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Vocabulary Lists Top 15 Questions You Should Know for Conversations
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Top 15 Questions You Should Know for Conversations

会話で知っておくべき質問文トップ15
15 Words 28 Comments
How are you?
お元気ですか。 お元気ですか。
おげんきですか。
O-genki desu ka.
How are you?
こんにちは、松島さん、お元気ですか? こんにちは、松島さん、お元気ですか?
こんにちは、まつしまさん、おげんきですか?
Konnichiwa, Matsushima-san, o-genki desu ka?
Hello, Mr. Matsushima, how are you?
Hide 2 More ExamplesHide 3 More Examples
What's your name?
お名前は? お名前は?
おなまえは?
O-namae wa?
What's your name?
私の名前はピーターです。お名前は何ですか? 私の名前はピーターです。お名前は何ですか?
わたしのなまえはピーターです。おなまえはなんですか?
Watashi no namae wa Pītā desu. O-namae wa nan desu ka?
My name is Peter. What's your name?
Hide 0 More ExamplesHide 1 More Example
What's your phone number?
電話番号は何番ですか? 電話番号は何番ですか?
でんわばんごうはなんばんですか?
Denwa bangō wa nan-ban desu ka?
What's your phone number?
お電話したいのですが。。電話番号は何番ですか? お電話したいのですが。。電話番号は何番ですか?
おでんわしたいのですが。。でんわばんごうはなんばんですか?
O-denwa shitai no desu ga...Denwa bangō wa nan-ban desu ka?
I would like to call you. What's your phone number?
Hide 0 More ExamplesHide 1 More Example
How old are you?
おいくつですか。 おいくつですか。
おいくつですか。
O-ikutsu desu ka.
How old are you?
二十一歳以上でないと入れません。おいくつですか? 二十一歳以上でないと入れません。おいくつですか?
にじゅういっさいいじょうでないとはいれません。おいくつですか?
Ni-jū issai ijō de naito hairemasen. O-ikutsu desu ka?
You must be 21 to enter here. How old are you?
Hide 0 More ExamplesHide 1 More Example
Where are you from?
ご出身はどちらですか。 ご出身はどちらですか。
ごしゅっしんはどちらですか。
Go-shusshin wa dochira desu ka.
Where are you from?
イギリス人ぽいですね。ご出身はどちらですか。 イギリス人ぽいですね。ご出身はどちらですか。
イギリスじんぽいですね。ごしゅっしんはどちらですか。
Igirisu-jin poi desu ne. Go-shusshin wa dochira desu ka?
You sound British. Where are you from?
Hide 0 More ExamplesHide 1 More Example
Where do you live?
どこに住んでいますか。 どこに住んでいますか。
どこにすんでいますか。
Doko ni sunde imasu ka.
Where do you live?
What's this?
これは何ですか。 これは何ですか。
これはなんですか。
Kore wa nan desu ka.
What's this?
Where is the bathroom?
トイレはどこですか。 トイレはどこですか。
トイレはどこですか。
Toire wa doko desu ka.
Where is the bathroom?
What did you say?
何て言いましたか。 何て言いましたか。
なんていいましたか。
Nan te iimashita ka.
What did you say?
Where do you work?
どこで働いていますか。 どこで働いていますか。
どこではたらいていますか。
Doko de hataraite imasu ka.
Where do you work?
When is your birthday?
あなたの誕生日はいつですか。 あなたの誕生日はいつですか。
あなたのたんじょうびはいつですか。
Anata no tanjōbi wa itsu desu ka.
When is your birthday?
Where did you learn Japanese?
どこで日本語を習いましたか。 どこで日本語を習いましたか。
どこでにほんごをならいましたか。
Doko de Nihongo o naraimashita ka.
Where did you learn Japanese?
How long have you been studying Japanese?
どのくらい日本語を習っていますか。 どのくらい日本語を習っていますか。
どのくらいにほんごをならっていますか。
Dono kurai Nihongo o naratte imasu ka.
How long have you been studying Japanese?
Have you been to Japan?
日本に来た事がありますか。 日本に来た事がありますか。
にほんにきたことがありますか。
Nihon ni kita koto ga arimasu ka.
Have you been to Japan?
Do you like Japanese food?
日本の料理は好きですか。 日本の料理は好きですか。
にほんのりょうりはすきですか。
Nihon no ryōri wa suki desu ka.
Do you like Japanese food?
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28 Comments
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Saturday at 1:16 pm
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Hey listeners! Did we miss any other common questions? Leave a comment and tell us what other questions you use a lot!

December 4th, 2016 at 8:35 pm
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アンドルさん、
こんにちは。😄
In the situation 1, you can say:
これは にほんごで なんといいますか。(Please note the particle は)
(kore wa nihongo de nanto iimasu ka.)
You’re right. If you say これはなんですか。, it will be understood as ‘what is this?’ so the answer/reply
would be an explanation of that object.

In the situation 2, I think you can say something like
[explanation in Japanese] (ところ)は、にほんごで なんといいいますか。
([explanation in Japanese] (tokoro) wa, nihongo de nanto iimasu ka.
If it’s library, it would be
ほんが たくさん あって、ほんを かりる ことが できる ばしょ/ところ は、にほんごで なんといいますか。

Hope this helps! 😎

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

アンドル
November 6th, 2016 at 10:28 am
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How would you say the phrase “How do you say ____ in Japanese?” in the situation of
1. referencing an object or place that you can point to using これ、それ、あれ. Is it the same as これわなんですか。? I’m just uncertain as to whether this would bring about an explanation of something or if it is clear enough that someone is looking for the specific term used to reference the object.
2. referencing something that isn’t present, but you can describe; such as ” oh, how do you say … that place that has books, you rent them out …” (としょかん。)

ありがとございます

August 19th, 2015 at 11:01 pm
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Olwen san, ライチュウ san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for helping Sarah san,

Sarah san,
Konnichiwa.
As Olwen san, ライチュウ san said, ならう indicates ‘learning something from teachers.’
And it also indicates ‘learning skills.’
On the other hand べんきょうする is more used for school subjects.
For example you can say
ピアノをならう learn how to play the piano
水泳をならう learn swimming.
However, you should not use べんきょうする for them above.
ピアノをべんきょうする and 水泳をべんきょうする are not used.

Kenzie san,
Konnichiwa.
That is ‘nansai desuka.’

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Kenzie
August 19th, 2015 at 4:37 pm
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こんにちは。
What is the informal way to ask one’s age?
Thank you in advance!

olwen
August 18th, 2015 at 1:47 am
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Hi, My various exchange partners told me that ‘ べんきょう する ‘ is to study, but ‘ ならう ‘ is to learn from a teacher, and ‘ まなぶ ‘ is to learn by oneself (which I was doing for the first six months.) Hope this is helpful.

August 17th, 2015 at 8:32 pm
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Sarah,

Let’s see what the teachers say, but I think ならう (narau) means to learn from a teacher or lessons, while べんきょうする is a more general word for study.

Translation between Japanese and English cannot always be accurate because there is no one-to-one correspondence between Japanese synonyms and English synonyms. For example, “study” can also mean investigate, but べんきょうする does not, and おぼえる (learn, memorize) can also mean “experience”, but “learn” does not. So the translations above are there to give you the general idea and examples of how to use some words. It’s impossible for an example sentence to teach you every shade of meaning.

I think you need to take in the general meaning of words at first but as you advance, you need to gradually understand finer shades of meaning. I think that the same for Japanese speakers learning English.

Sarah
August 17th, 2015 at 2:36 pm
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Hi, thanks for posting these, they are a good and handy review for me! I have a question, for the question ‘How long have you been studying Japanese?’, isn’t ならう to learn, not study? Or can it be used interchangeably with べんきょうする?

Thanks!

December 18th, 2014 at 2:58 pm
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Laura-san, konnichiwa!

Thank you for your sweet comment! I am glad you liked this! 😇
These are very helpful questions, right? 😄

Have a great day!
Engla
Team JapanesePod101.com

Laura
December 16th, 2014 at 8:25 am
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I am an absolute beginner and I just want to say ARIGATO GOZAIMASU because this helped me a bunch!!
Sayonara

😁😁

August 14th, 2014 at 12:50 pm
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Raichuさん こんにちは。
Good question but we don’t say 働き手 nor ご裁判官.
However, it’d be not because it have too much syllables but because we don’t practically say it.
For the rules, we have lots of exceptions, so I’d recommend to just note ‘4-syllable limit’ as a guideline and check out each vocabulary.
Hope this helps,
Motoko
Team JapanesePod101.com