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Lesson Transcript

What is the difference between ARIGATŌ GOZAIMASU and ARIGATŌ GOZAIMASHITA?
Clarification of Question:
When your teacher lends you his book, you say "arigatō gozaimasu".
Then, when you return the book to your teacher, what would you say?
You say "arigatō gozaimashita."
Do you know when you say “arigatō gozaimasu” and “arigatō gozaimashita”?
* Arigatō gozaimasu.
When you say "thank you" right after you receive kindness or favor from someone, you say “Arigatō gozaimasu.”
* Arigatō gozaimashita.
When you say "thank you" for the action you appreciate is completely finished or is done a while ago. The part “gozaimashita” is the past tense of “gozaimasu”, so that’s why “arigatou gozaimashita”
is used for appreciating “done/past action”.
So, when you are offered a seat by someone, you say "arigatō gozaimasu". When you get off the train and you want to say "thank you" again to that person, you say "arigatou gozaimashita" because his favor was completed before.
More Examples:
When you host a party and say "Thanks for coming" to your guests when you welcome them at the beginning of the party, you say, “arigatō gozaimasu.”
Then, when the party is over and the guests are leaving, you say, “Arigato gozaimashita” to your guests.
One more example.
When you want to say “thank you for calling” when you receive a phone call from your client, you say “o-denwa, arigatō gozaimasu.”
Then, when you want to say “thank you for calling” at the end of the call, you say, “o-denwa, arigatō gozaimashita.”


Please to leave a comment.
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June 30th, 2015 at 6:30 pm
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What Japanese learning question do you have?

August 5th, 2019 at 9:12 am
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Hi フランシス,

Thanks for your comment!

Good summarization!



Team JapanesePod101.com

May 11th, 2019 at 4:06 am
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I summarized this as:

ありがとうございます。 = Thank you

ありがとうございました。 = Thank you for what you did.

December 18th, 2018 at 6:36 pm
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Hi シリル

Glad to hear that you learned well with the lesson!

Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

December 18th, 2018 at 6:22 am
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Great explanation Makes a lot of sense Now I know how to use it properly Thank you very much !

ありがとうございました 😄

September 17th, 2017 at 8:23 pm
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Hi Alexis,

Thank you for commenting! We are glad that you enjoyed the lesson! If you ever have any questions, please let us know!


Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

September 17th, 2017 at 6:13 am
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Thank you for doing this video.

Before, I thought that "gozaimashita" was used when you're very very very thankful for something. The most thankful you can be. Now you teached me the right way to use this two phrases. Arigatou!

January 5th, 2017 at 4:38 pm
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Rino san,


That is good.

Rafael san,


Thank you for your questions.

1. unfortunately, desu and da don’t make any sense in this case.

2. gozaimasu indicates a high politeness level.

3. if that is Watashi wa Rafael de “Gozaimasu”, the sentence is perfect.

Álvaro san,




Yuki 由紀


December 25th, 2016 at 12:11 am
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November 25th, 2016 at 12:35 pm
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Hi, Konniciwa!

I have a few questions:

1 - Instead of using [-Gozaimasu] can i use [-desu] or [-da]? for exemple "Arigatoudesu", "Arigatouda" or "Arigatoudeshita" in the past. Because from what i've read, "gozaimasu" means the same as "desu" is it right?

2 - Is there another situation that one should use "Gozaimasu"?

3 - Can it be placed at the end of phrases instead of "desu"? For exemple Watashi wa Rafael "Gozaimasu" (instead of desu ending).


November 15th, 2016 at 6:15 am
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Konnichiwa Hiroko,:smile:

Arigatou gozaimashita :grin:

now i know how and when to use arigatou gozaimasu and arigatou gozaimashita..