Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Safe & Secure. We respect your privacy
Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Safe & Secure. We respect your privacy
Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
F:
ケント、学食行く? (Kento, gakushoku iku?)
M:
行かない。 (Ikanai.)
Kat:
In this lesson, you will learn how to create the negative form of class 1 verbs. You will be able to say things like I am not going to verb or I don’t verb in informal Japanese.
Naomi:
Now let’s introduce some common class 1 verbs and show you how to make them negative.
Kat:
Sounds good.
Naomi:
The first one is
行く (iku)
Kat:
To go. Here are the two steps for making the negative. Take away the final -u and add -anai to the end.
Naomi:
So the final く (ku) sound becomes かない (kanai) So 行く (iku) becomes 行かない (ikanai)
Kat:
行かない (ikanai) doesn’t go, don’t go. How about an example sentence for that word?
Naomi:
今日は学校に行かない。 (Kyō wa gakkō ni Ikanai.)
Kat:
I am not going to school today. How about another verb?
Naomi:
Sure the next one is 飲む (nomu)
Kat:
To drink.
So take away the final -u and add -anai to the end.
Naomi:
So the final む (mu) sound becomes まない (manai). Therefore 飲む (nomu) becomes 飲まない (nomanai).
Kat:
飲まない (nomanai) Doesn’t drink, don’t drink. How about an example sentence for that one?
Naomi:
ビールを飲まない (Bīru o nomanai.)
Kat:
I don’t drink beer.
Naomi:
Okay. So let’s do one more. 使う (tsukau), to use. This verb ends in う (u) . So it is little special.
Kat:
You take away the final う (u) and add わない (wanai) to the end. There is a わ (wa) in there. わない (wanai)
Naomi:
Right, the final う (u) syllable becomes わない (wanai), 使う (tsukau) becomes 使わない (tsukawanai)
Kat:
Got it. Can we hear an example sentence for this one?
Naomi:
コンピューターを使わない。 (Konpyūtā o tsukawanai.)
Kat:
I don’t use computers.
Naomi:
Have you got the hang of it? Remember to take away the final う (u) and add あない (anai) to the end.
F:
ケント、学食行く? (Kento, gakushoku iku?)
M:
行かない。 (Ikanai.)
Want more Japanese lessons like this one? Visit us at JapanesePod101.com to get your free lifetime account today. Join now at JapanesePod101.com

20 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

February 4th, 2017 at 2:41 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi SARAH,
Thank you for the comment!

“ikimasen” is a polite form of “ikanai”.
“-masen” makes sentences having “-nai” polite :smile:

Hope this helps you.

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

SARAH
February 1st, 2017 at 6:30 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Konnichiwa!

how is “ikinai” different from “ikimasen”?
can both be used interchangeably?

when is the right time to use the “nai” form and “masen” form?

thank you very much!!!!

God bless!

November 17th, 2016 at 6:36 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Aidan san,
こんにちは。
わかりました。 :smile:
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
November 1st, 2016 at 8:55 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

私は、コンピュータをしたいです :sunglasses: :thumbsup: is that right?

March 14th, 2016 at 8:29 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Lyle san
Konnichiwa. :smile:
‘ikanai’ means ‘won’t go’ or ‘don’t go.’
‘ikenai’ means ‘cannot go.’
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Lyle
March 6th, 2016 at 5:18 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi there, could “ikanai” be used as “can’t go” instead of “won’t/don’t go?”
Thanks!

January 17th, 2016 at 12:04 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Mary san,
Konnichiwa. :smile:
In this case you can use them interchangeably.
Team JapanesePod101.com
Yuki 由紀

Mary
January 11th, 2016 at 7:08 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi there,

With the sentence, “今日は学校に行かない。” why are we using the particle に instead of へ as we learnt in lesson 14. Does the particle change because of the negative of the sentence?

Many thanks!
Mary

October 6th, 2014 at 5:43 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

ヴァザさん、

Konnicniwa.
Please click on Lesson Material and Vocabulary then you can know the meanings of vocabulary. :smile:

Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

ヴァザ
October 4th, 2014 at 8:24 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

am i supposed to learn the words ? because i havent learned those kanji and cant read them i dont even know what it means