Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Jessi: What is This Delicious Japanese Dish? ジェシーです。(Jeshii desu.)Jessi here!
Naomi: こんにちは!なおみです。(Kon'nichi wa! Naomi desu.) Hi everyone, Naomi here!
Jessi: Thanks for joining us in this Absolute Beginner series. In the last lesson, we learned how to say that something belongs to someone.
Naomi: Yes! For example, わたしのいえ (watashi no ie)
Jessi: “My house.”
Naomi: And in this lesson, you’ll learn to ask what something is.
Jessi: Yes. Basically, you’ll be able to ask “What’s this?” and “What’s that?” So when someone puts a Japanese dish in front of you that you’ve never seen before…
Naomi: You’ll be able to ask what it is.
Jessi: Exactly! Okay, so speaking of food, in this conversation, Taylor, Masato, and Kaori are all sitting down to eat!
Naomi: Yes, Taylor has cooked them dinner.
Jessi: Mmm… sounds good. Let’s listen in to the conversation!

Lesson conversation

(timer goes off)
テイラー:はい、どうぞ! (Hai, dōzo!)
かおり:うわ~ すごーい!(Uwā sugo~i!)
かおり&まさと:いただきます。(Itadakimasu.)
まさと:(munch munch munch) うーん。おいしい!(ūn. Oishii!)
テイラーさん、これは、なんですか?(Teirā-san, kore wa, nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Let's listen to the conversation again slowly.
テイラー:はい、どうぞ! (Hai, dōzo!)
かおり:うわ~ すごーい!(Uwā sugo~i!)
かおり&まさと:いただきます。(Itadakimasu.)
まさと:((munch munch munch)うーん。おいしい!(ūn. Oishii!)
テイラーさん、これは、なんですか?(Teirā-san, kore wa, nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Now let’s listen to it with the translation.
テイラー:はい、どうぞ! (Hai, dōzo!)
Jessi: Okay, here you go!
かおり:うわ~ すごーい!(Uwā sugo~i!)
Jessi: Oh, wow!
かおり&まさと:いただきます。(Itadakimasu.)
Jessi: Let's eat! (Literally, We are about to receive this meal.)
まさと: (munch munch munch)うーん。おいしい!(ūn. Oishii!)
Jessi: (munch munch munch) Mmm. This is great!
テイラーさん、これは、なんですか?(Teirā-san, kore wa, nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Taylor, what is this?
Post conversation banter
Jessi: Well Naomi, we actually had a lot of new words and phrases in this conversation!
Naomi: We sure did.
Jessi: The first one was...?
Naomi: すごい!(sugoi!)
Jessi: Can we hear one more time slowly?
Naomi: すごい。(sugoi.)
Jessi: And again at natural speed?
Naomi: すごい。(sugoi.)
Jessi: すごい!(Sugoi!) Meaning "wow", "great", or "amazing". Basically, you can use this anytime you are impressed by something.
Naomi: When Taylor placed the food in front of them, Kaori said すごい!(sugoi!)
Jessi: Like "Oh, wow!" She was really impressed by the food. It probably looked really good!
Naomi: Yes, it also was something she wasn't used to.
Jessi: Okay. So now the food has been placed before them. Now on to our next word. What did Masato and Kaori say before they ate?
Naomi: いただきます!(Itadakimasu!)
Jessi: Can we hear one more time slowly?
Naomi: いただきます。(Itadakimasu.)
Jessi: いただきます! And this a phrase that you say before eating.
Naomi: Right. You are giving thanks for the meal you are about to have.
Jessi: It's a good phrase to use anytime you eat, but especially if someone has cooked something for you.
Naomi: Yes! Saying いただきます (Itadakimasu) is a way to show appreciation.
Jessi: So in the dialogue, Masato and Kaori said いただきます! (Itadakimasu!) before eating the dinner that Taylor had made for them.
Naomi: If you visit someone's house and they make dinner for you, please try saying いただきます (Itadakimasu) before you eat!
Jessi: Okay Naomi, and the last word is...?
Naomi: おいしい (Oishii)
Jessi: Can we hear one more time slowly?
Naomi: おいしい (Oishii)
Jessi: おいしい (Oishii), meaning "good" or "delicious" when talking about food.
Naomi: Masato starts eating the food and says うーん、おいしい!(ūn. Oishii!)
Jessi: "Mmm, this is great!" If someone makes food for you and you want to tell them that it's good, you can use this word. おいしい!(Oishii!)
Jessi: In this lesson, you'll learn how to ask what something is.
Naomi: Do you remember Lesson 9, where we learned how to make a question?
Jessi: We took our AはBです (A wa B desu) pattern, and added か (ka) at the end. AはBですか? (A wa B desu ka?) “Is A B?”
Naomi: Right. We'll be using this structure to ask what something is.
Jessi: Okay, so let's get started. In the dialogue, Masato took a bite of his meal, said "Wow" This is great!" and then asked "What is this?"
Naomi: AFTER he ate it.
Jessi: Right, after he ate it. He just dug right in. So first, let's learn how to say "What is this?"
Naomi: As you may remember, "this" is これ (kore). The word for "what" in this case is なん (nan).
Jessi: So if we put those in place of A and B in our sentence structure we mentioned earlier, we get...
Naomi: これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?) One more time slowly?
Naomi: これは なんですか?
Jessi: And one more time regular speed.
Naomi: これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: And that means "What is this?" Listeners, repeat after Naomi.
Naomi: これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?)
[Pause] - これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Great! Now, remember that これ (kore) means "this", so when we ask this question, we're talking about something that we have, or something that is close to us.
Naomi: Exactly. If you want to talk about something that someone else has...
Jessi: Like "what's THAT?", then you would use それ (sore) in place of これ (kore).
Naomi: As you may have guessed, それ (sore) means "that".
Jessi: So to sum it up, we have...
Naomi: これ (kore)
Jessi: This, and...
Naomi: それ (sore)
Jessi: That. So how would we sa, "What's that?"
Naomi: それはなんですか。(Sore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: それはなんですか?(Sore wa nan desu ka?) One more time slowly?
Naomi: それは なんですか?(Sore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: And again at normal speed.
Naomi: それはなんですか?(Sore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: And that means, "What is that?" Listeners, repeat after Naomi.
Naomi: それはなんですか?(Sore wa nan desu ka?)
[Pause] - それはなんですか?(Sore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Okay, great! Now you're equipped with two ways to ask what something is - what is this? and what is that?
Naomi: これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?) and それはなんですか?(Sore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Now, let's use them in a role-play situation! Let's say that Naomi is an acquaintance of yours, and she is giving you a gift. Ask her "what is this?" Here's a hint, remember that "this" is これ。
Naomi: はい、どうぞ! おみやげです。(Hai, dōzo! Omiyage desu.)
[Pause] - これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Okay! If you said...
Naomi: これはなんですか?(Kore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Then great job! How about one more? You see Naomi eating something, some kind of food you haven't seen before. Ask her "what is that?" Here's a hint, remember that the word for "that" is それ (sore).
Naomi: (Eating) う~ん、おいしい!(ūn. Oishii!)
[Pause]
Jessi: If you said...
Naomi: それはなんですか?(Sore wa nan desu ka?)
Jessi: Excellent job!! Naomi, what was it, by the way? That looks good!!
Naomi: ようかんです。(Yōkan desu.)
Jessi: See you all next time!
Naomi: じゃまた!(Ja mata!)

Lesson conversation

(timer goes off)
テイラー:はい、どうぞ! (Hai, dōzo!)
かおり:うわ~ すごーい!(Uwā sugo~i!)
かおり&まさと:いただきます。(Itadakimasu.)
まさと:((munch munch munch)うーん。おいしい!(ūn. Oishii!)

434 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 23rd, 2011 at 06:30 PM
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After this lesson, you'll be able to ask what something is with NO problems! :mrgreen:

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 23rd, 2021 at 03:13 PM
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Winiさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Yes, you can, but it's informal and it's usually used by men😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Wini
September 21st, 2021 at 02:02 AM
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I was wondering, we can also use 'umai' too right? Instead of 'oishii', that is.

It might be covered in further lessons but i was just curious : )

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 11th, 2021 at 02:38 PM
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Hi Ran,


Thank you for your comment!

Good job👍

Your sentences are all great!!


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us.


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 11th, 2021 at 02:37 PM
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Hi Ran,


Thank you for your comment!

Good job👍

Your sentences are all great!!


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 2nd, 2021 at 01:51 PM
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Rachnaさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Yes, that's correct😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 1st, 2021 at 05:02 PM
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Hi Harry Zaw Myo,


Thank you for studying with us.😄

Click the [My Teacher] at the top menu, then select [My Teacher Messenger].👍


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.

Cheers,

Lena

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ran
August 31st, 2021 at 09:15 PM
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Sore wa Nihon no Okashi desu ka?

Hai, so desu. Yokan Desu.

Yokan wa nan desu ka?


Kore wa hon desu.

Are wa nan desu ka?


That's what I learned

Harry Zaw Myo
August 28th, 2021 at 11:38 AM
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i excharge premium plus and where is my teacher?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 26th, 2021 at 04:08 PM
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Hi Herbert,


Thank you for your comment and we are so sorry for the late reply.

Perfect!

These three phrases are the basic when you ask what is something.


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us😊


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachna
August 19th, 2021 at 12:57 AM
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Hi

Do we always use Itadakimasu before eating anything?