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Vocabulary Lists Direction Words
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Direction Words

方向
10 Words 4 Comments
front
(n)
まえ
mae
front
車の前に人がいる。 車の前に人がいる。
くるまのまえにひとがいる。
Kuruma no mae ni hito ga iru.
There is a person in front of the car.
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back
後ろ 後ろ (n)
うしろ
ushiro
back
乗客は車の後部座席に座っています。 乗客は車の後部座席に座っています。
じょうきゃくはくるまのこうぶざせきにすわっています。
Jōkyaku wa kuruma no kōbu zaseki ni suwatte imasu.
The passengers are in the back seat of the car.
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east
(n)
ひがし
higashi
east
東に向く 東に向く
ひがしにむく
higashi ni muku
facing east
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west
西 西 (n)
にし
nishi
west
太陽は東から昇って、西に沈みます。 太陽は東から昇って、西に沈みます。
たいようはひがしからのぼって、にしにしずみます。
Taiyō wa higashi kara nobotte, nishi ni shizumimasu.
The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
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north
(n)
きた
kita
north
方位磁石は北を向く 方位磁石は北を向く
ほういじしゃくはきたをむく
hōi jishaku wa kita o muku
compass points north
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south
(n)
みなみ
minami
south
南を指す 南を指す
みなみをさす
minami o sasu
point south
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outside
(n)
そと
soto
outside
家の外 家の外
いえのそと
ie no soto
outside a house
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inside
(n)
なか
naka
inside
大豆はさやの中で育つ。 大豆はさやの中で育つ。
だいずはさやのなかでそだつ。
Daizu wa saya no naka de sodatsu.
Soybeans grow inside the pods.
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right
(n)
みぎ
migi
right
右折 右折
うせつ
usetsu
right turn
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left
(n)
ひだり
hidari
left
左折 左折
させつ
sasetsu
left turn
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4 Comments
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August 13th, 2016 at 5:26 pm
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Gladys san
Konnichiwa. 😄
‘e’ is a particle which is necessary before magaru in the Japanese language.
Basically when people speak, they tend to use wago and kango is used for writing.
Yuki 由紀
JapanesePod101.com

Gladys
August 8th, 2016 at 5:46 pm
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Thanks for replying and explaining Yuki-san😄
however you added “e magaru”
what does that mean by the way?
and last question ..what is commonly used kango or wago?
with regards to back, right and left?
or maybe I should’nt ask cause I gues my question is kinda complicated.
maybe I just have to follow what’s in the list right?
but thanks again. have a nice day..

August 8th, 2016 at 6:53 am
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gladys lauren san,
konnichiwa.
The Japanese language has wago and kango.
Wago is Japanese original word and kango is introduced to Japan from China.
Koubuzaseki is kango and ushiro no seki is wato which has the equivalent meaning.
Usetsu and migi e magaru and sawetsu and hidari e magaru are the same as above.
😄
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

gladys lauren
July 31st, 2016 at 11:30 pm
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why is back - ushiro and back seat - Kōbu zaseki? and why is sasetsu and usetsu left an right turn when right is migi and left is hidari?
I understand not all the words will be the same when combined with other words that gives different meaning - I am just wondering what could be the reason why they are not the same.