Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Natsuko: こんにちは、ナツコです。(Kon’nichiwa, Natsuko desu.)
Peter: Peter here. Beginner lesson #168. Disaster Drill 1. Natsuko-san,
Natsuko: One.
Peter: One. There are usually two.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: Sometimes three and then we take it from there. Let’s start off with disaster drill. How do we say that in Japanese?
Natsuko: 避難訓練 (hinan kunren)
Peter: Okay, and just break that down.
Natsuko: (slow) ひなんくんれん (hinan kunren) (natural speed) 避難訓練 (hinan kunren) 
避難 (hinan) means to get away from disaster.
Peter: Escape disaster.
Natsuko: Yeah. And 訓練 (kunren) means training or drill.
Peter: And this is translated as disaster drill. Now this is quite common in Japan because there are lots of disasters.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Or not lots of disasters but potential for many disasters. Now Natsuko-san, in Japanese, can you give us some of the main threatening disasters in Japan?
Natsuko: One should definitely be 地震 (jishin).
Peter: Earthquake.
Natsuko: And maybe 火事 (kaji).
Peter: Fire. Yeah, so many of the buildings are so close together.
Natsuko: And mostly they are wooden.
Peter: Yeah, TinderBox. Also we have
Natsuko: 台風 (taifū)
Peter: Typhoon. Just listen to the pronunciation, one more time.
Natsuko: 台風 (taifū)
Peter: And English typhoon.
Natsuko: 津波 (tsunami)
Peter: Tsunami and of course that’s the large wave.
Natsuko: Yeah. The word Tsunami is almost now a global standard, isn’t it?
Peter: Yeah.
Natsuko: Because it’s a disaster.
Peter: Yeah, and I believe I was reading, like the difference between Tsunami and tidal wave. The tidal wave is a big wall of water.
Natsuko: Oh yeah.
Peter: Where the tsunami is the long waves.
Natsuko: Oh!
Peter: Like the water pulls in and out but I probably will be corrected on the blog. Okay, with that said, conversation, today what do we have? Where is the conversation taking place?
Natsuko: School.
Peter: Okay, so what kind of Japanese do we have?
Natsuko: Both informal and formal.
Peter: And why is that?
Natsuko: Because here it's teacher and student.
Peter: So the teacher is speaking informal Japanese and the kids are speaking polite Japanese to the teacher. All right, here we go.
DIALOGUE
先生 (sensei) : 今日は、避難訓練がある。(Kyō wa, hinan kunren ga aru.)
生徒達 (seito-tachi) : えーっ。やだー。(Ē. Yadā.)
先生 (sensei) : 緊急の場合に、守らないといけない、大切な言葉は何だったか、わかる人は手を挙げて?(Kinkyū no bāi ni, mamoranai to ikenai, taisetsu na kotoba wa nan datta ka, wakaru hito wa te o agete?)
生徒達 (seito-tachi) : はい!はい!はい!はい!(Hai! Hai! Hai! Hai!)
先生 (sensei) : じゃあ、山田。(Jā, Yamada.)
山田 (Yamada) : えーっと、「オアシス」です。(Ētto, "oashisu" desu.)
先生 (sensei) : 「オアシス」ってどういう意味だ?("Oashisu" tte dō iu imi da?)
山田 (Yamada) : 「おさない」「あわてない」「静かに」「すばやく」の頭の文字をとったものです。(“Osanai” “awatenai” “shizuka ni” “subayaku” no atama no moji o totta mono desu.)
先生 (sensei) : おおー、正解。まさか、山田が正解するとは・・・。(Ō, seikai. Masaka, Yamada ga seikai suru to wa....)
Natsuko: もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do onegai shimasu. Yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
先生 (sensei) : 今日は、避難訓練がある。(Kyō wa, hinan kunren ga aru.)
生徒達 (seito-tachi) : えーっ。やだー。(Ē. Yadā.)
先生 (sensei) : 緊急の場合に、守らないといけない、大切な言葉は何だったか、わかる人は手を挙げて?(Kinkyū no bāi ni, mamoranai to ikenai, taisetsu na kotoba wa nan datta ka, wakaru hito wa te o agete?)
生徒達 (seito-tachi) : はい!はい!はい!はい!(Hai! Hai! Hai! Hai!)
先生 (sensei) : じゃあ、山田。(Jā, Yamada.)
山田 (Yamada) : えーっと、「オアシス」です。(Ētto, "oashisu" desu.)
先生 (sensei) : 「オアシス」ってどういう意味だ?("Oashisu" tte dō iu imi da?)
山田 (Yamada) : 「おさない」「あわてない」「静かに」「すばやく」の頭の文字をとったものです。(“Osanai” “awatenai” “shizuka ni” “subayaku” no atama no moji o totta mono desu.)
先生 (sensei) : おおー、正解。まさか、山田が正解するとは・・・。(Ō, seikai. Masaka, Yamada ga seikai suru to wa....)
Natsuko: 次は、英語が入ります。(Tsugi wa, Eigo ga hairimasu.)
先生 (sensei) : 今日は、避難訓練がある。(Kyō wa, hinan kunren ga aru.)
TEACHER: We have a disaster drill today.
生徒達 (seito-tachi) : えーっ。やだー。(Ē. Yadā.)
STUDENTS: What? We don't want to.
先生 (sensei) : 緊急の場合に、守らないといけない、大切な言葉は何だったか、わかる人は手を挙げて?(Kinkyū no bāi ni, mamoranai to ikenai, taisetsu na kotoba wa nan datta ka, wakaru hito wa te o agete?)
TEACHER: Who remembers the important phrase we have to abide by in case of an mergency? The person who knows, please raise your hand.
生徒達 (seito-tachi) : はい!はい!はい!はい!(Hai! Hai! Hai! Hai!)
STUDENTS: Me! Me! Me! Me!
先生 (sensei) : じゃあ、山田。(Jā, Yamada.)
TEACHER: Well, how about you, Yamada?
山田 (Yamada) : えーっと、「オアシス」です。(Ētto, "oashisu" desu.)
YAMADA: Umm. "Oasis."
先生 (sensei) : 「オアシス」ってどういう意味だ?("Oashisu" tte dō iu imi da?)
TEACHER: And what does "Oasis" stand for?
山田 (Yamada) : 「おさない」「あわてない」「静かに」「すばやく」の頭の文字をとったものです。(“Osanai” “awatenai” “shizuka ni” “subayaku” no atama no moji o totta mono desu.)
YAMADA: It's the first letters from the (Japanese) words, "Don't push, don't rush, be quiet but nimble."
先生 (sensei) : おおー、正解。まさか、山田が正解するとは・・・。(Ō, seikai. Masaka, Yamada ga seikai suru to wa....)
TEACHER: Wow. That's correct. I never expected Yamada to give the right answer!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: ナツコさん、今日の会話どう思いましたか。(Natsuko-san, kyō no kaiwa dō omoimashita ka.)
Natsuko: あー、なんかショック。(Ā, nanka shokku.)
Peter: What’s wrong? What are you shocked about? What are you surprised about?
Natsuko: I really recall my elementary school days but I found out that the keyword changed from my time, from my days.
Peter: Oh that is a bit surprising.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: So the word we used today, which was, one more time.
Natsuko: オアシス (oashisu)
Peter: That wasn’t around when you were in elementary school.
Natsuko: Yeah, when I was a kid, we used おかし (okashi).
Peter: おかし (okashi)? おかしい (okashii)?
Natsuko: おかし (okashi). Only three words.
Peter: Three words.
Natsuko: Yeah, the three letters.
Peter: So not that extra い (i) that I put in there.
Natsuko: No. So…
Peter: And what do they stand for?
Natsuko: 「おさない」「かけない」「しゃべらない」 (“osanai” “kakenai” “shaberanai”)
Peter: Ah it changed!
Natsuko: Hah!
Peter: Hah!
Natsuko: Well it’s…
Peter: It’s probably just very – it’s really recent. 最近ですよ、大丈夫、大丈夫。気にしないで。(Saikin desu yo, daijōbu, daijōbu. Ki ni shinai de.)
Natsuko: It’s a long way ago.
Peter: All right, let’s take a look at this vocab. What do we have first, Natsuko-san?
VOCAB LIST
Natsuko: 避難訓練 (hinan kunren)
Peter: Disaster drill.
Natsuko: (slow) ひなんくんれん (hinan kunren) (natural speed) 避難訓練 (hinan kunren)
Peter: Then we have
Natsuko: 緊急 (kinkyū)
Peter: Emergency.
Natsuko: (slow) きんきゅう (kinkyū) (natural speed) 緊急 (kinkyū)
Peter: Now there is also a word that’s used on quite a few occasions.
Natsuko: 緊急時 (kinkyūji)
Peter: Time of emergency or in emergency, the actual time that it’s occurring.
Natsuko: Yeah, 緊急時 (kinkyūji)
Peter: Emergency.
Natsuko: (slow) きんきゅうじ (kinkyūji) (natural speed) 緊急時 (kinkyūji)
Peter: So actually we have 緊急 (kinkyū), suddenly and 時 (toki), time which and the reading here is じ (ji). So suddenly, a sudden time. So Natsuko-san, 緊急 (kinkyū) is emergency also.
Natsuko: Yeah, right.
Peter: So what’s the difference between these two?
Natsuko: 時 (ji) means time. So it’s more like, in case of emergency.
Peter: Yeah, in the – at the time of an emergency.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: Then we have
Natsuko: 大切 (taisetsu)
Peter: Important, valuable.
Natsuko: (slow) たいせつ (taisetsu) (natural speed) 大切 (taisetsu)
Peter: And what are some 大切なもの (taisetsu na mono) you should take with you in times of emergency? We covered this in a previous lesson. Were you there or did you listen to that lesson? The government recommends you grab certain things at the time of an emergency and sometimes we are watching TV.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: And there is an earthquake in that drama or that story and sometimes when you are watching a TV show and inside of that TV show, there is an earthquake, some people immediately run for something.
Natsuko: Well water?
Peter: Bankbook. Bankbook, forget the water. You can buy more.
Natsuko: Well…yeah but it’s better not to go back to get one. I think you should escape immediately.
Peter: Yes, and I remember we did a lesson about this. What to take with you at the time of an emergency. So interesting lesson. We had that whole list of what to do in this and it is a culture class I believe and next we have
Natsuko: 意味 (imi)
Peter: Meaning, significance.
Natsuko: (slow) いみ (imi) (natural speed) 意味 (imi)
Peter: Then we have
Natsuko: 慌てない (awatenai)
(slow) 慌てない (awatenai) (natural speed) 慌てない (awatenai)
Peter: Don’t rush. Keep your pants on. Very interesting, very interesting translation there. Next we have
Natsuko: 静かに (shizuka ni)
Peter: Quietly.
Natsuko: (slow) しずかに (shizuka ni) (natural speed) 静かに (shizuka ni)
Peter: Next.
Natsuko: すばやく (subayaku)
Peter: Quickly.
Natsuko: (slow) すばやく (subayaku) (natural speed) すばやく (subayaku)
Peter: Next.
Natsuko: 正解 (seikai)
Peter: Correct answer.
Natsuko: (slow) せいかい (seikai) (natural speed) 正解 (seikai)
Peter: Finally we have
Natsuko: まさか (masaka)
Peter: Unbelievable.
Natsuko: (slow) まさか (masaka) (natural speed) まさか (masaka)
Peter: Okay Natsuko, let’s take a look at today’s conversation. Now we always do this. We always run out of time. We have to rush through things but today we are going to take a look. We are going to start looking at the good stuff. Now we are going to start with the second line where the kids respond to the teacher saying today, we are going to have a disaster drill.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Natsuko: えーっ。やだー。(Ē. Yadā.)
Peter: All right. Nice Natsuko-san. You haven’t lost that touch. Now えーっ (ē), of course is an interjection and やだ (yada), two syllables here やだ (yada) but this is short for
Natsuko: いやだ (iya da)
Peter: And いや (iya) means something one doesn’t like.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: Something unpleasant. Yeah, unpleasant. So they don’t want to do it is what we are saying. Then we have the teacher
Natsuko: 緊急の場合に、守らないといけない、大切な言葉は何だったか、わかる人は手を挙げて?(Kinkyū no bāi ni, mamoranai to ikenai, taisetsu na kotoba wa nan datta ka, wakaru hito wa teo agete?)
Peter: Who remembers the important phrase we have to abide by in the case of an emergency. Let’s take a closer look at this conversation. First we have
Natsuko: 緊急の場合に (kinkyū no bāi ni)
Peter: We start off with
Natsuko: 緊急の (kinkyū no)
Peter: Emergency. Here the の (no) will translate as of, followed by
Natsuko: 場合に (bāi ni)
Peter: 場合 (bāi) here is the case.
Natsuko: Occasion.
Peter: Occasion. に (ni) will translate as in.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Or at. So to go backwards, in the case of an emergency, に (ni) in by case の (no) of emergency 緊急 (kinkyū). In the case of an emergency
Natsuko: 守らないといけない (mamoranai to ikenai)
Peter: Have to protect. Again this is a structure we covered previously. The plain negative of a verb plus といけない (to ikenai) means that thing can’t not do something which we translate as have to.
Natsuko: Have to.
Peter: In the case of an emergency, have to 守る (mamoru), 守る (mamoru) is protect. Have to protect, translate “have to abide by.”
Natsuko: 大切な言葉は (taisetsu na kotoba wa)
Peter: Important word but 言葉 (kotoba) can also mean phrase but here it’s the word. An important word.
Natsuko: 何だったか (nan datta ka)
Peter: What was. Why is this the case, Natsuko-san, the past tense?
Natsuko: Oh it’s because the teacher had already taught this to his student.
Peter: So therefore they should remember it.
Natsuko: Yes, so it’s like you know what was that, the thing I was talking about.
Peter: And nobody knows. Okay, and then we have
Natsuko: わかる人は手を挙げて (wakaru hito wa te o agete)
Peter: わかる人 (wakaru hito), the person who knows hand raise. So this て (te) what would come after this? What’s inferred, 手を挙げて (te o agete)?
Natsuko: ください (kudasai)
Peter: Yeah, please but again this is an informal teacher speaking to the student. So someone who knows, please raise your hand and all the kids, me, me, me……
Natsuko: Wow, they remember well.
Peter: Very well. So then, we get the answer from Yamada and what does this stand for?
Natsuko: おさない (osanai)
Peter: Don’t push.
Natsuko: あわてない (awatenai)
Peter: Don’t rush.
Natsuko: 静かに (shizuka ni)
Peter: Quietly.
Natsuko: すばやく (subayaku)
Peter: Quickly and this is the Japanese acronym for what should be done in the case of an emergency.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: Now we say – we introduced the acronym later and in Japanese, acronym is
Natsuko: 頭文字 (kashiramoji) but that actually means the letter at the front.
Peter: And this word “oashisu” was formed from the first letter of each word.
Natsuko: 頭文字 (kashiramoji) or 頭の文字 (atama no moji)
Peter: Meaning the first letter.
Natsuko: Yeah.
Peter: All right, and one last thing we want to point out. Finally we have the teacher. He says something that’s quite interesting.
Natsuko: まさか、山田が正解するとは。(Masaka, Yamada ga seikai suru to wa.)
Peter: I never expected Yamada to give the right answer. This is so…
Natsuko: Well!
Peter: What can we judge by this sentence?
Natsuko: Well, obviously Yamada isn’t the one who was expected to give the right answer.
Peter: Yeah, not the brightest crayon in the box.
Natsuko: But I think the teacher shouldn’t say that.
Peter: Natsuko-san, excellent point yes. They should be very supportive.
Natsuko: Maybe not here. Well we are supportive.

Outro

Peter: All right. So that is going to do for today. Any questions, stop by japanesepod101.com and leave us a post. Stop by, pick up the PDF. Inside the PDF, lots of things to bring altogether and finally inside the learning center, many things to really reinforce what you hear in the lessons. That’s going to do for today.
Natsuko: じゃあ、また今度。(Jā, mata kondo.)

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48 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 15th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, do you have earthquakes where you live? What are you supposed to do in the case of an emergency?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 19th, 2016 at 05:41 PM
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エリック さん、

こんにちは。:smile:

That is ok.

Don’t worry about that.

If you have any questions again, please feel free to ask us.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

エリック
September 18th, 2016 at 05:25 AM
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Actually, please disregard my previous comment. I see that 由紀さん has already explained it in another comment. :smile:

エリック
September 18th, 2016 at 05:22 AM
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Yet another fantastic lesson! :thumbsup:


In the lesson dialogue, the teacher says 「まさか、やまだがせいかいするとは・・・」. Could you explain what 「とは」 means in the context of 「するとは」? Thank you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 20th, 2016 at 06:00 AM
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Megan san,

Konnichiwa.:smile:

You are welcome.

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

megan
June 14th, 2016 at 09:46 PM
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Thank you Yuki. I understand it now)


(That comment was left by Naomi.)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 14th, 2016 at 01:13 PM
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Megan san,

Konnichiwa.

Actually the part, 山田が正解するとは・・・should be by 思っていなかった (I didn’t expect) or びっくりだ (is surprising) and so on.

と andは are particles and indicate a fact which is not expected in the past.

Regarding ‘to’ is a quotation marker, I can’t find the comment.:disappointed:

Could you please tell me when it’s posted?

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Megan
June 3rd, 2016 at 07:22 AM
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Hi can you explain more about 'to' 'ha' in this sentence


おおー、正解。まさか、山田が正解するとは・・・


You said below that 'to' was a quotation marker. Could you explain more about this?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 15th, 2014 at 04:58 PM
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wael-san,

sometimes, you can use more than one conditional word.

The meaning of 場合 itself is "case", "situation", etc. So, when you use ~場合(は),

the nuance of the sentence includes this meaning of "case" or "situation".


Please revise the lessons for "tara", "nara", "ba" and "to".

と cannot be used in your sentence. It's incorrect.


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

wael
November 14th, 2014 at 12:17 PM
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what is difference between baai and other conjunction condition as tara,toshitara,ba,..Etc ? (in hypothetical situation)

熱が下がらなかった場合、この薬を飲んでください。

熱が下がらなければ、この薬を飲んでください。

熱が下がらなかったとしたら、この薬を飲んでください。

熱が下がらなかったと、この薬を飲んでください。S1 and S2 have different subject.

in other word,what is make 場合いはis spacial ,compared by other the conjunction condition ,which could use them in hypothetical situation.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 15th, 2014 at 05:08 PM
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wael-san,

when we hypothetically talk about "case(s)" assuming that something already happened,

we use ~た場合 and this is often translated as "in case".

If we want to say "in case (if/when) you think something will happen", that's when we use ~る場合.

Let's take your sentences of "late for work".

会社に遅れる場合は、連絡してください。

This means the speaker is asking the other person to contact him/her "if (s/he realises

that) s/he will be late for work".

会社に遅れた場合は、連絡してください。

In this case, the speaker needs to know that this person arrived late at the company,

only after/if s/he actually arrived late.

As to 火事 sentence, only 起きた場合 is correct.


For 火事、地震 and 台風, we can use あった for all three, but 起きた is usually not for 台風


I'm not too sure what your last question is, but the grammatically correct expressions/conjugations are:

熱が下がらなかった。

熱が高い(です)。

熱が低くなった。(although this can be correct as usage only under specific context.)

熱が上がる。


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com