)
SAKURA: Who is he?
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼は私の父です。(Kare wa watashi no chichi desu.)
NATSUKO: He is my father.
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼はお酒が好きです。(Kare wa o-sake ga suki desu.)
NATSUKO: He likes sake.
さくら (Sakura) : 彼女は誰ですか。(Kanojo wa dare desu ka.)
SAKURA: Who is she?
夏子 (Natsuko) : 彼女は私の母です。(Kanojo wa watashi no haha desu.)
NATSUKO: She is my mother.
夏子 (Natsuko) :彼女は楽しいです。(Kanojo wa tanoshii desu.)
NATSUKO: She is fun.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Okay, excellent job. Just speechless, speechless. It was that good. Okay, okay we have one new word in there and that word is
Sakura: 写真 (shashin)
Peter: Very nice. And it means
Sakura: Photograph.
Peter: Yes okay, one more time, please.
Sakura: 写真 (shashin)
Peter: Break it down.
Sakura: (slow)しゃしん (shashin)
Peter: And one time fast
Sakura: 写真 (shashin)
Peter: Okay, very nice. Now as we said, most of the stuff in here has been covered already, right?
Natsuko: Yeah, I think so.
Peter: So there was one thing that I noticed. In the dialogue, when Sakura, the first question that Sakura asked was
Sakura: これは何ですか。(Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Peter: Your first response was
Natsuko: これ?(Kore?)
Peter: Yeah. Can you tell us why you said this?
Natsuko: I kind of confirmed what she was talking about.
Peter: Perfect, yes. Notice the intonation, give it to us one more time.
Natsuko: これ?(Kore?)
Peter: So you see the latter part gets chopped off and we go just with the intonation, one more time.
Natsuko: これ?(Kore?)
Peter: Okay, very nice. Now the conversation was phenomenal but there were a few points that again we twisted and shifted to fit our model. Now when asking about someone’s parents, when talking about your parents or someone else’s parents, would you use the word he or she.
Natsuko: Rarely.
Peter: Rarely, right?
Sakura: Umm…
Peter: So up until this point, we explained about talking about your own family inside your own family. Okay, but in this case, Sakura may have wanted to ask Natsuko about her father. So if you ask about someone else’s family, do you use 父 (chichi) or 母 (haha) or the words we used?
Sakura: No.
Peter: No.
Sakura: We use politer form.
Peter: Okay, so what we would like to do is we would like to stop here and introduce you to the politer form. Okay, so it’s so great to have both Natsuko and Sakura here. What we will do is I will give the word. Natsuko will be speaking about your own family and then Sakura will be speaking about someone else’s family and I think that should work out very nice so you see the difference. In the example you gave us, it was
Natsuko: 私の父 (watashi no chichi)
Peter: Yes, my father. Okay, now let’s get talking about someone else’s family.
Sakura: お父さん (o-tō-san)
Peter: Yes, very nice. One more time, please.
Sakura: お父さん (o-tō-san)
Peter: Okay, father and talking about someone else’s family, please break this down for us.
Sakura: (slow)おとうさん (o-tō-san)
Peter: And one time fast.
Sakura: お父さん (o-tō-san)
Peter: Yeah, notice how that we have the long vowel in there. Okay, so back to the conversation. So Sakura and Natsuko are looking at a picture of Natsuko’s family and since Natsuko said that it’s her family, the older gentleman, well it’s a good chance that it’s her father. So if Sakura wanted to ask, is this your father, she would point and say
Sakura: あなたのお父さんですか。(Anata no o-tō-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your father? Yes, one more time.
Sakura: あなたのお父さんですか。(Anata no o-tō-san desu ka.)
Peter: Yes, very nice. Why don’t we have Sakura ask Natsuko, is this her father and then have Natsuko reply. So you can see – pay attention to the word usage here. Here we go.
Sakura: あなたのお父さんですか。(Anata no o-tō-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your father?
Natsuko: はい、私の父です。(Hai, watashi no chichi desu.)
Peter: Yes, this is my father. Perfect, perfect, perfect. You see the difference between talking about someone else’s family and your own family. Okay, so let’s go through some more family members and again, Natsuko will be giving a speech about your own family and Sakura will be giving a speech about someone else’s family. Okay, here we go. Mother, talking about your own family.
VOCAB LIST
Natsuko: 母 (haha)
Peter: Mother. Talking about someone else’s family.
Sakura: お母さん (o-kā-san)
Peter: Very nice. One more time, Sakura.
Sakura: お母さん (o-kā-san)
Peter: Okay, and please break this down.
Sakura: (slow)おかあさん (o-kā-san)
Peter: And one time fast.
Sakura: お母さん (o-kā-san)
Peter: Yes, mother. Next, my older brother. Talking about your own family.
Natsuko: 兄 (ani)
Peter: Older brother. Talking about someone else’s family.
Sakura: お兄さん (o-nii-san)
Peter: One more time, Sakura.
Sakura: お兄さん (o-nii-san)
Peter: Break it down.
Sakura: (slow)おにいさん (o-nii-san)
Peter: One time fast.
Sakura: お兄さん (o-nii-san)
Peter: Very nice. Older sister, talking about your own family.
Natsuko: 姉 (ane)
Peter: Older sister. Talking about someone else’s family.
Sakura: お姉さん (o-nee-san) (slow)おねえさん (o-nee-san)
Peter: One time fast.
Sakura: お姉さん (o-nee-san)
Peter: Okay. Younger brother. Talking about your own family.
Natsuko: 弟 (otōto)
Peter: Younger brother. Talking about someone else’s family.
Sakura: 弟さん (otōto-san)
Peter: One more time.
Sakura: 弟さん (otōto-san)
Peter: Break it down.
Sakura: (slow)おとうとさん (otōto-san)
Peter: One time fast.
Sakura: 弟さん (otōto-san)
Peter: Very nice. Next, younger sister. Talking about your own family.
Natsuko: 妹 (imōto)
Peter: Younger sister. Talking about someone else’s family.
Sakura: 妹さん (imōto-san)
Peter: One more time.
Sakura: 妹さん (imōto-san)
Peter: Break it down.
Sakura: (slow)いもうとさん (imōto-san)
Peter: One time fast.
Sakura: 妹さん (imōto-san)
Peter: Excellent. Now we are going to have Sakura ask one more time and Natsuko will answer. So please pay attention to the difference between Sakura who is speaking about Natsuko’s family and Natsuko who is speaking about her own family. Remember, Sakura, other people’s, Natsuko, her own, okay. Here we go.
Sakura: あなたのお父さんですか。(Anata no o-tō-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your father?
Natsuko: はい、私の父です。(Hai, watashi no chichi desu.)
Peter: Yes, this is my father.
Sakura: あなたのお母さんですか。(Anata no o-kā-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your mother?
Natsuko: はい、私の母です。(Hai, watashi no haha desu.)
Peter: Yes, this is my mother.
Sakura: あなたのお兄さんですか。(Anata no o-nii-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your older brother?
Natsuko: はい、私の兄です。(Hai, watashi no ani desu.)
Peter: Yes, this is my older brother.
Sakura: あなたのお姉さんですか。(Anata no o-nee-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your older sister?
Natsuko: はい、私の姉です。(Hai, watashi no ane desu.)
Peter: Yes, this is my older sister.
Sakura: あなたの弟さんですか。(Anata no otōto-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your younger brother?
Natsuko: はい、私の弟です。(Hai, watashi no otōto desu.)
Peter: Yes, this is my younger brother.
Sakura: あなたの妹さんですか。(Anata no imōto-san desu ka.)
Peter: Is this your younger sister?
Natsuko: はい、私の妹です。(Hai, watashi no imōto desu.)
Peter: Yes, this is my younger sister. Excellent, excellent, excellent. This is so important because knowing which words to use when speaking about your own family and other people’s families is quite tricky but thanks to Natsuko and Sakura, we turned this into
Sakura: 朝飯前 (asameshimae)
Peter: Piece of cake.
Natsuko: Yes.

Outro

Peter: I'll tell you. This lesson 勉強になりました (benkyō ni narimashita), I learned a lot because this is one confusing topic but not anymore. Thanks to Natsuko and Sakura. Okay, so we are going to stop here. So we will say.
Sakura: また明日ね。(Mata ashita ne.)
Natsuko: また明日。(Mata ashita.)
Peter: See you tomorrow.

Kanji

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87 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
February 19th, 2019 at 01:07 AM
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Hi Richard,


Thank you for studying with us!


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.👍


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

richard williams
February 17th, 2019 at 08:35 AM
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thanks.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 3rd, 2019 at 08:29 AM
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Hi Seb,


Thank you for asking the question!

In case of twins, here's how to say it:

双子の ~

ふたごの ~

Futago no ~

For ~ part, you can insert 兄(あに)、弟(おとうと)、姉(あね)or 妹(いもうと).

So if you are one of the twin and you are the older one, you can say 双子の弟(ふたごのおとうと)as you point the picture of your twin brother.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Seb
December 31st, 2018 at 05:15 PM
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You have covered names for older and younger brothers and sisters. What about names for twin brother or twin sister? Thankyou.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 18th, 2018 at 07:16 AM
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Hi Matthew,


Thank you very much for helping other users and giving them great advice!

Please keep up the good work.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 3rd, 2018 at 02:14 AM
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Hi Leahi,


Thank you for the question!

Yes, there are two different words for older and younger sister-in-law. Please see below.

Older sister-in-law: 義理の姉・ぎりのあね・giri no ane.

Younger sister-in-law: 義理の妹・ぎりのいもうと・giri no imōto.


Hi Matthew,


Thank you very much for sharing your advice with other members! That's a great advice! 😄


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Matthew
August 27th, 2018 at 03:14 AM
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@Leahi

One way to say sister-in-law would be to use the word for sister (either あに or いもうと) preceded by ぎりの. So you'd have either ぎりの あに or ぎりの いもうと. ぎり means duty, honor, or responsibility, and there in Traditional Japan there was a responsibility to your in-laws (especially if you were a female entering your husband's household though generally it was the other way around). So it's kind of a way of saying "responsible for as a little sister/older sister".


One other thing I would add is that you should REALLY learn kanji. I know it seems daunting at first (and it is), but the language really makes far more sense after you learn kanji. Not only can you tell a lot about words you've never seen before by the kanji alone and often know how to pronounce them by context (different pronunciations often have different meanings for kanji), but it also really gives a lot more depth and meaning to words that they don't have without the kanji. At first it slows down your learning, but once you learn enough kanji it accelerates vocabulary learning considerably. Just some helpful advice. ^^

Leahi
June 4th, 2018 at 07:34 AM
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Hi there,

Can you tell me how to say sister-in-law?

Are there separate words for older, younger sister-in-law?

Please answer in hiragana / Romanji

Thank you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 31st, 2017 at 10:17 PM
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Hi Cristina,


Thank you for your comment! For both questions, either answer is perfectly appropriate to use. For an example, the difference between the first two sentences are like saying 'No, however I have a younger brother', and 'No, I have a younger brother'. Both sentences make perfect grammatical sense and there is no major different between them. I hope this has cleared you understanding.


We wish you the best of luck with your further studies. これからも日本語の勉強を頑張って下さい。


Piers

Team JapanesePod101.com

Cristina
June 30th, 2017 at 01:16 PM
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Hello!

This was a very good lesson!

I have a question, if someone asks me "onisan ga imasu ka?"

Would it be proper to respond with " Iie, watashini wa ototo ga hitori imasu." or "Iie, demo watashini wa ototo ga hitori imasu."

One more question, if someone asks me "kazoku wa tanoshii desu ka?" Can I respond with "Hai, watashino kazoku wa tanoshi desu." or "Hai, kazoku wa tanoshi desu."

Thank you so much for your help!