Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
John: Welcome to 3-Minute Japanese Season 1, Lesson 21 - Talking about Your Dislikes. In this lesson, you'll learn how to say that you don't like something in Japanese.
Body
John: Here's the way to say "I don't like caramel" in Japanese.
Risa: [Normal] キャラメルは苦手です。(Kyarameru wa nigate desu.)
John: First is a word meaning "caramel."
Risa: [Normal] キャラメル [Slow] キャラメル (kyarameru)
John: Next is the topic particle.
Risa: [Normal] は [Slow] は (wa)
John: Next is the word literally meaning "poor at" or "not good at dealing with."
Risa: [Normal] 苦手 [Slow] 苦手 (nigate)
John: Last is the word meaning "am."
Risa: [Normal] です [Slow] です (desu)
John: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I don't like caramel."
Risa: [Slow] キャラメルは苦手です。 [Normal] キャラメルは苦手です。
John: Okay, now let's see an alternative way to say "I don't like caramel."
Risa: [Normal] キャラメルは好きではありません。(Kyarameru wa suki de wa arimasen.)
John: First is a word meaning "caramel."
Risa: [Normal] キャラメル [Slow] キャラメル (kyarameru)
John: Next is the topic particle.
Risa: [Normal] は [Slow] は (wa)
John: Next is the word meaning "to like, likable."
Risa: [Normal] 好き [Slow] 好き (suki)
John: Last is the word meaning "is not."
Risa: [Normal] ではありません [Slow] ではありません (de wa arimasen)
John: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I don't like caramel."
Risa: [Slow]キャラメルは好きではありません。 [Normal] キャラメルは好きではありません。
John: The following is the way to say "I hate caramel."
Risa: [Normal] キャラメルは嫌いです。(Kyarameru wa kirai desu.)
John: First is a word meaning "caramel."
Risa: [Normal] キャラメル [Slow] キャラメル (kyarameru)
John: Next is the topic particle.
Risa: [Normal] は [Slow] は(wa)
John: Next is the word meaning "to dislike, unlikable."
Risa: [Normal] 嫌い [Slow] 嫌い (kirai)
John: Last is the word meaning "is."
Risa: [Normal] です [Slow] です (desu)
John: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I hate caramel."
Risa: [Slow]キャラメルは嫌いです。 [Normal] キャラメルは嫌いです。
John: Finally is a way to say "I really hate caramel."
Risa: [Normal] キャラメルは大嫌いです。(Kyarameru wa daikirai desu.)
John: First is a word meaning "caramel."
Risa: [Normal] キャラメル [Slow] キャラメル (kyrameru)
John: Next is the topic particle.
Risa: [Normal] は [Slow] は (wa)
John: Next is the word meaning "to hate very much, very unlikable."
Risa: [Normal] 大嫌い [Slow] 大嫌い (daikirai)
John: Last is the word meaning "is."
Risa: [Normal] です [Slow] です(desu)
John: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I really hate caramel."
Risa: [Slow] キャラメルは大嫌いです。 [Normal] キャラメルは大嫌いです。
Cultural Insight
John: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Risa: Japanese people tend to avoid saying negative words such as kirai desu and daikirai desu. They usually prefer euphemistic and indecisive expressions. So it’s better to use nigate desu, meaning “be bad at,” unless you have good reasons to dislike something.

Outro

John: And that's all for this lesson. Don't forget to check out the lesson notes, and we'll see you in the next lesson!
Risa: またね!(mata ne!)

5 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 4th, 2017 at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners! Try translating this: 'I don't like exams.'

JapanesePod101.com
January 20th, 2019 at 12:43 PM
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Maxさん、こんにちは!

コメントありがとうございます。


試験は好きではありませんか。

そうですよね。私も好き…ではありません。


Keep up the good work!


Cheers,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Max
December 12th, 2018 at 06:08 AM
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試験は好きではありません。


キャラメルは苦手です。

キャラメルは好きではありません。

キャラメルは嫌いです。

キャラメルは大嫌いです。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 31st, 2018 at 03:01 PM
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Hi Khawla,


Thank you for the comment!


That's right! And「試験はちょっと...」is a very good expression in an indirect manner.


The particles "wa" and "ga" are similar indeed,

but they are not the same and there are some differences.


The particle "wa" indicates the topic. It's after "wa" that is important information in a sentence.

The particle "ga" marks grammatical subject in a sentence. It's before "ga" that gives information on a topic broached for the first time.


E.G. "Ken wa Nihon ni ikimasu." ("eki ni ikimasu" is the important information) = Ken will go to Japan.

"Ken ga Nihon ni ikimasu." ("Ken" is the important information) = It's Ken who will go to Japan.


That's one of the clear differences between "wa" and "ga".

Hope this helps you :)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Khawla
June 28th, 2018 at 12:03 AM
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こんにちは!

The answer is「試験は嫌いです」.

Can we say the following: 「試験はちょっと...」as an indecisive expression as in 「試験は苦手です」?

I am also wondering, can we use が in place of は as the topic particle? And what is the difference when each is used?

Thanks!