Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Jessi: Hi everyone, ジェシーです (Jeshī desu)。 Jessi here!
Tomoyuki: こんにちは (Kon'nichiwa)、Tomoyukiです (desu)。
Jessi: Are You Missing Your Japanese Dog? Thanks as always for joining us! Tomoyuki, what did we learn in the last lesson, Lesson 14?
Tomoyuki: In the last lesson, we learned how to ask and say where something is. For example, エスカレーターは、どこにありますか (esukarētā wa, dokoni arimasu ka)?
Jessi: Which is, "Where is the escalator?" In this lesson, you'll learn how to say that something or someone is NOT in a certain place. For example, "John is not at school", or "It's not here."
Tomoyuki: That's right. What's happening in the conversation?
Jessi: Masato, Taylor and Chiemi are still at the airport, and they are having a conversation.
Tomoyuki: OK, Let's listen to the conversation.
Dialogue
まさと: テイラーさーん!にほん へ ようこそ!
Masato: Teirā-sān! Nihon e yōkoso!
テイラー: あ、まさとさん。おひさしぶり です。
Taylor: A, Masato-san. O-hisashiburi desu.
まさと: おひさしぶりです。ちえみちゃん、サラちゃん、ひさしぶり。
Masato: O-hisashiburi desu. Chiemi-chan Sara-chan, hisashiburi.
ちえみ: ひさしぶり。
Chiemi: Hisashiburi.
サラ: (goo gaa)
Sarah: (Gū gaa)
まさと: あれ?マトリーはどこにいますか。
Masato: Are? Matorī wa doko ni imasu ka.
テイラー: マトリーはここにいません。マトリーはカリフォルニアにいます。
Taylor: Matorī wa koko ni imasen. Matorī wa Kariforunia ni imasu.
まさと: えー。ざんねん。
Masato:Ē. Zan'nen.
Jessi: Let’s listen to the conversation again slowly.
まさと: テイラーさーん!にほん へ ようこそ!
Masato: Teirā-sān! Nihon e yōkoso!
テイラー: あ、まさとさん。おひさしぶり です。
Taylor: A, Masato-san. O-hisashiburi desu.
まさと: おひさしぶりです。ちえみちゃん、サラちゃん、ひさしぶり。
Masato: O-hisashiburi desu. Chiemi-chan Sara-chan, hisashiburi.
ちえみ: ひさしぶり。
Chiemi: Hisashiburi.
サラ: (goo gaa)
Sarah: (Gū gaa)
まさと: あれ?マトリーはどこにいますか。
Masato: Are? Matorī wa doko ni imasu ka.
テイラー: マトリーはここにいません。マトリーはカリフォルニアにいます。
Taylor: Matorī wa koko ni imasen. Matorī wa Kariforunia ni imasu.
まさと: えー。ざんねん。
Masato:Ē. Zan'nen.
Jessi: Now let’s listen to it with the translation.
まさと: テイラーさーん!にほん へ ようこそ!
Masato: Teirā-sa ̄ n! Ni hon e yōkoso!
Jessi: Taylor! Welcome to Japan!
テイラー: あ、まさとさん。おひさしぶり です。
Taylor: A, ma Sato-san. O Hisashi-buridesu.
Jessi: Oh, Masato. Long time no see.
まさと: おひさしぶりです。
Masato: O Hisashi-buridesu.
Jessi: Long time no see!
まさと: ちえみちゃん、サラちゃん、ひさしぶり。
Masato: Chiemi-chan, sara-chan, hisashi-buri.
Jessi: Chiemi, Sara, long time no see.
ちえみ: ひさしぶり。
Chiemi: Hisashi-buri.
Jessi: Long time no see.
まさと: あれ?マトリーはどこにいますか。
Masato: Are? Matorī wa doko ni imasu ka.
Jessi: Huh? Where's Muttley?
テイラー: マトリーはここにいません。
Taylor: Matorī wa koko ni imasen.
Jessi: Muttley's not here.
テイラー: マトリーはカリフォルニアにいます。
Taylor: Matorī wa Kariforunia ni imasu.
Jessi: Muttley is in California.
まさと: えー。ざんねん。
Masato: E ̄. Zan'nen.
Jessi: Aww. That's a shame.
Vocabulary and Phrase Usage
Jessi: So, Taylor and his family and Masato have finally met up!
Tomoyuki: Yes, finally!
Jessi: Masato sounds happy to see them, he gives them a great big welcome. What does he say again?
Tomoyuki: He says 日本(にほん)へようこそ (Nihon e yōkoso)!
Jessi: 日本(にほん)へようこそ (Nihon e yōkoso)! Welcome to Japan!
Tomoyuki: That's right. This is a really nice phrase.
Jessi: If you break it down, you get...
Tomoyuki: にほん (Nihon)
Jessi: Japan
Tomoyuki: へ ようこそ (e yōkoso)
Jessi: welcome to
Tomoyuki: That's right. The pattern would be [place]へようこそ (e yōkoso)。
Jessi: And that would be “Welcome to [place]”! Okay, let's look at some other words we saw.
Tomoyuki: Okay!
Jessi: The next one is...
Tomoyuki: 残念(ざんねん) (zan'nen)
Jessi: "That's too bad", or "that's a shame". Masato said this after Taylor told him that Muttley, their dog, wasn't with them.
Tomoyuki: Yes, he said えー、残念(ざんねん)(Ē, zan'nen)。
Jessi: "Aww, that's a shame." So if anyone tells you something that's a shame, or something that's bad news... you can use this 残念(ざんねん) (Ē, zan'nen). It sounds a little casual, right?
Tomoyuki: Right. If you want to sound polite, you can add です (desu) after it. 残念(ざんねん)です (Zan'nen desu)。
Jessi: 残念(ざんねん)です (zan'nen desu) 。Good to know! Okay, and lastly, we have a phrase that is review. We learned this one a while ago.
Tomoyuki: Yes, and that is... お久しぶりです (Ohisashiburi desu)。
Jessi: お久しぶりです (Ohisashiburi desu)。Long time no see! It's the first thing that Masato and Taylor say, since it's been awhile since they've seen each other!
Tomoyuki: This is the perfect phrase for that situation.
Jessi: Yes. Okay, and with that, let's move on to the lesson focus.
Grammar Point
Jessi: In this lesson, you will learn how to say that someone or something is NOT in a certain place.
Tomoyuki: So we are making negative sentences, right?
Jessi: Right, we will be making sentences in the negative. First of all, we're going to be using the words we've been using in the last... 4 lessons, I think? And those are, あります (arimasu) and います (imasu)。
Tomoyuki: Remember that あります (arimasu) is used for objects, and います (imasu) is used for people and animals.
Jessi: Right. And they're both used to talk about existence: someone or something existing, or being somewhere. This time, we'll use their negative forms.
Tomoyuki: Okay. Let's get started.
Jessi: All right! First, let's talk about inanimate objects or things. What is our pattern?
Tomoyuki: It is... [item]は[place]にありません ([item] wa [place] ni arimasen)。
Jessi: [item]は[place]にありません ([Item] wa [place] ni arimasen)。And that means... [item] is NOT in [place]. For example... let's say you were looking for an ATM machine inside a building or a convenience store, and you wanted to ask someone if there was one...
Tomoyuki: ATMはここにありますか? (ATM wa koko ni arimasu ka?)
Jessi: Is there an ATM machine here? If there isn't one there, they might say...
Tomoyuki: ATMはここにありません。 (ATM wa koko ni arimasen.)
Jessi: ATMはここにありません (ATM wa koko ni arimasen)。 Remember that ここ (koko) means "here". Let's break the whole sentence down.
Tomoyuki: ATM (Jessi: ATM) は ここに (wa koko ni) (Jessi: here) ありません (arimasen) (Jessi: does not exist)。
Tomoyuki: ATMはここにありません。 (ATM wa koko ni arimasen.)
Jessi: There is no ATM here. Let's have the listeners try and repeat.
Tomoyuki: Okay. Repeat after me. ATMはここにありません (ATM wa koko ni arimasen)。
[pause]
Jessi: Our pattern is a little long this time!
Tomoyuki: Yeah, I think so.
Jessi: So, as always, you can leave off the subject if it's obvious what you're talking about.
Tomoyuki: Right, so you could say ここにありません (koko ni arimasen)。
Jessi: And this means, "it's not here", or, "there isn't one here". Okay! So, what's our next pattern?
Tomoyuki: [person or animal]は[place]にいません。 ([person or animal] wa [place] ni imasen.)
Jessi: So again, that’s [person or animal]は [place]に いません ([person or animal] wa [place] ni imasen)。[Person or animal] is NOT in [place]
Tomoyuki: So, for example, in the dialogue, Masato said マトリーは、どこにいますか (matorī wa, doko ni imasu ka)?
Jessi: "Where's Muttley?" And Taylor replied...
Tomoyuki: マトリーは、ここにいません。 (Matorī wa, koko ni imasen.)
Jessi: "Muttley is not here." Let's break it down
Tomoyuki: マトリー (Matorī) (Jessi: Muttley) は 、ここ (wa, koko) (Jessi: here) にいません (ni imasen) (Jessi: is not, does not exist)。
Jessi: So altogether...
Tomoyuki: マトリーは、ここにいません。 (Matorī wa, koko ni imasen.)
Jessi: "Muttley is not here." Okay listeners, please repeat!
Tomoyuki: マトリーは、ここにいません。 (Matorī wa, koko ni imasen.)
[pause]
Jessi: Great! How was that? By the way, in our example sentences, we used the word ここ (koko) a lot, but remember that you can put any place here!
Tomoyuki: Yes. Some other useful ones are そこ (soko), there, and あそこ (asoko), over there.
Jessi: And also, just remember to keep the difference between あります (arimasu) and います (imasu) straight.
Tomoyuki: Remember that あります (arimasu) is for things, and います (imasu) is for people and animals.

Outro

Jessi: Okay, listeners, please try making some sentences in the comment section of this lesson.
Tomoyuki: We can check them and give you feedback!
Jessi: It's a really good way to practice what you've learned here. Okay, well that's going to do it for this lesson!
Tomoyuki: Thanks for listening, everyone. Be sure to read the lesson notes, too.
Jessi: We'll see you all next time!
Tomoyuki: じゃあ、また! (Jā, mata!)

Grammar

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206 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 23rd, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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みなさん, has anything ざんねん happened to you lately? :( Tell us below~!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 18th, 2021 at 02:58 PM
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Hi Ance,


Thank you for your comment!

We are so glad to know that you've made steady progress with our lessons😊


Please let us know if you have any questions:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ance
March 13th, 2021 at 07:32 AM
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Naomi-san no neko wa koko ni imasu ka?

Iie, koko ni imasen.


Thank you for these lessons, JapanesePod!

I always try translating the conversation in each lesson, and most of the time I understand everything! I've made so much progress - thanks to you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 26th, 2021 at 08:34 PM
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Tim Sersenさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

*わたしはにほんにいません。

*わたしの娘はアメリカにいません。

*娘 は 福島にいます。

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Tim Sersen
January 26th, 2021 at 09:12 AM
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わたしわにほんにいます縁。Watashi wa nihon ni imasu en. I am not in Japan.

わたしの娘わアメリかにいますえん。Watashi wa, musume wa, america ni, imasu en. My daughter is not in America.

娘 の 福島にいます。Mususme no Fukushima ni imasu. My daughter is in Fukushima.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 24th, 2020 at 09:36 PM
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Lauraさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

Your sentences are correct👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Laura
July 23rd, 2020 at 05:38 AM
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Watashi no kaban wa asoko ni arimasu ka?


Iie, kaban wa asoko ni arimasen.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 21st, 2020 at 05:06 PM
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Konnichiwa Lisa,


Thank you for asking.

残念ながら means "Unfortunately" or "I'm afraid to say".

ながらmeans "but" "while" "although".

Checkout this grammar point: https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/reference/grammar/318?

By using ながら, Literally it says "Although you expected such, It turned differently"


Feel free to ask us any questions!

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lisa
June 29th, 2020 at 10:16 AM
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Dear team,


I always heard 残念ながら. Can I ask what ながら means? Thank you:)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 18th, 2020 at 11:04 AM
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Clumpyさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

イギリスですか!良いですね👍

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Clumpy
March 15th, 2020 at 06:31 AM
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watashi wa Amerika ni imasen. Igirisu ni imasu.