Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi:
私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
Jessi:
In this lesson, you will learn how to use verbs in a sentence.
Naomi:
Yes, this is the first time using action verbs.
Jessi:
We are just going to practice with one verb in Japanese in this lesson. The verb,
Naomi:
食べます (tabemasu) To eat.
Jessi:
食べます (tabemasu) All verbs end in ます(masu) in polite speech.
Naomi:
Yes. And also no matter who you are talking about, the verb form doesn’t change.
Jessi:
Good point. By that, we mean this, in a lot of other languages, verbs change their form depending on who the subject is, even in English. We would say I eat but he eats. It’s a minor change but it is there.
Naomi:
But in Japanese, it doesn’t matter who the subject is. I, you, he, she, we, they the verb stays 食べます (tabemasu)
Jessi:
Hm, nice, isn’t it? So Naomi, what is our pattern for making a sentence with a verb?
Naomi:
It’s this, person, は (wa), object, を (o), verb.
Jessi:
And that’s three parts. Person plus は (wa), object plus を (o), and then the verb.
Naomi:
That’s right.
Jessi:
Can we hear an example?
Naomi:
Sure. 私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
Jessi:
I eat meat.
Let’s break it down.
Naomi:
私は (watashi wa)
Jessi:
私 (watashi) I plus は (wa)
Naomi:
肉を (niku o)
Jessi:
肉 (niku) meat plus を (o)
Naomi:
食べます (tabemasu)
Jessi:
The verb meaning eat.
So the sentence order in Japanese is I meat eat. The verb comes at the end. Can we hear the sentence one more time?
Naomi:
私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
Jessi:
I eat meat.
Naomi:
Okay how about テイラーはすしを食べます。 (Teirā wa sushi o tabemasu.)
Jessi:
Tyler eats sushi.
Let’s break it down.
Naomi:
テイラーは (Teirā wa)
Jessi:
Tyler plus は (wa)
Naomi:
すしを (sushi o)
Jessi:
Sushi plus を (o)
Naomi:
食べます (tabemasu)
Jessi:
Eats
Tyler eats sushi. So see how the verb doesn’t change. It just stays the same no matter who we are talking about 食べます (tabemasu). How about I eat pizza? The person in this case is I, 私 (watashi), pizza is ピザ (piza), and eat is 食べます (tabemasu).
Naomi:
私はピザを食べます。 (Watashi wa piza o tabemasu.)
Naomi:
私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
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31 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions!😄

 

James
December 28th, 2015 at 5:23 am
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彼は寿司を食べます。
彼女は水を飲みます。
私はバナナを食べます。
私たちは英語が話します。

Are these all correct? ありがとうございます!😄

October 7th, 2015 at 12:21 pm
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ミラナさん、
こんにちは。😄
わたしも せんべいを たべます。I also eat rice crackers.
わ betweenわたし and せんべい must be は because it’s a particle.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

ミラナ
October 4th, 2015 at 11:42 pm
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わたしわせんべいをたべます。

July 9th, 2015 at 4:27 pm
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SJさん、
こんにちは。
Maybe you got a typo.
食べる isn’t it?
Have you learnt Japanese has many verb forms?
Dictionary from (when you look up a word in a dictionary, yo have to this form.): 食べる (used in casual conversations)
ます form: 食べます (is also called polite from)
Other examples are
見る(look, see. watch) 見ます
寝る(sleep) 寝ます
The conjugation depends on verb classes.
If you would like to know more, please go to the pages below.
https://www.japanesepod101.com/japanese-grammar-introduction/
https://www.japanesepod101.com/japanese-verb/conjugation/
😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

SJ
July 9th, 2015 at 4:26 am
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I have two questions:
1: Would “食る” be the casual way of saying “食ます?”
2: Can “る” always replace “ます” when you want to talk in a casual manner, or is that only for verbs?
ありがとうございます!! Thank you!! 😄 😄

May 20th, 2015 at 8:50 pm
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Travis san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for the reply.
I see.
If you have a review again, you can memorize them.
Practice makes perfect!

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Travis
May 19th, 2015 at 8:44 am
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Yuki-san,
Doumo arigatou.
I had looked at that when I first started but forgot about it.
I will have to tighten my thinking cap it must be getting loose. Ha-Ha

Travis Bussey

May 18th, 2015 at 9:26 am
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Travis san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for the question.
Have you studied verb groups?
Please refer to the page below.
https://www.japanesepod101.com/japanese-verb/conjugation/

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Travis
May 11th, 2015 at 9:25 am
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I have a question about how Masu is added the the plain form of a verb.
In the examples taberu and miru, ru is removed and masu is added. Will this be the same for all verbs ending with ru? I am just wondering if there are rules for this or is this something that just needs to be memorized for each verb.

Doumo Arigatou
Travis

April 21st, 2014 at 11:04 am
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aumkar san,
u ending is called casual form and used when close people are talking.
Masu ending is called polite form and more formal and polite than u ending.
However, when you are writing essay in Japanese, you should use u-ending.
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com