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Must-know Math Words and Phrases

Must-know Math Words and Phrases

知ってなきゃいけない数学の用語とフレーズ
20 Words • 5 Comments
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math
数学 (n)数学
math
学校で一番好きな​​科目は数学です。
My favorite subject in school is math.
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数学 (n)数学
math
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number
(n)
number
数字の11と17は、両方とも素数です。
The numbers 11 and 17 are both prime numbers.
(n)
number
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remainder
(n)
remainder
14を3で割ると、4あまり3。
If you divide fourteen by three, the quotient is four with a remainder of two.
(n)
remainder
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equal
等しい (i-adj)等しい
equal
5足す5は10に等しいです。
Five plus five equals ten.
等しい (i-adj)等しい
equal
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calculate
計算する (v)計算する
calculate
食料品の合計を計算してもらえますか。
Can you calculate the cost of the groceries?
計算する (v)計算する
calculate
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plus
足す (v)足す
plus
1たす1は2。
One plus one is two.
足す (v)足す
plus
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minus
引く (v)引く
minus
8引く1は7です。
Eight minus one is seven.
引く (v)引く
minus
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percent
パーセント (n)パーセント
percent
12の50%は6。
Fifty percent of twelve is six.
パーセント (n)パーセント
percent
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point
小数点 (n)小数点
point
1.03
one point zero three
小数点 (n)小数点
point
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times
掛け算 (n)掛け算
times
3かける3は9。
Three times three is nine.
掛け算 (n)掛け算
times
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divide
割る (v)割る
divide
10割る2は5です。
Ten divided by two is five.
割る (v)割る
divide
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function
関数 (n)関数
function
関数は、2つの変数間の関係を表します。
A function represents the relationship between two variables.
関数 (n)関数
function
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fourth
4分の1 4分の1
fourth
分数に変換すると、75%は四分の三になります。
When converted into a fraction, seventy-five percent becomes three-fourths.
4分の1 4分の1
fourth
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half
半分 (n)半分
half
レシピには、小さじ一杯半の砂糖と書いてあります。
The recipe called for one and a half teaspoons of sugar.
半分 (n)半分
half
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equation
方程式 方程式
equation
生徒はその方程式を解きました。
The student solved the equation.
方程式 方程式
equation
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formula
公式 (n)公式
formula
球の体積を求める公式を知っていますか?
Do you know the formula for the volume of a sphere?
公式 (n)公式
formula
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variable
変数 (n)変数
variable
数学の問題では、変数は普通文字「x」と「y」で表される。
In math problems, the variables are usually represented by the letters "x" and "y."
変数 (n)変数
variable
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even
偶数の 偶数の
even
数字の8は、偶数の一例です。
The number 8 is an example of an even number.
偶数の 偶数の
even
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odd
奇数の 奇数の
odd
数字の11は奇数の一例です。
The number 11 is an example of an odd number.
奇数の 奇数の
odd
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solution
(n)
solution
方程式を簡単にすると、解き方は分かりやすい。
If we simplify the equation, the solution is obvious.
(n)
solution
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avatar JapanesePod101.com Monday at 3:15 pm

Hi Listeners! Do you like math? What word would you add to this list? Let us know!

avatar Kelly Canaan Friday at 12:14 pm

掛け算 is “multiplication,” not “times,” I think?
Wouldn’t you say “5かける2は10″ for “5 times 2 is 10?”

avatar JapanesePod101.com Monday at 11:50 am

Ian san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for your suggestions.

Pedro san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for your positive feedback.
If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us.
😄
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

avatar Pedro Sunday at 6:17 am

Certainly those words would be usefull

avatar Ian Sunday at 5:18 am

integral, derivative
square root, cube root, etc… (x^1/y)
squared, cubed, etc… (x^y, also shown in the picture for formula…)
sine, cosine, tangent
log, exponential [ln(x), e^x]
pi (3.14159…)
imaginary number [which is square-root(-1)]
matrix

please?