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Lesson Transcript

Do you know how to count objects in Japanese? In Japanese, special counters are used to count different things. The counters depends on the shape or the characteristics of the objects. In this lesson, you are going to learn the general counter つ (tsu) such as ひとつ、ふたつ、みっつ。 (Hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu.) . For example, I have some candies here. How do you think we count these in Japanese? 一つ、二つ、三つ、四つ、五つ、六つ、七つ、八つ、九つ、十。 (Hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu, yottsu, itsutsu, muttsu, nanatsu, yattsu, kokonotsu, tō.) つ (tsu) is a counter which can be used for generic objects but look at 十 (jū ) is not used here. つ (tsu) is only used for 1 through 9. These set of words doesn’t follow any kind of pattern and must be memorized. So now let’s practice. Repeat after me. ひとつ、ふたつ、みっつ、よっつ、いつつ、むっつ、ななつ、やっつ、ここのつ、とお。 (Hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu, yottsu, itsutsu, muttsu, nanatsu, yattsu, kokonotsu, tō.) Now it’s time for Hiroko’s tip. I am going to teach you a secret song for memorizing this counting system. ひい、ふう、みい、よ、いつ、む、なな、や、ここの、とお。 (Hī, fū, mī, yo, itsu, mu, nana, ya, kokono, tō.) Okay let’s practice now. Here I have some objects. How would you count these objects in Japanese? ひとつ、ふたつ、みっつ、よっつ。 (hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu, yottsu.) So the answer is よっつ。 (yottsu.) ひとつ、ふたつ、みっつ。 (hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu.) So now we have みっつ。 (mittsu.) but I am going to eat one now. So now ひとつ、ふたつ。 (hitotsu, futatsu.) So it became ふたつ。 (futatsu.) . In the next lesson, you are going to learn more counters. See you next time.

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Hi everyone!

Now you can count objects up until 10! Try counting some items around you 😄

Joe
June 24th, 2017 at 5:21 am
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Are sandwiches really that cheap in Japan?

Gabriele
January 31st, 2017 at 6:32 pm
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Hi, thanks for this lesson.

I have a question: now we can count general things from 1 to 10, but what if there are 11 or more objects?

Thank you in advance.

Dirk
December 7th, 2016 at 11:20 pm
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Could you please give me a Japanese example sentence like I want to buy three things? Do we need any particle? Do we count money as well this way?

July 5th, 2016 at 5:17 pm
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Starr san,
Konnichiwa.😄
Tsu is a general counter.
However, we have many counters so you should use them if you can.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

July 5th, 2016 at 11:40 am
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Raphael-san konnichiwa,

Thank you for the response!
My Pleasure!

I’ve added the vocabulary on Lesson 10, numbers 11-19.
Please check them out as well.😉

Stay tuned,
Motoko
Team JapanesePod101.com

Raphael
July 5th, 2016 at 10:59 am
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Arigatou gozaimasu, Motoko-san! 😄

Starr
June 29th, 2016 at 9:14 am
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Do we use these counters anytime, any where?

May 18th, 2016 at 8:14 am
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Aaryan さん、
Konnichiwa.😄
Thank you for your post.
If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us.
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aaryan
May 12th, 2016 at 6:47 pm
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Konnichiwa,
Your lessons are just great and really helpful. This is what has encouraged me to come to Japan next year. Keep up the good work.☺️

November 23rd, 2015 at 7:55 pm
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Tan san,
Konnichiwa. 😄
Thank you for sharing your study tip.
That is so cool.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com