Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Jessi:
Hi, everyone こんにちは! I'm Jessi.
Naomi:
こんにちは! And I'm Naomi.
Jessi:
Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1 , Lesson 1 - Say Hello in Japanese No Matter the Time of Day. Our first lesson of Absolute Beginner.
Naomi:
A brand new series!
Jessi:
That's right. This is a brand new series at JapanesePod101.com. As you may have guessed, this series is designed for absolute beginners to Japanese. And some people might be thinking, well, how is it different from the newbie series? Well, this Absolute Beginner series is recommended for those who aren't interested in studying grammar and learning the meaning behind every particle and piece of the sentence. Instead, you'll learn Japanese through easy to use sentence patterns and expressions.
Naomi:
Right. We aim to make Japanese simple and fun.
Jessi:
Exactly.
Naomi:
The first 5 lessons are called the Introduction Lessons.
Jessi:
Yes. These first 5 lessons will teach you the very basics of Japanese, the essentials.
Naomi:
You can't speak Japanese without knowing these.
Jessi:
Definitely. After the introduction lessons, you'll follow the story of Taylor Allen, an American who is hosting some Japanese family members at his home.
Naomi:
Please stay tuned. You won't want to miss it!
Jessi:
For now, let's get started with Introduction Lesson 1! Naomi, what are we going to learn in this lesson?
Naomi:
Well, did you catch the phrase we said in the beginning?
Jessi:
Ah, こんにちは, which means hello, right?
Naomi:
Yes. We'll learn this and many other basic greetings in Japanese.
Jessi:
Sounds good. Oh, but before we get into anything, there's something important I want to mention about Japanese.
Naomi:
Oh, what's that?
Jessi:
The fact that there are different politeness levels. At the beginning stages, we divide them into groups - formal speech and informal speech.
Naomi:
Good point! In Japanese, the level of speech you use depends on who you're talking to.
Jessi:
Exactly. For example, if you are talking to a stranger, someone older than you or someone you don't know very well, even if they're a family member, you will use formal speech.
Naomi:
If you are talking to close friends or family, you will use informal speech.
Jessi:
Right, and in this series...
Naomi:
We will use mostly formal speech.
Jessi:
Yes, and you may wonder why that is. Here is why. If you use formal speech, you're safe in pretty much any situation. Even if the situation calls for informal speech you're not going to offend anyone. On the other hand, if you use informal speech in a situation where you should be using formal speech, you could come off as rude.
Naomi:
Right, sticking with formal speech at first is safe!
Jessi:
Yes, but we will introduce you to informal words and phrases throughout the series as well. Okay, so let's get started! Please listen closely to the following phrases.

Lesson conversation

Male:
おはよう。
Female:
おはようございます。
Male:
こんにちは。
Female:
こんにちは。
Male:
こんばんは!
Female:
こんばんは。
English Host:
Now, let's listen to it with the translation.
Male:
おはよう。
Jessi:
Morning!
Female:
おはようございます。
Jessi:
Good morning.
Male:
こんにちは。
Jessi:
Hello!
Female:
こんにちは。
Jessi:
Hello.
Male:
こんばんは!
Jessi:
Good evening!
Female:
こんばんは。
Jessi:
Good evening.

Lesson focus

Jessi:
Okay, so we just heard three sets of phrases.
Naomi:
Yes, phrases to use in the morning, during the daytime, and at night.
Jessi:
These are phrases you use when you first see someone that day. So basically, they're greetings.
Naomi:
Right.
Jessi:
We aren't going to go in order from morning to night though. We're going to start with the one that you probably already know. Naomi, which one is that?
Naomi:
こんにちは!
Jessi:
こんにちは!Now, this word is well-known even among people who don't speak Japanese, but those people may not know the correct pronunciation! Can we hear it again, Naomi? Listen carefully.
Naomi:
こんにちは
Jessi:
こんにちは. You hold the "n" sound for a little bit, don't you?
Naomi:
That's right. こ「ん」にちは.
Jessi:
Listeners, now you try it! Repeat after Naomi.
Naomi:
こんにちは!
Jessi:
Great! Now, we can use this word anytime, right?
Naomi:
Yes! This is your basic, standard greeting in Japanese. But, there are even better expressions to use in the morning and evening.
Jessi:
Yes! Let's hear them again. What do we say in the morning?
Naomi:
おはようございます!
Jessi:
おはようございます。
Naomi:
This means "good morning!"
Jessi:
Good morning! おはようございます!
Naomi:
おはようございます!
Jessi:
Now it's the listeners turn! Repeat after Naomi.
Naomi:
おはようございます。
Naomi:
Great job!
Jessi:
Naomi, I have a question! In the beginning of the lesson, the first person said just おはよう, and the second person said おはようございます。 The first one is shorter, but why is that?
Naomi:
Good question! Remember how we talked about the two types of speech?
Jessi:
Ah, yes! Formal speech and informal speech?
Naomi:
Yes! The longer version, おはようございます, is formal speech. If you take off the last part, ございます, you end up with おはよう. This is informal speech.
Jessi:
Ah, so with close friends and family members, we can just say おはよう!
Naomi:
Exactly. With all other people, you should use おはようございます。
Jessi:
Ah, that's good to know! So, let's show an example of how both are used. Let's say Naomi is my boss, and I'm her subordinate. When we meet each other at work first thing in the morning, we might say something like this.
Naomi:
おはよう!
Jessi:
おはようございます!
Naomi:
Just like that.
Jessi:
Okay, and now we have one more phrase to go over - the one we use in the evening. Which is...?
Naomi:
こんばんは!
Jessi:
こんばんは!
Naomi:
This means "good evening".
Jessi:
When do you start to use this?
Naomi:
Hmm, I'd say when it starts to get dark.
Jessi:
Ah. So then you can switch from こんにちは to こんばんは.
Naomi:
That's right. こんばんは.
Jessi:
こんばんは. Now it's the listener's turn! Please repeat after Naomi.
Naomi:
こんばんは!
Jessi:
Great! Now we've gone over all three phrases. Let's review them all again.
What do we say in the morning?
Naomi:
おはようございます。
Jessi:
During the daytime?
Naomi:
こんにちは。
Jessi:
And how about in the evening?
Naomi:
こんばんは。
Jessi:
Excellent! Now it's time for you to respond to Naomi. Kind of like a mini roleplay. Imagine Naomi walking up to you and saying the following phrases. How would you respond? Here we go.
Naomi:
おはようございます
Jessi:
The next one is:
Naomi:
こんにちは。
Jessi:
And the last one:
Naomi:
こんばんは
Jessi:
Great! Awesome work, you guys! If you said the exact same thing back to Naomi, you're all set. You're now armed with 3 essential greetings in Japanese.
Naomi:
You've taken a big first step! And with that, that's all for this lesson.

Outro

Jessi:
So, everyone, how did it go? Please leave us a comment. There's nothing we love more than hearing from our listeners.
Naomi:
Yes, please let us hear from you!
Jessi:
Please join us for the next lesson, where you'll learn how to introduce yourself to someone you've just met.
Naomi:
Don't miss it! See you then!
Jessi:
Until next time.

4380 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!
Welcome to the first lesson of our Absolute Beginner series😄

This series is designed for anyone new to Japanese who wants to get started speaking and not worry about the fine details of grammar (If you are interested in a grammar-focused approach to learning Japanese, we recommend our Newbie Season 2 series!). We teach Japanese using easy-to-memorize patterns that you can start using right away. We start with 5 Introduction lessons to show you the basics, and then launch into a regular storyline starting with Lesson 6.

We hope you enjoy this series!

October 17th, 2017 at 8:31 pm
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Hi Abel,
Thank you for your comment!

“konbanwa” and “konnichiwa” are used in both formal and casual situations. When you say hello to your friends more casually, “yā”(hi) or “genki?” would be suitable. “genki?” is a casual phrase meaning “How are you?”

Hope this helps you.

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

Abel
October 17th, 2017 at 3:56 am
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The only thing i cant understand in this lesson is ¿what is the formal speech for konbanwa and konnichiwa?

October 15th, 2017 at 6:18 pm
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Hi Chingiz

Thank you for commenting! We are glad that you enjoyed the lesson! If you ever have any questions, please let us know!

Sincerely
Cristiane (クリスチアネ)
Team Japanesepod101.com

Chingiz
October 15th, 2017 at 6:11 am
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Big thank you for good lessons!

October 9th, 2017 at 9:53 am
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Hi Brett Middleton,
Thank you for your comment!

“su” at the end of phrases often sounds “ss”.
The following video might help you.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mdUbWxZrVLw&t=

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

October 4th, 2017 at 8:13 pm
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Hi Lyn,

Thank you for commenting! We are glad that you enjoyed the lesson!

If you ever have any questions, please let us know!😄

Sincerely,
Cristiane (クリスチアネ)
Team Japanesepod101.com

Lyn
October 4th, 2017 at 5:16 pm
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Thank you for this helpful lesson about speaking in japanese it helps a lot.

October 3rd, 2017 at 9:31 pm
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Hi Kaleb,

Thank you for your message.

Please check out our special Japanese Grammar lesson which also approaches sentence order:
https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/all-about-3/

Here’s the link for Newbie S1 series:
https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/classic-japanese-pod-101-newbie-season-1

@Brett,

Thank you for posting. Our team will soon give you a reply.

Sincerely,
Cristiane (クリスチアネ)
Team Japanesepod101.com

Kaleb Westbrook
October 3rd, 2017 at 12:31 pm
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Hi I am Kaleb and I would like to learn sentence structure and things like that. How do i get to the newbie series?

Brett Middleton
October 1st, 2017 at 10:26 pm
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Why is “ohaiogozaimasu” pronounced “ohaiogozaimas”? I have some experience speaking with Japanese people, & I am curous why this is. domo arigatogozimashita….😄