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Top 15 Questions You Should Know for Conversations

Top 15 Questions You Should Know for Conversations

会話で知っておくべき質問文トップ15
15 Words • 28 Comments
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How are you?
お元気ですか。 お元気ですか。
How are you?
こんにちは、松島さん、お元気ですか?
Hello, Mr. Matsushima, how are you?
2 More Examples ▾
お元気ですか。 お元気ですか。
How are you?
3 Examples ▾
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What's your name?
お名前は? お名前は?
What's your name?
私の名前はピーターです。お名前は何ですか?
My name is Peter. What's your name?
お名前は? お名前は?
What's your name?
1 Example ▾
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What's your phone number?
電話番号は何番ですか? 電話番号は何番ですか?
What's your phone number?
お電話したいのですが。。電話番号は何番ですか?
I would like to call you. What's your phone number?
電話番号は何番ですか? 電話番号は何番ですか?
What's your phone number?
1 Example ▾
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How old are you?
おいくつですか。 おいくつですか。
How old are you?
二十一歳以上でないと入れません。おいくつですか?
You must be 21 to enter here. How old are you?
おいくつですか。 おいくつですか。
How old are you?
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Where are you from?
ご出身はどちらですか。 ご出身はどちらですか。
Where are you from?
イギリス人ぽいですね。ご出身はどちらですか。
You sound British. Where are you from?
ご出身はどちらですか。 ご出身はどちらですか。
Where are you from?
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Where do you live?
どこに住んでいますか。 どこに住んでいますか。
Where do you live?
どこに住んでいますか。 どこに住んでいますか。
Where do you live?
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What's this?
これは何ですか。 これは何ですか。
What's this?
これは何ですか。 これは何ですか。
What's this?
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Where is the bathroom?
トイレはどこですか。 トイレはどこですか。
Where is the bathroom?
トイレはどこですか。 トイレはどこですか。
Where is the bathroom?
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What did you say?
何て言いましたか。 何て言いましたか。
What did you say?
何て言いましたか。 何て言いましたか。
What did you say?
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Where do you work?
どこで働いていますか。 どこで働いていますか。
Where do you work?
どこで働いていますか。 どこで働いていますか。
Where do you work?
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When is your birthday?
あなたの誕生日はいつですか。 あなたの誕生日はいつですか。
When is your birthday?
あなたの誕生日はいつですか。 あなたの誕生日はいつですか。
When is your birthday?
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Where did you learn Japanese?
どこで日本語を習いましたか。 どこで日本語を習いましたか。
Where did you learn Japanese?
どこで日本語を習いましたか。 どこで日本語を習いましたか。
Where did you learn Japanese?
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How long have you been studying Japanese?
どのくらい日本語を習っていますか。 どのくらい日本語を習っていますか。
How long have you been studying Japanese?
どのくらい日本語を習っていますか。 どのくらい日本語を習っていますか。
How long have you been studying Japanese?
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Have you been to Japan?
日本に来た事がありますか。 日本に来た事がありますか。
Have you been to Japan?
日本に来た事がありますか。 日本に来た事がありますか。
Have you been to Japan?
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Do you like Japanese food?
日本の料理は好きですか。 日本の料理は好きですか。
Do you like Japanese food?
日本の料理は好きですか。 日本の料理は好きですか。
Do you like Japanese food?
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avatar JapanesePod101.com Saturday at 1:16 pm

Hey listeners! Did we miss any other common questions? Leave a comment and tell us what other questions you use a lot!

avatar JapanesePod101.com Sunday at 8:35 pm

アンドルさん、
こんにちは。😄
In the situation 1, you can say:
これは にほんごで なんといいますか。(Please note the particle は)
(kore wa nihongo de nanto iimasu ka.)
You’re right. If you say これはなんですか。, it will be understood as ‘what is this?’ so the answer/reply
would be an explanation of that object.

In the situation 2, I think you can say something like
[explanation in Japanese] (ところ)は、にほんごで なんといいいますか。
([explanation in Japanese] (tokoro) wa, nihongo de nanto iimasu ka.
If it’s library, it would be
ほんが たくさん あって、ほんを かりる ことが できる ばしょ/ところ は、にほんごで なんといいますか。

Hope this helps! 😎

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

avatar アンドル Sunday at 10:28 am

How would you say the phrase “How do you say ____ in Japanese?” in the situation of
1. referencing an object or place that you can point to using これ、それ、あれ. Is it the same as これわなんですか。? I’m just uncertain as to whether this would bring about an explanation of something or if it is clear enough that someone is looking for the specific term used to reference the object.
2. referencing something that isn’t present, but you can describe; such as ” oh, how do you say … that place that has books, you rent them out …” (としょかん。)

ありがとございます

avatar JapanesePod101.com Wednesday at 11:01 pm

Olwen san, ライチュウ san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for helping Sarah san,

Sarah san,
Konnichiwa.
As Olwen san, ライチュウ san said, ならう indicates ‘learning something from teachers.’
And it also indicates ‘learning skills.’
On the other hand べんきょうする is more used for school subjects.
For example you can say
ピアノをならう learn how to play the piano
水泳をならう learn swimming.
However, you should not use べんきょうする for them above.
ピアノをべんきょうする and 水泳をべんきょうする are not used.

Kenzie san,
Konnichiwa.
That is ‘nansai desuka.’

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

avatar Kenzie Wednesday at 4:37 pm

こんにちは。
What is the informal way to ask one’s age?
Thank you in advance!

avatar olwen Tuesday at 1:47 am

Hi, My various exchange partners told me that ‘ べんきょう する ‘ is to study, but ‘ ならう ‘ is to learn from a teacher, and ‘ まなぶ ‘ is to learn by oneself (which I was doing for the first six months.) Hope this is helpful.

avatar ライチュウ Monday at 8:32 pm

Sarah,

Let’s see what the teachers say, but I think ならう (narau) means to learn from a teacher or lessons, while べんきょうする is a more general word for study.

Translation between Japanese and English cannot always be accurate because there is no one-to-one correspondence between Japanese synonyms and English synonyms. For example, “study” can also mean investigate, but べんきょうする does not, and おぼえる (learn, memorize) can also mean “experience”, but “learn” does not. So the translations above are there to give you the general idea and examples of how to use some words. It’s impossible for an example sentence to teach you every shade of meaning.

I think you need to take in the general meaning of words at first but as you advance, you need to gradually understand finer shades of meaning. I think that the same for Japanese speakers learning English.

avatar Sarah Monday at 2:36 pm

Hi, thanks for posting these, they are a good and handy review for me! I have a question, for the question ‘How long have you been studying Japanese?’, isn’t ならう to learn, not study? Or can it be used interchangeably with べんきょうする?

Thanks!

avatar JapanesePod101.com Thursday at 2:58 pm

Laura-san, konnichiwa!

Thank you for your sweet comment! I am glad you liked this! 😇
These are very helpful questions, right? 😄

Have a great day!
Engla
Team JapanesePod101.com

avatar Laura Tuesday at 8:25 am

I am an absolute beginner and I just want to say ARIGATO GOZAIMASU because this helped me a bunch!!
Sayonara

😁😁

avatar JapanesePod101.com Thursday at 12:50 pm

Raichuさん こんにちは。
Good question but we don’t say 働き手 nor ご裁判官.
However, it’d be not because it have too much syllables but because we don’t practically say it.
For the rules, we have lots of exceptions, so I’d recommend to just note ‘4-syllable limit’ as a guideline and check out each vocabulary.
Hope this helps,
Motoko
Team JapanesePod101.com