Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Jessi: Hi everyone, ジェシーです (Jeshī desu)。 Jessi here!
Tomoyuki: こんにちは (Kon'nichiwa)、Tomoyukiです (desu)。
Jessi: There's a 6 A.M. in Japan? Thanks as always for joining us! Tomoyuki, what did we learn in the last lesson, Lesson 4?
Tomoyuki: In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about the weather, such as 今日は暑いですね (Kyō wa atsui desu ne).
Jessi: Which is "It's hot today, isn't it?" And in this lesson, you'll learn how to ask what time it is, and how to say what time it is.
Tomoyuki: That's right. What's happening in the conversation?
Jessi: Taylor and Kaori are talking on Skype! Taylor is in the US, and Kaori is in Japan, and so they're talking about what time it is.
Tomoyuki: Let's listen to the conversation.
Dialogue
(Skype)
かおり: こんばんは、テイラーさん。
Kaori: Konbanwa, Teirā-san.
テイラー: かおりさん!おはよう ございます。
Taylor: Kaori-san! Ohayō gozaimasu.
かおり: ?いま、なんじ ですか。
Kaori: ? Ima, nan-ji desu ka.
テイラー: Roku-ji desu.
Taylor: 6Ji desu.
かおり: ごぜん?
Kaori: Gozen?
テイラー: はい。ごぜん 6じ です。
Taylor: Hai. Gozen roku-ji desu.
Jessi: Let’s listen to the conversation again slowly.
かおり: こんばんは、テイラーさん。
Kaori: Konbanwa, Teirā-san.
テイラー: かおりさん!おはよう ございます。
Taylor: Kaori-san! Ohayō gozaimasu.
かおり: ?いま、なんじ ですか。
Kaori: ? Ima, nan-ji desu ka.
テイラー: Roku-ji desu.
Taylor: 6Ji desu.
かおり: ごぜん?
Kaori: Gozen?
テイラー: はい。ごぜん 6じ です。
Taylor: Hai. Gozen roku-ji desu.
Jessi: Now let’s listen to it with the translation.
かおり: こんばんは、テイラーさん。
Kaori: Konbanwa, Teirā-san.
Jessi: Good evening, Taylor.
テイラー: かおりさん!おはよう ございます。
Taylor: Kaori-san! Ohayō gozaimasu.
Jessi: Kaori! Good morning.
かおり: ?いま、なんじ ですか。
Kaori: ? Ima, nan-ji desu ka.
Jessi: What time is it now?
テイラー: 6じ です。
Taylor: Roku-ji desu.
Jessi: It's six o'clock.
かおり: ごぜん?
Kaori: Gozen?
Jessi: A.M.?
テイラー: はい。ごぜん 6じ です。
Taylor: Hai. Gozen roku-ji desu.
Jessi: Yes. Six o'clock A.M.
Vocabulary and Phrase Usage
Jessi: Okay, so Kaori and Taylor are talking together on Skype!
Tomoyuki: Yes. Kaori is in Japan, and Taylor is in the US.
Jessi: I have to say, Skype is a really convenient way to talk to other people for free... would you say it's popular in Japan?
Tomoyuki: Hmm, I don't think it has as many users as the US and other countries... but some people do use it.
Jessi: It's known as スカイプ (sukaipu) in Japanese, right?
Tomoyuki: That's right, スカイプ (sukaipu)。
Jessi: By the way, Taylor is in the US, and Kaori is in Japan, right? What's the time difference between the US and Japan again?
Tomoyuki: Anywhere from 13-16 hours.
Jessi: 13 to 16 hours... quite a big gap!
Tomoyuki: Right. That's why they were asking each other what time it was.
Jessi: Right. Since we're talking about time, let's review the numbers from 11-19.
Tomoyuki: We learned them in Season 1. They're very simple.
Jessi: Yes! If you know the numbers from 1-10, then 11-19 are no problem. So,Tomoyuki, what's 10 in Japanese?
Tomoyuki: じゅう (jū)
Jessi: And then, to create the numbers higher than 10, just take じゅう (jū) and add the number to it. For example...
Tomoyuki: Eleven is ten, じゅう (jū), plus one, いち (ichi).
Jessi: じゅう いち (Jū-ichi)。 じゅういち (Jū-ichi). Eleven. So, let's go through the rest. Twelve is...?
Tomoyuki: じゅうに (jū-ni)
Jessi: Thirteen.
Tomoyuki: じゅうさん (jū-san)
Jessi: Fourteen
Tomoyuki: じゅうよん (jū-yon)
Jessi: Fifteen
Tomoyuki: じゅうご (jū-go)
Jessi: Sixteen
Tomoyuki: じゅうろく (jū-roku)
Jessi: Seventeen
Tomoyuki: じゅうなな (jū-nana)
Jessi: Eighteen
Tomoyuki: じゅうはち (jū-hachi)
Jessi: Nineteen
Tomoyuki: じゅうきゅう (jū-kyū)
Jessi: Okay! Great. If you want to review them some more, check the PDF for this lesson. Now, there are a couple of other words related to time I'd like to mention.
Tomoyuki: You mean that, A.M. and P.M.?
Jessi: Yes! Those are them. Tomoyuki, how do you say A.M.?
Tomoyuki: ごぜん (gozen)
Jessi: ごぜん (gozen). A.M. And how do you say P.M.?
Tomoyuki: ごご (gogo)
Jessi: ごご (gogo). Great! So, for example.. how would you say 8 A.M.?
Tomoyuki: Hmm.. wait! That's what we cover in the next section! Telling time.
Jessi: Oh, okay then! Let's move on to the lesson focus.
Grammar Point
Jessi: In this lesson, you'll learn how to ask what time it is, and say what time is it.
Tomoyuki: We'll start with how to ask the time.
Jessi: Yes. It's not hard at all! It's very basic. Let's jump right in. Tomoyuki, what is the phrase that means "What time is it?"
Tomoyuki: なんじですか? (nan-ji desu ka?)
Jessi: [slowly] なんじですか? (nan-ji desu ka?) Tomoyuki, let's break this down. First we have
Tomoyuki: なんじ (nan-ji)
Jessi: which means "what time", and then
Tomoyuki: ですか (nan-ji)
Jessi: Remember that the か means that this phrase is a question. So, one more time all together?
Tomoyuki: なんじですか? (nan-ji desu ka?)
Jessi: なんじですか? (nan-ji desu ka?) Listeners, please repeat.
Tomoyuki: なんじですか? (nan-ji desu ka?)
[pause]
Jessi: Great!
Tomoyuki: Sometimes we put いま (ima), which means "now", in the front and say いま、なんじですか (ima, nan-ji desu ka)?
Jessi: いま、なんじですか。 (Ima, nan-ji desu ka.) "What time is it now?". OK. Listeners, repeat. "What time is it now?"
Tomoyuki: いま、なんじですか。 (Ima, nan-ji desu ka.)
[pause]
Jessi: Not so bad, right? Now, let's move on to how to tell the time in Japanese.
Tomoyuki: This is also quite simple.
Jessi: Yes. Listeners, do you remember all of your numbers from 1-10?
Tomoyuki: If you want to review, we recommend listening to Lesson 4 again.
Jessi: Okay, Tomoyuki, could you give us our sentence pattern for telling the time?
Tomoyuki: Sure. It's... number, plus じ (ji) plus です (desu).
Jessi: Number, plus じ (ji) plus です (desu).
Tomoyuki: Right. Let's show some examples.
Jessi: Okay. Let's say it's one o'clock. How do we say "It's one o'clock"?
Tomoyuki: Well, one is いち (ichi), and then we add じ (ji) plus です (desu). All together... 1時です (ichi-ji desu)。
Jessi: 1時 です。 (ichi-ji desu.) "It's one o'clock." How simple!
Tomoyuki: Yes, it's very simple.
Jessi: How about we go through numbers 1-12?
Tomoyuki: Sounds good!
Jessi: Listener, please listen closely, and repeat after Tomoyuki.
It's one o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 1時です。 (ichi-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's two o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 2時です。 (ni-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's three o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 3時です。 (san-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's four o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 4時です。(yo-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's five o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 5時です。 (go-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's six o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 6時です。 (roku-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's seven o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 7時です。 (shichi-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's eight o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 8時です。 (hachi-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's nine o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 9時です。 (ku-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's ten o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 10時です。 (jū-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's eleven o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 11時です。 (jū-ichi-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: It's twelve o'clock.
Tomoyuki: 12時です。 (jū-ni-ji desu.) [pause]
Jessi: Okay, great! Now, there are three times that are irregular that we want to point out.
Tomoyuki: The first one is よじ (yo-ji), four o'clock.
Jessi: Remember that "four" in Japanese is actually よん (yon). But when we tell time, the よん (yon) becomes よ (yo), and we say よじ (yo-ji).
Tomoyuki: よじ。 (Yo-ji.) Four o'clock. Please repeat. よじ (yo-ji).
[pause]
Jessi: Great. The next one is for seven o'clock.
Tomoyuki: That's right. Before, you learned that seven is なな (nana).
Jessi: There are actually two ways to say "seven" in Japanese, なな (nana), and しち (shichi).
Tomoyuki: And for telling time, we use しち (shichi).
Jessi: This one is just an exception you'll have to remember. So Tomoyuki, seven o'clock is...?
Tomoyuki: しちじ. (shichi-ji.)
Jessi: しちじ. (shichi-ji.)
All right, now the last irregular time is くじ (ku-ji), for nine o'clock.
Tomoyuki: Remember that "nine" in Japanese is actually きゅう (kyū).
Jessi: But when we tell time, the きゅう (kyū) becomes く (ku), and we say くじ (ku-ji).
Tomoyuki: くじ。 (ku-ji.) Nine o'clock. Please repeat. くじ (ku-ji).
[pause]
Jessi: Okay! Let's do some practice questions.
Tomoyuki: Sounds good.
Jessi: Listeners, we're going to ask you how to say different times.
Tomoyuki: Jessi, what time is it right now? 「いま、なんじですか?」 (Ima, nan-ji desu ka?)
Jessi: Right now? It's about... 5 o'clock! Let's ask our listeners how to say that. Listeners, how do you say, it's five o'clock?
Tomoyuki: Remember that the structure is number plus じ (ji) plus です (desu).
[pause]
Jessi: And the answer is?
Tomoyuki: 5時です。 (go-ji desu.)
Jessi: 5時です。 (go-ji desu.) Great!! Okay, let's try one with a higher number.. How about eleven o'clock?
Tomoyuki: Listeners, how do you say, it's eleven o'clock?
Jessi: Remember that eleven is じゅういち (jū-ichi).
[pause]
Jessi: And the answer is?
Tomoyuki: 11時です。 (jū-ichi-ji desu.)
Jessi: 11時です。 (jū-ichi-ji desu.) Okay! Now, before we go, I want to bring up something we talked about earlier...
Tomoyuki: What's that?
Jessi: The words for A.M. and P.M. - 午前 (gozen) and 午後 (gogo)! Now that we know how to tell time, we can add these two to be more precise!
Tomoyuki: That’s right. Unlike in English, in Japanese, A.M. and P.M. come before the time.
Jessi: Yes, for example, it's 5 A.M. is...
Tomoyuki: 午前5時です。 (Gozen go-ji desu.)
Jessi: And it's 11 P.M. would be...
Tomoyuki: 午後11時です。 (Gogo jū-ichi-ji desu.)
Jessi: So, as you can see, 午前 (gozen) and 午後 (gogo) come before the number.

Outro

Jessi: All right! Phew, we've covered a lot in this lesson, I think!
Tomoyuki: We sure have.
Jessi: Listeners, I'd like to make a request - please tell us what time it is now where YOU are in the comments!
Tomoyuki: Please use the structure from this lesson.
Jessi: Okay, well that's going to do it for this lesson!
Tomoyuki: Thanks for listening.
Jessi: See you next time!!!!
Tomoyuki: じゃまた。 (Ja mata.)

Grammar

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606 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 27th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, ima nan-ji desu ka? What time is it where you are? :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 12th, 2021 at 03:22 PM
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Pablo Ignacio Scalettaさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

日本はごご3時です👍


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Pablo Ignacio Scaletta
October 8th, 2021 at 02:10 AM
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ごご2時です。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 23rd, 2021 at 03:40 PM
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Patrikさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

そうですか。今、日本は15時40分ですよ😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Patrik
September 21st, 2021 at 10:57 PM
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今十五じ、五十六、五十六分です。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 3rd, 2021 at 03:23 PM
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Marcusさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

Your sentences look perfect👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Marcus
August 25th, 2021 at 08:24 AM
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いま ごごよじです

ima gogo yojidesu

今 午後4時です

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2021 at 03:25 PM
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Staceyさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

I'm sorry, but I'm not sure which hour you tried to say😅

I think it's either くじ (9) or じゅうにじ (12)?


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Stacey
July 20th, 2021 at 01:36 AM
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ごご きゅにじです。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 19th, 2021 at 09:02 PM
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Alishaさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

Your sentence looks perfect👍


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Alisha
June 16th, 2021 at 12:33 PM
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午後11時30分です。