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Lesson Transcript

Hi, everybody! Hiroko here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher where I'll answer some of your most common Japanese questions.
The question for this lesson is...
What is the difference between ARIGATŌ GOZAIMASU and ARIGATŌ GOZAIMASHITA?
So, when your teacher lends you his book, you’ll say "Arigatō gozaimasu."
But, when you return the book to your teacher, you might wanna say the same thing again, "Arigatō gozaimasu."
Actually, you should say "arigatō gozaimashita" here.
So, what’s going on with this?
When you say "thank you" right after you received kindness or favor from someone, you say “Arigatō gozaimasu.” But, “Arigatō gozaimashita” is used when the action you’re thanking for is completely finished.
So, in the example before, you’re done reading the book and you’re giving it back, “Arigatō gozaimashita.” “Gozaimashita” is the past tense of “gozaimasu.” That’s right. It’s just a verb and it conjugates the exact same way. That’s easy to remember, right? Past tense verb, to thank for something that happened in the past.
So, what do you say when you’re on a train and a man offers you a seat? You’d say "arigatō gozaimasu." But then, when you get off the train and you want to say "thank you" again to him, you’d say? Right, "arigatou gozaimashita" because his favor was completed before.
Okay, one more example.
You’re hosting a party. How do you say, "Thanks for coming" to your guests when they arrive? “Arigatō gozaimasu.”
And when the party is over and your guests are leaving, how do you say, “Thank you.”
“Arigato gozaimashita.”
I hope this makes sense to you and you’re able to use “arigatō gozaimasu” and “arigato gozaimashita” correctly from now on.
Do you have any more questions? Leave them in the comments below and I’ll try to answer them.
Mata ne!

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 30th, 2015 at 06:30 PM
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What Japanese learning question do you have?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 6th, 2021 at 06:09 PM
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サナさん、こんにちは!


Thank you for your comment😊

We are happy to know that this lesson was helpful for you.

If you want to say "Thank you for teaching me ___", you should say

「____ をおしえてくれて、ありがとうございました。」


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

サナ
August 29th, 2021 at 03:21 AM
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こんにちは。

If I wanted to say "Thank you for teaching me ____." to my teacher, how could I say that? I think I should use ありがとうございました but I'm not sure how to say "for teaching me.", Thank you for this lesson, it really helped me understand the difference between ありがとうございますとありがとうございました。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 8th, 2020 at 03:17 AM
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ビリーさん

ます is a present tense and ました is a past tense👍


Ernest さん

We're glad to hear that you found our lesson useful😄


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ernest
May 31st, 2020 at 05:50 AM
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I have know and used both phrases for many years but never knew the real difference. I thought ありがとうございました was the an honorific phrase; now, having completed this lesson, I know; ありがとうございました

ビリー
May 12th, 2020 at 01:45 PM
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What is the difference between ます and ました


Example: 林檎を食べます。林檎を食べました


Hopefully you get this right away

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 5th, 2019 at 09:12 AM
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Hi フランシス,

Thanks for your comment!


Good summarization!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

フランシス
May 11th, 2019 at 04:06 AM
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I summarized this as:


ありがとうございます。 = Thank you

ありがとうございました。 = Thank you for what you did.

JapanesePod101.com
December 18th, 2018 at 06:36 PM
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Hi シリル


Glad to hear that you learned well with the lesson!


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

シリル
December 18th, 2018 at 06:22 AM
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Great explanation Makes a lot of sense Now I know how to use it properly Thank you very much !

ありがとうございました 😄

Japanesepod101.com Verified
September 17th, 2017 at 08:23 PM
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Hi Alexis,


Thank you for commenting! We are glad that you enjoyed the lesson! If you ever have any questions, please let us know!


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com