Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi:
食べて (tabete)
Peter:
In this lesson, we will show you how to make the te-form from the dictionary form.
Naomi:
Let’s start with class 2 verbs.
Peter:
For class 2 verbs, all you need to do is change the final る (ru) to て (te). Let’s illustrate with some examples. Naomi-sensei, can we have a class 2 verb?
Naomi:
Sure 食べる (taberu). To eat.
Peter:
Drop the final る (ru) syllable.
Naomi:
食べ (tabe)
Peter:
Attach て(te) to it.
Naomi:
食べて(tabete)
Peter:
And that’s it.
Naomi:
Right.
Peter:
Can we have another example?
Naomi:
Sure. To get up is 起きる (okiru)
Peter:
Drop the final る (ru) , replace it with て (te) and we get
Naomi:
起きて (okite)
Peter:
Fortunately class 2 verbs are really simple to conjugate. Just replace the final る (ru) with て (te).
Naomi:
Right
食べる (taberu)
Peter:
To eat.
Naomi:
Becomes 食べて(tabete)
起きる (okiru)
Peter:
To get up
Naomi:
Becomes 起きて (okite)
見る (miru)
Peter:
To see
Naomi:
Becomes 見て (mite)
寝る (neru)
Peter:
To sleep
Naomi:
Becomes 寝て (nete)
Peter:
Okay on to class 3 verbs, class 3 verbs are irregular. So the te-forms must be memorized. Remember though that there are only two class 3 verbs. They are,
Naomi:
する (suru)
Peter:
To do, and
Naomi:
くる (kuru)
Peter:
To come.
Naomi:
する (suru) becomes して (shite), and くる (kuru) becomes きて (kite).
Peter:
Can we hear them again? What’s the te form of the verb する (suru)?
Naomi:
して (shite)
Peter:
How about くる (kuru) to come?
Naomi:
きて (kite)
Peter:
Okay let’s recap with the quiz. The quiz will be multiple choice. We will give you question and three possible answers. Your job is to guess the answer. First question. Which of the following is the te-form of the verb くる (kuru), to come? Listen closely.
Peter:
A
Naomi:
きいて (kiite)
Peter:
B
Naomi:
きて (kite)
Peter:
C
Naomi:
きって (kitte)
Peter:
The answer is
Naomi:
B, きて (kite)
Peter:
The verb kuru, to come becomes きて (kite) in the te-form. Two syllables きて (kite) . How about choice A?
Naomi:
きいて (kiite). きいて (kiite) is the te-form of 聞く (kiku) , to listen.
Peter:
And it’s actually three syllables.
Naomi:
Right.
Peter:
聞、い、て (ki, i, te) So it’s long. 聞いて (kiite) How about choice C?
Naomi:
きって (kitte). きって (kitte) is the te-form of 切る (kiru), to cut.
Peter:
And it has a short pause in there. 切って (kitte)
Naomi:
Right. 切って (kitte)
Peter:
That concludes this lesson.
Naomi:
食べて (tabete)
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17 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

February 10th, 2017 at 2:22 pm
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Hi Jean-Sébastien Purtell ,
Thank you for the comment!

And sorry for the inconvenience.
Could you please reflesh the page? That might work well.

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

February 4th, 2017 at 2:47 pm
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Hi SARAH ,
Thank you for the comment!

“taberu” is a verb meaning “eat” and “tabemasu” is a polite form of it.
And “tabemashita” is a past tense. For esample, “Onigiri o tabemashita” means “I ate a riceball.”
Just saying “tabete” is an imperative form. When you say “tabete kudasai”, it becomes polite.

Hope this helps you.

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

SARAH
February 1st, 2017 at 8:17 pm
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Konnichiwa!

what is the purpose of -te forms of verbs?

i mean,
if you can please differentiate to me the following:

taberu
tabemasu
tabemashita
tabete

onegai shimasu!

doumo arigatou gozaimasu!!

Jean-Sébastien Purtell
December 7th, 2016 at 8:16 am
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The video is not downloading. Sorry!!!

November 17th, 2016 at 6:32 pm
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DigitlSamurai san,
Konnichiwa. :smile:
Verbs is divided into 3 classes and each has each conjugation rules.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

DigitlSamurai
November 2nd, 2016 at 11:24 am
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What are class 1 and class 2 verbs?

June 20th, 2016 at 6:16 pm
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Poneet san,
Konnichiwa.
Irregular verbs are only two, きます and します in the Japanese language. :smile:
切る 切ります 切って so it is a class 1 verb.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

June 16th, 2016 at 4:47 pm
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Why is 切る conjugated like a class 1 verb when it ends in ru?
Why isn’t it a class 3 irregular?

Because you’d think it would be 切て not 切って…

I’m confused! Please help!

December 5th, 2015 at 5:33 pm
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sousouさん、
こんにちは。  :smile:
どういたしまして。
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

sousou
December 4th, 2015 at 5:04 am
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はい, ありがとうございました